2018-2(27)

Problems of nuclear, radiation and ecological safety

Article NameA Method for Mean Energy Estimation of Gamma Radiation Spectrum in the Conditions of Radiation Accidents in the Nuclear Power Plant Premises
AuthorsA.P. Elokhin*1, A.I. Ksenofontov*2, E.A. Alalem*3, S.N. Fedorchenko**
Address

* National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,

Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-7682-8504

WoS ResearcherID: G-9573-2017

e-mail: elokhin@yandex.ru ;

2 ORCID: 0000-0002-6864-9805
WoS ResearcherID: H-1833-2017
e-mail: AIKsenofontov@mephi.ru ;

3 ORCID: 0000-0002-7207-5939
WoS ResearcherID: G-9489-2017
e-mail: issaalem2@yahoo.com ;

**The joint- stock company “Specialized Scientific and Research institute of Instrumentation”
(JSC “SNIIP”)
5 Raspletina st., Moscow, Russia
e-mail: info@sniip.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6144-915X
ResearcherID: F-3804-2018

AbstractIn this work the values of the mean γ-radiation energies of radionuclides are calculated using BDRG-47R OBD detectors with a high dose rate registration range and a wide range of gamma-ray energies, for example, in the case of emergency emission in a severe radiation accident in the nuclear power plant. Under these conditions, spectrometric equipment, as shown in Chernobyl and Fukusem-1 accidents, can’t provide qualitative measurements. Therefore, to estimate the average energy of the γ-radiation spectrum, only four BDRG-47P DB detectors are used, three of which were used filters made of tungsten, lead, and bismuth. The fourth one remains without filter. The estimation of the average energy of the γ-radiation spectrum is based on the idea of using half value layer of the filter material. The calculations show that the error in estimating the average γ-radiation spectrum energy depends on the spectrum and varies from 5% (0.25 MeV) to 36% (MeV 1.25 MeV), which allows to obtain a lower and upper estimate of the dose rate for personnel who must carry out repairs in premises. The proposed methodology makes it possible to assess the maximum safety time of personnel in the zone of radioactive contamination, the minimum number of workers for repair work, and also to draw up a working plan for repair work, i.e. minimize the material losses that may arise in such situations.
Keywordsradiation accident, average spectrum energy, dose rate of external radiation, ionizing radiation, radioactive contamination of the environment, radiation monitoring, nuclear power plant
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Fedorchenko S.N., Volkov S.V., Knizhnik A.S. Blok detektirovaniya moshhnosti dozy fotonnogo izlucheniya dlya raboty v usloviyah zaproektnoj avarii na atomnyh stanciyah [Detecting Unit for Dose Rate of Photon Radiation for Operation in the Conditions beyond the Design-Basis Accident at Nuclear Power Plants]. Penza. Pub. FGUP «NII fizicheskih izmerenij» [FSUE "Research Institute of Physical Measurements"], 2002. (in Russian)

[2] Volkov S.V., Fedorchenko S.N., Knizhnik A.S. Blok detektirovaniya dlya kontrolya moshhnosti dozy fotonnogo izlucheniya pri avariyah na AES [The Detection Unit for Monitoring the Dose Rate of Photon Radiation in Accidents at Nuclear Power Plants]. Pribory i sistemy upravleniya. Kontrol. Diagnostika [Devices and Control Systems. Control. Diagnostics], 2002, №12. (in Russian)

[3] Busarov A.P., Kirichenko G.P., Maslov S.I., Soroka A.A., Kiyanov S.P., Fedorchenko S.N. Apparatura dlya izmereniya moshhnosti dozy fotonnogo izlucheniya v vozduhe germoobjema  reaktora tipa VVR-1000 pri avariyah i v posleavarijnyj period [Apparatus for Measuring the Dose Rate of Photon Radiation in the Air of Hermetic Volume of WWR-1000 Reactor during Accidents and in the Post-Accident Period]. Sbornik dokumentov konferencii «Apparatura obespecheniya yadernoj i radiacionnoj bezopasnosti obhektov Rosatoma» [Collection of documents of the conference "Equipment for Nuclear and Radiation Safety of Rosatom Facilities".]. Pub. SNIIP, 2007. (in Russian)

[4] MEK 60951-1. Apparatura dlya kontrolya radioaktivnosti atomnyh elektrostancij v usloviyah avarii i posle nee [IEC 60951-1. Equipment for Monitoring the Radioactivity of Nuclear Power Plants in the Event of an Accident and after it.]. Chast 1 [Part 1] «Obshhie trebovaniya» [General Requirements], 1989. (in Russian)

[5] MEK 60780. Atomnye elektrostancii. Elektricheskoe oborudovanie sistemy bezopasnosti. Kvalifikacionnaya ocenka [IEC 60780. Nuclear Power Plants. Electrical Safety System Equipment. Qualification Evaluation]. 1988. (in Russian)

[6] Ivanov E.A., Kosov A.D., Polyancev S.S. Programmnoe sredstvo “QUASAR” rascheta utechki produktov deleniya v atmosferu iz zashhitnoj obolochki v sluchae avarii na AE`S s VVER-1000 [Software Tool "QUASAR" for Calculating The Leakage of Fission Products into the Atmosphere from the Containment in the Event of an Accident at WWER-1000 NPP]. Pyataya Mezhdunarodnaya nauchno-texnicheskaya konferenciya «Bezopasnost, effektivnost i ekonomika atomnoj energetiki» [Fifth International Scientific and Technical Conference "Safety, Efficiency and Economics of Nuclear Energy".]. M. 2006, pp. 343–345. (in Russian)

[7] Mashkovich V.P., Kudryavceva A.V. Zashhita ot ioniziruyushhih izluchenij. Spravochnik [Protection against Ionizing Radiation. Reference Book]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1995, 496 p. (in Russian)

[8] Elokhin A.P. Metody i sredstva sistem radiacionnogo kontrolya okruzhayushhej sredy [Methods and Means of Radiation Monitoring Systems of the Environment]. M. Pub. NIYaU MIFI [NRNU MEPhI], 2014, 520 p. (in Russian)

[9] Elokhin A.P., Issa Alalem, Ksenofontov A.I. Meteorologicheskie xarakteristiki rajona AES «Busher» v Irane [Meteorological Characteristics of the Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant in Iran]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2017, №4(25), ISSN 2305-414X, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 23–47. (in Russian)

[10] Elokhin A.P. Optimizaciya metodov i sredstv avtomatizirovannyh sistem kontrolya radiacionnoj obstanovki okruzhayushhej sredyh [Optimization of Methods and Means of the Automated Control Systems of Environment Radiation Situation]. Dissertaciya na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni doktora texnicheskih nauk [The thesis for the Doctor of Engineering]. M. Pub. MIFI, 2001, 325 p. (in Russian)

Papers7 - 15
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameA Study of Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in NPPs: a Case of Safety in VVER-1000
AuthorsIdakwo Ako Paul
Address

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Institute of Physics
Lenin St., 2, Tomsk region, Russia 634050
e-mail: akoidakwo@yahoo.com

AbstractSound procedures and good practices are not fully adequate if merely practiced mechanically. The lessons of the three major nuclear accidents including Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima Daiich have displayed insufficiency of existing techniques, standards and rules for their forestalling. Therefore, studies are constantly undertaken to militate against a repeat of such disaster or to limit it. Many criteria and designs have been proposed and utilized in new generations of NPP. This paper focuses on the study of loss of coolant accident (LOCA) and the various ways scientists and engineers are working to avoid and safely contain it.
KeywordsNPP, VVER-1000, nuclear safety, coolant accident
LanguageEnglish
References

[1] Modarres Mohammad, Kim Seock Inn. (2010). Deterministic and Probabilistic Safety Analysis. Cacuci D.G. (ed.), Handbook of Nuclear Engineering. Vol. 1: Nuclear Engineering Fundamentals. (2185-2247). Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. New York. (in English)

[2] Nuclear Energy Agency. (2009). Nuclear Fuel Behaviour in Loss-of-coolant Accident (LOCA) Conditions. State-of-the-art-Report. www.oecd.org  (in English)

[3] United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Appendix A to Part 50 – General Design Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants. www.nrc.gov. visited February 27, 2018. Last updated August 29, 2017. (in English)

[4] Ryzhov S.B., Mokhov V.A., Nikitenko M.P., Bessalov G.G., Podshibyakin A.K., Anufriev D.A., Gado J. (ed.), Rohde U. (ed.). VVER-Type Reactors of Russian Design. Cacuci D.G. (ed.), Handbook of Nuclear Engineering. Vol. 1: Nuclear Engineering Fundamentals. (2249-2320). Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. New York. (in English)

[5] Uffelen P.V., Konings R.J.M., Vitanza C., Tulenko J. (2010). Analysis of Reactor Fuel Rod Behaviour. Cacuci, D.G. (ed.), Handbook of Nuclear Engineering. Vol. 1: Nuclear Engineering Fundamentals. (1522-1620). Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. New York. (in English)

[6] International Atomic Energy Agency (2003). Accident Analysis for Nuclear Power Plants with Pressuried Water Reactors. Safety Report Series no 30. ISSN 1020-6450. (in English)

[7] Turinsky J. Paul. (2010). Core Isotropic Depletion and Fuel Management. Cacuci D.G. (ed.), Handbook of Nuclear Engineering. Vol. 1: Nuclear Engineering Fundamentals. (1243-1310). Springer Science + Business Media, LLC. New York. (in English)

Papers16 - 23
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Article NameThe Influence of Nanoparticles Bacterial Ferrihydrite Doped with Aluminum on Oil-Pollution
AuthorsМ.Е. Baranov
Address

Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technologies
31, Krasnoyarsky Rabochy Av., Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsky kraj, Russia, 660037
e-mail: me_baranov@mail.ru

AbstractThe paper discusses the use of bacterial ferrihydrite nanoparticles (5Fe2O3·9H2O) doped with aluminum (FeAl) to reduce the phytotoxicity of an oil contaminated soil substrate. It is proposed to evaluate the antitoxic effect in case of increased contamination with oil products, compare the level of phytotoxicity (decrease in germination and germination energy of test culture Lepidium sativum L) and to determine the optimal concentrations of nanoparticles to neutralize petroleum products in the soil.
Keywordssoil substratum, oil pollution, nanoparticles, biotesting, watercress
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Kartashev A.G., Smolina T.V., Cherdantsev A.Yu. Vliyanie neftezagryazneniy na nadpochvennykh i pochvennykh bespozvonochnykh zhivotnykh [The Impact of Oil Pollution on Supersoil and soil Invertebrates]. Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Tomsk Polytechnic University], 2006, Vol. 309, №8, pp.182–185. (in Russian)

[2] Kartashev A. Vliyanie neftezagryazneniy na nadpochvennykh i pochvennykh bespozvonochnykh zhivotnykh [The Impact of Oil Pollution on Supersoil and Soil Invertebrates]. М. 1982, pp. 238–244. (in Russian)

[3] Avetov N.A., Shishkonakova E.A. Zagryaznenie neftyu pochv taezhnoy zony zapadnoy Sibiri [Oil Pollution of Soils of the Taiga Zone of Western Siberia]. Byulleten Pochvennogo instituta im. V.V. Dokuchaeva [Bulletin of Soil Institute by V.V. Dokuchaev], 2011, № 68. pp.45–53. (in Russian)

[4] Andreson R.K., Mukatanov A.Kh., Boyko T.F. Ekologicheskie posledstviya zagryazneniya neftyu [Environmental Consequences of Oil Pollution]. Ekologiya [Ecology], 1980, №6, pp. 21–25. (in Russian)

[5] Kireeva N.A., Miftakhova A.M., Kuzyakhmetov G.G. Vliyanie zagryazneniya neftyu na fitotoksichnost seroy lesnoy pochvy [The Impact of Oil Pollution on the Phytotoxicity of Grey Forest Soil]. Agrokhimiya [Chemistry], 2001, № 5, pp. 64–69. (in Russian)

[6] Nazarov A.V. Vliyanie neftyanogo zagryazneniya pochvy na rasteniya [The Effect of Oil Pollution of Soil on Plants]. Vestnik permskogo universiteta [Perm University Herald], 2007, Issue 5(10), pp. 135–138. (in Russian)

[7] Miertus S., Grechishcheva N.Yu., Meshcheryakov S.V., Rybalskiy N.G., Barsov A.R. Spravochnik. Tekhnologii vosstanovleniya pochv, zagryaznennykh neftyu i nefteproduktami [Handbook. Technology of Restoration of Soils Contaminated with Oil and Oil Products]. М. Pub. REFIA, NIA-Priroda [The State Committee of Environmental Protection, NIA-Priroda], 2001, 185 p. (in Russian)

[8] Matveev Yu. Tekhnologii ochistki territoriy, zagryaznennykh nefteproduktami [Technologies for Cleaning Areas Contaminated with Oil Products]. Poiski nefti, neftyanaya industriya i okhrana okruzhayushchey sredy: Trudy pervoy Vserossiyskoy konferentsii [Oil Searches, Oil Industry and Environmental Protection: Proceedings of the First All-Russian Conference], Sankt-Peterburg. Pub. VNIGRI, 1995. pp. 127–132. (in Russian)

[9] Lushnikov S.V., Zavgorodnev K.N., Bober V.V., Ochistka vody i pochvy ot nefti i nefteproduktov s pomoshchyu kultury mikrobov-destruktorov [Purification of Water and Soil from Oil and Petroleum Products with the Help of Microbial Destructor Culture]. Ekologiya i promyshlennost Rossii [Ecology and Industry of Russia], 1999, №2, pp. 17–20. (in Russian)

[10] Krasavin A.P., Khoroshavin A.N., Kataeva I.V. Vosstanovlenie narushennykh zemel s ispolzovaniem bakterialnykh preparatov [Restoration of Disturbed Lands with the Use of Bacterial Preparations]. Vestn. s.-kh. nauki [Bulletin of Agricultural Science], 1988, №10, pp. 64–68. (in Russian)

[11] Pandey B. and Fulekar M.H. Nanotechnology: Remediation Technologies to clean up the Environmental pollutants. Research Journal of Chemical Sciences, Vol. 2(2), 90–96, (2012) (in English)

[12] Swaranjit Singh Cameotra, Soniya Dhanjal. Environmental Nanotechnology: Nanoparticles for Bioremediation of Toxic Pollutants. Bioremediation Technology, 2010, pp 348-374 (in English)

[13] Bernd, N. 2010. Pollution Prevention and Treatment Using Nanotechnology. Nanotechnology. 2:1:1–15 (in English)

[14] Gil-Lozano, C., Losa-Adams, E., F.-Dávila, A., Gago-Duport, L. (2014). Pyrite nanoparticles as a Fenton-like reagent for in situ remediation of organic pollutants. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 5, pp. 855–864.

[15] GOST 12038-84 Semena selskohozyajstvennyh kultur. Metody opredeleniya vskhozhesti [State Standard 12038-84. Seeds of Agricultural Crops. Methods for Determination of Germination]. M. Pub. «Izdatelstvo standartov», 1984, pp. 2–42. (in Russian)

[16] Stolyar S.V., Bayukov O.A. , Gurevich Yu.L. etc. Zhelezosoderzhashchie nanochastitsy, obrazuyushchiesya v rezultate zhiznedeyatel'nosti mikroorganizmov [Iron-Containing Nanoparticles Formed as a Result of Microbial Activity]. Neorganicheskie materialy [Inorganic Materials], 2006, Vol. 42, №7, pp.1–6. (in Russian)

[17] Purtov K.V., Stolyar S.V., IskhakovR.S., Bayukov O.A., Gurevich Yu.L., Dobretsov K.G., Ishchenko L.A. Method for obtaining ferrihydrite nanoparticles. Patent of the Russian Federation for invention №2457074 Russian Federation C1 IPC B22F9/24; The applicant and the patent owner of Siberian Federal University. – №2011111266/02; claimed. 24.03.2011; publ. 27.07.2012. (in Russian)

[18] Pollard D. Spravochnik po vychislitel'nym metodam statistiki [Handbook of Computational Methods of Statistics]. М. Pub. Finansy i statistika [Finance and Statistics], 1982, 344 p. (in Russian)

Papers24 - 33
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Research, design, construction and installation of nuclear facilities manufacturing equipment

Article NameCalculation of Stressed State and Durability of Bending Element Taking into Account Radiation Environment Influence
AuthorsR.B. Garibov*, I.G. Ovchinnikov*,**
Address

* Balakovo Engineering Technical Institute - branch of the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Balakovo, Saratov Region, Russia

**Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm, Russia

AbstractThe paper considers problem of computational modeling of the bent structural element (beam) subjected to a joint action of a bending moment and radiation irradiation. The basic equations of the model taking into account the process of damage accumulation and the influence of irradiation are given. Using the experimental data on the basis of the method of least squares, the model was identified, that is, the values of the coefficients were determined. Comparison of the calculation results with the help of the coefficients found with the experimental data was made, which showed good agreement of the results. Then the simulation of the irradiated beam loaded with a moment is performed numerically using the above equations with the found values of the coefficients. The effect of irradiation on the kinetics of the change in curvature is studied; stresses and damages are plotted along the cross-section of the beam at different instants of time. It is recommended to use not only experimental data on long-term strength and long-term ductility but also creep curves to improve the accuracy of modeling results when identifying models.
Keywordsradiation, radiation exposure, modeling, fluence, durability, bending element, beam
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Dubrovskiy V.B. Radiatsionnaya stoykost stroitelnykh materialov [Radiation Resistance of Building Materials]. M. Pub. Stroyizdat, 1977, 278 p. (in Russian)

[2] Kiselevskiy V.N. Izmenenie mekhanicheskikh svoystv staley i splavov pri radiatsionnom obluchenii [Changes in Mechanical Properties of Steels and Alloys under Radiation Irradiation]. Kiev. Pub. Naukova dumka, 1977, 104 p. (in Russian)

[3] Pisarenko G.S., Kiselevskiy V.N. Prochnost i plastichnost materialov v radiatsionnykh potokakh [Strength and Plasticity of Materials In Radiation Fluxes]. Kiev. Pub. Naukova Dumka, 1979, 281 p. (in Russian)

[4] Dubrovskiy V.B., Ablevich Z. Stroitelnye materialy i konstruktsii zashchity ot ioniziruyushchego izlucheniya [Building Materials and Structures for Protection against Ionizing Radiation]. M. Pub. Stroyizdat, 1983, 240 p. (in Russian)

[5] Gusev N.G., Klimanov V.A., Mashkovich V.P., Suvorov A.P. Zashchita ot ioniziruyushchikh izlucheniy [Protection against Ionizing Radiation]. Vol. 1. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1989, 509 p. (in Russian)

[6] Ovchinnikov I.I., Ovchinnikov I.G., Bogina M.Yu., Matora A.V. Vliyanie radiatsionnykh sred na mekhanicheskie kharakteristiki materialov i povedenie konstruktsiy (obzor) [Influence of Radiation Media on the Mechanical Characteristics of Materials and Behavior of Structures (review)]. Naukovedenie [Naukovedenie], 2012, №4. (in Russian)

[7] Likhachev Yu.I., Pupko V.Ya. Prochnost teplovydelyayushchikh elementov yadernykh reaktorov [Strength of Fuel Elements of Nuclear Reactors]. M. Pub. Atomizdat, 1975, 378 p. (in Russian)

[8] Ovchinnikov I.G., Petrov V.V. Uchet radiatsionnogo oblucheniya pri raschete tonkostennykh elementov konstruktsiy [Accounting for Radiation Exposure in Calculation of Thin-Walled Structural Elements]. Saratov,18 p. Deponirovano v VINITI [Deposited in VINETI] 07. 01. 1982 №1341-82 (in Russian)

[9] Likhachev Yu.I, Pupko V.Ya., Popov V.V. Metody rascheta na prochnost' teplovydelyayushchikh elementov yadernykh reaktorov [Methods for Calculating the Strength of Nuclear Reactor Fuel Elements]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1982, 210 p. (in Russian)

[10] Kulikov I.S., Tverkovkin B.E. Prochnost teplovydelyayushchikh elementov bystrykh gazookhlazhdaemykh reaktorov [Strength of Fuel Elements of Fast Gas-Cooled Reactors]. Pod redaktciej [Edited by] V.B. Nesterenko. Miskn. Pub. Nauka i tekhnika, 1984, 104 p. (in Russian)

[11] Tutnov A.A. Metody rascheta rabotosposobnosti elementov konstruktsiy yadernykh reaktorov [Methods for Calculating the Operability of Structural Elements of Nuclear Reactors]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1987, 184 p. (in Russian)

[12] Andreev V.I. Nekotorye zadachi i metody mekhaniki neodnorodnykh tel [Some Problems and Methods of Mechanics of Inhomogeneous Bodies]. M. Pub. ASV, 2002, 288 p. (in Russian)

[13] Margolin B.Z., Gulenko A.G., Kursevich I.P., Buchatskiy A.A. Modelirovanie razrusheniya materialov pri dlitel'nom staticheskom nagruzhenii v usloviyakh polzuchesti i neytronnogo oblucheniya. Soobshchenie 1. Fiziko-mekhanicheskaya model [Modeling the Destruction of Materials under Prolonged Static Loading under Conditions of Creep and Neutron Irradiation. Message 1. Physico-Mechanical Model]. Problemy prochnosti [Strength Problems], 2006, №3, pp. 5–22. (in Russian)

[14] Margolin B.Z., Gulenko A.G., Kursevich I.P., Buchatskiy A.A. Modelirovanie razrusheniya materialov pri dlitel'nom staticheskom nagruzhenii v usloviyakh polzuchesti i neytronnogo oblucheniya. Soobshchenie 2. Prognozirovanie dlitel'noy prochnosti [Modeling the Destruction of Materials under Prolonged Static Loading under Conditions of Creep and Neutron Irradiation. Message 2. Forecasting Long-Term Strength]. Problemy prochnosti [перевод], 2006, №5, pp. 5–16. (in Russian)

[15] Andreev V.I., Dubrovskiy I.A. Vliyanie radiatsionnogo oblucheniya na napryazhennoe sostoyanie sfericheskoy betonnoy obolochki. Influence of Radiation Irradiation on the Stressed State of a Spherical Concrete Shell. International Journal for Computational Civiland Structural Engineering, 2010, №6(1&2), pp. 39–44. (in Russian)

[16] Ovchinnikov I.I., Ovchinnikov I.G., Bogina M.Yu., Matora A.V. Modeli i metody, ispolzuemye pri raschete i modelirovanii povedeniya konstruktsiy, podvergayushchikhsya vozdeystviyu radiatsionnykh sred [перевод]. Naukovedenie [Models and Methods Used in the Calculation and Modeling of the Behavior of Structures Exposed to Radiation Media], 2013, №2, pp. 1–30. (in Russian)

[17] Likhachev Yu.I., Vakhromeeva V.N. Dlitelnaya prochnost i polzuchest obolochek tvel bystrykh reaktorov [Long-Term Strength and Creep of Fuel Rod Clusters for Fast Reactors]. Sbornik dokladov I simpoziuma stran chlenov SEV [Collected Papers of the First Symposium of the CMEA Countries]. Obninsk, 1967, 158 p. (in Russian)

Papers34 - 42
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Article NameThe Results of the Expert Examination of the KM-30 Bridge Crane Operated at the Facility Decommissioned at the Novovoronezh NPP by the Results of its Technical Diagnosis
AuthorsYu.I. Pimshin*1, V.A. Naugolnov*, S.M. Burdakov*2, I.Yu. Pimshin**3
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1 e-mail: yipimshin@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0001-6610-8725
WoS ResearcherID: J-6791-2017

2 e-mail: SMBurdakov@mephi.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8599-6008
WoS ResearcherID: F-6903-2017

** Don State Technical University
Gagarin square 1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344000

3e-mail: geodez@aaanet.ru

AbstractThe work gives the assessment of a residual resource of the NPP crane equipment on the basis of its comprehensive examination. The assessment of a residual resource is carried out to define the opportunity and term of the NPP crane equipment further operation. Calculations are made according to the existing standard documentation. The residual operation term of the studied crane equipment can be appointed not less than 5 years by results of an expert method of a residual resource assessment.
KeywordsNPP crane equipment, crane operation cycle, distribution coefficient of crane loadings, characteristic number, residual resource
LanguageRussian
References

[1] PB 03-517-02 Obshhie pravila promyshlennoj bezopasnosti dlja organizacij, osushhestvljajushhih dejatelnost v oblasti promyshlennoj bezopasnosti opasnyh proizvodstvennyh objektov [General Rules of Industrial Safety for Organizations Carrying out Activities in the Field of Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Facilities]. (in Russian)

[2] RD 10-08-92 Instrukcija po nadzoru za izgotovleniem, remontom i montazhom podjemnyh sooruzhenij (s izmenenijami №1, utverzhdennymi Gosgortehnadzorom Rossii 09.01.1998 [Instructions for the Manufacture Supervision, Repair and Installation of Lifting Structures (as amended by No. 1, approved by the Gosgortechnadzor of Russia)]. (in Russian)

[3] RD 0:48:0075.01.05 Rekomendacii po ustrojstvu i bezopasnoj jekspluatacii nadzemnyh kranovyh putej (spravochnoe izdanie) [Recommendations for the Installation and Safe Operation of Elevated Crane Tracks (reference publication)]. (in Russian)

[4] Pimshin Ju.I., Naugolnov V.A., Pimshin I.Ju. Dvizhenie mostovyh kranov, imejushhih konicheskie koljosa [The Motion of Bridge Cranes Having Tapered Wheels]. Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona [The Engineer Messenger of the Don], 2012, №4/2, Available at: ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n4p2y2012/1384 (in Russian)

[5] Pimshin Ju.I., Naugolnov V.A., Pimshin I.Ju. Obshhie principy tehnicheskoj diagnostiki mostovyh kranov [General Principles of Overhead Crane Technical Diagnostics]. Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona [The Engineer Messenger of the Don], 2012, №4/2, Available at: ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n4p2y2012/1385 (in Russian)

[6] Pimshin Ju.I., Naugolnov V.A., Pimshin I.Ju. Ocenka geometricheskih harakteristik hodovoj chasti mostovyh kranov [Estimation of Geometric Characteristics of Overhead Crane Running Gear]. Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Severo-Kavkazskij region. Tehnicheskie nauki [News of Higher Educational Institutions. North-Caucasian Region. Technical Science], 2010, Specialnyj vypusk [Special issue], pp. 128–130. (in Russian)

[7] Pimshin Ju.I., Pimshin I.Ju., Naugolnov V.A. Sposob diagnostiki geometricheskih parametrov hodovoj chasti mostovyh kranov. Patent №2382347 S1. Opublikovano 20.02.2010, Bulleten №8 [Method for Diagnosing the Geometric Parameters of the Traveling Part of Overhead Cranes: Pat. No. 2382347 C1. Pub. 20.02.2010, Bul. № 8.]. (in Russian)

[8] Pimshin Ju.I., Naugolnov V.A., Pimshin I.Ju. Sposob diagnostiki geometricheskih parametrov hodovoj chasti mostovogo krana krugovogo dejstvija. Patent №2425348 G01M 17/06 B66C13/16. Opublikovano 27.07.2011, Bulleten №21 [Method for Diagnosing the Geometric Parameters of the Running Gear of Bridge Crane of Circular Action: Pat. No. 2425348 G01M 17/06 B66C13 / 16. Pub. 07/27/2011, Bul. №21.]. (in Russian)

[9] Malet J., Maquaire O., Calais E. The use of Global Positioning System techniques for the continuous monitoring of landslides: application to the Super-Sauze earthflow (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France). Geomorphology, 2002, Vol. 43, №.1, pp. 33–54. (in English)

Papers43 - 50
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 Open Article
Article NameFerroerezonans Emergency in the 24 kV Generator Voltage Circuits of NPP Units
AuthorsS.А. Baran*, V.V. Nechitajlov**, V.V. Krasnokutskij***
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

* ORCID: 0000-0002-3232-4072
WoS Researcher ID: I-7933-2018
e-mail:
bastr@rambler.ru
** ORCID: 0000-0002-6795-2458
WoS Researcher ID: J-3646-2018
e-mail:
VITIkafAE@mephi.ru
*** ORCID: 0000-0002-4498-2996
WoS Researcher ID: I-4045-2018
e-mail:
leronil@mail.ru

AbstractThe paper analyzes the causes leading to false protection and shutdown of NPP units as well as damage to the measuring voltage transformers installed in the generator voltage network. The reasons that lead to the appearance of ferroresonance phenomena in the network and the way to eliminate them are considered. A number of emergency shutdowns of power units from the network by the action of earth fault protection are observed in the network of NPP generator voltage. According to the emergency situation investigations some of them turned out to be false. The cause of false accidents is often the appearance of ferroresonance phenomena in the network caused by load switching, short-time arcing and a number of other reasons. When a ferroresonance occurs it is well known that in many cases it is possible to have high multiplicities of overvoltages, dangerous for voltage transformers and for interturn isolation of the generator. This article analyzes the possibility of manifesting ferroresonance phenomena in the generator voltage network of NPP power units under various emergency conditions.
Keywordsferroresonance, generator voltage, isolated neutral, voltage transformer, overvoltage
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Alekseev V.G., Ziherman M.H. Ferrorezonans v setjah 6-10 kV [Ferroresonance in 6-10 kV Networks]. Elektricheskie stancii [Electric Stations], 1978, №1, pp. 63–65. (in Russian)

[2] Petrov O.A. Smeshhenie nejtrali pri pofaznyh otkljuchenijah i obryvah faz v kompensirovannoj seti [The Neutral Bias for Phase-Out Tripping and Phase Failure in Compensated Network]. Elektricheskie stancii [Electric Stations], 1972, №9, pp. 57–61. (in Russian)

[3] Halilov F.H. Eshhe raz o dugovyh perenaprjazhenijah v raspredelitelnyh setjah 6-35 kV [Once Again about Arc Overvoltages in Distribution Networks 6-35 kV.]. Promyshlennaja energetika [Industrial Power Engineering], 1985, №11. pp. 37–41. (in Russian)

[4] Jel-Hatib Adna Ibragim. Ferrorezonansnye processy v transformatorah naprjazhenija sistem elektrosnabzhenija i sposoby ih predotvrashhenija [Ferroresonance Processes in Voltage Transformers of Power Supply Systems and Ways to Prevent Them]. Dissertacija na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata tehnicheskih nauk [Theses of PhD in Engineering]. Donetsk. Pub. Donskoj politehnicheskij institute [Don Polytechnic Institute], 1992, 132 p. (in Russian)

[5] Bazutkin V.V., Larionov V.P., Pintal Ju.S. Tehnika vysokih naprjazhenij: Izoljacija i perenaprjazhenija v elektricheskih sistemah [High Voltage Technology: Isolation and Overvoltage in Electrical Systems]. M. Pub. Elektroatomizdat [Electroatomizdat], 1986, 464 p. (in Russian)

[6] Lihachev F.A. Zamykanija na zemlju v setjah s izolirovannoj nejtralju i s kompensaciej emkostnyh tokov [Ground Faults in Networks with Isolated Neutral and with Compensation of Capacitive Currents]. M. Pub. Energija [Energy], 1971, 152 p. (in Russian)

[7] Gindullina F.A., Goldshtejn V.G., Duzolzon A.A., Halilov F.H. Perenaprjazhenija v seti 6-35 kV [Overvoltages in 6-35 kV Network]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat [Electroatomizdat], 1989, 192 p. (in Russian)

[8] Sirota I.M., Bogachenko A.E. Zashhita ot zamykanij na zemlju na storone generatornogo naprjazhenija blokov generator-transformator, ohvatyvajushhaja nejtral generator [Earth-Fault Protection on the Generator Voltage Side of Generator-Transformer Blocks Covering the Generator's Neutral]. Kiev. Pub. IED AN USSR [IED Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR], 1972, 21 p. (in Russian)

[9] Sivokobylenko V.F., Lebedev V.K.. Perehodnye processy v sistemah jelektrosnabzhenija sobstvennyh nuzhd elektrostancij [Transient Processes in Power Supply Systems of Power Plants Own Needs]. Donetsk. Pub. ROA DonNTU [ROA DonNTU], 2002, 136 p. (in Russian)

[10] Sirotinskij L.I. Tehnika vysokih naprjazhenij. Volnovye processy i vnutrennie perenaprjazhenija v jelektricheskih sistemah [Technique of High Stresses. Wave Processes and Internal Overvoltages in Electrical Systems]. M. Pub. Gosenergoizdat [Gosenergoizdat], 1959. (in Russian)

[11] Halilov F.H., Evdokunin G.A., Poljakov V.S. etc. Zashhita setej 6-35 kV ot perenaprjazhenij [Protection of 6-35 kV Overvoltage Networks]. Sankt-Peterburg. Pub. Energoatomizdat [Electroatomizdat], 2002. (in Russian)

[12] Bazylev B.I., Brjancev A.M., Dolgopolov A.G. etc. Dugogasjashhie reaktory s avtomaticheskoj kompensaciej emkostnogo toka zamykanija na zemlju [Arc Suppression Reactors with Automatic Compensation of the Capacitive Earth Fault Current]. Sankt-Peterburg. Pub. PEIPK [PEIC], 1999. (in Russian)

[13] Beljakov N.N. Issledovanie perenaprjazhenij pri dugovyh zamykanija na zemlju v setjah 6 i 10 kV s izolirovannoj nejtralju [Survey of Overvoltages with Arc Faults on Ground in 6 and 10 kV Networks with Isolated Neutral]. Elektrichestvo [Electricity], 1957, №5, pp. 31–36. (in Russian)

[14] Sivokobylenko V.F., Dergiljov M.P. Rezhimy raboty nejtrali raspredelitelnyh setej 6-10 kV [Operating Modes of Neutral Distribution Networks 6-10 kV]. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov DonGTU. Serija: elektrotehnika i energetika [Collection of Scientific Works of DonSTU. Series: Electrical Engineering and Power Engineering], Issue 67. Donetsk. Pub. DonNTU [DonNTU], 2003, pp. 49–58. (in Russian)

[15] Sivokobylenko V.F., Lebedev V.K., Mahinda Silva. Analiz processov dugovyh zamykanij na zemlju v setjah sobstvennyh nuzhd TES i AES [Analysis of the Processes of Arc Faults on the Ground in the Auxiliary Networks of TPPs and NPPs]. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov DonGTU. Serija: Elektrotehnika i energetika [Collection of Scientific Works of DonSTU. Series: Electrical Engineering and Power Engineering], Issue 17. Doneck. Pub. DonGTU [DonNTU], 2000, pp. 129–133. (in Russian)

[16] Dergilev M.P., Obabkov V.K. Nesnizhaemye kratnosti perenaprjazhenij v seti 6-35 kV s rezistivnym zazemleniem nejtrali [Non-Reducible Multiplicities of Overvoltages in the 6-35 kV Network with Resistive Neutral Grounding of the Neutral]. Nauka, tehnika, biznes v energetike [Science, Technology, Business in the Energy Sector], 2002, №5, pp. 10–14. (in Russian)

[17] Kalantarov P.L., Cejtlin L.A. Raschet induktivnostej [Calculation of Inductances]. Leningrad. Pub. Energoatomizdat [Electroatomizdat], 1986, 488 p. (in Russian)

[18] Neklepaev B.N., Krjuchkov I.P. Jelektricheskaja chast jelektrostancij i podstancij: Spravochnye materialy dlja kursovogo i diplomnogo proektirovanija [Electric Part of Power Plants and Substations: Reference materials for course and diploma design]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat [Electroatomizdat], 1989, 608 p. (in Russian)

Papers51 - 59
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Nuclear facilities exploitation

Article NameModelling of Gamma-Scan Detector with Collimator for Investigating Differential Radioactive Contamination
AuthorsAgyekum Ephraim Bonah (Ghana)*, Yu. Daneykin**
Address

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Institute of Physics
Lenin St., 2, Tomsk region, Russia 634050
e-mail:
agyekumephraim@yahoo.com ; **e-mail: daneykin@tpu.ru

AbstractIn this paper, a description of the model of the radiation state of a nuclear facility is developed, the composition of the model is outlined, the problems of the formation of the engineering-radiation model of the nuclear facility are considered on the basis of the engineering model of radiation inspection and gamma radiation calculations depending on the radionuclide composition, the activity of radiation sources, and also their geometric sizes and shapes. Methods for calculating radiation emanating from contaminated assemblies of the nuclear facility elements requiring maintenance or disassembly are considered as radionuclide sources of photon radiation having certain physical characteristics, such as dimensions and activity. Sources based on radionuclides are isotropic radiators. The geometric dimensions and shape of such sources can be very diverse in form and size. The existing methods for calculating the dose fields created by radionuclide sources of ionizing radiation of various geometric shapes are investigated. The methods considered are based on similar approaches and represent a mathematical calculation of the characteristics of the dose field depending on the shape of the source, its activity and the relative spatial location of the calculated point in the field and the source. Therefore, special methods for calculating exposure dose rate from extended sources have been developed.
KeywordsDecommissioning, radionuclide, canonical, monoenergetic, attenuation, detector, phantom, cylinder, decontaminate, radioactivity, gamma
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Agostinelli S. etc. GEANT4–a simulation toolkit. Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 2003, Vol. 506, №3, pp. 250–303. (in English)

[2] Briesmeister J.F. LA-7396-M. A General Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code, Version C., 1997, Vol. 4. (in English)

[3] Attix F.H., Tochilin E. (ed.). Sources, Fields, Measurements, and Applications: Radiation Dosimetry. Academic Press, 2016, Vol. 3. (in English)

[4] Koch H.W., Motz J.W. Bremsstrahlung cross-section formulas and related data. Reviews of modern physics, 1959, Vol. 31, №4, p. 920. (in English)

[5] Dillman L.T. Radionuclide decay schemes and nuclear parameters for use in radiation-dose estimation. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 1969, Vol. 10. (in English)

[6] Storm L., Israel H.I. Photon cross sections from 1 keV to 100 MeV for elements Z=1 to Z=100. Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, 1970, Vol. 7, №6, pp. 565–681. (in English)

[7] Ambient Dose Equivalent. 2017. Available at: www.euronuclear.org/info,encyclopadia/ambientdose (in English)

[8] ICRP. Conversion Coefficients for use in radiological protection against external radiation, 1996. (in English)

[9] Corvan D.J., Sarri G. and Zepf. M., Design of a compact spectrometer for high-flux MeV gamma-ray beam. Review of scientific instruments, 2014. (in English)

[10] Radiation Dosage. 2017. Available at: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1d_N0as77OmI0jw7-W-AMx74TWtoM3nh7bAMOki8OJP8/edit?authkey=CKTU3OwP&hl=en_GB&hl=en_GB&authkey=CKTU3OwP#gid=0 (in English)

Papers60 - 67
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Article NameDevelopment the Methods of Standing Wave Fraquency Calculation in Operating of NPP with WWER Reactor
AuthorsK.N. Proskuryakov*, A.V. Anikeev, K.I. Belyaev, D.A. Pisareva
Address

National Research University «MPEI»,
Krasnokazarmennaya St., 14, Moscow, Russia, 111250

* e-mail: ProskuriakovKN@mpei.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-1884-5576
WoS ResearcherID: I-3583-2017

AbstractThe paper carries out a comparison of calculation results of acoustic standing waves frequencies with auto-spectral power densities of the sensor signals of pressure fluctuations for complex combinations of acoustic elements of the 1st contour of nuclear power plants with WWER-440. The calculation results of acoustic standing wave frequencies are found to be in satisfactory agreement with the measurement data. A new approach to the formation of combinational acoustic circuits in the coolant system in WWER-440 is presented. The oscillating circuit of the coolant including the reactor and pressure compensator connected by pipelines is investigated for the first time. It is found that the frequency of acoustic standing waves in this circuit is close to 2 Hz in the investigated modes. The possibility of this frequency shift in the area of resonant interaction with FA when changing the system layout is shown.
Keywordsstanding waves, vibration, vibration, acoustic resonance, acoustic standing waves
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Proskurjakov K.N. Teplogidravlicheskoe vozbuzhdenie kolebanij teplonositelja vo vnutrikorpusnyh ustrojstvah JaEU [Thermohydraulic Excitation of Coolant Fluctuations in In-House Devices of Nuclear Power Plants]. M. Pub. MEI [MEI], 1984, 67 p. (in Russian)

[2] Kapustin S.A., Churilov Ju.A., Gorohov V.A. Modelirovanie nelinejnogo deformirovanija i razrushenija konstrukcij v uslovijah mnogofaktornyh vozdejstvij na osnove MKE [Modeling of Nonlinear Deformation and Destruction of Structures under Conditions of Multifactor Effects on the Basis of FEM]. Nizhnij Novgorod. Pub. Nizhegorodskij gosudarstvennyj niversitet im. N.I. Lobachevskogo [Nizhny Novgorod Lobachevsky State University], 2015, 347 p. (in Russian)

[3] Kapustin S.A., Gorokhov V.A., Churilov Yu.A. Models and prediction algorithms of fracture of structural elements for low- and high-cycle loading based on FEM. Materials Physics and Mechanics, 2015, Vol. 23, pp. 79–82. (in English)

[4]Antipov A.A., Gorohov A.N., Gorohov V.A., Kazakov D.A., Kapustin S.A. Eksperimentalno-teoreticheskoe issledovanie ustalosti materialov i konstrukcij v uslovijah vysokotemperaturnyh mnogociklovyh nagruzhenij [Experimental and Theoretical Study of Fatigue of Materials and Structures under Conditions of High-Temperature Multi-Cycle Loading]. Problemy prochnosti i plastichnosti [Problems of Strength and Plasticity], 2014, Issue 76(1), pp. 26–38. (in Russian)

[5] Parhomenko P.P., Sogomonjan E.S. Osnovy tehnicheskoj diagnostiki [Basics of Technical Diagnostics]. M. Pub. Energoizdat [Energoizdat], 1981, 460 p. (in Russian)

[6] GOST 2091189. Tehnicheskaja diagnostika. Terminy i opredelenija [Technical Diagnostics. Terms and Definitions]. M. Pub. Standartov [Publishing house of standards], 1990, 13 p. (in Russian)

[7] Proskuriakov K.N., Fedorov A.I., Zaporozhets M.V. and Volkov G.Y. Identification of standing pressure waves sources in primary loops of NPP with WWER and PWR. Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering Journal. Vol. 4, 2016, ISSN 2412-5954, e-ISSN 2414-6935 (in English)

[8] Slepov M.T. Razrabotka metodov i interpretacija dannyh primenitelno k sistemam shumovoj diagnostiki reaktornyh ustanovok Novovoronezhskoj AES [Development of Methods and Interpretation of Data Applied to Noise Diagnostics Systems of Reactor Installations at Novovoronezh NPP]. Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata tehnicheskih nauk [PhD Thesis in Engineering]. Obninsk, 1999. (in Russian)

[9] Zhukovskij N.E. O gidravlicheskom udare v vodoprovodnyh trubah [About Hydraulic Hit in Water Pipes]. M. Leningrad. Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo tehniko-teoreticheskoj literatury [State Publishing House of Technical and Theoretical Literature], 1949, 108 p. (in Russian)

[10] Arkadov G.V., Pavelko V.I., Usanov A.I. Vibroshumovaja diagnostika VVER [WWER Vibration Diagnosis]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat [Energoizdat], 2004, 344 p. (in Russian)

Papers68 - 75
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Article NameVibroacoustical Certification of Operating Modes of WWER Fuel-Handling Machines
AuthorsA.A. Lapkis, V.N. Nikiforov, L.A. Pervushin
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: VITIkafAE@mephi.ru

AbstractThe article deals with the task of certification of operating modes and determining the technical state of the WWER fuel-handling machine based on the results of vibroacoustic monitoring. The use of pseudo-phase diagrams for vibroacoustic information visualization is proposed. An example of determining the reference characteristics of working rod operating modes of the WWER-1000 fuel-handling machine is considered.
Keywordsvibroacoustic control, information passport, pseudo-phase diagram, fuel overload, fuel-handling machine, working rod.
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Andrushechko S.A., Afrov A.M., Vasil'ev B.Ju., Generalov V.N., Kosourov K.B., Senchenkov Ju.M., Ukraincev V.F. AES s reaktorom tipa VVER-1000. Ot fizicheskih osnov jekspluatacii k jevoljucii proekta [NPP with WWER-1000 Reactor. From the Physical Exploitation Basics to the Evolution of the Project]. M. Pub. Logos, 2010, 604 p. (in Russian)

[2] Shijanov A.I, Gerasimov M.I, Muravjov I.V. Sistemy upravlenija peregruzochnyh manipuljatorov AES s VVER [Control Systems for Handling Manipulators of NPP WWER reactor]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1987, 176 p. (in Russian)

[3] Jakubenko I.A. Modernizacija sistemy upravlenija peregruzkoj jadernogo topliva na jenergobloke №1 Rostovskoj AES [Modernization of the Nuclear Fuel Congestion Management System at Unit 1 of Rostov NPP]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2013, №4(9), ISSN 2305-414X, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 35–39. (in Russian)

[4] Terehov D.V., Dunaev V.I. Modernizacija peregruzochnoj mashiny jenergobloka №5 Novovoronezhskoj AES [Modernization of the Fuel-Handling Machine of the Novovoronezh NPP Power Unit No. 5]. Teplojenergetika [Heat Power Engineering], 2014, №2, pp. 65–71 (in Russian)

[5] V.V. Korobkin, V.P. Povarov. New generation refueling machine information and control system. Nuclear Energy and Technology, Volume 3, Issue 4, December 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.nucet.2017.11.005, pp. 302–306. (in English)

[6] RJe ATJe.118.0003-2001. Modernizacija peregruzochnyh mashin dlja jenergoblokov AES s VVER. Koncepcija modernizacii peregruzochnyh mashin. Koncern «Rosjenergoatom» [RE АТE.118.0003-2001. Modernization of Fuel-Handling Machines for NPP WWER Reactor. The Concept of Modernization of Fuel-Handling Machines. Rosenergoatom Concern], M. 2001, 57 p. (in Russian)

[7] Nikiforov V.N., Pugachjova O.Ju., Palamarchuk O.V. etc. Kontrol tehnicheskogo sostojanija rabochej shtangi peregruzochnoj mashiny dlja VVER-1000 [Monitoring of the Technical Condition of the Fuel-Handling Machine Working Rod for WWER-1000]. Teplojenergetika [Heat Power Engineering], 2003, №5, pp. 33–34. (in Russian)

[8] Nikiforov V.N., Pugacheva O.Ju., Chernov A.V. Kanal kontrolja tehnicheskogo sostojanija rabochej shtangi mashiny peregruzochnoj tipa MPS-V-1000-3U4.2. Tezisy dokladov II vserossijskoj nauchno-tehnicheskoj konferencii «Obespechenie bezopasnosti AES s VVER», 19–23 nojabrja 2001 [The channel for Monitoring the Technical Condition of the MPS-V-1000-3U4.2 Fuel-Handling Machine Working Rod. Theses of Reports II all-Russian Scientific and Technical Conference "Providing the Safety of Nuclear Power Plants with WWER", 19-23 November, 2001], Podolsk. Pub. OKB «Gidropress» [OKB Gidropress], 2001, pp. 116–117. (in Russian)

[9] Umer Hameed Shah, Keum-Shik Hong. Active vibration control of a flexible rod moving in water: Application to nuclear refueling machines. Automatica, Volume 93, July 2018, pp. 231–243. (in English)

[10] Proskurjakov K.N. Vibroakusticheskaja pasportizacija AES – sredstvo povyshenija ih nadezhnosti i bezopasnosti [Vibroacoustic Certification of Nuclear Power Plants is a Means of Increasing their Reliability and Safety]. Teplojenergetika[Heat Power Engineering], 2005, №12, pp. 30–34. (in Russian)

[11] Abidova E.A., Hegaj L.S., Chernov A.V., Pugachjova O.Ju. Diagnostirovanie jelektroprivodnoj armatury s ispol'zovaniem jentropijnyh pokazatelej [Diagnosis of Electric Drives Using Entropy Indicators]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №4,(21), ISSN 2305-414X, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 69–77. (in Russian)

[12] Mun F. Haoticheskie kolebanija: Vvodnyj kurs dlja nauchnyh rabotnikov i inzhenerov [перевод]. Perevod s anglijskogo [Chaotic Oscillations: Introductory Course for Scientists and Engineers]. M. Pub. Mir, 1990, 312 p. (in Russian)

[13] Antonio M. Lopes, J.A. Tenreiro Machado. Analysis of Forest Fires by means of Pseudo Phase Plane and Multidimensional Scaling Methods. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Volume 2014, Article ID: 575872, DOI: 10.1155/2014/575872, 8 p. (in English)

[14] Antonio M. Lopes, J.A. Tenreiro Machado. Dynamic analysis of earthquake phenomena by means of pseudo phase plane. Nonlinear Dynamics, 2013, Volume 74, Issue 4, pp. 1191–1202. (in English)

[15] Lapkis A.A., Nikiforov V.N., Pugachjova O.Ju. Osobennosti prodlenija sroka jekspluatacii peregruzochnyh mashin jenergoblokov s reaktorami VVER-1000 [Peculiarities of Extending the Service Life of Fuel-Handling Machines with WWER-1000 Reactor Power Units]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №1(18), ISSN 2305-414X, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 95–103. (in Russian)

[16] NP-096-15. Trebovanija k upravleniju resursom oborudovanija i truboprovodov atomnyh stancij. Osnovnye polozhenija. Utverzhdeny prikazom Rostehnadzora №410 ot 15.10.2015 [NP-096-15. Requirements for Resource Management of Equipment and Pipelines of Nuclear Power Plants. Basic Provisions. - Approved Order of Rostekhnadzor No.410, October, 15, 2015.]. (in Russian)

Papers76 - 83
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Safety culture, socio and legal aspects of territorial development of nuclear facilities location

Article NameExperimental Studies of Bio Mouse Usage Efficiency during Educational and Training Classes
AuthorsM.V. Alyushin*, L.V. Kolobashkina**
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye Shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409
e-mail:
MVAlyushin@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0001-7806-3739
WoS Researcher ID: R-7928-2016

**e-mail: LVKolobashkina@mephi.ru

AbstractMain conditions of ensuring the effectiveness of educational and training classes are formulated. The relevance of monitoring the current state of students in the process of setting classes is shown. The advantages of using a computer bio mouse (CBM) for monitoring the status of students directly during training classes are considered. The results of experimental studies on the effectiveness of CBM are analyzed. A fairly high correlation is found between the level of arterial pressure and the tension index measured by CBM.
Keywordscomputer bio mouse, training classes efficiency, student current state monitoring
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Rasporjazhenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 30 dekabrja 2012 g. №2620-r Ob utverzhdenii plana meroprijatij ("dorozhnoj karty") "Izmenenija v otrasljah social'noj sfery, napravlennye na povyshenie jeffektivnosti obrazovanija i nauki" [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, December 30, 2012 No. 2620-r The Action Plan Approval ("Road Map") "Changes in Social Sectors to Improve the Efficiency of Education and Science"]. (in Russian)

[2] Federalnyj zakon ot 29.12.2012 N 273-FZ ot 07.03.2018) "Ob obrazovanii v Rossijskoj Federacii" [Federal Law, December 29, 2012 № 273-ФЗ of 07.03.2018) " Education in the Russian Federation"]. (in Russian)

[3] Aljushin M.V., Kolobashkina L.V. Monitoring bioparametrov cheloveka na osnove distancionnyh tehnologij [Monitoring of Human Bioparameters Based on Remote Technologies]. Voprosy psihologii [Psychology Issues], 2014, №6, pp. 135–144. (in Russian)

[4] Tizenberg A.G., Tizenberg G.M. Novye podhody k professional'noj diagnostike v celjah optimizacii professionalnogo otbora i professionalnoj orientacii [New Approaches to Professional Diagnosis in order to Optimize Professional Selection and Professional Orientation]. Izvestija IGEA [IGEEA News], 2013, №4(90), pp. 76–79. (in Russian)

[5] Alyushin M.V., Kolobashkina L.V. Education technology with continuous real time monitoring of the current functional and emotional students’ states. AIP Conference Proceedings, American Institute of Physics, 1797, 020001, 2017. DOI: 10.1063/1.4972421 (in English)

[6] Alyushin M.V., Alyushin A.M., Kolobashkina L.V. Laboratory approbation of the algorithm for isolating people's faces on a thermal infrared image in the case of their quasi-stationary arrangement in a room. Proceedings of the Biologically Inspired Cognitive Architectures (BICA 2017). Moscow, Russia, 1-6 August 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2018.01.003 (in English)

[7] Kolobashkina L.V., Filippova A.T. A person's face complex image processing in the visible and infrared ranges for current psycho-emotional and functional state monitoring systems. 2018 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). IEEE Xplore Digital Library. DOI: 10.1109/EIConRus.2018.8317462 (in English)

[8] Alyushin M.V., Lyubshov A.A. The Viola-Jones algorithm performance enhancement for a person's face recognition task in the long-wave infrared radiation range. 2018 IEEE Conference of Russian Young Researchers in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EIConRus). IEEE Xplore Digital Library. DOI: 10.1109/EIConRus.2018.8317459 (in English)

[9] Bokerija L.A. Bokerija O.L., Volkovskaja I.V. Variabelnost serdechnogo ritma: metody izmerenija, interpretacija, klinicheskoe ispolzovanie [Heart Rate Variability: Measurement Methods, Interpretation, Clinical Use]. Annaly aritmologii [Annals of Arrhythmology], 2009, №4, pp. 21–32. (in Russian)

[10] Devaev N.P. Vlijanie jekzamenacionnogo stressa na reguljaciju serdechnogo ritma i biojelektricheskuju aktivnost golovnogo mozga u studentok [The Influence of Exam Stress on the Regulation of Heart Rhythm and Bioelectrical Activity of the Brain in Female Students]. Fiziologija. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo [Physiology. Bulletin of Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod University.], 2010, №2(2), pp. 622–626. (in Russian)

[11] Safonova V.R., Shalamova E.Yu. Parametry variabelnosti serdechnogo ritma studentok severnogo medicinskogo vuza pri ekzamenacionnom stresse [Parameters of Heart Rate Variability of Students of the Northern Medical University in Examination Stress]. Ekologija cheloveka [Human Ecology], 2013, №8, pp. 11–16. (in Russian)

Papers84 - 89
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameSocial Adaptability Features of Technical University Students in Polycultural Environments (on the Example of Working with Foreign Students within the Work Practice in the Resource Centeron the Basis of Rosatom Enterprises)
AuthorsL.V. Zakharova*, L.A. Gunina**, I.V. Zarochintseva***, Yu.A. Lupinogina****
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

*ORCID:0000-0003-1496-3935
WoS Researcher ID: M-3905-2018
e-mail:
zakharova11@mail.ru;
**ORCID:0000-0002-5789-5816
WoS Researcher ID:M-3844-2018
e-mail:
Gavrik3554@mail.ru;
***ORCID:0000-0001-6412-8714
WoS Researcher ID:M-3835-2018
e-mail:
michael.mus.2000@mail.ru;
****ORCID:0000-0002-4327-1172
WoS Researcher ID:M-3826-2018
e-mail:
matashonok@mail.ru

AbstractThe paper analyzes Language training influence on social adaptation of VETI NRNU MEPhI students, studies the role of English language in the course of social adaptation. It carries out the comparative analysis of social adaptability characteristics of VETI students and students learning English in priority during the communication with foreign students within the work practice in the NRNU MEPhI Resource center.
Keywordssocial adaptation of students, language training, characteristics of social adaptability
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Zaharova L.V. Sravnitel'nyj analiz ustanovki na izuchenie anglijskogo yazyka i harakteristika obrazovatelnoj aktivnosti studentov [Comparative Analysis of English Study Attitudes and Characteristics of Student Educational Activity]. Nauka i obrazovanie.[Science and Education], 2004, №4(12), pp. 161–165. (in Russian)

[2] Sistemaadaptaciiinostrannyhstudentov – podhod NGU [Adaptation System for Foreign Students – NSU Approach]. Available at: http://www.akvobr.ru/sistema_adaptatsii_inostrannih_studentov.html (in Russian)

[3] Koncepciya dolgosrochnogo socialno-ehkonomicheskogo razvitiya Rossijskoj Federaciina period do 2020 goda [Concept of Long-Term Socio-Economic Development of the Russian Federation for the Period until 2020]. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_821...27e527/(in Russian) [4] V prodolzhenie kulturnoj programmy. Available at: http://www.viti-mephi.ru/news/v-prodolzhenie-kulturnoy-programmy (in Russian)

[5] Anne Pakir. Connecting with English in the Context of Internashionalisation. TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 33, №1, 1999. (in English) [6] Zaharova L.V. Factors affecting on motivation in learning a foreign language = Faktory, vliyayushchie na motivaciyu v izuchenii inostrannogo yazyka Scientific enquiry in the contemporary world: theoretical basics and innovative approach. Vol. 7 Culture Science, Philosophy, Philology, Art History and Archeology. Research articles. Titusville, FL, USA = Nauchnye issledovaniya v sovremennom mire: teoreticheskie osnovy i innovacionnyj podhod : nauch. st. Titusville, [2014], Vol. 7: Kulturologiya, filosofiya, filologiya, iskusstvo, istoriya i arheologiya. – С. 158-159. [7] Volkov Yu.G., Mostovaya I.V. Sociologiya v voprosah i otvetah [Sociology in Questions and Answers]. М. 1999, 374 p. (in Russian) [8] Volkov Yu.G., Mostovaya I.V. Sociologiya v voprosah i otvetah [Sociology in Questions and Answers]. М. 1999, p. 203. (in Russian) [9] Yusev E.K. Lichnostnaya orientaciya obucheniya kak uslovie razvitiya kompetentnosti studentov tekhnicheskogo universiteta (na materiale in. yaz.) [Personality Orientation of Training as a Condition of Technical University Students Competence Development (on the English Language Material)] Avtoreferat dis. nasoisk. uch. st.k.p.n. [Thesis Abstract of PhD in Education]. Rostov n/D, 2001. (in Russian)

[10] Pavlyukova Yu.V., Dryagalova E.A. Osobennosti social'no-pedagogicheskoj adaptacii inostrannyh studentov v vuze (na primere arabskih studentov v centre predvuzovskoj podgotovki) [Peculiarities of Social and Pedagogical Adaptation of Foreign Students in the University (on the Example of Arab Students in the Pre-University Training Center)]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. [Modern Problems of Science and Education], 2015, №6. (in Russian)

Papers90 - 98
URL ArticleURL Article
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Article NameKyshtym Radiation Accident of 1957: the First Assessment of the Radiation Situation after the Explosion
AuthorsV.S. Tolstikov*, V.N. Kuznetsov**
Address

* Chelyabinsk state Institute of culture,
Ordzhonikidze St., 36-a, Chelyabinsk, Russia, 454091
e-mail:
 info@chgaki.ru

**Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of History and Archeology
of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IAI UB RAS)
Kovalevskaya St., 16, Ekaterinburg, Sverdlovskaya region, Russia 620990
e-mail: iia-history@mail.ru

 

AbstractThe article analyzes the first estimates of the radiation accident in 1957 which occurred in the process of production activities of the state chemical plant named after D.I. Mendeleev, as a result of which there was a radioactive contamination of the territory of Chelyabinsk, Sverdlovsk and Tyumen regions which was called "East Ural Radiation Trace".
KeywordsD.I. Mendeleev state chemical plant, Mayak chemical plant, radiation accident, radioactive contamination, East Ural radiation trace
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Romanov G.N. Kyshtymskaja avarija: sekrety i mify (zapadnyj analiz avarii 1957 g.) [Kyshtym Accident: Secrets and Myths (Western Analysis of the Accident in 1957)]. Voprosy radiacionnoj bezopasnosti. Nauchno-tehnicheskij zhurnal PO «Majak» [Radiation Safety Issues. Scientific and Technical Journal "Mayak"], 1997, №3, p. 65. (in Russian)

[2] Medvedev Z.A. Two decades of dissidense. New Scientist, 1976, №1025, pp 264–267. (in English)

[3] Romanov G.N. Kyshtymskaja avarija: sekrety i mify (zapadnyj analiz avarii 1957 g.) [Kyshtym Accident: Secrets and Myths (Western Analysis of the Accident in 1957)]. Voprosy radiacionnoj bezopasnosti. Nauchno-tehnicheskij zhurnal PO «Majak» [Radiation Safety Issues. Scientific and Technical Journal "Mayak"], 1997, №3, p. 66. (in Russian)

[4] Trabalka J.R., Eyman L.D., Auezbach S.I. Analysis of the 1957–1958 Soviet Nuclear Accident. Science, 1980, 209, №4454, pp. 345–353. (in English)

[5] Nikipelov B.V., Romanov G.N., Buldakov L.A. etc. Radiacionnaja avarija na Juzhnom Urale v 1957 g. [Radiation Accident in the Southern Urals in 1957]. Atomnaja energija [Atomic Energy], 1989, Vol. 67, Issue 2, pp. 74–80. (in Russian)

[6] Proceedings of IAEA symposium «Recovezy Oprations in the Nukleaz Accident and Radiologcal Emergehey». Vena IAEA, 1990. (in English)

[7] Guinness Book of World Records, Bantan Books Ed., 1987. (in English)

[8] Medvedev Zh.A. Do i posle tragedii. Razmyshlenija o prichinah i posledstvijah Kyshtymskoj avarii hranilishha jadernyh othodov v sentjabre 1957 goda [Before and after the Tragedy. Reflections on the Causes and Consequences of the Kyshtym Nuclear Waste Storage Accident in September 1957]. Energia [Energy], 1991, №4, p. 105. (in Russian)

[9] Komsomolskaya Pravda, 1997, June 8th. (in Russian)

[10] Novoselov V.N., Tolstikov V.S. Atomnyj sled na Urale [Atomic Trace in the Urals]. Chelyabinsk, 1997. (in Russian)

[11] Sokhina L.P. O bezopasnosti ne dumali [Do not Think about Safety]. Ohrana prirody Juzhnogo Urala: oblastnoj ekologicheskij almanah 2008: spec. vypusk, posvjashhennyj 60-letiju obrazovanija FGUP «PO «Majak» [Nature Protection of the Southern Urals: Regional Ecological Almanac 2008: special. issue dedicated to the 60th anniversary of FSUE "PO Mayak"]. Chelyabinsk, 2008, pp. 66–67. (in Russian)

[12] Nikipelov B.V., Drozhko E.G. Vzryv na Juzhnom Urale [Explosion in the Southern Urals]. Priroda [Nature], 1990, №5, pp. 48–49. (in Russian)

[13] GF NTD PO "Mayak" [GF STD PO Mayak]. Fond [Fond] 11. Opis [Inventory] 13. Delo [Issue] 11. List [Page] 11–12. (in Russian)

[14] Tolstikov V.S. Socialno-ekologicheskie posledstvija razvitija atomnoj promyshlennosti na Urale. (1945–1998) [Social and environmental consequences of the nuclear industry development in the Urals. (1945-1998)]. Chelyabinsk, 1998, pp.162. (in Russian)

[15] GF NTD PO "Mayak" [GF STD PO Mayak]. Fond [Fond] 1. Opis [Inventory] 28. Delo [Issue] 7. List [Page] 8. (in Russian)

[16] Sohina L.P. Moi vospominanija o rabote na himicheskom kombinate «Majak» [My memories of working at the chemical plant "Mayak"]. Chelyabinsk-65, 1993. pp. 110–111. (in Russian)

[17] GF NTD PO "Mayak" [GF STD PO Mayak]. Fond [Fond] 1. Opis [Inventory] 17. Delo [Issue] 15. List [Page] 32. (in Russian)

[18] Voenno-istoricheskij zhurnal [Military history journal], 1993, №12, p. 42. (in Russian)

[19] GF NTD PO "Mayak" [GF STD PO Mayak]. Fond [Fond] 11. Opis [Inventory] 13. Delo [Issue] 11. List [Page] 9. (in Russian)

[20] Romanov G.N. Uroki dlinoju v 40 let [Lessons of 40 Years]. Ozerskiy Vestnik [Ozersk Messenger], 1997, September 27th. (in Russian)

[21] Brokhovich B.V. O sovremennikah. I chast (vospominanija) [About Contemporaries. I Part (Memories)]. Ozersk, 1998, p. 61. (in Russian)

[22] GF NTD PO "Mayak" [GF STD PO Mayak]. Fond [Fond] 11. Opis [Inventory] 13. Delo [Issue] 11. List [Page] 17. (in Russian)

[23] Tolstikov V.S., Kuznetsov V.N. Jadernoe nasledie na Urale: istoricheskie ocenki i dokumenty [Nuclear Heritage in the Urals: Historical Estimates and Documents]. Ekaterinburg, 2017, pp. 335–336. (in Russian)

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