2020-1 (34)

Nuclear, radiation and environmental safety

Article NameThe Determination of Shock Accelerations on a Small Nuclear Power Plant Structural Elements When Falling to the Surface
AuthorsO.A. Gubeladze1, A.R. Gubeladze2

Don State Technical University, Gagarin square 1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344000

1ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6018-4989

WoS Researcher ID: F-6921-201

e-mail: buba26021966@yandex.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6966-6391

WoS Researcher ID: F-7215-2017

e-mail: buba26021966@yandex.ru

AbstractThe article conducts research one of the expansion phase of emergency with an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile, accompanied by an carrier explosion, an ejection of the reentry vehicle from a silo and its subsequent fall. The simulation of the collision of the reentry vehicle with a weakly deformable barrier in the event of fall is performed, the result calculation valuation and experiment are carried out.
Keywordsintercontinental ballistic missile, silo launcher, head part, weakly deformable barrier, shock acceleration.
  1. Gubeladze O.A. Express-otsenka rezul'tatov nereglamentirovannykh destruktivnykh vozdeystviy na yaderno- i radiatsionnoopasnyy ob’ekt [Express Assessment of Results of Independent Destructive Impacts on Nuclear and Radiation-Hazardous Object] Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2018. №4 (29). Р. 24-30 (in Russian).
  2. Gubeladze O.A. Otsenka posledstvij vozdeystviya kineticheskih udarnikov na vzryvoopasnyj ob’ekt s malogabaritnoj yadernoj energeticheskoj ustanovkoj [Assessment of the Influence Consequence of Kinetic Impactors at Explosive Object with Small-Scale Nuclear Power Facility] Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2019. №3 (32). Р. 33-40
    (in Russian).
  3. Energeticheskie kondensirovannye sistemy. Kratkiy entsiklopedicheskiy slovar' [The Power Condensed Systems. Short Encyclopedic Dictionary]. Moskva [Moscow]. Yanus K. 2000. 483 p. (in Russian).
  4. Orlenko L.P. Fizika vzryva i udara [Physics of Explosion and Blow]. Moskva. FIZMATLIT [Moscow. PHIZMATLIT]. 2008. 304 p. (in Russian).
  5. Kirillov V.M. Fizicheskie osnovy radiatsionnoy i yadernoy bezopasnosti [Physical Bases of Radiation and Nuclear Safety]. Moskva [Moscow]. RVSN. 1992. 212 p. (in Russian).
  6. Cochran, Thomas B.; Arkin, William M.; Hoenig, Milton M. Nuclear Weapons Databook, Vol. II: U.S. Nuclear Warhead Production. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing Company, 1987.
    240 p.
  7. Gulyaev A.A. Geroi i gertvy «holodnoj vojny» [Heroes and Victims of «the Cold War»] Voyenno-istorichesky zhurnal [Military Historical Journal]. 2014. № 12. P.47-54 (in Russian).   
  8. iy G.N. Zapiski raketchika [Notes of a Rocketeer]. Moskva [Moscow]. CIPK RVSN. 1999. 207 p. (in Russian).
  9. Mikhaylov V.N. Bezopasnost' yadernogo oruzhiya Rossii [Safety of Nuclear Weapon of Russia]. Moskva. Ministerstvo po atomnoy energii [Moscow. Ministry of Nuclear Energy]. 1998. 148 p.
    (in Russian).
  10. Denisov O.V., Gubeladze O.A., Meskhi B.Ch., Bulygin Yu.I. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost` naseleniya i territorij v chrezvy`chajny`x situaciyax. Problemy` i resheniya: monografiya [Complex Safety of the Population and Territories in Emergency Situations. Problems and Solutions]. Rostov-na-Donu. Izdatel`skij centr DGTU [Rostov-on-Don. Publishing center Don State Technical University]. 2016. 278 p. (in Russian).
  11. Vainberg M.M. Integro-differencial`ny`e uravneniya [Integro-Differential Equations]. Itogi Nauki. Ser. Mat. Anal. Teor. Ver. Regulir [The Results of Science. Series Mathematical Analysis Probability Theory Regulation].1962. Moscow]. VINITI, 1964, pp. 5-37 (in Russian).
  13. GOST R ISO 8568-2010 Nazionalnyj standart RF. «Stendy udarnye» [National Standard of the Russian Federation. Shock Testing Machines. Declaration and Verification of Characteristics]. URL : https://internet-law.ru/gosts/gost/50555/ (in Russian).
Papers7 - 15
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameCharacteristics of Photon Radiation Fields in Iron for Photon Sources with Energies from 10 to 50 MeV
AuthorsI.K. Alhagaish1, V.V. Smirnov,V.K. Sakharov

Institute of Nuclear Physics and Technology (INP&T), National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,

Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0099-153X

Wos Researher ID: AAE-8983-2019

e-mail: alhigesh@gmail.com


AbstractBased on the results of Monte Carlo calculations of the spatial energy distributions of photons in iron from point isotropic and planar mononirectional monoenergy sources with energies of 10-50 MeV, the air Kerma attenuation multiplicities and dose accumulation factors of the material under consideration are determined.. The calculations take into account the contribution of the fluorescence, annihilation radiation and bremsstrahlung. The independence of the accumulation factors from the angular distribution of the source radiation is shown, and the independence of the attenuation multiplicities from the angular distribution of the source radiation and the weak dependence on its energy in the energy range 30-50 MeV is also shown. The corrections for the barrier protection are determined and their independence from the thickness of the protection and the photon energy of the source is noted. The obtained information allows to reduce the errors of the results of calculations of the thickness of anti-radiation protection of electronic accelerators at high energies, using developed engineering methods of calculation. The obtained information can also be used in calculations of protection against brake radiation of electronic accelerators by engineering methods.
Keywordselectronic accelerators, bremsstrahlung radiation, protection, dose, accumulation factor, attenuation multiplicity, Monte Carlo.
  1. Mashkovich V.P., Kudryavtseva A.V. Zashchita ot ioniziruyushchikh izlucheniy [Protection against ionizing radiation]. Moskva [Moscow]. Energoatomizdat. 1999. P. 494. (in Russian)
  2. Kazuaki Kosako, Koji Oishi, Takashi Nakamura, Kouichi Sato, Takashi Kamiyama, Yoshiaki Kiyanagi. Shielding Study on Iron and Concrete Assemblies of Bremsstrahlung Photons and Photoneutrons from Copper Target Bombarded by 18, 28 and 38 MeV Electrons. Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology. ISSN: 0022-3131 (Print) 1881-1248.
  3. Fasso A., Ferrari A., Sala P. R. ElectronÄPhoton Transport in FLUKA: Status // Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics, Particle Transport Simulation, and Applications: Proc. of the Monte Carlo 2000 Conf., Lisbon, 2000. Berlin; Heidelberg: Springer, 2001. P. 159-164.
  4. Storm E., Israel' Kh.. Secheniya vzaimodeystviya gamma-izlucheniya [Cross Sections for the Interaction of Gamma Radiation]. Perevod s anglijskogo [Translated from English]
    V.A. Klimanova, Ye.D. Chistova Moskva [Moscow]. Atomizdat. P. 1973. 252 (in Russian).
  5. American National Standard. Gamma-Ray Attenuation Coefficients and Buildup Factors for Engineering Materials. ANSI/ANS-6.4.3-1991.
  6. Ashimizu A., Onda T., Sakamoto Y.. Calculation of Gamma-Ray Buildup Factors up to Depths of 100 mfp by the Method of Invariant Embedding, III Generation of Improved Data Set. J. Nucl. Sci. and Technology. Vol. 41. № 4 2004. P. 413-424.
  7. Bespalov V.I. Lektsii po radiatsionnoy zashchite [Lectures on radiation protection]. Tomsk. Izd-vo Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta [Tomsk: Publishing House of the Tomsk Polytechnic University]. 2011. P. 348 (in Russian).
  8. NCRP. Radiation Protection Design Guidelines 1-100 MeV Particle Accelerator Facilities. NCRP Report № 51. 1977.
  9. Gigiyenicheskiye trebovaniya o razmeshchenii i ekspluatatsii uskoriteley elektronov s energiyey do 100 MeV [Hygienic Requirements for the Placement and Operation of Electron Accelerators with Energies up to 100 MeV]. SanPin, 2010 (in Russian).
  10. Sakharov V.K. Kratnosti oslableniya dozy fotonov v betone, zheleze isvintse dlya monoenergeticheskikh istochnikov s energiyami ot 10 do 90MeV [Multiples of Attenuation of the Dose of Photons in Concrete, Iron and Lead for Monoenergetic Sources with Energies from 10 to 90 MeV]. ZH. Yadernaya fizika i inzhiniring [Nuclear Physics and Engineering]. 2016. Vol. 7, №. 3
    (in Russian).
  11. Sakharov V.K., Borisenko A.V., Dozovyye faktory nakopleniya v betone, zheleze i svintse dlya istochnikov monoenergeticheskikh fotonov s energiyami ot 10 do 50 MeV [Dose Factors of Accumulation in Concrete, Iron and Lead for Monoenergetic Photon Sources with Energies from 10 to 50 MeV]. Atomnaya energiya [Atomic energy] Vol. 114. No. 6. 2014 (in Russian).
  12. Yukio FUJITA, Hidetoshi SAITOH and Atsushi MYOJOYAMA, J. Bremsstrahlung and Photoneutron Leakage from Steel Shielding Board Impinged by 12-24 MeV Electrons Beams // Radiat. Res. 50. 363-369 (2009).


Papers17 - 25
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameDetermination of Transport Packaging Kit Speed before Impact with a Rigid Barrier during Emergency Impact Tests on the Missile Track
AuthorsS.I. Gerasimov*,**1, V.I. Erofeev*2, V.A. Kikeev*3, O.V. Krivosheev**4, V.I. Kostin*5, I.A. Odzeriho*,**6, R.V. Gerasimova**7, A.A. Glukhov**8, V.V. Pisetskiy**9

*Mechanical Engineering Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod,
85 Belinskogo str., Russia 603024

**Sarov Physics and Technical Institute of National Research Nuclear University «MEPHI»,
Nizhny Novgorod region, Sarov, 6 Duchova str., Russia 607186

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6850-0816

WOS Researcher ID: L-2727-2016

e-mail: s.i.gerasimov@mail.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6637-5564

e-mail: erf04@mts-nn.ru

3ORCID iD: 0000-0002- 2040-2045

e-mail: vkikeev@mail.ru

4ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4597-4215

e-mail: staff@vniief.ru

5ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2711-3975

e-mail: costin.vasi1@yandex.ru

6ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2672-7318

e-mail: odzeriho.irina@yandex.ru

7 ORCID: 0000-0002-2711-3975

e-mail: grv@sarfti.ru

8ORCID: 0000-0003-4470-6518

e-mail: glukh0w.a@yandex.ru

9ORCID: 0000-0003-2878-6191

e-mail: pvv@sarfti.ru

AbstractVerification of compliance of the transport packaging kit design with the requirements for packages intended for the transport of radioactive materials by air, provides for a collision with a target at a speed of not less than 90 M/s. Confirmation of this basic parameter of the tests should be duplicated by several measurement methods including the use of analog means of film registration. The paper describes an algorithm for determining the speed of the transport packaging kit before impact on the information on the film carrier. The questions connected with the choice of the geometrical scheme of registration and realization of various variants of frame filling are considered. The determination of the linear movement of the transport packaging kit in the shooting plane, the calculation of the scale and frequency of shooting is described. An example of the application of the technique to determine the speed of the transport packaging kit before impact in one of the experiments on the missile track is given.
Keywordsspeed, impact, packaging, radioactive materials, spent nuclear fuel, air transportation, accident, missile track equipment
  1. Normy` MAGATE` po bezopasnosti dlya zashhity` lyudej i oxrany` okruzhayushhej sredy`. Pravila bezopasnoj perevozki radioaktivny`x materialov. Konkretny`e trebovaniya bezopasnosti [IAEA Safety Standards for the Protection of People and Environment. Rules for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials. Specific Safety Requirements]. No. SSR-6. IAEA. 2012 (in Russian).
  2. Gerasimov S.I., Erofeev V.I., Lyakhov K.I., Melnik A.V., Odzericho I.A., Yanenko
    B.A. Postanovka ispy`tanij toplivny`x upakovochny`x komplektov na raketnom treke [Statement of Tests on the Missile Track of Fuel Packaging Kits]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. No 3(24). 2017. P. 68-76 (in Russian).
  3. Gerasimov S.I., Erofeev V.I., Kamchatnyi V.G., Odzerikho I.A. The Sliding Contact Condition in Stability Analysis of Stage Motion for a Rocket Sled Track Facility. Journal of Machinery Manufacture and Reliability. 2018. Vol. 47. No. 3. P. 221-226.
  4. Gerasimov S.I., Butova S.V., Erofeev V.I., Kamchatka V.G. Ustojchivost` dvizheniya vy`sokoskorostny`x ob``ektov po napravlyayushhim raketnogo treka [Stability of Movement of High-Speed Objects along the Guides of the Missile track]. Problemy` mashinostroeniya i nadezhnosti mashin [Problems of Mechanical Engineering and Reliability of Machines]. No.1. 2015. P. 3-8 (in Russian).
  5. Rigali D.J. and Feltz L.V. High-Speed Monorail Rocket Sleds for Aerodynamic Testing at High Reynolds Numbers. «Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets». 1968. Vol. 5. No. 11. P. 1341-1346.
  6. James L. Lamb, Critical Velocities for Rocket Sled Excitation of Rail Resonance. JOHNS HOPKINS APL TECHNIKAL DIGEST. Vol. 21. No. 3 (2000).
  7. Metrikine A.V., Verichev S.N. Instability of Vibrations of Moving Two Mass Oscillator on a Flexibly Supported Timoshenko Beam. Archive of Applied Mechanics. 2001. Vol. 71. No 9.
    P. 613-624.
  8. Question on Rail transport of radioactive materials – Hinkley Point. 2017. URL: www.onr.org.uk.
  9. Spent Fuel Transportation Package Response to the Baltimore Tunnel Fire Scenario (NUREG/CR-6886). November 2006. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. URL: http://www.sandia.gov/media/firetest.htm.
  10. Spent Nuclear Fuel Assay Data for Isotopic Validation State-of-the-art Report Nuclear Science Committee Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety (WPNCS) Expert Group on Assay Data of Spent Nuclear Fuel (EGADSNF) OECD 2011. 97 p.
  11. Managing Spent Fuel from Nuclear Power Reactors Experience and Lessons from Around the World. Edited by Harold Feiveson, Zia Mian, M.V. Ramana and Frank von Hippel. 2011 International Panel on Fissile Materials. URL: www.fissilematerials.org.
  12. Transportation and Storage Subcommittee; Report to the Full Commission; Updated Report, Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future, January 2012. URL: http://www.brc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/final_updated_ts_report_012612.pdfhttp://brc.gov/sites/default/files/documents/draft_ts_report_6-1-11.pdf.
Papers26 - 37
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Design, manufacturing and commissioning of nuclear industry equipment

Article NameEffective Increasing of NPP Reliability Introducing the Active Monitoring System of Block Construction Stress-Strain State
AuthorsA.A. Zemlyanskij*1, V.P. Grigorenko**2, K.A. Zemlyanskij**3, S.A. Dubnov*4

*Balakovo Institute of Engineering and Technology, the branch of the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Chapajeva street,140, Balakovo, Saratovskaja oblast’, Russia 413853

**Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant, Balakovo, Saratovskaja oblast’, Russia 413801

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6379-0770

WOS Researcher ID: AAC-1036-2019

e-mail: zeml_aa@mil.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9581-1193

WOS Researcher ID: AAC-5036-2019

3ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6299-7879

WOS Researcher ID: AAC-1039-2019

e-mail: zeko.macos@gmail.com

4ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2871-1029

WOS Researcher ID: AAC-1034-2019

e-mail: dubnov_semyon@mail.ru

AbstractAll nuclear power facilities are unique facilities and are simultaneously identified according to STO "Ensuring Safety in the Operation of Buildings and Structures of Nuclear Power Plants" as hazardous production facilities with an increased level of responsibility. In this connection, according to the authors, as well as international and domestic experts, the sixth protective barrier should be promptly introduced into the NPP safety system in the form of a system of active monitoring of irreplaceable load-bearing and enclosing structures of the reactor and turbine compartment. The paper substantiates the fact that the current monitoring systems do not allow reliable and effective assessment of the level of VAT of structures, as well as do not allow to assess the level of "residual" stresses, the presence of which in practice may also lead to pre-emergency and emergency situations. To solve this problem the article develops an innovative system of VAT monitoring of both metal and reinforced concrete bearing structures, which is completely devoid of shortcomings of traditional monitoring systems, and which also has a number of undeniable advantages. The proposed monitoring system is developed on the basis of the Forster effect, which is based on the dependence of the relative magnetic permeability of ferromagnetic media on the level of operating stresses in the material. The authors obtained patent No. 2295118 for the developed monitoring system, which testifies to the level of efficiency of innovative solution of this problem. In general, the use of the proposed system as the sixth barrier of protection will in practice prevent any external, pre-accident or emergency situation at the NPP with simultaneous increase of safety and reliability of operation of the NPP after the extension of its operation life.
Keywordsprotective barriers, reliability, magnetometric sensors, monitoring of building structures, residual stresses
  1. NP-001-15 1 Obshhie polozhenie obespechivayushhie bezopasnost` atomny`x stancij. Prikaz № 522 ot 17 dekabrya 2015 g. Ob utverzhdenii Federal`ny`x norm i pravil v oblasti ispol`zovaniya atomnoj e`nergii [General Provisions of Nuclear Power Plants Ensuring Safety. Order No. 522 dated December 17, 2015. Approval of Federal Norms and Rules in the Field of Nuclear Energy Use]. URL: https://www.seogan.ru/np-001-15-obshie-polozheniya-obespecheniya-bezopasnosti-atomnix-stanciiy.html
  2. STO Obespechenie bezopasnosti pri ekspluatacii zdanij i sooruzhenij atomnyh stancij [Safety during Operation of Buildings and Structures of Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow: Rosenergoatom Concern OJSC 2017. 30 p. (in Russian).
  3. Federal'naya programma «Energeticheskaya strategiya Rossii na period do 2030 goda» Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF №1715 ot 13.11.2009 g. [Federal Program «Energy Strategy of Russia until 2030» Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 13.11.2009]. Oficial'nyj sajt ministerstva energetiki RF [Official website of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation]. 2009. URL: https://minenergo.gov.ru/node/1026 (in Russian).
  4. Tekhnicheskij reglament o bezopasnosti zdanij i sooruzhenij FZ №384-FZ ot 30.12.2009 g. [Technical Regulations on Safety of Buildings and Structures of Federal Law No. 384-FZ of 30.12.2009]. Oficial'nyj sajt kompanii «Konsul'tantPlyus» [«ConsultantPlus» Official Site]. 2009. URL: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_95720/ (in Russian).
  5. GOST 31937-2011. Zdaniya I sooruzheniya. Pravila obsledovaniya i monitoringa tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya [Buildings and Constructions. Rules for Inspection and Monitoring of Technical Condition] Moskow: MITKS, 2012. P. 68. (in Russian).
  6. RD EO Monitoring stroitel'nyh konstrukcij atomnyh stancij [Monitoring of Construction Structures of Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow: Rosenergoatom Concern OJSC 2012. 68 p. (in Russian).
  7. SP 63.13330.2018 Betonnye i zhelezobetonnye konstrukcii. Osnovnye polozheniya. SNiP 52-01-2003 [Concrete and Won Concrete Construction. Main Provisions. SNiP 52-01-2003]. Ministerstvo stroitel`stva i zhilishhno-kommunal`nogo xozyajstva Rossijskoj Federacii [Ministry of Construction Industry, Housing and Utilities Sector]. 2018 (in Russian).
  8. RD EO Metodika ocenki tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya i ostatochnogo resursa stroitel'nyh konstrukcij atomnyh stancij [Methodology of Assessment of Technical Condition and Residual Life of Building Structures of Nuclear Power Plants]. Moscow. Rosenergoatom Concern OJSC 2012. 30 p. (in Russian).
  9. Forster F.Z. fur Metallkunde. #43. 1952 89 p., URL: https://www.tib.eu/en/search/id/
    TIBKAT%3A12947424X/Zeitschrift-f%C3%BCr-Metallkunde-international-journal/ (in German).
  10. Patent № 2295118 Rossijskaya federaciya, MPK G01B 7/24 Magnitouprugij datchik S1 BI №1, Moskva, 2007 [Patent No. 2295118 Russian Federation, MPK G01B 7/24 Magnetoelastic Sensor C1 BI No.1, Moskow, 2007]. Zemlyanskij A.A., Zemlyanskij K.A. (in Russian).
  11. Zemlyanskij A.A. Monitoring i upravlenie nadezhnost'yu zdanij i sooruzhenij razlichnogo naznacheniya [Monitoring and Management of the Reliability of Buildings and Structures for Various Purposes]. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel'stvo [Industrial and Civil Engineering]. Moscow. 2004. №9. P. 39 (in Russian).
  12. Zemlyanskij K.A., Zemlyanskij A.A. Innovacionnaya sistema aktivnogo monitoringa NDS nesushchih i ograzhdayushchih konstrukcij energogeneriruyushchih ob'ektov [Innovative system of Active VAT Monitoring of Load-Bearing and Enclosing Structures of Power Generating Facilities]. Trudy` X Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Bezopasnost` yadernoj e`nergetiki», VITI NIYaU MIFI [Works of the X International Conference «Safety in the Nuclear Power Industry». Volgodonsk, VITI (branch) NRNU MEPhI]. 2014. P. 41-45 (in Russian).
  13. Zemlyanskij K.A., Zemlyanskij A.A. Innovacionnaya sistema NDS nesushchih konstrukcij i silovogo oborudovaniya gidrotekhnicheskih sooruzhenij [Innovative VAT System of Supporting Structures and Power Equipment of Hydraulic Structures]. Sbornik statej II Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Aktual`ny`e problemy` i puti razvitiya e`nergetiki, texniki i texnologij». BITI NIYaU MIFI. Balakovo [Works of the II International Conference «Actual Problems and Ways of Development of Energy, Machinery and Technologies. Balakovo. BITI (branch) NRNU MEPhI]. 2016. P. 81-90 (in Russian).
Papers38 - 47
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameTechnology Optimization for Producing 110G13P Powder Steel by System Analysis Methods
AuthorsN.S. Zubenko1, E.A. Tsvelik2, R.V. Pirozhkov3

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5682-519X

WoS Researcher ID: AAD-4371-2020

e-mail: paradizka007@yandex.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9048-275X

WoS Researcher ID: G-3560-2018

e-mail: stvelik@mail.ru

3ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1547-6568

WoS Researcher ID: AAD-3193-2020

e-mail: roman-3.14@yandex.ru

AbstractThe paper deals with theoretical aspects of optimizing the structure and properties of 110G13P austenitic powder steel using the system analysis method (Pareto method). The optimal sintering temperature of cold-pressed work pieces is selected using the criterion of maximum wear resistance of steel. Microstructures of 110G13P steel in the selected range of sintering temperatures are given. The dependence of the obtained microstructures on the sintering temperature of samples is shown.
Keywordspowder metallurgy, dynamic high temperature pressing, sintering, system analysis, optimization, Pareto method, microstructure.
  1. Dorofeev Y.G., Zherdinski N.T., Kolesnikov V.A. Vliyanie sostava na strukturu i svojstva vy`sokomarganczovistoj metallokeramicheskoj stali G13M [Effect of Composition on the Structure and Properties of G13M High-Manganese Cermet Steel]. Novocherkasskij politexnicheskij institut [Technical Regulations of Novocherkassk Politech Institute]. Rostov-na-Donu. Rostovskoe knizhnoe izdatel`stvo [Rostov-on-Don. Rostov book publishing house], 1969. Т. 221. P. 146-151
    (in Russian).
  2. Dorofeev Y.G., Zherdinski N.T., Kolesnikov V.A. Poluchenie metallokeramicheskoj vysokomarganczovistoj stali G13M [Obtaining of G13M Cermet High Manganese Steel]. Novocherkasskij politexnicheskij institut [Technical Regulations Of Novocherkassk Politech Institute]. Rostov-na-Donu. Rostovskoe knizhnoe izdatel`stvo [Rostov-on-Don. Rostov Publishing House], 1969. Т. 221. P. 49-57 (in Russian).
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  5. Volynova T.F. Vysokomarganczovistye stali i splavy [High Manganese Steels and Alloys]. Moskava, Metallurgiya [Moscow, Metallurgy]. 1988. 343 p. (in Russian).
  6. Zherdinski N.T. Vliyanie tehnologicheskih faktorov na strukturu i svojstva stali G13p [Influence of Technological Factors on the Structure and Properties of G13P Steel]. Izvestiya Severo-Kavkazskogo nauchnogo czentra vysshey shkoly Tehnicheskoy nauki [Bulletin of the North Caucasian Scientific Center of the Higher School of Technical Science]. 1975. No 2. P. 71-74
    (in Russian).
  7. Dorofeev Y.G. Dinamicheskoe goryachee pressovanie v metallokeramike [Cermets]. Moskva, Metallurgiya [Мoscow, Metallurgy]. 1972. 176 p. (in Russian).
  8. Povyshenie kachestva otlivok iz stali G13L [Improving the Quality of Castings from G13L Steel]. Edited by. I.R. Kryanin. Moskva [Мoscow]. Gos. nauchn.-tehn. izd-vo mashinostroitel'noy lit [Government Science Technological Publisher of Mechanical Engineering Literature]. 1963. 204 p. (in Russian).
  9. Podinovsky V.V., NoginV.D. Pareto-optimal'nye resheniya mnogokriterial'nyh zadach [Pareto-Optimal Solutions to Multicriteria Tasks]. Moskva, Nauka [Moscow, Science]. 1982. 256 p.
    (in Russian).
  10. Blaug М. Ekonomicheskaya teoriya blagosostoyaniya Pareto [Pareto Economic Theory of Welfare]. Ekonomicheskaya mysl' v retrospektive [Economic Thought in Retrospect]. Moskva, Delo [Мoscow, Delo]. 1994. P. 540-561 (in Russian).
  11. Davydov N.G. Sitnov V.V. Svoystva, proizvodstvo i primenenie vysokomarganczovistoj stali [Properties, Production and Using of High Manganese Steel]. Moskva, Mashinostroenie [Moscow, Mashinostrojenije]. 1996. 232 p. (in Russian).
  12. Voronova N.A., Lev I.E., Mashinson I.Z. and other. Vliyanie vyderzhki pri zakalochnoj temperature na mehanicheskie svojstva stali G13L [Effect of Delay at Quenching Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of G13L Steel]. Metallovedenie i termicheskaya obrabotka metallov [Metal Science and Heat Treatment Of Metals]. 1967. No 4. P. 25-27 (in Russian).
  13. Dorofeev Y.G., Zherdinski N.T., Kolesnikov V.A. Vysokomarganczovistaja metallokeramicheskaja stal' [High Manganese Cermet Steel]. Poroshkovaya metallurgiya [Powder Metallurgy]. 1970. No 11. P. 28-31 (in Russian).
  14. Prasuk P.F. Termicheskaya obrabotka lityh detalej iz stali [Heat Treatment of Cast Parts from G13L Steel]. Metallovedenie i termicheskaya obrabotka metallov [Metal Science and Heat Treatment of Metals]. 1968. No 9. P. 63-66 (in Russian).
Papers48 - 55
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 Open Article
Article NameFull-Bridge Converter with Soft Commutation in All Load Range
AuthorsS.А. Baran1, G.P. Smetankin2

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,

Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3232-4072

WoS Researcher ID: I-7933-2018

e-mail: bastr@rambler.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8191-6496

e-mail: nvo_@mail.ru

AbstractThe development of converters with soft commutation improves issues of radiation interference and electromagnetic compatibility, reduce weight and size parameters by increasing efficiency and conversion frequency. A significant reduction in commutation losses allows the use of high-power IGBT modules at higher frequencies which they are not able to withstand in traditional converters with pulse-width commutation.
KeywordsIGBTs, frequency conversion, commutation, electromagnetic compatibility


  1. Vlatcovic V, Ridley R.B. Considerations for High-Voltage High-Power Full-Bridge ZVS-PWM Converter. Applied Power and Electronics Conference Proceeding. 1990. (IEEE Catalog No. CH2853-0/90/0000-0265) Р. 275-284.
  2. Jovanovich M.M., Tabisz W.A., Lee F.C. Zero-Voltage Switching Technique in High-Frequency Off-Line Converters. IEEE Applied Power and Electronics Conference Proceeding. 1988.
  3. Jain D.K., Jain P.K., Haibo Zhang Analysis and Design of an Auxiliary Commutated Full Bridge DC/DC Converter Topology Including the Effect of Leakage Inductance. Telecommunications Energy Conference. 2002. ISBN: 0-7803 -7512-2. P. 240-247.
  4. Borges B.V., Beirante J.P. A Full Bridge Zero Voltage Switched Phase Shifted DC-DC Converter with Enlarged Duty Cycle and ZVS Range. On Power Electronics and Applications. 2000. № 2.
    Р. 2.1-2.6.
  5. Shevyryev Yu.V. Povy`shenie kachestva e`lektricheskoj e`nergii v setyax s poluprovodnikovy`mi preobrazovatelyami [Improving the Quality of Electrical Energy in Networks with Semiconductor Converters]. Gorny`j informacionno-analiticheskij byulleten` (nauchno-texnicheskij zhurnal) [Mining Information and Analytical Bulletin (scientific and technical journal)]. № S4. 2011. P. 234-241 (in Russian).
  6. Chapman D. Cena nizkogo kachestva e`lektroe`nergii [Price of Low Quality Electricity]. E`nergosberezhenie [Energy Saving]. 2004. №1. Р. 66-69 (in Russian).
  7. Dobrusin L.A. Fil`trokompensiruyushhie ustrojstva dlya preobrazovatel`noj texniki [Filter Compensating Devices for Converter Equipment]. Moskva [Moscow]: NTF «Energoprogress», 2003. 84 p. (in Russian).
  8. GOST 13109-97. Normy` kachestva e`lektricheskoj e`nergii v sistemax e`lektrosnabzheniya obshhego naznacheniya [Quality Standards of Electrical Energy in General-Purpose Power Supply Systems]. URL: http://http://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200006034 (in Russian).
  9. Rozanov Yu.K., Ryabchitsky M.V. Sovremenny`e metody` uluchsheniya kachestva e`lektroe`nergii [Modern Methods of Improving the Quality of Electricity]. E`lektrotexnika [Electrical Engineering]. 1998. №3. P. 10-17 (in Russian).
  10. Soloduho I.Yu. Tendencii kompensacii reaktivnoj moshhnosti. Ch.1. Reaktivnaya moshhnost` pri nesinusoidal`ny`x rezhimax raboty` [Reactive Power Compensation Trends. Part 1. Reactive Power during Non-Sinusoidal Operation]. Moskva: Informe`lektro [Moscow: Informelectro]. 1987. 50 р. (in Russian).
  11. Parfenov B.M., Shevyryov Yu.V. Staticheskie rezhimy` fil`tro-kompensiruyushhix ustrojstv v sistemax e`lektroprivoda soizmerimoj moshhnosti [Static Modes of Filter-Compensating Devices in Electric Drive Systems of Comparable Power]. Avtomatizirovanny`j e`lektroprivod [Automated Electric Drive]. Sbornik nauchny`x trudov [Collection of scientific works]. OAO «E`lektroprivod» [«Elektroprivod» OJSC]. Moscow. 2002. P. 134-153 (in Russian).
  12. Shevyryov Yu.V. Metody` modelirovaniya i povy`sheniya e`lektroe`nergeticheskix pokazatelej e`lektrotexnicheskix kompleksov burovy`x ustanovok [Methods of Modeling and Improving the Electric Power Indices of Electrical Engineering Complexes of Drilling Rigs]. Moskva: Moskovskij gosudarstvenny`j geologorazvedochny`j universitet [Moscow: Moscow State Geological Prospecting University]. 2005. 177 р. (in Russian).
Papers56 - 61
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Operation of nuclear industry facilities

Article NameUncertainty in Calculation Due to «Instantaneous» Emergency Situations in WWER-1000
AuthorsD.A. Amer*1, S.P. Nikonov**2


*Alexandria University, El-Guish Road, 22, Alexandria, Egypt, 11432

**Institute of Nuclear Physics and Technology (INP&T), National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,

Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0365-2533

WoS Researcher ID: AAC-7247-2019

e-mail: Dina.amer@alexu.edu.eg

2ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4890-6920

e-mail: SPNikonov@mephi.ru

AbstractThe paper shows the occurrence of pressure waves and their propagation in the equipment of the first circuit of the WWER-1000 reactor plant in emergency situations associated with an instantaneous stop of the Main circulation pump or a two-way flow with an instantaneous two-way break in the cold thread of the main circulation pipeline. The influence of the time of initialization of the accident (pump stop, pipeline rupture) on the intensity of the process-amplitude, frequency of pressure changes is investigated. Pressure drops during an emergency on the main elements of the circuit are considered. It is shown that the maximum changes in the amplitude and frequency of both the pressure and the pressure drops on the circuit elements belong to the initial stage of the accident. The main attention is focused on the pressure drops on the equipment, because this parameter determines the dynamic loads on the equipment, which can lead to its failure.
KeywordsATHLET, WWER-1000, Kalinin NPP, DBE, LOCA, MCP, moment, emergency situations, pressure waves, time gap.
  1. PNAE G-1-036-95 (NP-006-98). Requirements to the Content of the Report on the Justification of the Safety of as with a WWER Type Reactor (with Change No. 1 of 20.12.2005).
  2. Dina Ali Amer, Nikonov S.P. Pressure Waves in The Primary Circuit of The WWER - 1000 Reactor at Instant Stop of the MCP, Volga-2018, International conference for young scientists, specialists, and post-graduates on Nuclear Reactor Physics, September 2018.
  3. Dina Ali Amer, Nikonov S.P., LOCA and Pressure Waves in The First Loop of The WWER - 1000 Reactor, 28th Symposium of AER on WWER Reactor Physics and Reactor Safety, Olomouc, Czechia, October 8-12, 2018.
  4. Dina Ali Amer, Nikonov S.P., Emergency Situations and Pressure Waves In WWER-1000, The Sixth International Conference of Radiation Sciences and Applications, Ibis Dahab, Egypt, 22-26 October, 2018.
  5. V. A. Tereshonok, S.P. Nikonov, M. P. Lizorkin, K. Velkov, A. Pautz, K. Ivanov, International Benchmark for Coupled Codes and Uncertainty Analysis in Modelling: Switching-off of One of the Four Operating Main Circulation Pumps at Nominal Power at NPP Kalinin unit, 18th Symposium of AER on WWER Reactor Physics and Reactor Safety, Hungary, Eger, Oct. 6-10, 2008.
  6. H. Austregesilo, H. Deitenbeck, A. Langenfeld, J. Scheuer, P. Schöffel, ATHLET 3.1A, programmer's Manual, March 2017.
  7. Rostexnadzor, FBU «NTC YARB», Attestacionnyi Pasport Programmnogo Sredstva №350 17.04.2014, Russian.
  8. I. Panka, Gy. Hegyi, Cs. Maráczy, A. Keresztúri, Uncertainties of the Kiko3D- ATHLET Calculations Using the Kalinin-3 Benchmark (Phase II) Data, 25th Symposium of AER on VVER Reactor Physics and Reactor Safety, Hungary, Balatongyörök, Oct.13-16, 2015.
  9. S.Nikonov, A. Pautz, K.Velkov, Detailed Modeling of KALININ-3 NPP WWER-1000 Reactor Pressure Vessel by the Coupled System Code ATHLET/BIPR-VVER, International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering (M&C 2011), ISBN 978-85-63688-00-2, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011.
  10. S.P. Nikonov, P. Pham, V.I. Romanenko, G.V. Tikhomirov, Coupled Neutronics Thermohydraulic Calculation of HPLWR Fuel Cell Using Codes MCU/ATHLET, 27th Symposium of AER on WWER Reactor Physics and Reactor Safety, Munich, Germany Oct. 2017.
  11. D Amer and S Nikonov Pressure Waves in the Primary Circuit of the WWER-1000 Reactor at Instant Stop of the MCP. 2018 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1133 012049.
  12. Grundmann U, Lucas D, Rohde U (1995) Coupling of the Thermohydraulic Code ATHLET with the Neutron Kinetic Core Model DYN3D. In: Proc. of Int. Conf. on Mathematics and Computations, Physics and Environmental Analysis, Portland (USA), vol. 1, pp. 257–263.


Papers62 - 72
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Article NameRegulatory Works of MP-1000 Fuel Overloading Machine Adjustment at the Preventive Maintenance Stage
AuthorsYu.I. Pimshin*1, V.A. Naugolnov*2, I.Yu. Pimshin**3

*Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,

Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 34736

**Don State Technical University, Gagarin square 1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344000

1ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6610-8725

WoS Researcher ID: J-6791-2017

e-mail: yipimshin@mephi.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1631-3365

e-mail: naugolnov53@mail.ru

3ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8267-3617

WoS Researcher ID: O-8809-2018

e-mail: ivan.pimschin@yandex.ru

AbstractThe article presents the study results of the possibility to increase the accuracy of pointing the of the fuel refueling machine by determining the actual parameters of the structural elements including determining geometric characteristics which include leveling the paths of the manipulator and its bogie, control of straightness and parallelism in each pair of paths of the machine and bogie, control of rod verticality, control of the course of the fuel reloading machine bridge in terms of the equality of movement of its right and left sides. Taking them into account with automated guidance of the fuel refueling machine rod to the fuel assembly shank, it allows to achieve complete automation of the process and increase the efficiency of the fuel reloading company ultimately.
Keywordsgeometric parameters; fuel refueling machine; control of paths of the machine and bogie, straightness control, location, excess, rod verticality, running over of the machine sides.
  1. Pimshin Yu.I. [et al.] Kontrol` geometricheskix parametrov putej mashiny` peregruzki topliva MP-1000 [Control of Geometric Parameters of the MP-1000 Fuel Overload Machine Paths]. Izvestiya vuzov. Sev.-Kavk. region. Texnicheskie nauki [University News. North Caucasus Region. Technical Science]. 2008. Specz. vy`pusk [Spets. Issue]. P. 141-143 (in Russian).
  2. Pimshin Yu.I., Gubeladze A.R., Pimshin I.Yu. Kontrol` pryamolinejnosti i gorizontal`nosti podkranovy`x putej [Control of Straightness and Horizontal Crane Tracks]. Prikladnaya geodeziya. Sbornik nauchny`x trudov. Rostov-na-Donu: RGSU. 2002. Deponirovano v VINITI [Engineering Geodesy. Collection of Scientific Works. Rostov-on-Don: RSBU, 2002. Deposited in VINITI] 05.12.02. 2100-V2002 (in Russian).
  3. Gubeladze A.R., Naumenko G.A., Kiril`chik L.F. Povy`shenie tochnosti navedeniya mashiny` peregruzki topliva MP-1000 [Improving the Accuracy of Guidance of the MP-1000 Fuel Overload Machine]. Nauchnoe obozrenie. Moskva: Izdatel`skij dom «Nauka obrazovaniya» [Scientific Review. Moscow: Publishing House «Science of Education»]. № 12. 2013. P. 56-58 (in Russian).
  4. Pimshin Yu.I. [et al.] Kalibrovka stankov s chislovy`m programmny`m upravleniem s pomoshh`yu lazernogo trekera VINTAG [Calibration of Machine Tools with Numerical Control Using Laser Tracker VINTAG]. Inzhenerny`j vestnik Dona [Engineering Bulletin of the Don]. № 3. 2016. URL : ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n3y2016/3667 (in Russian).
  5. Primenenie lazernogo trekera dlya opredeleniya deformacionny`x xarakteristik zashhitny`x obolochek [Application of Laser Tracker for Determination of Deformation Characteristics of Protective Shells]. Bezopasnost` yadernoj e`nergetiki: tezisy` dokladov XI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii 27-29 maya 2015 g. VITI NIYaU MIFI [i dr.]. Volgodonsk:[B.n.], 2015. 1e`lektron. opt. disk [SD]. [Safety of Nuclear Power: abstracts of XI International Scientific-Practical Conference May 27-29, 2015. VETI NRNU MEPhI [et al.]. Volgodonsk: [B.N.], 2015. 1 electron disc [CD]. ISBN 978-7262-2114-4 (in Russian).
  6. Polyansky A.V. Razrabotka metodiki geodezicheskogo obespecheniya stroitel`stva i e`kspluatacii uskoritel`no-nakopitel`nogo kompleksa na osnove garmonicheskogo analiza : avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata texnicheskix nauk [Development of Methods of Geodetic Support of Construction and Operation of the Accelerator-Storage Complex on the Basis of Harmonic Analysis: Thesis Abstract of the PhD in Engineering]. Novosibirsk. 2015. 24 p.
    (in Russian).
  7. Burenkov D.B. Razrabotka metodiki geodezicheskogo kontrolya izgotovleniya i ustanovki e`lementov uskoritel`no-nakopitel`ny`x kompleksov s ispol`zovaniem API Laser Tracker 3 : avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata texnicheskix nauk [Development of Methods of Geodetic Control of Manufacturing and Installation of Elements of Accelerator-Storage Complexes Using API Laser Tracker 3: Thesis Abstract of the PhD in Engineering]. Novosibirsk. 2016. 24 p. (in Russian).
  8. Gurov S. [et al.] Status of NSLS-II booster. PAC’11. New-York, 2011. WEP201. 437 p. URL : http://www.JACoW.org.
  9. Bokov M., Burenkov D., Polyanskiy A., Pupkov Yu., Levashov Yu. Results of Long-term Observations of Deformations of the VEPP-4 Storage Ring Constructions, BINP. 1st FIG International Symposium on Engineering Surveys for Construction Works and Structural Engineering Nottingham, United Kingdom, 28 June – 1 July 2004. 1 electron optdisc (CD-room).
  10. RE` ATE`.118.0003-2001. Modernizaciya peregruzochny`x mashin dlya e`nergoblokov AE`S s VVE`R / Koncepciya modernizacii peregruzochny`x mashin. Moskva: Koncern «ROSE`NERGOATOM» [RE ATE.118.0003-2001. Modernization of Reloading Machines for NPP Power Units with WWER / Concept of Reloading Machines Modernization. Moscow: «ROSENERGOATOM» Concern]. 2001. 22 p. (in Russian).
  11. Korobkin V.V. Metody` i sredstva povy`sheniya e`ffektivnosti i bezopasnosti funkcionirovaniya mexatronnogo kompleksa peregruzki yadernogo topliva atomnogo reaktora VVE`R-1000 : avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata texnicheskix nauk [Methods and Means of Increasing the Efficiency and Safety of the Operation of the Mechatronic Complex of Nuclear Fuel Overload of the WWER-1000 Nuclear Reactor: Thesis Abstract of the PhD in Engineering]. Taganrog. 2007. 18 p. (in Russian).
  12. Tverdovsky O.V. Razrabotka avtomatizirovannoj sistemy` geodezicheskogo obespecheniya navedeniya razgruzochno-zagruzochnoj mashiny` pri peregruzke topliva v reaktorax RBMK : avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata texnicheskix nauk [Development of the Automated System of Geodetic Support of Guidance of the Unloading and Loading Machine at Fuel Overload in RBMK Reactors: Thesis Abstract of the PhD in Engineering]. Novosibirsk. 2000. 23 p. (in Russian).
  13. AME. PP2. Mashina peregruzochnaya. Analiz funkcional`noj bezopasnosti. Volgodonsk: OAO «Atommashe`ksport» [Reloading Machine. Functional Safety Analysis. Volgodonsk: «Atommashexport» JSC]. 2006 (in Russian).
Papers73 - 80
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Article NameThe Conception of NPP Equipment Monitoring Based on Nonparametric Statistics and Trained Neural Network
AuthorsV.V. Krivin1, V.Ya. Shpicer2, V.G. Beketov3, I.O. Ishigov4, V.A. Tolstov5.

Volgodonsk Engineering-Technical Institute – Branch of NRNU «MEPhI»,

Lenina street, 73/94, Volgodonsk, Russia 347360

1ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0903-0786

WoS ResearcherID: E-2267-2018

e-mail: vvkrivin@mephi.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5051-5091

e-mail: shpitser@mephi.ru

3ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0242-6745

WoS ResearcherID: G-3866-2017

e-mail: vvbeketov@mephi.ru

4ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5829-6989

WoS ResearcherID: E-2448-2018

e-mail: ioishigov@mephi.ru

5ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7144-5195

WoS ResearcherID: F-1032-2017

e-mail: v-tolstov-2017@mail.ru

AbstractThe article deals with the concept of monitoring based on nonparametric statistics. It is supposed the possible application to monitor the technological systems of nuclear power plants. Modern complex plants and technogenic objects are equipped with industrial monitoring systems. The evolution of such systems in natural form is the generation of alternative concepts, constructs, and items selection for efficiency during operation.
Keywordsmonitoring, forecasting, NPP safety, main circulation pump, digital signal processing, artificial neural network, nonparametric statistics, Kalman-Bucy filter, real-time processing, regulatory limits.
  1. Ostrejkovskij V.A., Shvy`ryaev Yu.V. Bezopasnost` atomny`x stancij. Veroyatnostny`j analiz [Nuclear Plant Safety. Probability Analysis]. Moskva [Moscow]. Fizmatlib. 2008. 352 p.
    (in Russian).
  2. Richard G. Lyons. Cifrovaya obrabotka signalov [Understanding Digital Signal Processing]. Moskva. [Moscow]. Binom-Press. 2006. 656 p. (in Russian).
  3. Ajvazyan S.A. et al. Prikladnaya statistika: Osnovy` modelirovaniya i pervichnaya obrabotka danny`x [Applied Statistics: Fundamentals of Modelling and Primary Data Processing]. Moskva. Finansy` i Statistika [Moscow. Finance and Statistics]. 1983. 471 p. (in Russian).
  4. Bramer K., Ziffling G. Fil`tr Kalmana-B`yusi [Kalman-Bucy Filter]. Moskva. Nauka [Moscow. Science]. 1982. 199 p. (in Russian).
  5. Flax P. Mashinnoe obuchenie. Nauka i iskusstvo postroeniya algoritmov, kotory`e izvlekayut znaniya iz danny`x [The Machine Learning. The Science and Art of Building Algorithms that Extract Knowledge from Data]. Moskva [Moscow]. DMK Press. 2015. 400 p. (in Russian).
  6. Sokolova E`.S., Lyaxmanov D.A. Analiz vremenny`x ryadov texnicheskix parametrov promy`shlenny`x ob``ektov [Analysis of Time Series of Technical Parameters of Industrial Objects]. Trudy` Nizhegorodskogo gosudarstvennogo texnicheskogo universiteta im. R.E. Alekseeva [Works of Nizhni Novgorod State Technical University n. a. R.Y. Alexeev]. Nizhni Novgorod. 2013. № 2(99). 366 p. (in Russian).
  7. Ventcel` E.S., Ovcharov L.A. Teoriya sluchajny`x processov i eyo inzhenerny`e prilozheniya [Theory of random processes and its engineering applications]. Moskva. Vy`ssh. shk. [Moscow. High School]. 2000. 383 p. (in Russian).
  8. Runion R. Spravochnik po neparametricheskoj statistike. Sovremenny`j podxod [Handbook of Nonparametric Statistics. Modern Approach]. Moskva. Finansy` i Statistika [Moscow. Finance and Statistics]. 1982. 198 p. (in Russian).
  9. Pogosov A.Yu., Polozhaenko S.A., Grigorenko Yu.V. Modelirovanie fizicheskix processov i texnologicheskaya informatizaciya v neftyanoj promy`shlennosti i e`nergetike [Modeling of Physical Processes and Technological Informatization in the Oil Industry and Energy]. Odessa. Nauka i Texnika. 2013. 656 p. (in Russian).
  10. Sy`soev Yu.S., Beketov V.G., Simakova N.A. Algoritm prognozirovaniya drejfa temperatur maslosistemy` GCzN bloka AE`S s reaktorom VVE`R-1000 [Prediction Algorithm the Temperature Drift of the MCP Oil System of a Nuclear Power Plant Unit With a WWER-1000 Reactor]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2016. № 3(20).
    P. 57-63.
  11. E`l`yasberg P.E. Opredelenie dvizheniya po rezul`tatam izmerenij [Motion Detection Based on Measurement Results]. Moskva [Moscow]. Librokom. 2019. 416 p. (in Russian).
  12. Sizikov V.S. Ustojchivy`e metody` obrabotki rezul`tatov izmerenij [Sustainable Methods of Processing Measurement Results]. Sankt-Peterburg. Specz Lit. 1999. 240 p. (in Russian).


Papers81 - 89
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Article NameUsage of Natural Uranium in Nuclear Reactors
AuthorsA.V. Goncharuk

Institute of Nuclear Physics and Technology (INP&T), National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,

Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9159-4243

WOS Researcher ID: O-6356-2018

e-mail: del17@yandex.ru

AbstractThe paper reviews the modern tendencies in the development of the world nuclear energy sector and progress in research of renewable energy technologies. Due to the unique advantages of the nuclear energy generation it proves to be very prospective source of power for the countries with a very intensive pace of development and huge energy demands. The main part of the article goes through the physical and economic backgrounds of the uranium fuel usage. The basics of the into-core processes and nuclear reactions substance are described. The comparative assessment of some aspects of thermal neutron and fast neutron technologies is listed. The physical background behind the two different reactor types builds up the conclusion on the potential advantages for the fuel basis of the atomic energy due to high involvement of the fast neutron specter into the nuclear energy generation processes.
Keywordsuranium, fast neutrons, nuclear reactor, atom, fuel, BN-800.
  1. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st century. Global Status Report. URL: https://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Full-Report-2018.pdf.
  2. Irina M.Y. Gazovy`e ry`nki stran vostochnoj Azii [East Asia Gas Markets]. Sankt-Peterburg [Sankt-Peterburg]. 2016. 25 p. (in Russian).
  3. Al-Bermani A.G. Atomny`e e`lektrostancii [Nuclear Power Plants]. Molodoj ucheny`j [Young scientist]. 2015. № 7. P. 82-85 (in Russian).
  4. Alan M. Yadernaya E`nergetika: polozhenie del v mire [Nuclear Energy: It’s Current State in the World]. URL: https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/49204734548_ru.pdf (in Russian).
  5. Nikulin A.A. Perspektivy` mirovogo ry`nka urana v kontekste novy`x tendencij razvitiya yadernoj e`nergetiki [Prospects of the World Uranium Market in the Context of New Trends in the Development of Nuclear Energy]. Moskva [Moscow]. 2013. 19 p. (in Russian).
  6. Nachalnaya zagruzka reaktora Belorusskoi AES sostavit 93 tonni urana [The Initial Loading of the Reactor of the Belorussian NPP Will Amount to 93 Tons of Uranium]. Sait ekologicheskogo centra Bellona [Website of the Ecological center Bellona]. 2012. URL: https://bellona.ru/2012/08/29/nachalnaya-zagruzka-reaktora-belorus/ (in Russian).
  7. Hinds D. Maslak C. Next Generation Nuclear Energy: The ESBWR. Nuclear News. 2006. № 49.
    P. 35-40.
  8. Mark J.K. Explosive Properties of Reactor-Grade Plutonium. Science and Global Security. 2010.
    № 2-3. P. 170.
  9. Shmelev A.N., Kulikov G.G., Apse V.A. Fizicheskie faktory i svoistva yadernih materialov, vliyayuschie na ih zaschischennonst [Physical Factors and Properties of Nuclear Materials that Affect Their Security]. Moskva [Moscow]. 2001. 56 p. (in Russian).
  10. Freedman V. Dolgyi put bistroi energetiki [Long Way of Fast Energy]. V mire nauki [In the World of Science]. 2014. № 4. P. 15-18 (in Russian).
  11. Milukov M.C., Gusev N.I., Senturin I.G., Sklyarenko I.C. Analiticheskaya khimiya plutoniya [Analytical Chemistry of Plutonium]. Moskva [Moscow]. 1965. 454 p. (in Russian).
  12. Levin V.E. Yadernaya fizika I yadernie reatori [Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Reactors]. Moskva [Moscow]. 1979. 284 p. (in Russian).


Papers90 - 97
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Article NameSynchronization of Industrial Higher Education Institution Objectives with Strategy of «Rosatom» State Corporation Development as Nuclear Energy Safety Factor
AuthorsV.A. Rudenko1, M.V. Golovko 2, S.А. Tomilin3, О.F. Tsuverkalova4

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,

Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6698-5469

WoS Researcher ID: B-7730-2016

e-mail: VARudenko@mephi.ru

 2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4835-9800

WoS Researcher ID: J-2461-2016

e-mail: MVGolovko@mephi.ru

3 ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8661-8386

Wos Researher ID: G-3465-2017

e-mail: SATomilin@mephi.ru

4 ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6304-4498

WoS Researcher ID: J-8183-2016

e-mail: oftsuverkalova@mephi.ru

AbstractThe article considers the issues of the need to synchronize the objectives of industrial universities with the strategies of enterprises which are industrial partners. The strategically significant and mutually beneficial cooperation of enterprises and educational organizations is justified. The role of the supporting universities of the “Rosatom” State Corporation and their regional branches in the areas where nuclear power facilities are located in the formation of a high level of safety culture among future employees of nuclear plants in Russia and abroad is determined. The paper proposes the events for implementation in accordance with the development directions of “Rosenergoatom Concern” JSC.
Keywords“Rosatom” State Corporation, VETI NRNU MEPhI, “Rosenergoatom Concern” JSC, safety, development strategy, university, personnel training.
  1. Oficial`ny`j sajt GK «Rosatom» [Official site of Rosatom State Corporation]. URL: https://www.rosatom.ru/about/mission/(in Russian).
  2. Kontroliruemaya reakciya: kak razvivaetsya «Atommash» [Controlled reaction: how Atommash is developing]. URL: https://expertsouth.ru/news/kontroliruemaya-reaktsiya-kak-razvivaetsya-atommash/ (in Russian).
  3. Rudenko V.А., Golovko M.V., Ukhalina I.A., Agapova S.P., Antsybor A.V., Efimenko N.A. Opy`t i perspektivy` podgotovki lean-specialistov na osnove e`ffektivnogo vzaimodejstviya vuza i predpriyatij GK «Rosatom» [Experience and Perspectives of LEAN-Specialist Training on the Basis of Effective Interaction between University and “Rosatom” State Corporation Enterprises]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2018. № 1 (26). С. 119-128
    (in Russian).
  4. Rudenko V.A., Golovko M.V., Ermolaeva N.V., Lobkovskaya N.I. Rannyaya professional`naya orientaciya v sfere atomnoj e`nergetiki kak faktor strategicheskogo razvitiya atomnoj otrasli [Early Professional Orientation in the Field of Nuclear Energy as a Factor of Nuclear Industry Strategic Development]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2018. № 4 (29).
    P. 97-108 (in Russian).
  5. Rudenko V.A., Agapova S.P., Tomilin S.A., Ukhalina I.A., Tsuverkalova О.F., Golovko M.V., Efimenko N.A. Faktory` i vektor strategicheskogo razvitiya vuza v kontekste realizacii innovacionnogo potenciala regiona [Factors and vector of university strategic development in the context of the region innovative potential implementation]. Sovremennoe obrazovanie [Modern education]. 2017. №1. P. 19-31 (in Russian).
  6. Shapovalova I. Kar`era nachinaetsya v shkole [Career starts at school]. Rose`nergoatom [Rosenergoatom]. 2018. №10. P. 41 (in Russian).
  7. Kadry`. Projti ne poskol`znut`sya [Personnel. Go not to Slip]. Rose`nergoatom [Rosenergoatom]. 2017. № 7. P. 27 (in Russian).
  8. Dmitriev N.M., Aref`ev P.A. Podgotovka specialistov dlya atomnoj promy`shlennosti zarubezhny`x stran v NIYaU MIFI [Training of Specialists for the Nuclear Industry of Foreign Countries in MEPhI]. Moskva : CzSPiM [Moscow : CSEM] 2018. 264 p. (in Russian).
  9. Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Kompetentnostny`j podxod v vospitanii kul`tury` bezopasnosti v vuze [Competence Approach in the Education of Safety Culture at the University]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2012. № 2-3(4). P. 136-141 (in Russian).
  10. Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Prakticheskie metody` formirovaniya priverzhennosti kul`ture bezopasnosti na individual`nom urovne u studentov vuza [Practical Methods of Formation of Commitment to the Safety Culture at the Individual Level of University students]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2013. № 1 (6). P. 100-103 (in Russian).
  11. Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Cennostnaya sostavlyayushhaya kul`tury` bezopasnosti [Value Component of Safety Culture]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2013. № 4 (9). P. 82-86 (in Russian).
  12. Zhuk A.V., Golovko M.V., Evdoshkina Yu.A. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya istoriografiya problem kul`tury` bezopasnosti v atomnoj e`nergetike [Domestic and Foreign Historiography of Safety Culture Problems in Nuclear Power Engineering]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2017. № 1 (22). P. 113-121 (in Russian).
  13. Golovko M.V., Rudenko V.A. Korporativny`e cennosti v sisteme ustojchivogo razvitiya i bezopasnosti e`konomiki promy`shlenny`x predpriyatij (na primere GK «Rosatom») [Corporate Values in the System of Sustainable Development and Economic Security of Industrial Enterprises (on the example of Rosatom)]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global nuclear safety]. 2015. № 4 (17). P. 103-114 (in Russian).
  14. Oficial`ny`j sajt ezhegodnoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Bezopasnost` yadernoj e`nergetiki» [Official website of the Annual International Scientific and Practical Conference «Nuclear Energy Safety»]. URL: http:// nps.viti-mephi.ru (in Russian).
  15. Oficial`ny`j sajt nauchno-prakticheskogo zhurnala «Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost`» [Official website of the scientific and practical journal «Global nuclear safety»]. URL: http://gns.mephi.ru/ru (in Russian).
Papers98 - 106
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameEvaluation of the Deployment Results of the Rosatom Production System and the Opportunity to Extrapolate Lean Technologies to the Social Sphere
AuthorsI.A. Ukhalina1, S.P. Agapova2, N.A. Efimenko3

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1928-7510

WoS Researcher ID: E-3153-2017

e-mail: uhalina@yandex.ru

2 ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8484-2912

WoS Researcher ID: E-4842-2017

e-mail: svetlana-1164@mail.ru

3 ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8113-6759

WoS Researcher ID: E-3439-2017

e-mail: NAEfimenko@mephi.ru

AbstractThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of the system deployment of the Rosatom Production System in five main areas and the possibility of transferring lean approaches and technologies used at Rosatom enterprises to the organization of the social sphere. In the process of studying the stated problem, such research methods as analysis and synthesis, the method of economic modeling are used. To assess the possibility of using lean technologies in social organizations, the method of extrapolating the resulting positive effect from the use of lean manufacturing at Rosatom enterprises to healthcare facilities is used. The article provides an assessment of the results of fulfilling the social order of nuclear cities through the implementation of social partnership programs for the Lean Polyclinic project. Based on the analysis of the results of using lean approaches in medical institutions in the pilot regions and to improve the quality of public services, it is proposed to introduce lean technologies in various non-manufacturing enterprises. The paper concludes that as a result of the partnership of effective Production systems and social enterprises, not only clinics, hospitals, but entire cities can be made convenient and comfortable.
KeywordsLean manufacturing, Rosatom production system (RPS), lean technologies, social partnership, lean polyclinic.
  1. Karpova N.P. Rossiiskii put berezhlivogo proizvodstva [The Russian Way of Lean Production] // Ekonomika i sovremennyi menedzhment: teoriia i praktika: sbornik statej po materialam XLVI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii [Economics and Modern Management: Theory and Practice: a Collection of Articles Based on Materials from the XLVI International Scientific and Practical Conference]. № 2(46). Novosibirsk. SibAK. 2015 (in Russian).
  2. Lyskova I.E. Model berezhlivogo proizvodstva kak osnova sistemy ekologicheskoi i sotsialnoi bezopasnosti sovremennoi organizatsii (na primere Goskorporatsii «Rosatom») [Lean Manufacturing Model as the Basis of the Environmental and Social Security System of Modern Organization (on the example of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom)]. Bezopasnost iadernoi energetiki: tezisy XV-i Nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Nuclear Safety: Abstracts of the XVth Scientific and Practical Conference.]. Volgodonsk, 2019. P. 117-119. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=39209882 (in Russian).
  3. Nikolaeva A.B. Otsenka effektivnosti vnedreniia berezhlivogo proizvodstva na promyshlennykh predpriiatiiakh [Evaluation of Lean Production Effectiveness in Industrial Enterprises]. Vestnik ekonomiki, prava i sotsiologii [Bulletin of Economics, Law and Sociology]. 2016. № 4. P. 69-72
    (in Russian).
  4. Baranov A. Berezhlivoe proizvodstvo i balansirovka menedzhmenta [Lean Manufacturing and Balancing Management]. General`ny`j direktor. Upravlenie promy`shlenny`m predpriyatiem [General manager. Industrial Management]. 2012. № 9. P. 48 (in Russian).
  5. Ukhalina I.A., Efimenko N.A., Agapova S.P. Kliuchevye pokazateli effektivnosti kak instrument ekonomicheskoi bezopasnosti predpriiatii GK «Rosatom» [Key Performance Indicators as an Instrument of Economic Security for Enterprises of Rosatom State Corporation]. Globalnaia iadernaia bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2017. № 1(22). P. 102-112.
  6. Rudenko V.A., Golovko M.V., Ukhalina I.A., Agapova S.P., Antsibor A.V., Efimenko N.A. Opyt i perspektivy podgotovki lean-spetsialistov na osnove effektivnogo vzaimodeistviia vuza i predpriiatii GK «Rosatom» [Experience and Prospects of Training Lean Specialists on the Basis of Effective Interaction between the University and the Enterprises of Rosatom State Corporation]. Globalnaia iadernaia bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2018. № 1 (26). P. 114-122.
  7. Po itogam 2017 goda 18 predpriiatii poluchili status «Lider PSR» [Following the Results of 2017, 18 Enterprises Received the Status of “RPS Leader”]. Proizvodstvennaia sistema Rosatom : Ofitsialnyi sait [Rosatom production system: Official site]. URL: http://www.ps-rosatom.ru/about/novosti/100-po-itogam-2017-goda-18-predpriyatij-poluchili-status-lider-psr (data obrashcheniia: 12.11.2019).
  8. PSR-predpriiatiia [RPS Enterprises]. Proizvodstvennaia sistema Rosatom: Ofitsialnyi sait [Rosatom production system: Official site]. URL: http://www.ps-rosatom.ru/deyatelnost/psr-predpriyatiya (data obrashcheniia: 12.11.2019).
  9. Primenenie PSR-instrumentov pozvolilo zavershit raboty po montazhu armatury i ustroistvu opalubki na stroiashchemsia energobloke №1 AES «Akkuiu» v srok [The Use of RPS Tools Allowed to Complete the Installation of Fittings and Formwork at the Power Unit No. 1 of Akkuyu NPP under Construction on Time]. Proizvodstvennaia sistema Rosatom: Ofitsialnyi sait [Rosatom production system: Official site]. URL: http://www.ps-rosatom.ru/about/novosti/101-primenenie-psr-instrumentov-pozvolilo-zavershit-raboty-po-montazhu-armatury-i-ustrojstvu-opalubki-na-stroyashchemsya-energobloke-1-aes-akkuyu-v-srok (data obrashcheniia: 12.11.2019).
  10. Tri subieekta RF voshli v programmu povysheniia proizvoditelnosti truda na predpriiatiiakh-postavshchikakh «Rosatoma» [Three Constituent Entities of the Russian Federation are Included in the Program for Increasing Labor Productivity at the Suppliers of Rosatom]. Proizvodstvennaia sistema Rosatom: Ofitsialnyi sait [Rosatom production system: Official site]. URL: http://www.ps-rosatom.ru/about/novosti/102-tri-sub-ekta-rf-voshli-v-programmu-povysheniya-proizvoditelnosti-truda-na-predpriyatiyakh-postavshchikakh-rosatoma (data obrashcheniia: 23.11.2019).
  11. Podvedeny itogi razvertyvaniia Proizvodstvennoi sistemy Rosatoma v 2017 godu [The Results of the Deployment of the Rosatom Production System in 2017 were Summed up.]. Proizvodstvennaia sistema Rosatom: Ofitsialnyi sait [Rosatom production system: Official site]. URL: http://www.ps-rosatom.ru/about/novosti/99-podvedeny-itogi-razvertyvaniya-proizvodstvennoj-sistemy-rosatoma-v-2017-godu (data obrashcheniia: 12.11.2019).
  12. Rosatom pomog podgotovit liderov berezhlivykh tekhnologii v zdravookhranenii [Rosatom Helped Train Leaders in Lean Healthcare Technologies]. Proizvodstvennaia sistema Rosatom: Ofitsialnyi sait [Rosatom production system: Official site]. URL: http://www.ps-rosatom.ru/about/novosti/103-rosatom-pomog-podgotovit-liderov-berezhlivykh-tekhnologij-v-zdravookhranenii (data obrashcheniia: 12.11.2019).
Papers107 - 115
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameIssue of Innovative Potential of Students of Industrial Universities – «Rosatom» State Corporation Partners
AuthorsN.I. Lobkovskaya1, A.V. Zheleznyakova2, A.N. Nedorubov3

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1 ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0297-5800

WoS Researcher ID: O-3879-2018

e-mail: NILobkovskaya@mephi.ru

2ORCID: 0000-0003-3511-2734

WoS Researcher ID: K-2597-2017

e-mail: AVZheleznyakova@mephi.ru

3ORCID: 0000-0002-3413-7449

e-mail: batrakan@rambler.ru

AbstractThe paper presents a study of the student interest level at VETI NRNU MEPhI in the development of their own innovative potential. It considers the formal side of youth involvement in the implementation of research projects and the improvement of their own intellectual forces. A sociological survey showed a fairly high level of students' innovative charge noted the difficulties of using an innovative resource, and formulated possible causes of problems of self-realization in this direction. It is found that most of the young people surveyed do not have a steady motivation to reveal their own innovative potential explaining this by increased complexity and laboriousness. The problem of formal and informal employment of students is noted, its causes are revealed. The given data indicate the importance of the development of scientific research skills and confirms the idea that the problem of inefficient use of innovative potential is quite significant, covers a significant part of students and requires further study and system monitoring.
Keywordsinnovation, innovative potential, innovative development, research, students, motivation, life guidelines, development, self-realization, sociological survey.  
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Papers116 - 124
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameElectronic Training Technology on Mathematics of Students Oriented to Work in Nuclear Industry
AuthorsN.P. Vasilenko1, N.I. Chabanova2

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

2ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7054-1302

WoS Researcher ID: G-4963-2017

e-mail: NPVasilenko@mephi.ru

2ORCID: 0000-0002-5738-6069

e-mail: nich@inbox.ru

AbstractThe article presents the developed and tested technology of e-learning for students at the university. It gives practical examples on the organization of the educational process in accordance with this technology in the mathematical preparation of students. The significance of this approach for the mathematical preparation of students oriented to work in the nuclear industry in connection with the digitalization of all processes in the industry is shown. The effectiveness of the use of this technology in the educational process is confirmed by studies on the level of preparation of students in mathematics, their satisfaction with the organization of the educational process and the dynamics of the students' mathematical intelligence.
Keywordse-learning, mathematical training, personnel of the nuclear industry, learning technology.
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  13. 5 trendov v oblasti vy`sokix texnologij, kotory`e izmenyat metody` obucheniya [5 High-Tech Trends That Will Change Teaching Methods]. Akkreditaciya v obrazovanii [Accreditation in Education]. 2017. №7. P. 46-47 (in Russian).
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