2016-4(21)

Problems of nuclear, radiation and ecological safety

Article NameTritium Monitoring as Possible Indicator of Leaks from Special Pipelines and Other Water Bearing Communications at the "Bushehr-1" NPP
AuthorsV.Yu. Ulyanov*, A.P. Elokhin**
Address

* Dnieper State Academy of Construction and Architecture,
Chernyshevsky St., 24a, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, 49600
e-mail: 
vuluanov@mail.ru
** National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409
​e-mail: elokhin@yandex.ru

AbstractIn work justification of need of the organization at the NPP "Bushehr-1" located in the Islamic Republic of Iran, essentially new system - tritium monitoring for the purpose of increase in safety of the NPP objects and equipment is given. This system should be an integral part of the NPP monitoring system located in a seismically active region. The main objective of tritium monitoring system has to consist in ensuring constant control of special pipelines integrity at the NPP in real time. Regulations of the organization of the tritium monitoring service should be developed and enshrined in the normative documents.
KeywordsIslamic Republic of Iran, "Bushehr" NPP, tritium monitoring, intelligent radiometer, ultra-low-background liquid scintillation spectrometer
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Sanitarnye pravila i gigienicheskie normativy SanPin 2.6.1.24-03. «Sanitarnye pravila proektirovaniia i ekspluatatsii  atomnykh stantsii (SP AS-03)» [The sanitary rules and hygienic standards of SanPiN 2.6.1.24-03. "Sanitary rules design and operation of nuclear power plants (SP AS-03)"]. M. Pub. Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation], 2003. (in Russian)

[2] Nuclide safety data sheet: Hydrogen-3. Available at: https://www.ncsu.edu/ehs/radiation/forms/nuclide_sheets.pdf (in English)

[3] Backgrounder on Tritium, Radiation Protection Limits, and Drinking Water Standards. U.S.NRC. February 2011. Available at: http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/tritium-radiation-fs.html  (in English)

[4] Osborne R.V. Review of the Greenpeace report: «Tritium Hazard Report: Pollution and Radiation Risk from Canadian Nuclear Facilities». Canadian Nuclear Association August 2007. Available at:  http://www.nuclearfaq.ca/ReviewofGreenpeacereport_Final.pdf  (in English)

[5] Turbaevskii V.V. Migratsiia tritiia v podzemnykh vodakh v raione raspolozheniia Zaporozhskoi AES [Migration of tritium in underground waters around an arrangement of the Zaporizhia NPP]: dissertatsiia na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk. Ukrainskii NII ekologicheskikh problem [PhD thesis in Engineering. Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Ecological Problems]. Kharkov, 2006. 144 p. (in Russian)

[6] MU 2.6.1.15-02.  Tritii  i ego soedineniia.  Kontrol velichiny individualnoi effektivnoi dozy vnutrennego oblucheniia pri postuplenii v organizm cheloveka. Metodicheskie ukazaniia [MU 2.6.1.15-02. Tritium and its connections. Control of size of an individual effective dose of internal radiation at receipt in a human body. Methodical instructions]. M. 2004. (in Russian)

[7] Normy radiatsionnoi bezopasnosti (NRB-99). Minzdrav Rossii [Standards of radiation safety (NRB-99). Russian Ministry of Health]. M. 1999, pp. 79–102. (in Russian)

[8] Osnovnye sanitarnye pravila obespecheniia radiatsionnoi bezopasnosti (OSPORB-99). Minzdrav Rossii [Basic health regulations of ensuring radiation safety (OSPORB-99). Russian Ministry of Health]. M. 2000, pp. 55–56. (in Russian)

[9] SanPiN 2.6.1.2523-09 Normy radiatsionnoi bezopasnosti NRB-99/2009 (utverzhdeny postanovleniem glavnogo gosudarstvennogo sanitarnogo vracha Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 7 iiulia 2009 goda. №47) [SanPiN 2.6.1.2523-09 Norms of radiation safety of NRB-99/2009 (the resolution of the chief state health officer of the Russian Federation of July 7, 2009 № 47)]. (in Russian)

[10] CTO 95 102-2013. Vedenie obieektovogo monitoringa sostoianiia nedr na predpriiatiiakh goskorporatsii «ROSATOM». Vvedeno 2013-02-14 [STO 95 102-2013. Conducting object monitoring of a condition of a subsoil at the enterprises of ROSATOM State Corporation. Intr. 2013-02-14]. M. Pub. Samoreguliruemaia organizatsiia NP «SOIuZATOMGEO» [Self-regulatory organization NP SOYUZATOMGEO], 2013. 57 p. (in Russian)

[11] SP 2.6.6.2572-2010 «Obespechenie radiatsionnoi bezopasnosti pri obrashchenii s promyshlennymi otkhodami atomnikh stantsii, soderzhashchikh tekhnogennye radionuklidy» [SP 2.6.6.2572-2010 "Ensuring radiation safety at the address with industrial wastes of the nuclear power plants containing technogenic radionuclides"]. (in Russian)

[12] MR 2.6.1.27-2003. Zona  nabliudeniia  radiatsionnogo  obieekta. Organizatsiia i provedenie radiatsionnogo kontrolia okruzhaiushchei sredy [MP 2.6.1.27-2003. Zone of observation of radiation object. Organization and carrying out radiation control of the environment]. (in Russian)

[13] Vartazarov S.Ya. Primenenie radioaktivnykh izotopov v gidravlicheskikh i gidrologicheskikh issledovaniiakh [Use of radioactive isotopes in hydraulic and hydrological researches]. M. Pub. Atomizdat [Atomizdat], 1967. 186 p. (in Russian)

[14] Sposob obnaruzheniia techi v okhlazhdaiushchem konture, vstroennom v elektricheskuiu mashinu. Zaiavka №1362924, G01M3/20 [Way of detection of a leak in the cooling contour which is built in the electrical machine. Application № 1362924, G01M3/20]. UK, 1974. (in Russian)

[15] RD 52.18.595-96. Federalnyi perechen metodik vypolneniia izmerenii, dopushchennykh k primeneniiu pri vypolnenii rabot v oblasti monitoringa zagriazneniia okruzhaiushchei prirodnoi sredy. Metodika kontrolia soderzhaniia tritiia v prirodnykh voda MVI 01– 6/96 [RD 52.18.595-96. The federal list of techniques of performance of the measurements allowed to application when working in the field of monitoring of pollution of the surrounding environment / the Technique of control of content of tritium in natural MVI 01-6/96 water]. M. 1998. (in Russian)

[16] Metodika vypolneniia izmerenii udelnoi (obieemnoi) aktivnosti tritiia i ugleroda-14 v obieektakh okruzhaiushchei sredy stsintilliatsionnym metodom. Attestovana vo VNIIFTRI - VI-41-99 [Technique of measurements performance of specific (volume) activity of tritium and carbon-14 in environment objects by a scintillation method. It is certified in VNIIFTRI - VI-41-99]. pp. 1–12. (in Russian)

[17] Rekomendatsii po pribornomu obespecheniiu dozimetricheskogo i radiometricheskogo kontrolia v sootvetstvii s NRB-99 i OSPORB-99 [Recommendations about instrument ensuring radiation and radiometric control according to NRB-99 and OSPORB-99]. (in Russian)

Papers7 - 15
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Article NameCriterion Choice for Evaluation of Transport and Packing Set Firmness with Nuclear and Radiation Dangerous Object
AuthorsO.A. Gubeladze*(1), A.R. Gubeladze**(1), S.M. Burdakov*(2)
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 34736

** Don State Technical University
Gagarin square 1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344000

 (1)e-mail: buba26021966@yandex.ru, (2)e-mail: SMBurdakov@mephi.ru

AbstractOne of the most dangerous processes at an operational phase of nuclear and radiation dangerous objects (NuRDO) is transportation. Various transport packing sets (TPS) are used for transportation of NuRDO. Work is performed within the researches of increase in security of a transport and packing set with nuclear installation from high-speed drummer influence. The problem of the choice of criterion for evaluation of firmness of a mobile object with a protective design is considered.
Keywordstransport and packing set (TPS), firmness, drummer, nuclear and radiation dangerous object (NuRDO), constructive methods of protection, criterion for evaluation of TPS firmness, angle size of drummer approach
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Federalnyi zakon «Ob ispolzovanii atomnoi energii» ot 21.11.1995 №170-FZ (deistvuiushchaia redaktsiia, 2016) [The federal law "About Use of Atomic Energy" from 11/21/1995 № 170-FL (the current version, 2016)]. Ofitsialnyi sait kompanii «Konsultant Plius» [Official site of the Consultant Plus company]. Available at: https://consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_8450 (in Russian)

[2] GOST 12916-89. Transportirovanie radioaktivnykh veshchestv. Terminy i opredeleniia [State Standart 12916-89. Transportation of radioactive materials. Terms and definitions]. M. Pub. Izdatelstvo standartov [Standards Publishing House], 1990. 10 p. (in Russian)

[3] Prikaz Rostekhnadzora ot 07.06.2013 №248 (red. ot 22.09.2015) «Ob utverzhdenii Administrativnogo reglamenta po ispolneniiu Federalnoi sluzhboi po ekologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru gosudarstvennoi funktsii po federalnomu gosudarstvennomu nadzoru v oblasti ispolzovaniia atomnoi energii» (Zaregistrirovano v Miniuste Rossii 25.07.2013 №29174) [The order of Rostekhnadzor from 6/7/2013 № 248 (an edition from 9/22/2015) "About the approval of Administrative regulations on execution of the state function by Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision on federal state supervision in the field of use of atomic energy" (It is registered in the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation 7/25/2013 № 29174)]. Ofitsialnyi sait kompanii «Konsultant Plius» [Official site of the Consultant Plus company]. Available at: https://consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_150393  (in Russian)

[4] Sakhabudinov R.V., Gubeladze O.A. Nauchno-metodicheskie osnovy obespecheniia fizicheskoi zashchity iadernoopasnykh obieektov [Scientific and methodical bases of ensuring physical protection of nuclear-dangerous objects]. Rostov-on-Don. Pub. OOO «Terra» [LLC Terra], 2006. 153 p. (in Russian)

[5] Gubeladze, O.A. Modelirovanie vysokoskorostnogo udara [Modeling of high-speed blow]. Globalnaia iadernaia bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety]. 2015, №1, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 61–69. (in Russian)

Papers16 - 21
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Research, design, construction and installation of nuclear facilities manufacturing equipment

Article NameOperational Reliability Increase of Welded Connections of Steam Generators for PWR Reactor Installations
AuthorsN.N. Podrezov*(1), S.A. Tomilin *(2), V.V. Shishov**(3)
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

(1) e-mail: p1n2f@rambler.ru ; (2) e-mail: SATomilin@mephi.ru
** Atommash the branch of JSC AEM-technology in Volgodonsk,
Zhukovskoye shosse, 10, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

(3) e-mail: shishov_vv@atommash.ru

AbstractA number of the problem seams reducing operational reliability of product exists in a design of PGV-1000 and PGV-1000M steam generators for pressurized water reactor installations. The special attention is required by ring seams № 111-1 and № 111-2 of welding of cold and hot collectors to Du 1200 branch pipe. These collectors work in the conditions of progressing stress corrosion that sometimes leads to loss of their constructional durability in 5 – 25 years after start-up of reactor installations. In work the technology of welding of the specified seams at the Atommash the branch of JSC AEM-technology in Volgodonsk is considered. Production measures which realization is directed to increase in a technological welding of the considered seams for the purpose of level reduction of residual welding tension in the critical zone are proposed. A critical zone is considered to be transition zone from collector "pocket" to Du 1200 branch pipe according to Technique of assessment of service life of the heat carrier welding collector knot to the PGV-1000 steam generator case.
Keywordssteam generator, welding connection, welded seam defects, residual welding tension, operational reliability
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Dub A.V., Durynin V.A.,  etс. Razrabotka metodik ultrazvukovogo kontrolya i opredeleniya rabotosposobnosti uzla privarki kollektora k parogeneratoru PGV-1000M [Development of techniques of ultrasonic control and definition of welding knot operabilityof a collector to the PGV-1000M steam generator]. Tekhnicheskaya diagnostika i nerazrushayushchiy control [Technical diagnostics and nondestructive control], 2014, №4, ISSN 0235-3474, pp. 36–51. (in Russian)

[2] Getman A.F., Usanov A.I., Lukasevich B.I., Tutnov A.A., Pasmanik L.A., Smirnov V.A., Kamyshev A.V. Prichiny povrezhdeniy svarnykh shvov №111 PGV-1000 i predlozheniya po ikh ustraneniyu [Damage reasons of welded seams № 111 PGV-1000 and offer on their elimination]. Available at: http://www.gidropress.podolsk.ru/files/proceedings/seminar8/documents/sgpg2010-017.pdf (in Russian)

[3] Doronin Yu.V., Podrezov N.N. Neobkhodimost formalizatsii ponyatiya svarivaemosti v proizvodstve izdeliy AES [Need of formalization of welding concept for manufacturing of the NPP products]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2014, №3(12), ISSN 2305-4141Х, pp. 26–30. (in Russian)

Papers22 - 26
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Article NameThe Analysis of Magnetic Field of Quadripolar Magnetic System for Arc Welding
AuthorsA.M. Rybachuk*, N.V. Krysko**
Address

Bauman Moscow State Technical University
2-Baumanskaya St., 5, build. 1, Moscow, Russia 105005
* e-mail: amrybachuk@mail.ru ; ** e-mail: 
kryskonv@gmail.com

AbstractThis article considers the nature of magnetic field density distribution from quadripolar magnetic system, applying to weld formation control during arc welding at nuclear power facilities is considered. Existence of concentration of tension in the transition from the main metal to a seam reduces corrosion resistance of welded connections and leads to corrosion cracking during the product work in hostile environment. In the following research measurement results of magnetic field induction are shown. Therefore magnetic field is hyperbolic in the field of burning of an arch and a zone of pro-melting of the main metal.
Keywordsarc welding, weld formation in magnetic field, quadripolar magnetic system, nuclear power facilities
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Akulov A.I., Rybachuk A.M. Uderzhanie zhidkogo metalla svarochnoi vanny poperechnym magnitnym polem [Deduction of liquid metal of a welding bathtub by cross magnetic field]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding production], 1972, №2, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 3–4. (in Russian)

[2] Govorkov V.A. Elektricheskie i magnitnye polia [Electric and magnetic fields]. M. Leningrad: Pub. Gosenergoizdat [Gosenergoizdat], 1960, 464 p. (in Russian)

[3] Zhigarev A.A., Shamaeva G.G. Elektronno-luchevye i fotoelektronnye pribory [Electron beam and photoelectronic devices]. M. Pub. Vysshaia shkola [Higher school], 1982, 463 p. (in Russian)

Papers27 - 31
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Article NameSystem Adaptation of the Accepting and Radiating Objects Synchronized on the Phase in the Conditions of Selection Phase Distortion Using of Artificial Neural Networks
AuthorsNguyen Dang Thao
Address

Moscow Institute of physics and technology (State University)
Institutsky pereulok, 9, Doloprudy, Moscow region, Russia 141701
info@mipt.ru

AbstractThe paper discusses the adaptation of the system synchronized on the phase of the accepting and radiating objects by comparison with the reference signal in terms of phase distortion of the reference signal. Representation of system in the form of artificial neural network, with the subsequent training, is used for compensation of distortion of standard phase. Representation of systems and devices in the form of artificial neural networks is used for the solution of various tasks. Such representation enables the application of optimization methods of parameters used in artificial neural networks for parameter optimization are presented in the form of systems or devices. The composition of the optimized parameters is determined by selecting the configuration of the artificial neural network. It is shown that the system can adapt by method of comparison with a standard in the conditions of phase distortion of the training selections, due to application as a standard only of the module of a reference signal at representation of system of the accepting and radiating objects synchronized on a phase in the form of artificial neural network with the nonlinearity corresponding to complex number module definition.
Keywordssystem of the accepting and radiating objects, adaptation by last mean square, adaptive array, artificial neural network
LanguageRussian
References

[1]       Adaptivnye antennye reshetki: uchebnoe posobie v 2-kh chastyakh [Adaptive antenna array. The education guidance in 2 parts]. Edited by V.A. Grigoreva. Sankt-Peterburg: Pub. ITMO university, 2016. (in Russian)

[2]       Galushkin A.I. Sintez mnogosloynykh sistem raspoznavaniya obrazov [Synthesis of multilayered systems of recognition of images]. M. Pub. «Energiya» [Energy], 1974. (in Russian)

[3]       Sazonov D.M. Mnogoelementnye antennye sistemy [Multielement antenna systems]. M. Pub. «Radiotekhnika» [Radio Engineering], 2015. ISBN 978-5-93-108-093-2, 144 p. (in Russian)

[4]       Seydl P., Taufer I. Model korotkozamknutoy shchelevoy linii v vide iskusstvennoy neyronnoy seti [Model of the short-circuited slot-hole line in the form of artificial neural network]. Neyrokompyutery: razrabotka, primenenie [Neurocomputers: development, application]. 2009. №5. ISSN 1999-8554, pp.  57–61. (in Russian)

[5]       Tarkhov D.A. Neyrosetevye modeli i algoritmy [Neural network models and algorithms]. M. Pub. «Radiotekhnika» [Radio Engineering], 2014. ISBN 978-5-88070-376-0, 355 p. (in Russian)

[6]       Tatuzov A.L. Neyronnye seti v zadachakh radiolokatsii [Neural networks in problems of a radar-location]. M. Pub. «Radiotekhnika» [Radio Engineering], 2009, ISBN 978-5-88070-244-243-2, 432 p. (in Russian)

[7]       Khabarov A.V. Objedinenie antenn s neizvestnymi koordinatami v antennuyu reshetku [Combination of antennas with unknown coordinates in an antenna array]. Antennas [перевод], 2006, №11, ISSN 0320-9601, pp. 7–11. (in Russian)

Papers32 - 42
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Article NameMetallurgical, Physical and Chemical Features of Influence of Gumboil and Forming Linings on the Root Seam Structure at Unilateral Arc Welding
AuthorsYu.V. Doronin *, A.Yu. Doronin**
Address

* LTD «Certification Center of municipal services», 47A Izmajlovskoe St.(schosse), Moscow, Russia 105187
** State Research Centre “CNIITMASH”, Sharikopodshipnikovaya St., 4, Moscow, Russia 115088
e-mail: doronin-45@mail.ru

AbstractArc welding boron-containing steel is accompanied by the serious difficulties caused by metal red-short. The acceptable option of automatic welding is developed for ferritic chromic stainless low-carbon steel 04H14T3R1F-Sh (ChS-82Sh) under ceramic gumboil with the use of LFS lining tape. Steel is applied as neutron-absorbing material for production in cooling ponds storage racks of the irradiated nuclear fuel (INF) with the content of uranium U-235 < 5%. It is shown that in metal of a seam structural and phase structures of a matrix and nonmetallic inclusions are well combined, ratios titanium-boron and titanium-boron-chrome are more favorable than for the main metal due to application of ceramic gumboil. Use of lining materials has allowed to reduce tension of welded knot and to avoid formation of cracks during the welding.
Keywordsboron-containing neutron-absorbing steel, automatic welding under gumboil, lining tape, ceramic gumboil, boron eutectic, slag system
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Doroshenko F.E. etc. Tekhnologicheskie osobennosti vypolneniia razlichnykh sloev shva pri avtomaticheskoi svarke truboprovodov [Technological features of performance of seam various layers during automatic welding of pipelines]. Svarka i diagnostika [Welding and Diagnostics], 2014, №6, ISSN 2071-5234, pp. 45–49. (in Russian)

[2] Doronin Yu.V. Razrabotka teoreticheskikh osnov formirovaniia obratnoi storony shva  s uchetom fiziko-khimicheskikh protsessov v svarochnoi vanne i sozdanie novykh svarochnykh materialov dlia odnostoronnei dugovoi svarki plaviashchimsia elektrodom [Development of theoretical bases of seam reverse side formation taking into account physical and chemical processes in a welding bathtub and creation of new welding materials for unilateral arc welding by the melting electrode]: dissertatsiia na soiskanie uchenoi stepeni doktora tekhnicheskikh nauk [Doctor of Technical sciences thesis]. M. 2010. 352 p. (in Russian)

[3] Berezovskii V.M. Optimizatsiia formy shva pri nepreryvnom proplavlenii bez podkladki [Optimization of a form of a seam at unlined continuous pro-melting]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding Fabrication], 1988, №3. ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 29–31. (in Russian)

[4] Volobuev Yu.S., Doronin Iu.V., Doronin A.Yu. Optimizatsiia tekhnologii odnostoronnei svarki opytnykh obraztsov  stalei austenitno-ferritnogo klassa s ispolzovaniem keramicheskogo fliusa FKB-4 [Optimization of unilateral welding technology of prototypes of austenitic and ferritic class steel with use of ceramic gumboil of FKB-4]. Globalnaia iadernaia bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2012, №1, ISSN 2304-414X, pp. 40–53. (in Russian)

[5] Gudremon E. Spetsialnye stali [Special rolled steel bar]. Vol. I, II: Perevod s nemetskogo [Translated from German]. M. Pub. Metallurgizdat [Metallurgizdat], 1959. 1638 p. (in Russian)

[6] He L., Liu Y., Li J., Li B. Materials and Design, 2012, Vol. 36, pp. 88–93. (in English)

[7] Dub V.S., Dub A.V. etc. Patent №2434969. Rossiia. Korrozionno-stoikaia stal s povyshennoi neitronnoi pogloshchaemostiu. №2011110286/02; zaiavka 18.03.11; opublikovano 27.11.11, Biulleten №33 [Patent № 2434969. Russia. Stainless steel with the increased neutron absorptivity. application 18.03.11; it is published 27.11.11,Bulletin  №33]. 6 p. (in Russian)

Papers43 - 49
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Nuclear facilities exploitation

Article NameThe Electrophysical Diagnosis Methods and Reactor Equipment Control
AuthorsV.I. Surin, Z.S. Volkova, R.A. Denisov, V.D. Motovilin, N.V. Rhine
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye Shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

*e-mail: VISurin@mephi.ru; **e-mail: volkovazs@rambler.ru

AbstractThe detect corrosion cracks at an early stage of formation and determination of their causes is important. For example, PWR-1000 corrosion cracking occurs in the welding unit coolant reservoir to the body of the steam generator (welded joint zone № 111). It is known to cause cracking of the deposits are iron and copper compounds in the form of sludge that accumulates with time in the pockets welding assembly. Objectives: The theoretical aspects of the method of scanning contact potentiometry underlying functional electrophysical diagnostics are discussed, and a summary of the mathematical model to build the profile of the surface diagnosed is given. Using portable electrophysical complex functional diagnostics will allow us to carry out non-destructive testing on the process equipment of nuclear power plants. A software package included in the settlement and software module that provides processing of incoming information creates the database and make the necessary calculations, contains test and diagnostic programs, as well as visualization of the results.
Keywordselectrophysical diagnostics and non-destructive testing, scanning the contact potentiometry, a mathematical model for the construction of the surface profile according to the electric potential difference function, NPP.
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Kazantsev A. Kak razvivayutsja treschiny [How to develop cracks?]. REA. 2016, №2, pp. 28-35. (in Russian).

[2] Surin V.I., Evstyukhin N.A., Kapralov Yu.A., Morozov A.A. High-effective control system for reactor technological equipment//International Conference «Nuclear Energy for New Europe 2010», Nuclear Society of Slovenia, Book of Abstracts, pp. 58–59. (in English)

[3] Arefinkina S.E. etc. Postroenie deformatsii i profilia poverkhnosti iadernogo topliva po rezultatam funktsionalnoi elektrofizicheskoi diagnostiki [Construction and profile deformation of nuclear fuel surface as a result of functional electrophysical diagnostics] Preprint № IBRAE-2015-01. Pub. Nuclear Safety Institute, 2015. pp. 19–22. (in Russian).

[4] Belova V.S. etc. Informational-measuring system for in-core research materials [Information technology in the design and industrial]. 2010, ISSN 2073-2597, №1, pp.39-47. (in Russian).

[5] Surin V.I. etc. Diagnosis of the formation and growth of fatigue cracks in the thin metal plates [Information technology in the design and industrial]. 2010, ISSN 2073-2597, №3, pp.71–77. (in English)

[6] Arefinkina S.E. etc. Relationship between deformational activity of the surface and electric properties of materials [Modern problems of theory machines]. Pub. North Charleston, USA, 2016, ISSN 2307-342X, № 4, pp. 177–183. (in English)

[7] Arefinkina S.E. etc. Rezultaty obrabotki diagnosticheskikh signalov pri ispytaniiakh materialov na prochnost i ustalost [The results of processing diagnostic signals when testing materials for durability and fatigue]. Sovremennye problemy teorii mashin [Modern Problems of Theory mashin]. Pub. Novokuznetsk: SIC MS, 2016, №4, pp. 26–30. (in Russian).

[8] Tabor D. Sovremennoe sostoianie predstavlenii o mekhanizme treniia [Current state ideas about the mechanism of friction and friction]. Problemy smazky [Problems smazki], 1981, Vol. 103, №2, pp.1–19. (in Russian).

[9] Drozdov Y.N., Archegov V.G., Smirnov V.I. Protivozadirnaia stoikost trushchikhsia tel [Extreme pressure resistance of rubbing bodies]. Pub. Nauka, 198, 140 p. (in Russian).

[10] Shtremel M.A. Prochnost splavov [The strength of the alloys]. Part II. Pub. MISA, 1997, 527 p. (in Russian).

[11] Persson B.N.J. Contact mechanics for randomly rough surfaces. Surface Science Reports. 2006, ISSN 0167-5729, Vol.61, pp. 201-227. (in English)

[12] Greenwood J.A., Williamson J.B.P. Contact of nominally flat surfaces. Proc. Roy. Soc. London. Ser. A. 1966, Vol. 295, pp. 300–319. (in English)

[13] Ryabikovskaya E.V., Arefinkina S.E., Surin V.I. Modeling of fuel kernel surface profile based on results of functional electrophysical diagnostics. ICONE23-1163. The 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, Pub. Chiba, Japan, 2015. (in English)

[14] Ferrante J., Smith J.R. Theory of bimetallic interface. Physical. Review. B. 1985, ISSN 1098-0121,Vol.31, pp. 3427–3434. (in English)

[15] Surin V.I. etc. Ob ispolzovanii metoda elektrosoprotivleniia i termo-eds v reaktornykh usloviiakh [The use of the method of electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power in the reactor conditions]. Tekhnika reaktornogo eksperimenta [Technique reactor experiment]. Pub. Energoatomisdat, 1987, pp. 80–85. (in Russian).

[16] Surin V.I., Evstyukhin N.A., Cheburkov V.I. Conductivity of fission-damaged uranium nitride. Journal of Nuclear Materials. 1995, ISSN 0022-3115,Vol. 218, pp. 268–272. (in English)

[17] Surin V.I., Evstyukhin N.A. Elektrofizicheskie metody nerazrushaiushchego kontrolia i issledovaniia reaktornykh materialov [Electrophysical methods of nondestructive testing and materials research reactor]. Pub. Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, 2008, 168 p. (in Russian).

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Article NameQuality Assessment of Regulation and Optimization of the Power Automatic Regulator Settings of PWR-1000 Reactor
AuthorsH.F. Almasri
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye Shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409
e-mail:
husam_almasri@hotmail.com

AbstractThe problem of power regulation quality of the reactor is one of urgent in nuclear power. Researches of control systems for improvement of quality of the reactor power regulation are constantly conducted. In this way the research of models of intelligent power regulators in the PCS of nuclear reactors on the multipurpose computer PWR-1000 analyzer is represented important. In this work the block diagram for quality assessment of regulation and optimization of settings of the automatic power regulator of the PWR-1000 reactor constructed on the basis of intellectual control algorithms of fuzzy logic type is submitted. The purpose of this work is to find optimum settings of the regulator and to estimate quality of regulation at various natures of indignations where the minimum errors of regulation of sigma and epsilon. In work it is shown that perspective options for optimization of settings of the automatic power regulator are intellectual control algorithms on the basis of fuzzy logic.
Keywordsartificial intelligence, fuzzy logic, optimization, nuclear reactor, automatic power regulator
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Gavrilova T.A., Khoroshevskii V.F. Bazy znanii intellektualnykh system [Knowledge bases of intellectual systems]. Sankt-Peterburg. Pub. «Piter» [Piter], 2000. 384 p. (in Russian)

[2] Vygovskii S.B., Korolev S.A., Chernov E.V. Uchebnaia laboratoriia na baze mnogofunktsionalnogo analizatora reaktornoi ustanovki AES s VVER [Educational laboratory on the basis of the multipurpose analyzer of reactor installation of the NPP with PWR]. Vestnik Natsionalnogo issledovatelskogo iadernogo universiteta «MIFI» [Bulletin of National research nuclear university "MEPhI"]. 2012, Vol. 1, №1, ISSN 2304-487X, pp. 104–110. (in Russian)

[3] Zhuchkov A.A. Igrovye i intellektualnye podkhody k vyboru nastroek reguliatora moshchnosti v ASUTP AES [Game and intellectual approaches to the choice of settings of the power regulator in the NPP PCS]. Trudy nauchnoi sessii  NIIaU MIFI [Works of a scientific session of National research nuclear university MEPhI], 2010. Vol. 1. M. Pub. NIIaU MIFI [NRNU MEPhI], 2010, pp. 137–140. (in Russian)

[4] Vvedenie v teoriiu nechetkikh mnozhestv i nechetkuiu logiku. [Introduction to the theory of indistinct sets and fuzzy logic.] Konsultatsionnyi tsentr Matlab kompanii SoftLine. Razdel «Proektirovanie sistem upravleniia Fuzzy Logic Toolbox» [Matlab advice center of the SoftLine company. Section "Design of Control Systems of Fuzzy Logic Toolbox".]. Available at: http://www.matlab.exponenta.ru/fuzzylogic/bookl/index.php (in Russian)

Papers61 - 68
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Article NameDiagnosis of Valves Using Entropy Indicators
AuthorsE.A. Abidova, L.S. Hegay, A.V. Chernov, O.E. Draka, O.J. Pugachyova
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 34736
e-mail: nii_energomash@mail.ru 

AbstractDiagnosing of the NPP electromechanical equipment demands development of the methods directed to control of wear degree in engine current signal. It is shown that wear influences stochastic signal parameters which aren't estimated by regular methods. The objective of work is development of the methods directed to determination of stochastic parameters of current signal. The following problems are solved: the Shannon’s entropy connection with a condition of electrodriving fittings is theoretically shown; diagnostic signals of the NPP equipment are processed with use of offered and regular methods, and big sensitivity of the Shannon’s entropy in relation to separate types of defects is shown.
Keywordstechnical diagnostics, current and time parameters, spectral analysis, Shannon's entropy, NPP
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Adamenkov A.K., Matveev A.V., Golovlev V.V., Ryazanova M.G., Yaryshev A.B., Ivanov S.M. Opyt razrabotki stacionarnyh sistem diagnostiki armatury [Experience of stationary systems development of fitting diagnostics]. Armaturostroenie [Armature Engineering], 2009, №1(58), pp. 77–80. (in Russian)

[2] Slepov M.T., E.A. Abidova, V.N. Nikiforov, O.Yu. Pugacheva. Texnologii analiza diagnosticheskih parametrov elektroprivodnoj armatury na dejstvuyushhih energoblokah Novovoronezhskoj AES [Technologies of the analysis of diagnostic parameters of electrodriving fittings at the New Voronezh NPP]. Elektrotexnicheskie kompleksy i sistemy upravleniya [Electrotechnical complexes and control systems], 2014, №4, ISSN 1990-5246 , pp. 16–22. (in Russian)

[3] Lei, Y., Z. He, and Y. Zi, A new approach to intelligent fault diagnosis of rotating machinery. Expert Systems with Applications, 2008. 35(4): p. 1593-1600. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2007.08.072 (in English)

[4] Zhang, L., et al., Bearing fault diagnosis using multi-scale entropy and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference. Expert Systems with Applications, 2010. 37(8): p. 6077-6085. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2010.02.118 (in English)

[5] P. Thota, H. Dankowicz, Tc-hat: a novel toolbox for the continuation of periodic trajectories in hybrid dynamical systems, SIAM Journal of Applied Dynamical Systems 7(2008) 1283-1322. DOI:10.1137/070703028 (in English)

[6] He, Q., Wang, L. and Liu, B. 2007. Parameter estimation for chaotic systems by particle swarm optimization. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 34: 654-661. DOI: 10.1155/2016/3795961 (in English)

[7] Chumak O.V. Entropiya i fraktaly v analize dannyh [Entropy and fractals in the data analysis]. M. Izhevsk: Pub. NIC «Regulyarnaya i haoticheskaya dinamika» [SIC "Regular and chaotic dynamics"], Institut kompyuternyh issledovanij [Institute of Computer Science], 2011, ISBN 978-5-93972-852-2, 164 p. (in Russian)

[8] Abidova E.A. Identifikaciya informacionnyh processov v sisteme diagnostiki elektroprivodnoj armatury atomnyh stancij [Identification of information processes in the motorized valve diagnostic system of nuclear power plants]: avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata texnicheskih nauk [Thesis abstract of PhD in Engineering]. – Volgograd, 2011. – 18 p. (in Russian)

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Safety culture, socio and legal aspects of territorial development of nuclear facilities location

Article NameMinimizing of the Human Factor Impact on the Reliability and Safety of the NPP and other Dangerous Objects by Improving the Effectiveness of Training Sessions
AuthorsM.V. Alyushin (1), L.V. Kolobashkina (2), А.М. Alyushin (3)
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», Kashirskoye Shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409
(1) e-mail: MVAlyushin@mephi.ru ; (2) e-mail: LVKolobashkina@mephi.ru ; (3) e-mail: amalyushin@mephi.ru

AbstractThe article is devoted the human factor impact on the reliability and safety of the NPP. We consider the educational technology of the training sessions of all kinds, using the adaptation of the training load to the current functional and psycho-emotional students' state directly in the process of training. The proposed technology is based on the objective information obtained automatically using the remote non-contact detection technologies of person bioparameters in a purely passive mode.
Keywordseducational technology, NPP, health monitoring, remote non-contact technology, biofeedback
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Melnikova I.A., Nizova A.V. Biologicheskaya obratnaya svyaz (BOS): terapevticheskie vozmozhnosti metoda i perspektivy ego ispolzovaniya v psikhiatrii (analiticheskiy obzor) [Biological Feedback (BF): therapeutic opportunities of a method and the prospect of its use in psychiatry (analitical review)]. Rosciyskiy psikhiatricheskiy zhurnal  [Russian psychiatric journal], 2003, №1, ISSN 1560-957X, pp. 68–72. (in Russian)

[2] Frank D.L., Khorshid L., Kiffer J.F., Moravec C.S., McKee M.G. Biofeedback in Medicine: Who, When, Why and How? Ment. Health  in Fam. Med., 2010,Vol. 7(2), pp. 85–91. (in English)

[3] Zotov M.V., Petrukovich V.M., Shostak V.I. Fiziologicheskie pokazateli ustoychivosti cheloveka k vozdeystviyu informatsionnogo stressa  [Physiological indicators of resistance of the person to influence of information stress]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta: Seriya 12: Psikhologiya. Sotsiologiya. Pedagogika  [Bulletin of the St. Petersburg university: Ser. 12: Psychology. Sociology. Pedagogics], 2009, Vol. 4, ISSN 1995-0047, pp. 255–261. (in Russian)

[4] Barcala L., Grecco L.A., Colella F., Lucareli P.R., Salgado A.S., Oliveira C.S. Visual Biofeedback Balance Training Using Wii Fit after Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J. Phys. Ther. Sci., 2013, Vol. 25, №8, pp. 1027–1032. (in English)

[5] Bouchard S., Bernier F., Boivin E., Morin B., Robillard G. Using Biofeedback While Immersed in a Stressful Videogame Increases the Effectiveness of Stress Management Skills in Soldiers. PLoS One, 2012, Vol. 7, №4, pp. 361–369. (in English)

[6] Caldwell J.A., Caldwell J.L. Fatigue in Military Aviation: an Overview of US Military-Approved Pharmacological Countermeasures. Aviat. Space Environ. Med., 2005, Vol. 76, Suppl. 7, pp. 39–51. (in English)

[7] McLay R.N., Spira J.L.  Use of a Portable Biofeedback Device to Improve Insomnia in a Combat Zone, a Case Report. Appl. Psychophysiol. Biofeedback, 2009, Vol. 34, №4, pp. 319–321. (in English)

[8] Nishimura, C. Model of Learning Process for Biofeedback and its Relation to the Neural Network. Biobehavioral Self-regulation. Tokio: Pub. Springer-Verlag, 1995, pp. 115–119. (in English)

[9] Pollock S., Lee D., Keall P., Kim T. Audiovisual Biofeedback Improves Motion Prediction Accuracy. Med. Phys. 2013. Vol. 40, No 4. P. 1705. (in English)

[10] Zaripov A.A., Potapov R.V., Ashanina E.N. Covremennye predstavleniya ob ispolzovanii printsipa biologicheskoy obratnoy svyazi v korrektsii funktsionalnogo sostoyaniya organizma u sotrudnikov silovykh vedomstv pri smennom rezhime deyatelnosti [Modern ideas of use of the principle of biological feedback in correction of a functional condition of an organism at the staff of security agencies at the replaceable mode of activity]. Medico-Biological and Socio-Psychological Problems of Safety in Emergency Situations, 2015, №2, ISSN 1995-4441, pp. 86–99. (in Russian)

[11] Alyushin M.V., Alyushin V.M., Kolobashkina L.V. Metodologicheskie aspekty avtomatizirovannogo prognozirovaniya chrezvychaynykh situatsiy tekhnogennogo proiskhozhdeniya [Methodological aspects of the automated forecasting of emergency situations of technogenic origin]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology issues], 2016, №2, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 83–90. (in Russian)

[12] Alyushin M.V., Alyushin V.M. Eksperimentalnoe issledovanie vremeni reaktsii cheloveka v usloviyakh deystviya akusticheskikh pomekh [Pilot study of time of person reaction  in the conditions of action of acoustic hindrances]. Voprosy psikhologii [перевод], 2016, №1. ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 163–168. (in Russian)

[13]  Alyushin M.V., Alyushin V.M. Metodika izmereniya vremeni reaktsii operatora upravleniya [Technique of measurement of time of operator reaction]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology issues], 2015, №5, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 157–165. (in Russian)

[14] Alyushin M.V., Kolobashkina L.V., Khazov A.V. Professionalnyy otbor personala po psikhologicheskim kachestvam na osnove metodov, razrabotannykh v ramkakh teorii prinyatiya resheniy [Professional selection of personnel on psychological qualities according to the methods developed within the  of decision-making theory]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology issues], 2015, №2, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 88–94. (in Russian)

[15] Alyushin M.V., Abramova V.N., Kolobashkina L.V. Psikhologicheskiy trening stressoustoychivosti na osnove distantsionnykh nekontaktnykh tekhnologiy registratsii bioparametrov [Psychological training of resistance to stress on the basis of remote non-contact technologies of bioparameter registration.]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology issues], 2014, №6, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 144–152. (in Russian)

[16] Alyushin M.V., Kolobashkina L.V. Monitoring bioparametrov cheloveka na osnove distantsionnykh tekhnologiy [Monitoring of person bioparameters of the  on the basis of remote technologies]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology issues], 2014, №6, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 135–144. (in Russian)

[17] Alyushin M.V., Alyushin A.V., Andryushina L.O., Kolobashkina L.V., Pshenin V.V. Distantsionnye i nekontaktnye tekhnologii registratsii bioparametrov operativnogo personala kak sredstvo upravleniya chelovecheskim faktorom i povysheniya bezopasnosti AES [Remote and non-contact technologies of registration of bioparameters of operation personnel as control facility human factor and increases in safety of the NPP]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2013, №3(8), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 69–77. (in Russian)

[18] Alyushin M.V., Alyushin A.V., Belopolskiy V.M., Kolobashkina L.V., Ushakov V.D. Opticheskie tekhnologii dlya sistem monitoringa tekushchego funktsionalnogo sostoyaniya operativnogo sostava upravleniya obektami atomnoy energetiki [Optical technologies for systems of monitoring of the current functional state of management of nuclear power objects]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost, 2013, №2(7), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 69–77. (in Russian)

[19] Alyushin V.M. Diagnostika psikhoemotsionalnogo sostoyaniya na osnove sovremennykh akusticheskikh tekhnologiy  [Diagnostics of a psychoemotional state on the basis of modern acoustic technologies]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology issues], 2015, №3, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 145–152. (in Russian)

[20] Alyushin M.V., Alyushin V.M., Dvoryankin S.V., Kolobashkina L.V. Akusticheskie tekhnologii dlya «intellektualnykh» sistem monitoringa funktsionalnogo sostoyaniya operativnogo sostava upravleniya oektami atomnoy energetiki [Acoustic technologies for "intellectual" systems of monitoring of a functional condition of management of nuclear power objects]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2013, №4(9), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 63–71. (in Russian)

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Article NameRole of Economic Training in Professional Competences Formation of Technical Higher Education Institutions Graduates for Nuclear Industry
AuthorsG.B. Belyaeva, A.G. Sirotkina, A.B. Makarets, G.A. Fedorenko
Address

Sarov State Physics and Technical Institute
the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
6 Duhov St., Sarov,
Nizhny Novgorod region, Russia 607186
e-mail: sarfti@mephi.ru

AbstractIn article problems of improvement of vocational training quality of students of technical specializations are considered. Need of strengthening of economic training role and competence formation in nuclear industry is proved. Need of additional educational module in curricula variable part is proved. The structure of the module including subject matters which studying will promote development in future young specialists of innovative and organizational economic activity skills is offered.
Keywordsscientific education, engineering education, economic training, formation of additional professional competences, educational module
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Rudenko V.A., Tomilin S.A., Vasilenko N.P. Osnovnye problemy organizatsii podgotovki spetsialistov dlia atomnoi otrasli v usloviiakh vnedreniia professionalnykh standartov [The main problems of the organization of specialist trainingfor nuclear industry in the conditions of professional standards introduction]. Globalnaia iadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №3, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 80–87. (in Russian)

[2] Chubik P.S.,  Chuchalin A.I., Solovev M.A., Zamiatina O.M. Podgotovka elitnykh spetsialistov v oblasti tekhniki i tekhnologii [Training of elite experts in the field of the equipment and technologies]. Voprosy obrazovaniia [Problems of education], 2013, №2, ISSN 1814-9545, pp. 188–208. (in Russian)

[3] Beliaeva G.D., Makarets A.B., Fedorenko G.A. Podgotovka  kadrov dlia innovatsionnoi ekonomiki v usloviiakh modernizatsii sistemy vysshego professionalnogo obrazovaniia [Training for innovative economy in the conditions of modernization of higher education system]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniia [Modern problems of science and education], 2012, №6, ISSN 2070-7428. Available at: https://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=7572  (in Russian)

[4] Beliaeva G.D., Makarets A.B. Stanovlenie sistemy podgotovki kadrov dlia vysokotekhnologicheskogo innovatsionnogo predprinimatelstva [Formation of training system for high-tech innovative business]. Institutsionalizatsiia sviazei vuzov s innovatsionnym sektorom ekonomiki:  Sbornik nauchnykh trudov nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii 18-19 oktiabria 2007 g. [Institutionalization of communications of higher education institutions with innovative sector of economy: Collection of scientific works of a scientific and practical conference, October 18-19, 2007.] Saransk: Pub. Mordovskogo universiteta [Mordovian university], 2007. pp. 41–45. (in Russian)

[5] Obrazovatelnye standarty napravlenii podgotovki SarFTI NIIaU MIFI [Educational standards of the directions of training of SARFTI NRNU MEPhI]. Available at: http://sarfti.ru/?page_id=2458 (in Russian)

[6] Shaidullina R.M., Bakhtigareeva  L.T., Stepanova R.R. Ekonomicheskaia podgotovka kak sredstvo ekonomicheskoi sotsializatsii studentov tekhnicheskogo vuza [перевод]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniia [Economic training as means of economic socialization of technical university students], 2015, №2(Vol. 2), ISSN 2070-7428, Available at: https://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=22325 (in Russian)

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