2021, 4 (41)

Nuclear, radiation and environmental safety

Article NameStoichiometric Mixture of Acetylene and Oxygen in Modeling of Gas Dynamic Instability Development
AuthorsS.I. Gerasimov*,**1, I.A. Kanygin*2, N.V. Nevmerzhitsky*3

*Sarov Physics and Technical Institute of National Research Nuclear University «MEPHI», Nizhny Novgorod region, Sarov, 6 Duchova str., Russia 607186

**Mechanical Engineering Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod, Belinskogo str., 603024 Russia

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6850-0816

WOS Researcher ID: L-2727-2016

e-mail: s.i.gerasimov@mail.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8632-2155

e-mail: kanyginiv@yandex.ru

3e-mail: nnevmerzh@gmail.com


AbstractTo simulate the processes of hydrodynamic instability, various schemes for accelerating the contact boundaries of different-density media in various structures of impact pipes are used. Such experiments have their own difficulties, for example, associated with the influence of thin diaphragms that delimit the studied media before the start of movement. In this regard, gas-explosive mixtures with the maximum temperature of the reaction products are extremely promising, allowing both to minimize the destruction time of thin films-diaphragms, and to significantly reduce the size of shock tubes for conducting experiments. The paper presents the results of calculations of the thermodynamic parameters of the explosion products of a stoichiometric mixture of 2C2H2+5O2 during detonation in the models of an ideal explosion, ideal detonation, chemical peak. An example of using the explosion products of these mixtures to study the Richtmayer – Meshkov instability is given.
Keywordshydrodynamic instability, thermodynamic equilibrium, stoichiometric mixture, Chapman-Jouget point, internal energy, detonation.
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  7. Termodinamicheskie svojstva individual'nyh veshchestv, v chetyrekh tomah : spravochnik [Thermodynamic Properties of Individual Substances, in four volumes: a handbook]. Edited by
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  9. Meshkov E.E. [Study of Hydrodynamic Instabilities in Laboratory Experiments]. Sarov: FSUE RFNC-VNIIEF, 2006. 139 p. (in Russian).
  10. Alekhanov Yu.V. [Method for Studying the Interaction of Dispersed Water with a Flame]. Fizika goreniya i vzryva [Combustion and Explosion Physics]. 2006. Vol. 42, No. 1. P. 57 (in Russian).
  11. Zlatin N.A. [Ballistic Installations and their Application in Experimental Research]. Edited by N.A. Zlatin and G.I. Mishin. Moscow: Nauka, 1974. 344 p. (in Russian).
  12. Zacepina M.E. [Modern Quantitative Shadow Method Using Computer Technology]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskie vedomosti Cankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta [Scientific and Technical Statements of the St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University]. 2013. No. 2(171). P. 226-230 (in Russian).
Papers6 - 15
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameCalculation and Measurement Method of Evaluating the Leakage of Radioactive Nitrogen 16N7 in Steam Generators of Nuclear Reactors of KLT-40 Type
AuthorsA.P. Elokhin*1, S.N. Fedorchenko**2

National Research Nuclear University Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (NRNU MEPhI),
Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6251-1736

WoS ResearcherID: S-9359-2019

e-mail: orumokenoll@yahoo.com

2ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7682-8504

WoS Researcher ID: G-9573-2017

e-mail: elokhin@yandex.ru


AbstractThe paper analyzes the leakage of the 16N7 nitrogen radionuclide which occurs in the 1st loop of the KLT-40 reactor which is used at marine transport facilities for various purposes through the steam generator of the nuclear reactor into the second loop into which water is supplied under pressure Pв with a temperature Тв >> 100 °C. Radioactive nitrogen spreads in the vapor phase and goes through a spiral steam line to the turbine under high pressure Pп, creating unfavorable conditions from the point of view of radiation safety. The content of the specified radionuclide in steam can be detected and evaluated by --spectrometry and dosimetry methods, by measuring the volumetric -activity of steam and the dose rate of --radiation when the steam enters the turbine. The analysis of the observed leakage effect was carried out on the basis of using a simple physical and mathematical model that takes into account the transfer of water, vapor media and the transfer of radioactive nitrogen in the vapor phase, which made it possible to indicate the cause and determine the area of leakage on the spiral steam pipeline, which was determined from the condition of vapor equality and water pressures in steam line. The paper specifies the main areas of the steam generator design allowing measurements of radiation characteristics and the necessary instrumental equipment taking into account the physical characteristics of the environments in which this equipment will operate in its readings.
Keywordspower reactor, radionuclide, steam generator, pressure, temperature, dose rate, radiation safety.
  1. Ivanov E.A., Pyrkov I.V., Khamyanov L.P. Model` nakopleniya radionuklidov v kotlovoj vode parogeneratorov AE`S s VVE`R-440 i -1000 [Model of Radionuclides Accumulation in Boiler Water of Steam Generators of NPP with WWER-440 and -1000]. Atomnaya e`nergiya [Atomic Energy]. 1994. Vol. 77, issue 1. P.58-63 (in Russian). 
  2. Ivanov E.A., Pyrkov I.V., Khamyanov L.P. Metodika diagnostiki protechki teplonositelya pervogo kontura v kotlovuyu vodu parogeneratorov AE`S s VVE`R-440 i -1000 [Diagnostic Technique of the Primary Coolant Leakage into the Boiler Water of Steam Generators of NPPs with WWER-440 and -1000]. Atomnaya e`nergiya [Atomic Energy]. 1994. Vol. 77, issue 1. P.51-58 (in Russian). 
  3. Metodika rascheta protechki teplonositelya pervogo kontura v vodu parogeneratorov AES s VVER-1000: (tipovaya): RD EO 0334-02: rukovodyashchiy document [Methodology for calculating the leakage of the primary coolant into the water of steam generators of NPPs with VVER-1000: (typical): RD EO 0334-02: guidance document]. Ministerstvo Rossiyskoy Federatsii po atomnoy energii, Kontsern «Rosenergoatom» [Ministry of the Russian Federation for Atomic Energy, Rosenergoatom Concern]. Moskva [Moscow]. 2001 (in Russian). 
  4. Normy` radiacionnoj bezopasnosti NRB-99/2009. Sanitarny`e pravila i normativy` SanPiN [Standards of Radiation Safety NRB-99/2009. Sanitary Rules and Regulations SanPiN]. URL: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/902170553 (in Russian). 
  5. Gusev N.G., Dmitriev P.P. Kvantovoe izluchenie radioaktivny`x nuklidov. Spravochnik [Quantum Radiation of Radioactive Nuclides. Reference Book]. Moskva: Atomizdat [Moscow: Atomizdat]. 1997. 400 p. (in Russian). 
  6. Deev V.I., Shchukin N.V., Tcherezov A.L. Osnovy` rascheta sudovy`x YaE`U [Basics of Calculating Ship Nuclear Power Plants] Moskva: NIYaU MIFI [Moscow: NRNU MEPhI]. 2012. 256 p. (in Russian).
  7. Nikitin A., Andreev L. Plavuchie atomny`e stancii [Floating nuclear power plants]. Doklad ob``edineniya Bellona [Bellona report]. 2011. 48 p. (in Russian). 
  8. Vorob`yov I.N., Khashchenko A.A. E`ksperimental`ny`e issledovaniya po opredeleniyu znachenij skorosti ispareniya i kipeniya zhidkostej [Experimental Studies to Determine the Values of the Rate of Evaporation and Boiling of Liquids]. URL: https://nauchforum.ru/archive/mnf_nature/2.pdf (reference date 16.01.2019) (in Russian).
  9. Eloxin A.P., Fedorchenko S.N. Metod ocenki protechki radioaktivnogo azota 16N7 v parogeneratorax, ispol`zuemy`x na yaderny`x reaktorax tipa KLT-40 [Method of Assessing the Leakage of Radioactive Nitrogen 16N7 in Steam Generators Used in Nuclear Reactors of the KLT-40 type]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2019. №3(32). P.7-23
    (in Russian). 
  10. Sardanashvili S.A. Raschyotny`e metody` i algoritmy` (truboprovodny`j transport gaza) [Calculation methods and algorithms (pipeline gas transportation)]. Moskva: Neft` i gaz [Moscow: Oil and Gas]. 2005. 577 p. (in Russian). 
  11. Kimel` R.R. Zashhita ot ioniziruyushhix izluchenij. Spravochnik [Protection against Ionizing Radiation. Reference Book]. Moskva: Atomizdat [Moscow: Atomizdat]. 1966. 311 p. (in Russian). 
  12. Eloxin A.P., Fedorchenko S.N. Sposob ocenki protechki radioaktivnogo azota 16N7 v parogeneratorax, ispol`zuemy`x na yaderny`x reaktorax tipa KLT-40 [Method of Assessing the Leakage of Radioactive Nitrogen 16N7 in Steam Generators Used in Nuclear Reactors of the KLT-40 Type]. Patent №2754755 Byul. №25 ot 07.09.2021. Prioritet ot 31.12.2020.[ Patent No. 2754755 Bul. No. 25 dated 09/07/2021. Priority 31.12.2020] (in Russian). 
  13. Eloxin A.P. Metody` i sredstva sistem radiacionnogo kontrolya okruzhayushhej sredy`: monografiya [Methods and Tools of Environmental Radiation Monitoring Systems: monograph]. Moskva: NIYaU MIFI [Moscow: NRNU MEPhI]. 2014. 520 p. (in Russian). 
  14. Eloxin A.P., Ksenofontov A.I., Alalom I., Fedorchenko S.N. Metod e`kspress-ocenki srednej e`nergii spektra g-izlucheniya radionuklidov v usloviyax radiacionny`x avarij v pomeshheniyax speczkorpusa AE`S [A method of Rapid Assessment of the Average Energy of the g-Radiation Spectrum of Radionuclides in Conditions of Radiation Accidents in the Premises of the NPP Special Building]. Global`naya yadernaya bezopasnost` [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2018. №2(27). P. 7-15
    (in Russian).
Papers16 - 30
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 Open Article

Design, manufacturing and commissioning of nuclear industry equipment

Article NameDensity and Coefficient of Thermal Expansion of 12X18H10T Steel in the Temperature Range from 100-850 ˚C for WWER Reactors
AuthorsA.Z. Alhmoud1, A.B. Kruglov2

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8213-1455

e-mail: ahmad_homoud@yahoo.com

2e-mail: abkruglov@mephi.ru

AbstractThe article presents the results of studying the density of steel 12Kh18N10T and the coefficient of thermal expansion TEC (α) in the temperature range from 100 to 850˚С. The measurements were carried out using a DIL-405 C dilatometer. Steel 12Kh18N10T will replace traditional TVEL cladding materials, which are made of zirconium material. The cladding made of steel 12X18H10T can be used as a Tolerant fuel. It is shown that the thermophysical properties and accurate dilatometric results of studies of steel 12Kh18N10T make it possible to use steel cladding in fuel assemblies of a VVER reactor. The article presents the results of comparison with similar data from the State Service of Standard Reference Data system.
KeywordsAccident tolerant fuel, density, coefficient of thermal expansion, dilatometer.
  1. Kirillov, P.L. Teplofizicheskie svojstva materialov yadernoj tekhniki [Thermophysical Properties of Nuclear Engineering Materials]. : IzdAT, 2007 (in Russian).
  2. Leskin S.T., Shelegov A.S., Slobodchuk V.I. Fizicheskie osobennosti i konstrukciya reaktora VVER-1000: Uchebnoe posobie. [Physical Features and Design of the WWER-1000 Reactor: Textbook]. Moscow: NRNU MEPhI, 2011. 116 p. (in Russian).
  3. Denisov V.P., Dragunov Yu.G. Reaktornye ustanovki VVER dlya atomnyh elektrostancij [WWER Reactor Installations for Nuclear Power Plants]. : IzdAT, 2002 (in Russian).
  4. Vygovsky S.B., Ryabov N.O., Semenov A.A., Chernov E.V., Bogachek L.N. Fizicheskie konstrukcionnye osobennosti yadernyh energeticheskih ustanovok s VVER [Physical Design Features of Nuclear Power Plants with VVER]. Moscow: NRNU MEPhI, 2011. 376 p. (in Russian).
  5. Pokhodun A.I., Sharkov A.V. Eksperimental'nye metody issledovanij. Izmereniya teplofizicheskih velichin [Experimental research methods. Measurements of Thermophysical Quantities].
    St. Petersburg: SPb SU ITMO, 2006. 87 p. (in Russian).
  6. Gruppa kompanij NETZSCH [NETZSCH Group of Companies]: official website
  7. Tablicy standartnyh spravochnyh dannyh. Stali 12H18N9T i 12H18N10T. Udel'naya teploemkost' i udel'naya ental'piya v diapazone temperatur 400-1380K pri atmosfernom davlenii. GSSSD 32-82 [Tables of Standard Reference Data. Steel 12X18N9T and 12X18N10T. Specific Heat Capacity and Specific Enthalpy in the Temperature Range 400-1380 K at Atmospheric Pressure. Service of Standard Reference Data 32-82]. Moscow: Publishing House of Standards. 1983 (in Russian).
  8. Tablicy standartnyh spravochnyh dannyh. Molibden, monokristallicheskaya okis' alyuminiya, stal' 12H18N10T. Temperaturnyj koefficient linejnogo rasshireniya. GSSSD 59-83. [Tables of Standard Reference Data. Molybdenum, Monocrystalline Aluminum Oxide, Steel 12X18H10T. Temperature Coefficient of Linear Expansion. Service of Standard Reference Data 59-83]. Moscow: Publishing House of Standards. 1984 (in Russian).
  9. Alhmoud A.Z., Kruglov V.B Internal Report at National Research Nuclear University (MEPhI). Russia, Moscow, 2019 (in English).
  10. Massalski, T.B., Okamoto, H., Subramanian, P.R., & Kacprzak, L. (1991). Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams (ASM International, Materials Park, OH, 1990), 2983-2986 (in English).
  11. Savchenko, A.M., Konovalov, Y.V., Laushkin, A.V., & Yuferov, O.I. (2017). Low-Melting Zirconium Alloys. Letters on Materials, 7(3), 229-233 (in English).
  12. Samojlov, O.B. i dr. Bezopasnost' yadernyh energeticheskih ustanovok [Safety of Nuclear Power Plants]. : Energoatomizdat, 1989. 280 p. (in Russian).
Papers31 - 35
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 Open Article

Operation of nuclear industry facilities

Article NameOperational Experience of Stationary Technical Diagnostics Systems at Novovoronezh NPP
AuthorsG.V.Arkadov*1, V.I. Pavelko*2, V.P. Povarov **3, M.T. Slepov**4

* JSC "Joint Stock Company "Scientific and Technical Center "Diaprom", Koroleva str., 6, Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia 249031

** Novovoronezh NPP Branch of JSC «Concern Rosenergoatom», Industrial zone Yuzhnaya 1, Novovoronezh, Voronezh region, Russia 396072

1е-mail: skrepka1964@gmail.com

2е-mail: vippvi@mail.ru

3е-mail: povarovvp@nvnpp1.rosenergoatom.ru

4orcid iD: 0000-0001-5563-0526

е-mail: SlepovMT@nvnpp1.rosenergoatom.ru

AbstractTechnical diagnostics has a strong position in the global engineering community. It is included in the standards and recommendations for both existing and projected nuclear power plants. All foreign operating nuclear power plants are more or less equipped with means of technical diagnostics of reactor installations either from the very beginning or during modernization. Regardless of the diagnostic architecture of the automated control system, whether it is Framatom's local project systems or Westinghouse's centralized systems, diagnostic algorithms are universal. The operating organization of Rosenergoatom Concern JSC pays great attention to the development of technical diagnostics tools. Over the past 20 years, almost all Russian power units have been equipped. This contributed both to improving the safety of operation, and ensuring reliability, and extending the life of existing nuclear power plants. The article presents the authors' classification of technical diagnostics systems, the features of their operation at the Novovoronezh NPP site for a 30-year period of time. Complex, high-tech diagnostic systems are moving into operational practice with great difficulty and skepticism. The systems are slowly being filled with diagnostic knowledge, but our demanding foreign customer will undoubtedly require this diagnostic knowledge.
Keywordstechnical diagnostics system, technical diagnostics, technical condition monitoring, block control panel, block control point, abnormal event, vibration monitoring system, free object detection system, humidity leak monitoring system, acoustic leak monitoring system, integrated diagnostics system, anomaly, artificial intelligence, commissioning tests, commissioning measurement system, main circulation circuit, acoustic standing wave, monitoring, control and diagnostics system, software and hardware complex


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  6. Gosudarstvennyj Standart Soyuza SSR. Sistema standartov po vibracii. Pribory dlya izmereniya vibracii vrashchayushchihsya mashin. Obshchie tekhnicheskie usloviya. GOST 25275-82. [State Standard of the USSR. System of Vibration Standards. Devices for Measuring Vibration of Rotating Machines. General Technical Conditions. GOST 25275-82]. Moscow: Publishing House of Standards, 1993. 11 p.
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Papers36 - 46
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameThe Predictive Diagnosis Based on Hurst Indicator and Logistics Trends
AuthorsV.Ya. Shpicer1, V.V. Krivin2, V.A. Tolstov3

Volgodonsk Engineering-Technical Institute – Branch of NRNU «MEPhI»,

Lenina street, 73/94, Volgodonsk, Russia 347360

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5051-5091

e-mail: shpitser@mephi.ru

2ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0903-0786

WoS Researcher ID: E-2267-2018

e-mail: vvkrivin@mephi.ru

3ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7144-5195

WoS Researcher ID: F-1032-2017

e-mail: v-tolstov-2017@mail.ru

AbstractThe article presents the results of identifying pre-failure conditions. The results based on fractal analysis and nonparametric statistics. The NPP equipment units are highly reliable systems for long life cycle. These systems are characterized by slow graduating failures. This happens due to the accumulation of irreversible damage. Standard information measuring systems supply time series. They are traditionally processed by parametric methods. The processing of experimental data can be automated for industrial monitoring of NPP equipment parameters
Keywordsdiagnostics, prediction, controlled parameters, data processing, degradation, Hurst indicator, observation, monitoring, logistic methods, pre-failure conditions, standard intervals, probability distribution.
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Article NameIssue of Compliance Control Efficiency at Nuclear Industry Enterprises in Economic Crisis Conditions
AuthorsM.V. Golovko*1, A.A. Lapkis**2, S.А. Myasoedov***3

* Non-state accredited non-profit private educational institution of higher education “Academy of Marketing and Social and Information Technologies – IMSIT, Zipovskaya St.5, Southern Federal District, Krasnodar Region, Krasnodar, Russia 350010

**Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

***Amur State University, Ignatievskoe highway 21, Blagoveshchensk, Amur region, Russia 675027

1ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4835-9800

WoS Researcher iD: J-2461-2016

e-mail: golovko178@mail.ru

2ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9431-7046

e-mail: AALapkis@mephi.ru

 3ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5636-3834

e-mail: myasoedov8@mail.ru

AbstractThe article considers the features of the uranium mining industry development in the context of market fluctuations. The economic factors contributing to the spread of nuclear energy and causing the demand for the products of the uranium mining industry are presented. The competitive advantages of countries in the production and supply of fuel for nuclear power plants are revealed. The conclusion is made about the significant development potential of the Russian Federation (SC "Rosatom") at all stages of the nuclear fuel cycle associated with high-tech repartition of uranium raw materials and nuclear generation. The problem of high capital investments and a long-time lag from the moment of exploration of the deposit to the commissioning of production facilities of the uranium mining industry enterprises is noted. The most profitable investment schemes in the industry are considered taking into account government support.
Keywordsuranium mining industry, nuclear energy, nuclear power plants, fuel elements, fuel cycle, uranium price, State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom.
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Papers56 - 65
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Article NameSocial and Economic Aspects of Tourism Marketing in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone
AuthorsT.S. Popova

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0554-2672

e-mail: tanya930@rambler.ru


AbstractThe paper considers the main provisions of the impression economy, the greatest potential of which is revealed in the tourism business. Selling travelling emotions, adventure hobbies and new knowledge is increasingly economically profitable, and travel companies are expanding their list of offers. Recently, many new, sometimes very strange, types of tourism have appeared. The development of technological progress in the twentieth century was the impetus for the development of an unusual type of tourism – industrial. A separate subspecies of industrial tourism is nuclear. More than a decade after the accident, the Chernobyl zone remains uninhabitable. But even so, it has a future. Officials and tour operators agree that tourism in Chernobyl is not only considerable economic benefits for the country, but also an opportunity to tell the world your story.
Keywordsimpression economy, social and cultural aspect of nuclear energy, safety principles, tourism marketing, nuclear tourism, Chernobyl NPP.
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  5. Rudenko, V. A., Popova, T. S., Gorlachev, P. V. Upravlenie territoriyami v konkurentnoj rynochnoj srede: uchebnoe posobie [Territory Management in a Competitive Market Environment: textbook]. Krasnodar: «Innovation» Publishing House, 2021. 270 p. ISBN 978-5-00179-056-3 (in Russian).
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Article NameManagement Commitment to the Goals of Production Safety as a Formation Factor of Integrated Safety of Industrial Enterprise Management System
AuthorsI.E. Lyskova

The Komi Republican Academy of State Service and Administration,

Syktyvkar, Russia 167000

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2748-2794

WoS Researher ID: T-1644-2018

e-mail: IrinaLyskova@mail.ru

AbstractThe paper actualizes the political, social and economic, cultural foundations of the formation of a culture of industrial safety of industrial enterprises. The structural and substantive aspects of the management's commitment to the goals of industrial safety are revealed. A general analysis of the current regulatory framework defining the methodological foundations for the formation of an integrated safety management system of industrial enterprises in the Russian Federation is proposed.
Keywordsproduction safety, production safety culture, management commitment to industrial safety objectives, integrated safety management system, industrial safety management, quality management, environmental management, occupational safety and health management, production safety culture management.
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