2014-3(12)

Problems of nuclear, radiation and ecological safety

Article NameResearch of the Rostov NPP Influence on the 137Cs Contents in Environmental Objects
AuthorsI.A. Bublikova*, E.A. Berezina**, E.S. Khandurina***
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
*e-mail: IABublikova@mephi.ru
; **e-mail: berezina1505@gmail.com ; ***e-mail: elena-khandurina@rambler.ru

AbstractThe analysis of dynamics of the 137Cs contents in environmental objects is made, from its entering with gas and aerosol emissions of the Rostov nuclear power plant in the atmosphere till its penetrating into human organism with food of local production. The conclusion about lack of the NPP contribution in 137Cs migration within the thirty-kilometer zone was drawn. Trends of analyzed parameters show lack of processes of 137Cs accumulation in the environment and safety of the population towards this radiation factor.
Keywordsgas and aerosol emissions, NPP, 137Cs, dynamics of contents, environmental objects
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Rostovskaja AJeS. Ocenka vozdejstvija na okruzhajushhuju sredu jekspluatacii jenergobloka №3. R.06198.9.0.61 [Rostov NPP. Assessment of impact on environment of the power unit №3 operation. R.06198.9.0.61.], v 10-ti tomah [in 10 volumes]. Tom 6 Social'no-jekonomicheskaja harakteristika rajona razmeshhenija [Volume 6 Social and economic characteristic of the area]. Nizhnij Novgorod: Pub. «NIAJeP» [JSC NIAEP], 2012. (in Russian)

[2] Malaeva T.Ju. Radiacionnyj kontrol' rajona razmeshhenija Rostovskoj AJeS [Radiation control of the Rostov NPP area]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2012, №4, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 7–13 (in Russian)

Papers5 - 10
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Article NameRadiation Security of Dismantling Works during the Mothballing of NPP’s Blocks
AuthorsA.I. Berela*, M.N. Galanova**, V.A. Ignatkin***
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
* e-mail:VITIkafMPM@mephi.ru,  ** e-mail:mashoolka@yandex.ru, *** e-mail:slavik18119525-1k@yandex.ru

AbstractThis article highlights the radiation safety problems, which arise during the dismantling works related to the mothballing of nuclear power plants blocks. It is shown the problem is caused by physical nature of the processes, which pass in the active zone during nuclear reactors operation, as well as heat carrier transferring through the active zone and activation of corrosion products with their further deposition on the working surfaces of equipment and pipelines.
Keywordsmothballing of nuclear power plants blocks, radiation safety, neutron radiation, induced radioactivity, superficial radioactivity, dismantling works, penetrating power, ionizing ability, protective screens
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Berela A.I., Bylkin B.K., Tomilin S.A., Fedotov A.G. Analiz i predstavlenie sredy dejstvija v sisteme proektirovanija tehnologii demontazha oborudovanija pri vyvode iz jekspluatacii bloka AJeS [Analysis and presentation of environment activity in the system of projecting of equipment dismantling technology during NPP unit decommissioning]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety], 2014, №1(10), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 25–31. (in Russian)

[2] Phederalnyj zakon ot 09.01.1996 N 3-FZ (red. ot 19.07.2011) «O radiacionnoj bezopasnosti naselenija» [The federal law of 09.01.1996 N 3-FZ (an edition of 19.07.2011) "About radiation safety population"]. M. 1996. St. 3.: Principy obespechenija radiacionnoj bezopasnosti.  [Principles of ensuring radiation safety]. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_117494 (in Russian)

[3] Kuznecov R.A. Aktivacionnyj analiz [Activation analysis] / nauch.izd [scientific edition].  2-e izd., pererab. i dop. [the 2nd edition processed and added]. M. Pub. Atomizdat [Atomizdat], 1974. 343 p. (in Russian)

[4] Mirgorodskij V.R. Bezopasnost zhiznedejatelnosti [Health and safety]. Available at: http://www.mrkvant.com.ua/radiation/4/ (in Russian)

[5] Davydov M.G. Biologicheskoe dejstvie ionizirujushhih izluchenij [Biological effect of ionizing radiation]: ucheb. Posobie [manual]. Rostov-na-Donu, 2007. Available at: http://phys.rsu.ru/web/students/RadSec/bio.pdf (in Russian)

[6] Krivoshein D.A. etc. Jekologija i bezopasnost zhiznedejatelnosti [Ecology and life safety]: ucheb. posobie dlja vuzov [the manual for higher education] / pod red. L.A. Muravja [Edited by L. A. Muravey]. M. Pub. JuNITI-DANA [UNITY-DANA], 2000, ISBN 5-238-00139-8, 447 p. (in Russian)

[7] Berela A.I., Bylkin B.K., Tomilin S.A., Fedotov A.G. Vybor  znachenij  parametrov  tehnologicheskogo  processa  demontazha oborudovanija blokov AJeS, vyvodimyh iz jekspluatacii  [Choice of technological process parameter values of equipment dismantle of NPP block decommissioning].  Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2013, №3(8), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 60–64.  (in Russian)

[8] Berela  A.I., Fedotov A.G., Tomilin S.A., Bylkin B.K. Razrabotka  tehnologicheskih  processov  demontazha  oborudovanija  pri vyvode iz jekspluatacii atomnyh stancij [Development of technological processes of equipment dismantle during NPP unit decommissioning]. Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona [Engineering bulletin of Don]. 2013, №2(25), ISSN 2073-8633. Available at: http://www.ivdon.ru/magazine/archive/n2y2013/1734 (in Russian)

[9] Berela A.I., Fedotov A.G., Tomilin S.A. Tehnologicheskoe  oborudovanie,  primenjaemoe  v  rabotah  po  vyvodu  iz jekspluatacii blokov AJeS [The processing equipment applied in works during NPP block decommissioning]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2013, №1(6), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 58–66. (in Russian)

[10] Berela A.I., Fedotov A.G., Tomilin S.A. Vyvod iz jekspluatacii blokov AJeS. Demontazhnye tehnologii [The NPP unit decommissioning. Dismantling technologies]. Bezopasnost jadernoj jenergetiki [Safety of the nuclear energy]: tez. dokl. IX Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf., 23-24 maja 2013 g. [theses of reports IX International scientific and practical conference, on May 23-24, 2013] / VITI NIJaU MIFI [i dr.] [VETI NRNU MEPhI]. Volgodonsk, 2013. ISBN 978-5-9905145-2-2, 1 jelektron. opt. disk [1 CD] (in Russian)

[11] Berela A.I., Bylkin B.K., Tomilin S.A., Fedotov A.G. Adaptacija tehnologii demontazha oborudovanija vyvodimyh iz jekspluatacii blokov AJeS k trebovanijam radiacionnoj bezopasnosti [Adaptation of equipment dismantle technology  the NPP units decommission to radiation safety requirements]. Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona [Engineering bulletin of Don]. 2014. Vol. 29, №2(29). ISSN 2073-8633. Available at: http://www.ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n2y2014/2416 (in Russian)

[12] Berela A.I., Tomilin S.A., Fedotov A.G., Jakubenko I.A. Razrabotka obrazovatel'nogo modulja dlja podgotovki specialistov po vyvodu iz jekspluatacii blokov AJeS [Development of the educational module for training of specialists for the NPP unit decommission]. Bezopasnost jadernoj jenergetiki [Safety of the nuclear energy]: tez. dokl. X Mezhdunar.nauch.-prakt. konf., 28-30 maja 2014 g. [theses of reports X International scientific and practical conference, on May 28-30, 2014] / VITI NIJaU MIFI etc. [VETI NRNU MEPhI]. Volgodonsk, 2014. ISBN 978-5-9905145-3-9, 1 jelektron. opt. disk [1 CD]. (in Russian)

Papers11 - 16
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Research, design, construction and installation of nuclear facilities manufacturing equipment

Article NameDetermination of Calibration Intervals Length of Measuring Devices
AuthorsYu.S. Sysoev*, N.A. Simakova**
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
* e-mail:
sysoev2004@mail.ru, ** e-mail: simnataalex@gmail.com

AbstractThe formal technique of stochastic estimates of calibration intervals duration of measuring devices based on queuing theory is presented in the work. This technique can be used not only for analysis of measuring devices, but also to forecast the process of random drift parameters of other technical objects.
Keywordsforecasting, calibration interval, drift of parameters, stochastic extrapolation
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Sysoev Yu.S. Analysis of duration of metrological no-failure operation of the measuring devices by stochastic extrapolation methods. Measurement Techniques. 2011, Vol. 54, Number 1, ISSN 0543-1972, DOI: 10.1007/s11018-011-9677-0, pp. 8–15. (in English)

[2] Sysoev Yu.S. The analysis of drift of measuring devices metrological characteristics by means of Markov's chains. Measurement Techniques. 2012, Vol. 55, Number 1,  ISSN 0543-1972, DOI: 10.1007/s11018-012-9910-5, pp. 19–24. (in English)

[3] Sysoev Yu.S., Tikhomirova A.I. The analysis of measuring device stability by means of stochastic forecasting of their metrological characteristic drift. Measurement Techniques. 2012, Volume 55, Issue 6, ISSN 0543-1972, DOI: 10.1007/s11018-012-0010-3, pp. 613-621 (in English)

[4] Feller V. Vvedenie v teoriju verojatnostej i ee prilozhenija [Introduction to probability theory and its appendices]. Т. 1[Vol.1]. М. Pub. «Mir» [“Mir”]. 1967. 499 p. (in Russian)

[5] Klejnrok L. Teorija massovogo obsluzhivanija [Theory of mass service]. M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical engineering]. 1979. 432 p.(in Russian)

[6] Gnedenko B.G., Kovalenko I.N. Vvedenie v teoriju massovogo obsluzhivanija [Introduction to the theory of mass service]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science]. 1966. 432 p. (in Russian)

[7] GOST 8.625-2006. Termometry soprotivlenija iz platiny, medi i nikelja. Obshhie tehnicheskie trebovanija i metody ispytanij [SST 8.625-2006. Resistance thermometers from platinum, copper and nickel. The general technical requirements and test methods]. M. Pub. Standartinform [Standartinform], 2007. 24 p. (in Russian)

Papers17 - 19
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Article NameApplication of Microprocessor-based Relay in Systems of Control and Protection of Power Equipment
AuthorsS.A. Baran*, E.S. Belyaeva**, V.S. Novikova***
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
* e-mail:
bastr@rambler.ru, ** e-mail: katis93@yandex.ru ; *** e-mail: 10valentina05@mail.ru

AbstractThe article concerns the application of microprocessor units of relay protection systems for control and protection of power equipment, their main functions and requirements for these devices. It also presents the results of the experiment "Modeling of maximum current protection of electric power lines", "Modeling of electric power line current cutoff" and "Automatic activation of load reserve power supply."
Keywordsmicroprocessor-based relays, management and protection of power equipment, registration of operation, self-diagnosis, selectivity, speed, sensitivity, reliability, overcurrent protection, current cutoff, load reserve power supply
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Nikitin A.A. Mikroprocessornye rele [Introduction to probability theory and its appendices]. Cheboksary, 2003 (in Russian)

[2] Gurevich V.I. Mikroprocessornye rele zashhity. Ustrojstvo, problemy, perspektivy [Microprocessor relays of protection. Device, problems, prospects].  M. Pub. Infra-Inzhenerija [Infra-Engineering], 2011, ISBN 978-5-9729-0043-5, 300 p. (in Russian)

[3] Chernobrovov N.V., Semenov V.A. Relejnaja zashhita jenergeticheskih sistem [Relay protection of power systems]. M. Pub. Jenergoatomizdat [Energoatomizdat], 1998, ISBN 5-283-010031-7, 800 p. (in Russian)

Papers20 - 25
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Article NameThe Necessity of Formalization of Weldability Сonception in the NPP Goods Manufacturing
AuthorsY.V. Doronin *, N.N. Podrezov **
Address

* LTD «Certification Center of municipal services», 47A Izmajlovskoe St.(schosse), Moscow, Russia 105187, *e-mail: bekkenbauer@yandex.ru ;
**  Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», 73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360, e-mail: p1n2f@rambler.ru

AbstractIn the article an attempt is made to justify the formalization of the notion of weldability applied to the processes of welding products NPP. Highlighted a number of technological factors that directly affectthe quality of welded joints and, ultimately, on weldability. The proposed extended formulation of the term “weldability” use of normative documents in the nuclear industry.
Keywordsweldability, technological welding, welding joint, the technological factor, steel weldability, the life cycle of products
LanguageRussian
References

[1] PN AJe G-7-008-89 Pravila ustrojstva i bezopasnoj jekspluatacii oborudovanija i truboprovodov atomnyh jenergeticheskih ustanov [PN AE G-7-008-89 Rules for the construction and safe operation of the equipment and nuclear power station pipelines]. Jelektronnaja biblioteka GOSTov i normativov OHRANATRUDA.RU [The state standard specifications and standards e-library OHRANATRUDA.RU], 2014. Available at: http://ohranatruda.ru/ot_biblio//normativ/data_normativ/42/42048  (in Russian)

[2] Svarka v mashinostroenii: Spravochnik v 4-h t [Welding in mechanical engineering: The reference book in 4 volumes] / Redkol.: G.A. Nikolaev i dr. Pod red. N.A. Olshanskogo [Editorial board: G. A. Nikolaev, etc. Edited by N. A. Olshansky]. M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical engineering], 1978. 499 p. (in Russian)

[3] Potapov N.N., Ljubavskij K.V. O metallurgicheskoj roli glinozjoma v maloaktivnyh fljusah pri avtomaticheskoj svarke [About a metallurgical role of alumina in low-active gumboils at automatic welding]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding production], 1972, № 10, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 5-8. (in Russian)

[4] GOST R 53394 – 2009 Integrirovannaja logisticheskaja podderzhka. Osnovnye polozhenija [SST P 53394 - 2009 The Integrated logistic support. Basic provisions]. Normativnye dokumenty po voprosam ILP. Bazovyj kompleks 1 [Normative documents concerning ILP. Basic complex 1]. 2014. Available at: http://www.cals.ru/information/standards/  (in Russian)

Papers26 - 30
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Article NameDynamic Criterion of Crack Resistance of Structural Steels at Quasi-fragile Destruction
AuthorsE.I. Kolokolov
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail:
VITIkafMPM@mephi.ru

AbstractIn article it is shown that the fracture toughness of structural steels with quasigroups destruction can be determined by analyzing the charts load-deformation and factographic analysis of fracture cylindrical samples with sharp ring cut tested on strength. Retrieved dynamic criterion of fracture toughness (VCT) - G corresponds to the critical resistance promotion cracks GC, calculated through the stress intensity factor KS according to the concept of linear fracture mechanics. The use of VCT is the most correct way to determine the work of development of cracks, determined at present by testing for impact strength prismatic samples with pre-applied fatigue crack.
Keywordscrack resistance, Griffiths, criteria of destruction, quasigroups destruction, visco-brittle transition (VHP), plastic deformation, elastic energy, fractography
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Kachanov L.M. Osnovy mehaniki razrushenija [Introduction to probability theory and its appendices]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science], 1974. (in Russian)

[2] Parton V.Z. Mehanika razrushenija ot teorii k praktike [Mechanics of destruction from the theory to practice]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science], 1990, ISBN 5-02-014287-5, 240 p. (in Russian)

[3] Bartenev G.M. Sverhprochnye i vysokoprochnye neorganicheskie stekla [Heavy-duty and high-strength inorganic glasses]. M. Pub. Strojizdat [Stroyizdat], 1974 (in Russian)

[4] Irvin Dzh, Paris P. Osnovy teorii rosta treshhin i razrushenija. Razrushenie [Bases of the theory of crack growth and destruction. Destruction]. T. 3 [Vol.3]. M. Pub. Mir [“Mir”], 1976. (in Russian)

[5] Orowan E. Proseedings of the Symposium on Fatigue and Fracture of Metals. Wiley, N.F., 1952. p. 139. (in English)

[6] Kolokolov E.I. Issledovanie osobennostej razrushenija konstrukcionnyh stalej v intervale vjazko-hrupkogo perehoda pri razlichnyh uslovijah razrushenija [Research of features of constructional steel destruction in viscous and fragile transition interval under various conditions of destruction] : avtoref. dis. kand. tehn. nauk. [PhD thesis abstract in Engineering]. M. 1979, 26 p. (in Russian)

[7] Botvina L.R., Kolokolov E.I. Vvedenie v teoriyu veroyatnosti i ee prilozheniya [Introduction to probability theory and its appendices]. FHMM [PhChMM”]. 1976, pp. 23–26. (in Russian)

[8] Finkel V.M. Fizika razrushenija. Metallurgija [Physics of destruction. Metallurgy]. M. Pub. 1970. (in Russian)

[9] Vigli D.A. Mehanicheskie svojstva materialov pri nizkih temperaturah [Mechanical properties of materials at low temperatures]. M. Pub. Mir [“Mir”], 1974. (in Russian)

Papers31 - 43
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Article NameInfluence of Communication Resistance on Damage of the Electronic Equipment in the Grounding Device
AuthorsO.V. Fomenko*, M.A. Kostenko**, A.O. Novikova***
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
* e-mail:
olvikfomenko@mail.ru, ** e-mail: privet.4321@mail.ru ; *** e-mail: novikova.9309@mail.ru

AbstractIn the article the experimental and settlement assessment of an electromagnetic situation is presented under the terms of protection of microprocessor equipment and secondary circuits on the open distributing device 220кV. In addition, actions for providing electromagnetic compatibility placed on it microprocessor equipment and its secondary circuits taking into account a condition of the grounding device are developed.
Keywordselectromagnetic situation, electromagnetic compatibility, open distributing device, grounding device, microprocessor equipment, resistance of communication
LanguageRussian
References

[4] Djakov A.F., Maksimov B.K. etc. Jelektromagnitnaja sovmestimost v jelektrojenergetike i jelektrotehnike [Electromagnetic compatibility in power industry and electrical equipment]. / Pod red. A.F. Djakova [Edited by A.F. Diakov]. M. Pub. Jenergoatomizdat [Energoatomizdat], 2003, 768 p. (in Russian)

[2] SO 34.35.311-2004 (RAO EJeS Rossii). Metodicheskie ukazanija po opredeleniju jelektromagnitnoj obstanovki na jelektricheskih stancijah i podstancijah [SO 34.35.311-2004 (RAO UES of Russia). Methodical instructions by definition of an electromagnetic situation at power plants and substations]. M. Pub. Izdatelstvo MJeI [Moscow Power Engineering Institute publishing house], 2004. (in Russian)

 [3] Fomenko O.V., Pashkovskij A.V. Zashhita mikroprocessornoj apparatury i ee cepej ot vneshnih jelektromagnitnyh vozdejstvij estestvennogo i iskusstvennogo proishozhdenija [Protection of the microprocessor equipment and its chains against external electromagnetic influences of a natural and artificial origin]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety], 2013, №3(8), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 65–68. (in Russian)

Papers44 - 48
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Article NameAbout Weldability of Heat-Resistant Steels of Different Smelting Used in the Nuclear Power Industry
AuthorsN.N. Podrezov*, Y.V. Doronin**, L.S. Hegaj*
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360, e-mail: p1n2f@rambler.ru ;

** LTD «Certification Center of municipal services», 47A Izmajlovskoe St.(schosse), Moscow, Russia 105187,
e-mail: bekkenbauer@yandex.ru

AbstractThe paper presents results of investigation of weldability of the reactor and steam steel bainite class 15Х2НМФА and 10ГН2МФА held for more processing in installation of secondary refining and vacuum. The conclusion about influence of metallurgical background base metal on plastic deformation is investigated in austenitic steels temperature range.
Keywordswelding, heat-resistant steel hull, installation of secondary refining and vacuum, austenitic interval, high-temperature ductility
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Zorev N.N., Astaf'ev A.A., Timofeev M.M., Dub V.S. Razrabotka, issledovanie i kompleksnaja ocenka svojstv tehnologichnyh stalej perlitnogo klassa, sootvetstvujushhih trebovanijam mezhdunarodnyh standartov, i razrabotka tehnologii proizvodstva s oformleniem dlja primenenija v reaktorostroenii (otchjot po kompleksnoj teme A-62) [Development, research and complex assessment of properties technological staly perlitny class, the international standards conforming to requirements, and development of technology productions with registration for application in reactor building (the report on a complex subject A-62)]. NPO CNIITMash [head Zorev N. N., Astafyev A.A., Timofeev M. M., V.S. Dub]. M. Pub. PJSC SPA “CNIITMASH” [Central Research Institute of Machine Building Technology], 1973. p. 358. (in Russian)

[2] Dub A.V. Razvitie osnovnyh konstrukcionnyh materialov dlja izgotovlenija reaktorov VVJeR [Development of the main constructional materials for WWER reactor production]. Obespechenie bezopasnosti AJeS s VVJeR: materialy VIII mezhdunar. nauchno-tehnicheskoj konf., Podolsk, 28-31 maja 2013 g [Safety of the NPP with WWER: materials VIII international scientific and technical conference, Podolsk, May 28-31, 2013] OKB «Gidropress» [Experimental design bureau "Hydropress"]. 2013. Available at: http://www.gidropress.podolsk.ru/files/proceedings/mntk2013/autorun/indexru.htm (in Russian)

[3] Gorynin I.V., Timofeev B.T., Sorokin A.A. Verojatnostnyj analiz mehanicheskih svojstv materialov korpusov reaktorov VVJeR-1000 [Probabilistic analysis of mechanical properties of WWER-1000 reactor materials]. Problemy prochnosti [Durability problems]. 2006, №2, ISSN 0556-171Х, pp. 15–28 (in Russian)

[4] Zubchenko A.S., Koloskov M.M., Kashirskij Ju.V. etc. Marochnik stalej i splavov [Marochnik staly and alloys] / Pod obshhej red. A.S. Zubchenko [Edited by A.S. Zubchenko.].  M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical engineering], 2003,  ISBN 5-217-03177-8, 784 p. (in Russian)

[5] Suzuki H. etc. Zavisimost mezhdu hrupkostju stali pri vysokoj temperature i rastreskivanii nepreryvnolityh zagotovok [Dependence between fragility became at high temperature and cracking the continuous cast blanks]. Tjecu to haganje,1981, Vol.  67, №4, ISSN 0021-1575, p. 171. (in English)

Papers49 - 53
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Article NameSelection of Parameters for Automatic Welding of the Nuclear Reactors Pipelines
AuthorsD.V. Mogilevsky*, R.V. Pirozhkov**, T.A. Litvinova***
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
* e-mail: tvand@mail.ru; ** e-mail: roman-3.14@yandex.ru; *** e-mail: bratsk_tanja@mail.ru

AbstractOptimal welding parameters admitting to achieve stable obtaining of qualitative joint weld were selected. Methods of calculation of welding parameters in relation to space attitude of welding pool are cited.
Keywordsjoint welds, welding pool, pipings
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Pirozhkov R.V., Litvinova T.A., Tomilin S.A. Poluchenie struktury stali 110G13 metodom jelektrokontaktnogo uplotnenija [Receiving structure of steel 110G13 by electrocontact consolidation method]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2012, №4(5), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 49–53. (in Russian)

[2] Lykov A.V. Teorija teploprovodnosti [Theory of heat conductivity]. M. Pub. Vysshaja shkola  [The higher school], 1967. 600 p. (in Russian)

[3] Volchenko V.N. Kontrol kachestva svarnyh konstrukcij [Quality control of welded designs]. Sankt-Peterburg. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical engineering], 1986. 152 p. (in Russian)

Papers54 - 60
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Article NameContinuous Wavelet-Transform Use for Vibration Signal Processing
AuthorsI.I. Lebedev*, V.I. Lebedev**, A.V. Chernov***
Address

* Rostovatomtechenergo, Volgodonsk-28, Rostov region, Russia 347388, e-mail: ilebedev161@gmail.com
** Rostov Nuclear Power Plant, Volgodonsk-28, Rostov region, Russia 347388, e-mail: vi_lebedev_1985@mail.ru
*** Volgodonsk Energineering Technical Institute the branch of national Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail:
viti@mephe.ru, avchernov@mephe.ru

AbstractThe article discusses the use of spectral analysis and continuous wavelet transform vibration signals with low steady-state optioned by the centrifugal pump unit vibration inspection unit №4 Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant.
Keywordsvibrodiagnostics, spectral analysis, continuous wavelet transform, assembly defect
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Barkov A.V., Barkova N.A., Azovcev A.Ju. Monitoring i diagnostika rotornyh mashin po vibracii [Monitoring and diagnostics of rotor cars on vibration] : uchebn. posobie[manual]. Sankt-Peterburg. Pub. Izd. centr SPbGMTU [Publishing center of St. Petersburg State Marine Technical University], 2000. 159 p. (in Russian)

[2] Solodovnikov D.S. Novye podhody k pervichnoj obrabotke vibrosignalov rotornyh agregatov [New approaches to preprocessing of rotor unit vibrosignals]. Mirovoe soobshhestvo: problemy i puti reshenija: Sb. nauch. st [World community: problems and solutions: The collection of scientific articles]. №6. Ufa: Pub. Izd-vo UGNTU[Ufa State Petroleum Technological University publishing house], 2000. (in Russian)

[3] Jakovlev A.N. Vvedenie v vejvlet preobrazovanija [Introduction in wavelet transformation] / A.N. Jakovlev: uchebnoe posobie [manual]. Novosibirsk. Pub. SibNGTU–NGTU [Novosibirsk State Technical University], 2003, ISBN 5-7782-0405-1, 104 p. (in Russian)

[4] Sinelshhikov P.V., Chernov A.V. Osobennosti ispolzovanija metodov analiza chastotnyh sostavljajushhih tokovogo signala [Features of use of frequency component analysis methods of a current signal]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2012, №1, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 109–112. (in Russian)

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Nuclear facilities exploitation

Article NameControl of the Aerodynamic Shadow over Sprinkling Pools of the NPP. Hydroaerodynamic Modeling
AuthorsV.G. Bekhetov, O.L. Kolchenko, G.V. Domrima, Yu.M. Matevosjan
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the Branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: VITIkafTEO@mephi.ru

AbstractThe results of preliminary researches of a simple design of a flat lattice by means of which you can control the high-speed structure of an air stream over the sprinkling pools of the NPP are stated in the article. Problems of hydroaerodynamic modeling are considered. Application of a design will allow to reduce unproductive losses of water considerably.
Keywordsair stream, sprinkling pools, lattice, hydroaerodynamic modeling, aerodynamic shadow, fountain wall
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Pojker H. Kulturnyj landshaft: formirovanie i uhod [Cultural landscape: formation and leaving] / H. Pojker; per. s nem. V.V.Cvetkova [translated from German by V. V. Tsvetkov]. M. Pub. Agropromizdat [Agropromizdat], 1987. 176 p. (in Russian)

[2] Smyslov V.V. Gidravlika i ajerodinamika [Hydraulics and aerodynamics] : Uchebnik dlja vuzov [The textbook for higher education]. Per. s ukr., pererab. i dop [translation from Ukrainian, processed and added]. Kiev. Pub. Vishha shkola [The higher school], 1979. pp. 322–328. (in Russian)

Papers78 - 84
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Article NameBasic Principles of Electropulse Moisture Measurement Turbine Oil of NPP Units
AuthorsK.S. Sidorov, V.V. Shaposhnicov
Address

Snezhinsk Physisc-Technical Institute the Branch of National Nuclear Research University MEPhI
8 Komsomolsk st., Snezhinsk city, Cheliabinsk reg. 456776
e-mail: k.s.sidorov@bk.ru

AbstractThis work presents the method of determining moisture content electropulse of turbine oils. It also describes the principle of capacitive sensor measuring moisture saturation of "ELIM". Various electrical characteristics of the oil are considered with the pie chart area. Using the proposed method is an important solution to the problem of timely diagnosis of continuous structural elements and units of nuclear power plants.
KeywordsNPP units, turbines, turbine oils, increasing moisture content oil, permittivity capacitance method, the threshold detector, determination of moisture content, the breakdown of liquid dielectrics, electric capacity, heterogeneous systems, rapid diagnosis oils
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Smirenin B.A. Spravochnik po radiotehnike [Reference book on radio engineering].  M. Pub. «Gosjenergoizdat»,1950 ["Gosenergoizdat"]. 784 p. (in Russian)

[2] Sidorov K.S., Shaposhnikov V.V. Apparatno-programmnyj kompleks dlja operativnogo opredelenija vlagosoderzhanija turbinnogo masla na agregatah AJeS [Hardware-software complex for expeditious determination of moisture content of turbine oil in the NPP units]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2013, №4(9), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 40–45. (in Russian)

[3] Shaposhnikov V.V., Lebedev A.V., Shherbakov V.N., Gaponov V.E. Ustrojstvo kontrolja vlazhnosti. Patent RF №2471178. 2011. [Humidity control unit. Patent Russian Federation №2471178. 2011]. 2011. (in Russian)

[4] GOST R ISO 5725-1-2002 Tochnost' (pravil'nost' i precizionnost') metodov i rezul'tatov izmerenij [SST P ISO 5725-1-2002 Accuracy (correctness and pretsizionnost) methods and results of measurements]. 2002. (in Russian)

[5] Shaposhnikov V.V., Sidorov K.S. Issledovanie kompleksnoj dijelektricheskoj pronicaemosti obvodnennyh turbinnyh masel agregatov AJeS [Research of complex dielectric permeability of the flooded turbine oils of the NPP units]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2014, №1(10), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 59–62.  (in Russian)

Papers85 - 88
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Article NameFull-scale Observations During Containment Erection of Rostov NPP Unit №3
AuthorsV.N. Medvedev *, Aleksander S. Kiselev **, Aleksey S. Kiselev **, A.N. Ul'yanov *, V.F. Strizhov ***, E.A. Potapov ****
Address

Nuclear Safety Institute (IBRAE), Moscow, Rostov NPP, Volgodonsk, Rostov region
* e-mail: cont@ibrae.ac.ru; ** e-mail: kis-rncki@rambler.ru; *** e-mail: vfs@ibrae.ac.ru;
**** e-mail: tn17046@yandex.ru

AbstractThe paper focuses on the features of the Rostov NPP Unit 3 containment stress-strain state during its erection and prestressing.
Keywordsсontainment, tendon, concrete, tension, efforts
LanguageRussian
References

[1] RD JeO 1.1.2.99.0007-2011. Tipovaja instrukcija po jekspluatacii proizvodstvennyh zdanij i sooruzhenij atomnyh stancij [RD EO 1.1.2.99.0007-2011. Standard maintenance instruction of production buildings and constructions of nuclear power plants]. M., 2011. (in Russian)

[2] Medvedev V.N., Uljanov A.N.  Sravnitel'nyj analiz sistem predvaritel'nogo naprjazhenija zashhitnyh obolochek AJeS [Comparative analysis of preliminary tension systems of protective covers of the NPP]. Izvestija vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij [News of higher educational institutions]. Severo-Kavkazskij region [North Caucasus region]. Tehnicheskie nauki [Technical science]. 2008, Specvypusk [Special issue], ISSN 0321-2653, pp. 99–105. (in Russian)

[3] Medvedev V.N., Uljanov A.N., Kiselev Aleksandr S., Kiselev Aleksej S., Strizhov V.F. O primenenii modernizirovannoj sistemy prednaprjazhenija SPZO-M na zashhitnyh obolochkah AJeS [About use of the modernized system of SPZO-M pretension  on the NPP protective covers]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2012, №2–3(4), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 20–26. (in Russian)

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Safety culture, socio and legal aspects of territorial development of nuclear facilities location

Article NameThe History of "Culture of Safety" Concept
AuthorsV.A. Roudenko
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: VARudenko@mephi.ru

AbstractThe essence of culture of safety concept is considered in the article. The question of the introduction of this concept and disclosing of essential features is debatable. Nearly 90% authors refer the creation of culture of safety concept to 1986 (INSAG-1) though the “culture of safety” phrase is only used for the first time in the first magazine issue published by the International consultative group of nuclear safety. The object of present research is formation of the concept for half a century nuclear power development, the comparative analysis of approaches to culture of safety definition and further projects on improvement of the conception.
Keywordssafety, culture of safety, purpose and principles of nuclear safety, human factor
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Tihonov M.V., Rylov M.I. Uroki Chernobylja i Fukusimy: kultura i koncepcija bezopasnosti na obektah ispolzovanija atomnoj jenergii [Lessons of Chernobyl and Fukushima: culture and the concept of safety on objects of atomic energy use]. Jekologicheskie sistemy i pribory [Ecological systems and devices]. 2013, №12, ISSN 2072-9952, pp. 38–50 (in Russian)

[2] Vasilenko N.P., Rudenko V.A. Motivacionnaja sostavljajushhaja lichnosti v kul'ture bezopasnosti [Motivational component of the personality in safety culture]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2014, №2(11), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 135–141 (in Russian)

[3] Kuznecov,V.N. Formirovanie kultury bezopasnosti v transformirujushhemsja obshhestve: sociologicheskij aspect [Formation of safety culture in the transformed society: sociological aspect] : avtoref. dis. kand. sociolog. nauk  [PhD thesis abstract in Sociology]. M. 2002. Available at: http://www.dissercat.com/content/formirovaniekultury-bezopasnosti-v-transformiruyushchemsya-obshchestve-sotsiologicheskiias#ixzz3DMOQ9t1O (in Russian)

[4] Abramova V.N. Organizacionnaja psihologija, organizacionnaja kul'tura i kul'tura bezopasnosti v atomnoj jenergetike [Organizational psychology, organizational culture and safety culture in nuclear power]. Chast II [Part II]. Psihologija formirovanija i povyshenija organizacionnoj kultury i kultury bezopasnosti na atomnyh stancijah [Psychology of formation and increase of organizational culture and safety culture on nuclear power plants]. M. Obninsk: Pub. IG – SOCIN [Research Group "Social Sciences"], 2011. (in Russian)

[5] Kuprijanova I.A. Kultura bezopasnosti jadernyh obektov. Kriterii ocenki i sposoby ejo ocenki [Safety culture of nuclear objects. Criteria of an assessment and ways of its assessment]. 2004. Available at: http://nsrus.ru/materialy/stati/kuprijanova-i-a-kultura-bezopasnosti-jadernyh-obektov-kriteriiocenki-i-sposoby-eyo-ocenki.html (in Russian)

[6] Smutnev V.I. Prakticheskaja kultura bezopasnosti jekspluatacii AJeS [Practical safety culture of the NPP operation]. NuclearNo.ru: setevoj zhurn [NuclearNo.ru: network journal]. M. 2011. Available at: http://nuclearno.ru/text.asp?9778 (in Russian)

[7] Agapov A.M., Novikov G.A. Atomnaja otrasl', atomnoe pravo i kul'tura bezopasnosti [Nuclear branch, nuclear right and safety culture]. Jadernaja i radiacionnaja bezopasnost Rossii [Nuclear and radiation safety of Russia]. 2005, №1, ISSN 2218-8665 (in Russian)

[8] IAEA. Summary Report on the Post-Accident Review Meeting on the Chernobyl Accident. Safety Series, No. 75-INSAG-1. IAEA, 1986. (in English)

[9] MAGATJe. Osnovnye principy bezopasnosti atomnyh jelektrostancij. Serija izdanij po bezopasnosti № 75-INSAG-3 [IAEA. Basic principles of safety of nuclear power plants. A series of editions on safety № 75-INSAG-3.]. MAGATJe [IAEA], 1989. (in Russian)

[10] IAEA. Safety Culture. Safety series No. 75-INSAG-4. IAEA. Vienna, 1991. (in English)

[11] Karjakin A.M., Seleznev Ju.N. Rol chelovecheskogo faktora v razvitii atomnogo jenergopromyshlennogo kompleksa Rossii [Role of a human factor in development of a nuclear power industrial complex of Russia]. Vestnik IGJeU [Ivanovo State Power Engineering University bulletin]. 2008, Vyp. 1[Issue 1], ISSN 2072-2672, pp. 3–8. (in Russian)

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Article NameMathematical Training Features of the Students Focused on Work in the Nuclear Power Complex
AuthorsN.P. Vasilenko, N.I. Chabanova
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: NPVasilenko@mephi.ru

AbstractIn this article, the authors highlighted the modern mathematical training features of students stipulated specific character of their future professional activity, the need to develop students safety culture by means of academic disciplines, the Concept of mathematical training in Russia, advanced information and communication educational technologies, the transition to e-pedagogy in education system.
Keywordssafety, training, safety culture, educational technology, e-pedagogy
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Koncepcija razvitija rossijskogo matematicheskogo obrazovanija [Concept of the Russian mathematical education development]. 2013. Available at:// www.pravo.gov.ru (in Russian)

[2] Plan meroprijatij po realizacii Koncepcii razvitija matematicheskogo obrazovanija v Rossijskoj Federacii [The plan of measures on implementation of the Concept of mathematical education in the Russian Federation development]. 2014. Available at: //www.math.ru/conc/vers/meryMON-0.doc  (in Russian)

[3] Andreev A. Jelektronnaja pedagogika: mozhet ona i sushhestvuet [Electronic pedagogics: it can exist]. 2014. Available at: http://www.e-learning.by/Article/Elektronnaja-pedagogika-mozhet-onai-suschestvuet/ELearning.html (in Russian)

[4] Kiseleva V. P. Ocenka rezultatov obuchenija studentov po itogam FJePO: kompetentnostnyj podhod [Assessment of training results of students following the  FEPO results: competence-based approach]. / Ocenka kompetencij i rezul'tatov obuchenija studentov v sootvetstvii s trebovanijami FGOS [Assessment of competences and training results of students according to requirements of FGOS]: materialy III Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii [materials III of the All-Russian scientific and practical conference]. М., 2012. pp. 31–35. (in Russian)

[5] Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Prakticheskie metody formirovanija priverzhennosti kul'ture bezopasnosti na individualnom urovne u studentov vuza [Practical methods of commitment formation to safety culture at the individual level at students of higher education institution].  Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2013, №1(6), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 100–103. (in Russian)

[6] Ilmushkin G.M. Matematicheskaja podgotovka budushhih specialistov atomnoj otrasli kak vazhnejshij faktor professionalnogo stanovlenija [Mathematical training of future specialists of nuclear branch as the most important factor of professional formation]. Fundamentalnye issledovanija [Basic researches]. 2012, №11, (chast 5)[Part 5], ISSN 1812-7339, pp. 1103-1106. Available at: http://www.rae.ru (in Russian)

[7] Zamyslova A.I. Razvitie professional'noj kompetentnosti studentov tehnicheskih vuzov sredstvami matematiki [Development of professional competence of technical university students by means of mathematics]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2014, №2(11), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 125–130. (in Russian)

[8] Berela A.I., Fedotov A.G., Tomilin S.A. Tehnologicheskoe  oborudovanie,  primenjaemoe  v  rabotah  po  vyvodu  iz jekspluatacii blokov AJeS [The processing equipment applied in works during NPP block decommissioning]. Globalnaja jadernaja bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety]. 2013, №1(6), ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 58–66. (in Russian)

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