2015-2(15)

Problems of nuclear, radiation and ecological safety

Article NameDamage Assessment of Environmental Radioactive Contamination at Nuclear Facilities during Radiation Accident
AuthorsI.A. Starodubtcev *, A.P. Elokhin **
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Moscow, Russia 115409
* e-mail:
81-720@mail.ru ; ** e-mail: elokhin@yandex.ru

AbstractIn article the problem of safe operation of the existing radiation-hazardous waste storages, new storages constructions in the CIS territory is considered. A brief classification of the existing radioactive waste is given. The review of a complex of the reasons of the largest radiation accidents at nuclear facilities is carried out from the point of view of technical faults of the serving automatic devices of automatic equipment. The short characteristic of the radioactive materials released into the atmosphere as a result of radiation accidents, features of radioactive pollution of adjacent territories, the dosimetric analysis of the district is provided.
Keywordsradiation-hazardous objects, radiation-hazardous waste, nuclear safety, radiation safety, radiation accident, environmental damage
LanguageRussian
References

[1]    Korenkov I.P., Shandala N.K., Lashhenkova T.N., Sobolev A.I. Zashhita okruzhayushhej sredy pri ekspluatacii i vyvode iz ekspluatacii radiacionno-opasnyh obektov [Environment protection at operation and a conclusion from operation of radiation-hazardous objects] /  Pod red. I.P. Korenkova, K.V. Kotejko [Edited by I.P. Korenkova, K.V. Koteyko]. M. Pub. Izdatelstvo BINOM [Publishing house BINOM], 2014, ISBN 978-5-9518-0586-7, 440 p. (in Russian)

[2]    Krupnye radiacionnye avarii: posledstviya i zashhitnye mery [Major radiation accidents: consequences and protective measures] / Aleksaxin R.M., Buldakov L.A., Gubanov V.A. etc.; Pod red. L.A. Ilina, V.A. Gubanova [Edited by L. A. Ilyin, V. A. Gubanov], Monographia [monograph]. М. Pub. Izdat [Publish], 2001, ISBN 5-86656-113-1, 751 p. (in Russian)

[3]    Federalnyj zakon ot 10 yanvarya 2002 g. №7 – FZ «Ob ohrane okruzhayushhej sredy» [The federal law of January 10, 2002 №. 7 – Federal Law "About Environmental Protection"]. (in Russian)

[4]    Postanovlenie pravitelstva RF ot 19.10.2012 «O kriteriyah otneseniya tverdyh, zhidkih i gazoobraznyh othodov» [The resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of 19.10.2012 "About criteria of reference of solid, liquid and gaseous waste"]. (in Russian)

[5]    Agapov A.M. Othody MinAtoma [Waste of Ministry of Atomic Energy]. Barjer bezopasnosti [Safety barrier], 2003, p. 44–48. (in Russian)

[6]    Avramenko M.I. , Averin A.N., Lobojko B.G. etc. Avariya 1957. Ocenka parametrov vzryva i analiz xarakteristik radioaktivnogo zagryazneniya territorii [Accident 1957. Assessment of parameters of explosion and analysis of characteristics of radioactive pollution of the territory. Voprosy radiacionnoj bezopasnosti [Questions of radiation safety], 1997, №3, С. 18–29. (in Russian)

[7]    Prikaz po Ministerstvu srednego mashinostroeniya ot 11.10.57 o rassledovanii prichin vzryva na kombinate 817 [The order on MCM of 11.10.57 about investigation of causes of explosions at combine 81]. Arhiv proizvodstvenogo objedineniya «Mayak» [Mayak production association archive], Fond [Fund] 1, Opis’[Inventory list] 28, Delo [Matter] 1. (in Russian)

[8]    Akt komissii Ministerstva srednego mashinostroeniya ot 25.11.57 o rassledovanii prichin vzryva na objekte 25 [The act of the commission of MCM of 25.11.57 about investigation of causes of explosions on object 25]. Arhiv proizvodstvenogo objedineniya «Mayak» [Mayak production association archive], Fond [Fund] 1, Opis’[Inventory list] 30, Delo [Matter] 75. (in Russian)

[9]    Raschetnoe modelirovanie formirovaniya Vostochno-Uralskogo radioaktivnogo sleda: Otchet o NIR [Settlement modeling of formation of the East Ural radioactive trace: Report on NIR] / Nauchnyj rukovoditel M.N. Avramenko [Research supervisor M. N. Avramenko]. RFYaC–VNIITF [Russian Federal Nuclear Center – VNIITF], 1998. (in Russian)

[10]  Izuchenie radioekologicheskih, radiacionno-gigienicheskih i socialno-hozyajstvennyh posledstvij massirovannogo radioaktivnogo zagryazneniya bolshix ploshhadej (1958–1984 gg.) [Studying of radio ecological, radiation and hygienic and socioeconomic consequences of massive radioactive pollution of big squares (1958-1984)]. Vol. III. Radiacionnaya obstanovka i dinamika povedeniya radionuklidov v okruzhayushhej srede: Otchet o NIR [Volume III. A radiation situation and dynamics of behavior of radionuclides in environment: Report on NIR] / Nauchnye rukovoditeli I.A. Ternovskij, E.N. Teverovskij [Research supervisors I.A. Ternovsky, E.N. Teverovsky]. Fond proizvodstvenogo objedineniya «Mayak» [Fund Mayak production association], Inventarnyi nomer ОН−2165, 1984. (in Russian)

[11]  Atomnaya nauka i tehnika v SSSR [Nuclear science and equipment in the USSR]. М. Pub. Atomizdat [Atomizdat], 1977. (in Russian)

[12]  Akt Mezhvedomstvennoj komissii po rassledovaniyu prichin i razrabotki meropriyatij po likvidacii posledstvij avarii na radioximicheskom zavode Sibirskogo ximicheskogo kombinata (№02-07/ 329 ot 14.04.93. Utverzhdennyj Ministrom ministerstva atomnoj energetiki RF V.N. Mixajlovym) [The act of the Interdepartmental commission on investigation of the reasons and development of actions for elimination of consequences of accident at radiochemical plant of Siberian Chemical Plant (No. 02-07/329 of 14.04.93. Утв. Minister of MAHE of the Russian Federation V. N. Mikhaylov)]. (in Russian)

[13]  Pitkevich V.A., Shershakov V.M., Duba V.V. Analiz i prognoz radiacionnoj obstanovki v rajone avarii na Sibirskom ximicheskom kombinate [The analysis and the forecast of a radiation situation around accident on Siberian Chemical Plant]. Radiaciya i risk, 1993, Vypusk [Radiation and risk]. 3, Prilozhenie 2 [Appendix 2], ISSN 0131-3878, p. 3–48. (in Russian)

[14] Iljin L.A., Kochetkov O.A., Savkin M.N. etc. Incident na Sibirskom himicheskom kombinate v 1993 g. (Tomsk-7): prichiny, posledstviya i kontrmery [Incident on Siberian Chemical Plant in 1993 (Tomsk-7): reasons, consequences and counter-measures]. Wien. Pub. IAEA, TECDOC 7955/RB, 1995. (in English)

[15]  ICRP Publication 60. Recommendations of International Commission on Radiological Protection // Ann. ICRP. Vol. 21. №1-3. Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, 1991. (in English)

[16]  Normy radiacionnoj bezopasnosti (NRB-99) SP-2.6.1.758-99 [Standards of radiation safety (NRB-99) SP-2.6.1.758-99]. М. Pub. Minzdrav Rossii [Russian Ministry of Health], 1999. (in Russian)

[17]  Savkin M.N., Titov A.V. Analiz radiacionnoj obstanovki na slede avarijnogo vybrosa radiohimicheskogo zavoda Sibirskogo himicheskogo kombinata [The analysis of a radiation situation on a trace of emergency emission of radiochemical plant of Siberian Chemical Plant]. Medicina katastrof Medicine of accidents,[Medicine of accidents] 1995, №1–2, ISSN 2070-1004, p. 76–84. (in Russian)

[18]  V zone otchuzhdeniya Chernobylskoj AES nachalos stroitelstvo hranilishha otrabotannogo yadernogo topliva [In an exclusion zone of the Chernobyl NPP construction of storage of the fulfilled nuclear fuel began]. Available at:  http://www.1tv.ru/news/techno/266489 (in Russian)

[19]  Ukraina mozhet nachat zakupat yadernoe toplivo dlya AES u SShA[Ukraine can start buying nuclear fuel for the NPP from the USA]. Available at:   http://www.1tv.ru/news/techno/274981 (in Russian)

[20]  Novoe vremennoe hranilishhe radioaktivnyh othodov postroyat bliz Kazani [The new temporary storage of radioactive waste will be constructed near Kazan]. Available at: http://www.bellona.ru/articles_ru/articles_2014/Kazan-RAO-OVOS (in Russian)

[21]  Sooruzhenie 103 [Construction 103]. Available at: http://www.radon.ru/line_activity/rao/storage/ (in Russian)

[22]  Stroitelstvo hranilishha radioaktivnyh othodov v Rostovskoj oblasti nachnetsya v 2015 g. [Construction of storage of radioactive waste in the Rostov region will begin in 2015.]. Available at: http://www.atomic-energy.ru/news/2014/10/20/52344 (in Russian)

[23]  Stroitelstvo xranilishha radioaktivnyh othodov v Rostovskoj oblasti nachnetsya v 2015 g. [Construction of storage of radioactive waste in the Rostov region will begin in 2015.]. Available at: http://rostov.rbc.ru/rostov_topnews/16/10/2014/953372.shtml (in Russian)

[24]  ES dast Dushanbe deneg na uranovye mogilniki [The EU will give Dushanbe money for uranium burial grounds]. Available at: http://www.bbc.com/russian/international/2012/12/121218_tajikistan_uranium (in Russian)

Papers7 - 23
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Research, design, construction and installation of nuclear facilities manufacturing equipment

Article NameExpediency of Mobile Technological Equipment Use During Production of Nuclear Machine Building Objects
AuthorsP.D. Kravchenko
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail:
krapa21@yandex.ru

AbstractSubstantiation of expediency of mobile technological equipment use during production of nuclear machine building objects is represented. Instead of known system “lathe – adjustment – instrument – blank” the system “blank – instrument – adjustment – lathe” is proposed, which allow to object from huge technological equipment and use small mobile equipment. Application of heuristic methods during design process with using the wild nature principles - “ant” , “spider”, “beaver” – led to nearly optimal decisions.
Keywordsnuclear machine building, technology, mobile equipment, heuristic method
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Proektirovanie nestandartnogo oborudovaniya. Tyazheloe i atomnoe mashinostroenie [Design of the non-standard equipment. Heavy and nuclear mechanical engineering]. monografiya [monograph]. Pod red. P.D. Kravchenko [Edited by P.D. Kravchenko] Shahty. Pub. YuRGUE'S” [Shahty. Pub. SRSUES], 2001, ISBN 5-93834-023-3, 280 p. (in Russian)

[2] Kravchenko P.D. etc. Konstruktorskie resheniya pri proektirovanii transportno-texnologicheskogo oborudovaniya v atomnom mashinostroenii [Design decisions at design of transport processing equipment in nuclear mechanical engineering] Volgodonskij institut servisa (filial) YuRGUE'S [Volgodonsk Service Institute branch SRSUES] monografiya [monograph]. Shahty. Pub. YuRGUE'S” [Shahty. Pub. SRSUES], 2008, 186 p. (in Russian)

[3] Polovinkin A.I. Osnovy inzhenernogo tvorchestva [Bases of engineering creativity] uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vuzov [manual for students of higher education institutions.]. M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical engineering], 1988, ISBN 5-217-00016-3, 368 p. (in Russian)

Papers30 - 34
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Article NameFormation Process Modeling of the Seam Underside on Weight when One-side Welding Pipe Root Joints by Metal Cored Wire
AuthorsA.M. Rybachuk*1, Gu. Czigany*2, Yu.V. Doronin**3, P.S. Kuznetsov**4
Address

* Bauman Moscow State Technical University, 5 Vtoraya Baumanskaya St., Moscow, Russia 105005
** Certification Center of Municipal Economy (CCME), 47a Izmajlovskoy Shosse, Moscow, Russia 105187
1 e-mail:
amrybachuk@mail.ru ; 2 e-mail: gujieren12345@163.com
3 e-mail: bekkenbauer@yandex.ru ; 4 e-mail: psmaiden@gmail.com

AbstractIn work formation process of the seam root roller at one-side arc welding by metal cored wire on weight is simulated. Influence of physical and chemical properties of liquid metal on border with the gas environment on formation process of seam return roller surface is shown. Pressure force calculation of arch is made.
Keywordsone-sided welding, seam root, arc pressure, viscosity, interfacial tension
LanguageRussian
References

[1]    Akulov A.I., Rybachuk A.M. Uderzhanie zhidkogo metalla svarochnoj vanny  poperechnym magnitnym polem [Deduction of liquid metal of a welding bathtub cross magnetic field]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding fabrication], 1972, №2, ISSN 0491-6441, p. 3–6. (in Russian)

[2]    Karasev M.V., Doroshenko F.E., Kazakov A.A., Lyubochko D.A. Texnologicheskie osobennosti vypolneniya razlichnyh sloev shva pri avtomaticheskoj svarke truboprovodov [Technological features of performance of various layers of a seam at automatic welding of pipe ducts cooking production]. Svarka i diagnostika [Welding and preliminary treatment], 2014, №6, ISSN 2071-5234, p. 45–49. (in Russian)

[3]    Aleshin N.P., Gladkov E.A., Doronin Yu.V., Brodyagin V.N., Kuznecov P.S., Sholoxov M.A. Aktualnye voprosy svarki nepovorotnyh stykov truboprovodov v montazhnyh usloviyah [Topical issues of welding of non-rotary joints of pipe ducts in assembly conditions]. Svarka i diagnostika [Welding and preliminary treatment], 2013, №3, ISSN 2071-5234, p. 36–41. (in Russian)

[4]    Doronin Yu.V. Razrabotka teoreticheskih osnov formirovaniya obratnoj storony shva s uchetom fiziko-ximicheskih processov v svarochnoj vanne i sozdanie novyh svarochnyh materialov dlya odnostoronnej dugovoj svarki stalej plavyashhimsya elektrodom [Development of theoretical bases of formation of the underside of a seam taking into account physical and chemical processes in a welding bathtub and creation of new welding materials for unilateral arc welding staly the melting electrode]. Dissertaciya na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni doktora texnicheskih nauk [thesis of the Doctor of Engineering]. M. 2010, 352 p. (in Russian)

[5]    Popel S.I. Poverhnostnye yavleniya v rasplavah [The superficial phenomena in fusions]. M. Pub. Metallurgia [Metallurgy], 1994, ISBN 5-229-01037-1, 432 p. (in Russian)

[6]    Berezovskij V.M. Optimizaciya formy shva pri nepreryvnom proplavlenii bez podkladki [Optimization of a form of a seam at unlined continuous pro-melting]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding fabrication], 1988, №3, ISSN 0491-6441, p. 29–31. (in Russian)

[7]    Bockris J.O'M. Investigation into structure of liquid silicates. Rev. Chemical, 1955, №1, ISSN 0009-2665, p. 234–237. (in English)

[8]    Pohodnya I.K., Suptel A.M., Shlepakov V.N. Svarka poroshkovoj provolokoj [flux cored welding]. Kiev. Pub.  Naukova dumka [Scientific thought], 1972, 224 p. (in Russian)

[9]    Chigarev V.V. Vliyanie shihty serdechnika na elektrosoprotivlenie poroshkovoj lenty [Center hub furnace charge influence on resistance of a powder tape arch powder wire] Sovremennye problemy svarki i rodstvennyh texnologij, sovershenstvovanie podgotovki kadrov [Modern problems of welding and related technologies, training improvement] : Tezisy dokladov Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-metodicheskoj konferencii [theses of reports of the International scientific and methodical conference]. Mariupol: PGTU [PSTU], 2001, p. 16–17. (in Russian)

[10]  Rybachuk A.M., Chernyshov G.G. Silovoe vozdejstvie konusnoj dugi na elektrod i svarochnuyu vannu [Power impact of a conical arch on an electrode and welding tub]. Svarka i diagnostika [Welding and preliminary treatment], 2010, №5, ISSN 2071-5234, p. 6–8. (in Russian)

[11]  Rybachuk A.M., Chernyshov G.G. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie fizicheskih processov v duge i svarochnoj vanne [Mathematical modeling of physical processes in an arch and a welding tub] : Uchebnoe posobie [manual], M. Pub. “Izdatelstvo MGTU im. N.E. Baumana” [Bauman Moscow State Technical University Publishing House], 2007, ISBN 978-5-7038-2941-7, 74 p. (in Russian)

Papers35 - 44
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Article NameProduction of Shutoff Valves Details by Powder Metallurgy Methods
AuthorsA.V. Marchenko, E.I. Kolokolov
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: VITIkafMPM@mephi.ru

AbstractOperating conditions of shutoff valves are studied. The main shortcomings of surfacing methods by manual and automatic arc welding at production of fittings saddles are listed. The way of production of locking knot saddle of the high pressure valve by method of dynamic hot pressing of previously baked preparation of the necessary structure in the “in-sity” case is offered.
Keywordsvalve, saddle, defects, porosity, wear, dynamic hot pressing
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Gurevich D.F. Truboprovodnaya armatura [Pipeline fittings]. 2-e izd., pererab.  i  dop. [2nd Edition: processed and added]. Leningrad. Pub. “Mashinostroenie” [Mechanical engineering], 1981, 368 p. (in Russian)

[2] Kotov Yu.V., Krotov V.V. Oborudovanie atomnyh elektrostancij [Equipment of nuclear power plants] M. Pub. “Mashinostroenie” [Mechanical engineering], 1982, 376 p. (in Russian)

[3] Imbirskij M.I. Spravochnik po truboprovodam i armature ximicheskih cehov elektrostancij [Reference book on pipe ducts and fittings of by-product recovery departments of power plants]. M. Pub. Energiya [Energy], 1974, 168 p. (in Russian)

[4] Chichinadze A.V., Berlinger E'.M., Braun E.D. Trenie, iznos, i smazka (tribologiya i tribotexnika) [Friction, wear, and lubricant (tribology and tribo technology)] M. Pub. “Mashinostroenie” [Mechanical engineering], 2003, ISBN 5-217-03053-4, 576 p. (in Russian)

[5] Xasui A., Morigaki O. Naplavka i napylenie [Surfacing and spraying] Gerevod s yaponskogo V.N. Popova pod red. V.S. Stepina, N.G. Shesterkina [translation from Japanese by V. N. Popov edited by V.S. Stepin, N.G. Shesterkin]. M. Pub. “Mashinostroenie” [Mechanical engineering], 1985, 240 p.

[6] Libenson G.A. Osnovy poroshkovoj metallurgii [Fundamentals of powder metallurgy]. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. [2nd Edition: processed and added] M. Pub. “Metallurgiya” [Metallurgy], 1987, 208 p.

[7] Pirozhkov R.V. Kinetika processa mexanicheskogo aktivirovaniya poroshkovyh shiht [Kinetics of mechanical activation process of powder furnace charges]. Materialy i texnologii XXI veka : sb. st. XI Mezhdunar. nauch.–prakt. konf. Mart 2013 g. [Materials and XXI century technologies: collection of articles of XI International scientific and practical conference March, 2013.] Penza, 2013, p. 14–18.

[8] Dorofeev Yu.G. Dinamicheskoe goryachee pressovanie poristyh materialov [Dynamic hot pressing of porous materials]. M. Pub. “Nauka” [Science], 1968, 116 p.

Papers45 - 48
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Article NameExperimental Research Protection against Gamma Radiation of Organic and Metallic Compositions
AuthorsO.L. Tashlykov*, S.E. Shsceklein*, A.P. Chomjakov*, I.M. Russkikh**, E.N. Seleznev**
Address

Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, Sverlovsk region 
JSC «Institute of Nuclear Materials», Zaretchny, Sverlovsk region
e-mail: otashlykov@list.ru

AbstractPotential of design of optimum structure of fillers of homogeneous radiation protective materials for the given isotope structure of radioactive pollution is shown. Pilot study results of the weakening ability of homogeneous radiation protective materials with various fillers in relation to gamma radiation are given.
Keywordsradiation protection optimization, frequency rate of weakening, homogenous radiation protective material
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Publikaciya 103 Mezhdunarodnoj Komissii po radiacionnoj zashhite (MKRZ) [ Publication 103 International Commissions on radiation protection (ICRP)].  Per s angl [Translation from English.]. Pod obshhej red. M.F. Kiselyova i N.K. Shandaly[ Edited by M.F. Kiselyov and N.K. Shandala]. М. Pub. Izd. OOO PKF «Alana» [JSC publishing house “Alana” business concern], 2009. (in Russian)

[2] Russkih I.M., Seleznev E.N., Tashlykov O.L., Shheklein S.E. Eksperimentalno-teoreticheskoe issledovanie organometallicheskih radiacionno-zashhitnyh materialov, adaptirovannyh k istochnikam izlucheniya soslozhnym izotopnym sostavom [Experimental and theoretical research the organometallicheskikh of the radiation protective materials adapted for radiation sources with difficult isotope structure]. Yadernayafizika i inzhiniring [Nuclear physics and engineering], 2014, Vol. 5, №5, ISSN 2079-5629, DOI 10.1134/S207956291405008X, p. 449–455. (in Russian)

[3] Tashlykov O.L. Dozovye zatraty personala v atomnojenergetike. Analiz. Putisnizheniya. Optimizaciya [Dose expenses of the personnel in nuclear power. Analysis. Ways of decrease. Optimization]: Monographia [monograph]. – Saarbrüсken, Germany, Pub. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. RG, 2011, 232 p. (in Russian)

[4] Tashlykov O.L., Shheklein S.E., Bulatov V.I., Shastin A.G. O problem snizheniya doz ovyh zatrat personala AES [About a problem of decrease in dose expenses of the NPP personnel]. Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Yadernaya energetika [News of higher education institutions. Nuclear power], 2011, №1, ISSN 0204-3327, p.55–60. (in Russian)

[5] Tashlykov O.L., Shheklein S.E., Kadnikov A.A. Optimizaciya dozovyh zatrat v processe glubokoj modernizacii blokov AES s celyu prodleniya sroka ekspluatacii (na primere zameny parogeneratorov PGV-1000) [Optimization of dose expenses in the course of deep modernization of blocks of the NPP for the purpose of extension of term of operation (on the example of replacement of PGV-1000 steam generators)]. Trudy Odesskogo politexnicheskogo universiteta [Works of the Odessa polytechnical university], 2012,Vypusk [Issue] 1(38), ISSN 2076-2429,p. 107–112. (in Russian)

[6] Savchenkova G.A., Artamonova T.A., Savchenkov V.P., Tashlykov O.L., Shheklein S.E., Russkix I.M., Seleznev E.N., Savchenkova G.A., Artamonova T.A., Savchenkov V.P., Tashlykov O.L., Shheklein S.E., Russkix I.M., Seleznev E.N. Perspektivy ispolzovaniya materialov serii Abris dlya radiacionnoj zashhity personala AES [Prospects of use of materials of the Outline series for radiation protection of the NPP personnel]. Sbornik dokladov vosmoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-texnicheskoj konferencii 23-25 maya 2012 g. [Collection of reports of the eighth international scientific and technical conference on May 23-25, 2012.]. M. Pub. OAO «Koncern Rosenergoatom», 2012, p. 504–508. (in Russian)

[7] Briesmeister, Ed., “A General Monte Carlo N – Particle Transport code”, Los Alamos National Laboratory report, LA-12625-M, Version 4B (1997). (in English)

[8] Prakticheskaya realizaciya metodologii ALARA na AES [Practical realization of methodology of ALARA on the NPP]: metodicheskoe posobie [methodical manual]. М. Pub. «Rosenergoatom», 1999, ISBN 5-98298-264-4, 186 p. (in Russian)

Papers49 - 55
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Article NameSystem of Electrodriving Fittings Diagnostic Signals Processing
AuthorsE.A. Abidova, O.V. Malik, D.S. Gavrilenko
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: nii-energomash@mephi.ru

AbstractIn scientific research institute NPE of VETI NRNU “MEPhI” the System of data processing which is the instrument of diagnosing of electrodriving fittings was developed. Advantages of this system are: association in one program of all methods of processing of the signals provided by the Technique; possibility of inclusion of new methods and algorithms of processing; increase of speed and reliability of receiving results; automation of calculations.
Keywordsthe electrodriving fittings, system of diagnostics, envelope, the frequency analysis, phase and plane method, range, cepstrum
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Pugacheva O.Yu., Podrezov N.N., Nikiforov V.N. Informacionnoe obespechenie remontnyx texnologij teplomexanicheskogo oborudovaniya AES [Information support of repair technologies of the heatmechanical equipment of the NPP]. Sovremennye texnologii, oborudovanie, texnicheskoe osnashhenie i podgotovka personala dlya remontnyx rabot v atomnoje'nergetike : materialy konferencii [Modern technologies, the equipment, hardware and preparation of the personnel for repair work in nuclear power: conference materials]. Novovoronezh, 2013, p. 87–90. (in Russian)

[2] Slepov M.T., Abidova E.A., Nikiforov V.N., Pugacheva O.Yu. Texnologii analiza diagnosticheskih parametrov elektroprivodnoj armatury na dejstvuyushhih energoblokax Novovoronezhskoj AES [Technologies of the analysis of diagnostic parameters of electrodriving fittings on the operating power units of the New Voronezh NPP]. Elektrotexnicheskie kompleksy i sistemyupravleniya [Electrotechnical complexes and control systems], 2014, №4, ISSN 1990-5246, p. 16–22. (in Russian)

[3] Vasilenko S.V., Elzhov Yu.N., Nikiforov V.N., Pugacheva O.Yu. Metodicheskoe obespechenie processa diagnostiki vrashhayushhixsya elektroprivodnyx mexanizmov [Methodical ensuring process of diagnostics of the rotating electrodriving mechanisms]. Elektrotexnicheskie kompleksy i sistemyupravleniya [Electrotechnical complexes and control systems], 2014, №4, ISSN 1990-5246, p. 33–36. (in Russian)

[4] Abidova E.A., Chernov A.V. Metody obrabotki informacii v diagnosticheskih sistemah [Information processing methods in diagnostic systems]: Uchebnoeposobie [Manual], Volgodonsk. Pub. VITI NIYaU MIFI [VETI NRNU “MEPhI”], 2013, 72 p. (in Russian)

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Nuclear facilities exploitation

Article NameAbout Improving the Efficiency and Safety of NPP Thermal and Mechanical Equipment
AuthorsV.A. Dunaev, N.A. Lonshakov, V.A. Gorbunov
Address

Ivanovo State Power Engineering University,
34 Rabfakovskaya St., Ivanovo, Ivanovo region, Russia 153003
e-mail: office@ispu.ru

AbstractThis article discusses the problem of finding ways to improve the operational efficiency and safety of thermal and mechanical equipment on the basis of the analysis of modes of NPP equipment and determination of technically based rate of use energy. For analyze and improve the performance and safety of the equipment A technology based on neural network modeling is considered for analyze and improve the performance and safety of the equipment. The possibility of the using the technology as an example of one of the turbine drive feed water pumps Kalinin NPP power unit № 2.
Keywordsturbine drive feed water pump, efficiency, safety, analysis, reliability, neural network technology, operation of power generating unit, operating parameters, rate of heat energy using
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Xaage Monika. Yadernaya bezopasnost i kultura bezopasnocti [Nuclear safety and culture of safety] : doclad [report]. MAGATE [IAEA]. Pub.  ATOMEKSPO [ATOMEKSPO], 2015. (in English)

[2] Strategicheskie celi i celi v oblasti energoeffektivnosti na srednesrochnuyu perspektivu [Strategic objectives and the purposes in energy efficiency area on medium-term prospect:]. Prilozhenie №2 k prikazu OAO «Koncern Rose'nergoatom» ot 15.11.2013 №9/1055-P [appendix № 2 to the order of JSC Rosenergoatom Concern of 15.11.2013] (in Russian)

[3] Gorbunov V.A. Ispolzovanie nejrosetevyh texnologij dlya povysheniya energeticheskoj effektivnosti teplotexnologicheskix ustanovok [Use of neural network technologies for increase of power efficiency of heattechnological installations]. Ivanovo. Pub. Ivanovskij gosudarstvennyj energeticheskix universitet im. V.I. Lenina [The Ivanovo state power university of V. I. Lenin], 2011, ISBN 978-5-89482-793-3, 475 p. (in Russian)

[4] Prilozhenie №15 k dokumentu SENM «Metodika energeticheskogo analiza», utverzhdennomu prikazom OAO «Koncern Rosenergoatom» ot 30.01.2014 №9/83-P [The appendix № 15 to the document SENM "Technique of the Power Analysis" approved by the order of JSC Rosenergoatom Concern of 30.01.2014 No. 9/83-P] (in Russian)

Papers63 - 70
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Article NameTest Results of the Rostov NPP Power Unit № 3 Protective Cover
AuthorsV.N. Medvedev*, Aleksandr S. Kiselev*, Aleksej S. Kiselev*, A.N. Ulyanov*, V.F. Strizhov*, A.A. Salnikov**
Address

* Institute of nuclear power safe development problems,
52, Bolshaya Tulskaya, Moskow, Russia 113191
e-mail:
cont@ibrae.ac.ru 

** Rostov NPP the branch of JSC Rosenergoatom Concern,
Volgodonsk-28, Rostov region, Russia 347340
e-mail: admin@rosnpp.org.r

AbstractThe assessment of the intense deformed condition of the Rostov NPP power unit №3 protective cover is given in work from the moment of the termination of pretension to acceptance tests.
Keywordsprotective cover, NPP, reinforcing ropes, concrete, tension, efforts
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Programma naturnyh nablyudenij za zashhitnoj obolochkoj energobloka №3 Rostovskoj AES v period vozvedeniya, prednapryazheniya, priyomo-sdatochnyx ispytanij i ekspluatacii [The program of natural supervision over the Rostov NPP power unit № 3  protective cover during construction, pretension, acceptance tests and operation]. M. Pub. OAO «Atomtexenergo»   [JSC Atomtekhenergo], 2011. (in Russian)

[2] Normy proektirovaniya zhelezobetonnyh konstrukcij lokalizuyushhih sistem bezopasnosti atomnyh stancij. PNAE G-10-007-89 [Norms of design of ferroconcrete designs of the localizing security systems of nuclear power plants. PNAE G-10-007 - 89]. Pub. Gospromatomnadzor SSSR [Gospromatomnadzor of the USSR], 1991. (in Russian)

[3] Medvedev V.N., Ulyanov A.N., Strizhov V.F., Kiselev A.S. Analiz rezultatov predvaritelnogo napryazheniya zashhitnoj obolochki e'nergobloka № 3 Rostovskoj AES [Analysis of results of preliminary tension of a protective cover of the Rostov NPP power unit № 3]. Bezopasnost, effektivnost i ekonomika atomnoj energetiki [Safety, efficiency and economy of nuclear power] : tez. Devyatoj mezhdunar. nauch.-tehn. konf.: plenarnye i sekcionnye doklady []. – MNTK[(международная научно-техническая конференция) [theses of the Ninth international scientific and technical conference: plenary and section reports]-2014, Moscow, May 21–23, 2014. M. 2014, p. 290–295. (in Russian)

[4] Karpenko N.I. Obshhie modeli mexaniki zhelezobetona [General models of mechanics of reinforced concrete]. M. Pub. Strojizdat [Stroyizdat], 1996, ISBN 5-274-01682-0, 416 p. (in Russian)

[5] Otchet VITI NIYaU MIFI na temu: «Provedenie instrumentalnogo kontrolya geometricheskih parametrov zashhitnoj obolochki i fiziko-mexanicheskix svojstv elementov stroitelnyh konstrukcij» [VITI NRNU MEPhI report: "Carrying out tool control of geometrical parameters of a protective cover and physicomechanical properties of elements of construction designs"]. Volgodonsk, 2014, 23 p. (in Russian)

Papers71 - 83
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Article NameConstructive Schemes Load Gripping Devices Intended for Dismantling Nuclear Facilities and Elimination of Emergency Situation Consequences
AuthorsD.N. Fedorenko
Address

Institute of service industry and business (ISIB) the branch of DSTU ,
282-2 Krasnoarmeyskaya St., Orlovskiy, Rostov region, Russia 347512
e-mail:
fdn999@ya.ru

AbstractNew suspended automatic load gripping devices for operation with sheets, bars and tubes without human intervention are considered.
Keywordssuspended automatic captures, constructive schemes, sheet, rod, tube, operational process, deserted technology
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Kravchenko P.D., Russkaya N.A., Fedorenko D.N. Uroven veroyatnosti bezotkaznoj raboty avtomaticheskih gruzozaxvatnyh ustrojstv [Level of probability of no-failure of automatic load gripping devices.  Mashinostroenie i texnosfera XXI veka : sbornik trudov XXI mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-texnicheskoj konferencii v g. Sevastopol 15–20 sentyabrya. 20 let. [Mechanical engineering and technosphere of the XXI century: the collection of works of the XXI international scientific and technical conference, Sevastopol, September, 15th-20th. 20 years] Donetsk. Pub. MSM [International union of mechanicians], 2014, 326 p. (in Russian)

[2] Kravchenko P.D. etc. Konstruktorskie resheniya pri proektirovanii transportno-texnologicheskogo oborudovaniya v atomnom mashinostroenii [Construction decisions during transport processing equipment design in nuclear mechanical engineering] : monografiya [monograph]. Shahty, Pub. Izdatel'stvo YuRGUES [Shahty. Pub. SRSUES], 2008, 186 p. (in Russian)

[3] Polovnikin A.I. Osnovy inzhenernogo tvorchestva [Bases of engineering creativity]. Uchebnoe posobie dlya stud. vuzov [manual for students of higher education institutions] M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical engineering], 1988, ISBN 5-217-00016-3, 368 p. (in Russian)

Papers84 - 90
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Article NameImproving of Efficiency of Cleaning up Watersheds Basins of Cooling Vaporizing Towers
AuthorsO.L. Kolchenko *, I.A. Nagibina*, Ju.M. Matevosjan*, G.V. Domrina**, I.P. Tjumenev***
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», 73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
** Novocherkassk Engineering and Meliorative Institute, Don State Agricultural University, 111, Pushkinskaya, Novocherkassk, Rostov region, 346428
***
Rostov NPP the branch of JSC Rosenergoatom Concern, Volgodonsk-28, Rostov region, Russia 347340

AbstractTheoretical justification of not power-intensive mode of creation of a rotary motion is given in watersheds basins of modern cooling vaporizing towers for the purpose of prevention of carrying out of the solid soiling particles out of borders of the pool and their automatic collecting is given. It will allow to minimize costs of cleaning, considerably to lower load of the rotating grids and filters. The mode of creation of such movement and a way of modernization of design decisions is described.
Keywordswater, speed, expense, stream, spray, rotary motion, watersheds basin, cooling towers
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Spravochnik po gidravlike [Reference book on hydraulics].  Pod red. V.A. Bol'shakova. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. [Edited by V.A. Bolshakova, 2nd edit., reslave and additional ] Kiev. Pub. Vishhashk. golovnoe izd.-vo [The higher school. Head publishing house], 1984, 343 p. (in Russian)

[2] Ehkologicheskijj vestnik Dona. «O sostojanii okruzhajushhejj sredy i prirodnykh resursov Rostovskojj oblasti v 2013 godu» [Ecological bulletin of Don. "About a state of environment and natural resources of the Rostov region in 2013"]. Rostov-in-Don, Pub. Administracija Rostovskojj oblasti [Administration of the Rostov region], 2013, 291 p. (in Russian)

[3] Shterenlikht D.V.  Gidravlika [Hydraulics]. Uchebnik dlja vuzov [The textbook for higher education institution] M. Pub. Ehnergoatomizdat [Energoatom Publishing House], 1984, 640 p. (in Russian)

Papers91 - 99
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Safety culture, socio and legal aspects of territorial development of nuclear facilities location

Article NameEconomic Safety Culture аnd its Strategic Importance for Nuclear Power
AuthorsM.V. Golovko
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI», 73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail:
golovko178@mail.ru

AbstractIn article value of economic safety culture for nuclear power is shown. The materials testifying to development of destructive tendencies in branch are given. Need of cooperation of the state, business and science for formation of high level of economic culture is noted.
Keywordssafety culture, economic safety, nuclear power, of internal control system, theory of a threefold spiral
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Opalev A.V., Pirumov V.S. Natsionalnaya bezopasnost [National safety]. M. Pub. “Oruzhiye i tekhnologii” [Weapon and technologies], 2011, ISBN: 978-5-93799-042-6, p. 21. (in Russian)

[2] Rudenko V.A. K istorii ponyatiya «kultura bezopasnosti» [To history of the concept "safety culture"] Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost. [Global nuclear safety] 2014, №3(12), ISSN 2305-414X, p. 100. (in Russian)

[3] SMI: YeS mozhet zablokirovat atomny kontrakt Vengrii s Rossiyey [Mass media: The EU can block the nuclear contract of Hungary with Russia] RIA TASS [RIA TASS] Available at: http://tass.ru/mezhdunarodnaya-panorama/1785211. (in Russian)

[4] Schetnaya palata: normativy v stroitelstve privodyat k zavysheniyu raskhodov byudzheta na 20-45% [Audit Chamber: standards in construction lead to overestimate of expenses of the budget for 20-45%] RIA TASS [RIA TASS] Available at: http://tass.ru/ekonomika/1753460 (in Russian)

[5] Schetnaya palata raskritikovala Rosatom za narusheniya pri finansirovanii stroitelstva AES [Schetnaya palata raskritikovala Rosatom za narusheniya pri finansirovanii stroitelstva AES] RIA FederalPress.[ RIA of Federalpress] Available at: http://fedpress.ru/news/econom/budget/1421386803-schetnaya-palata-raskritikovala-rosatom-za-narusheniya-pri-finansirovanii-stroitelstva-aes. (in Russian)

[6] Top-10 samykh rastochitelnykh pokupok goskompany [Top-10 the most wasteful purchases of state companies] RIA FederalPress.[RIA of Federalpress] Available at: http://fedpress.ru/news/polit_vlast/news_polit/1416565156-top-10-samykh-rastochitelnykh-pokupok-goskompanii. (in Russian)

Papers100 - 105
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Article NameThe Concept of Materials Pre-trial Preparation for the Crimes Committed in the Nuclear Safety Sphere in Russia
AuthorsV.Yu. Dolgopolov
Address

Advocates’ chamber of the Rostov region
12 Voroshilovsky Av., Rostov-in-Don, Russia 344006
e-mail: 8827555@mail.ru

AbstractIn work the assessment of severity determination of the crimes committed in the nuclear safety sphere is given and also the question of the investigative jurisdiction of these crimes investigation is considered.
Keywordsnuclear safety, severity of a crime, the preliminary investigation, inquiry
LanguageRussian
References

[1] IAEA Safeguards. Glossary. International Atomic Energy Agency. Vienna, 1980, p. 71. (in English)

[2] Lichaev V. Problema beskhoznykh radioaktivnykh istochnikov: puti reshenija. Sut' i masshtab problemy – kto vinovat? [Problem of ownerless radioactive sources: solutions. An essence and scale of a problem – who is guilty?]. Available at: http://www.sql-tutorial.ru  (in Russian)

[3] Mezhdunarodnoe atomnoe pravo [International nuclear law]. Otv. red. A.I. Iojjrysh, A.M. Petros'janc, V.F. Petrovskijj [editors-in-chief A.I. Ioyrysh, A.M. Petrosyants, V. F. Petrovsky] M. Pub. “Nauka” [Science], 1987, p. 384–385. (in Russian)

[4] Dolgopolov V.Ju. K voprosu o doznanii kak vidu rassledovanija [To a question of inquiry as to a type of investigation]. Sbornik tezisov Mezhdunarodnojj nauchno-prakticheskojj konferencii, posvjashhennojj 150-letiju sudebnojj reformy 1864 goda «Juridicheskaja nauka: tradicii i novacii» [The collection of theses of the International scientific and practical conference devoted to the 150 anniversary of judicial reform of 1864 "Jurisprudence: traditions and innovations"] Vol. II, Rostov-in-Don. Pub. “Izdatelstvo Juzhnogo federal'nogo universiteta” [Publishing house of the Southern federal university], 2014, p. 446. (in Russian)

Papers106 - 110
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Article NameModern Realization Features of Practice-Oriented Training Approach for Nuclear Branch in the Conditions of the Enterprise Resource Centers
AuthorsV.A. Roudenko, N.P. Vasilenko
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
73/94 Lenin St., Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail:
NPVasilenko@mephi.ru

AbstractIn work modern approaches to the organization of the student practice-oriented training on the basis of the VETI NRNU “MEPhI” Resource center for training of Russian and foreign students to operating, to technical maintenance, repairing and engineering of the Russian and foreign NPPs are considered.
Keywordsthe practice-oriented approach, training, the resource center, the academic mobility
LanguageRussian
References

[1]    Federalnaya tselevaya programma razvitiya obrazovaniya na 2011–2015 gody [The federal target program of a development of education for 2011-2015]. Available at: http://фцпро.рф (in Russian)

[2]    Simonyants R.P. Problemy inzhenernogo obrazovaniya i ikh reshenie s uchastiem promyshlennosti. [Problems of engineering education and their decision with participation of the industry] Nauka i obrazovanie. [Science and Education] 2014, №3, ISSN 1994-0408, Available at: http://technomag.edu.ru/doc/699795.html (in Russian)

[3]    Nikiforov V.I., Chernenkaya L.V. «Vsemirnaya initsiativa CDIO» v rossijskom obrazovanii. ["The world initiative of CDIO" in Russian education] Vestnik vysshej shkoly. [Bulletin of the higher school] 2015, №3, ISSN 1026-955X, p. 8–11. (in Russian)

[4]    Pokholkov Yu.P. Praktiko-orientirovannye obrazovatelnye tekhnologii v inzhenernom vuze. Vvedenie. [Practice-oriented educational technologies in engineering higher education institution. Introduction] Inzhenernoe obrazovanie. [Engineering education] 2013, №13, p. 2–3. (in Russian)

[5]    Godovoj otchet OАO «Kontsern Rosehnergoatom» za 2014 god. [The annual report of JSC Rosenergoatom Concern for 2014]. Available at: http://www.rosenergoatom.ru/resources  (in Russian)

[6]    Novyj vuz na donskoj zemle. V Volgodonske sozdana unikalnaya baza obucheniya i perepodgotovki atomshhikov. [New higher education institution on the Don region. In Volgodonsk the unique base of training and retraining of nuclear scientists is created]  Rosehnergoatom. [Rosenergoatom] 2010, №11. (in Russian)

[7]    Rudenko V.А., Vasilenko N.P. Integratsiya obrazovaniya, nauki i proizvodstva kak osnova povysheniya kachestva podgotovki kadrov dlya atomnoj otrasli. [Integration of education, science and production as basis of improvement of quality of training for nuclear branch]   Materialy XII Mezhdunarodnoj konferentsii «Bezopasnost' АEHS i podgotovka kadrov 2011». [Materials XII of the International conference "Safety of the NPP and Training 2011"]  Obninsk [Obninsk] , 2011. (in Russian)

[8]    Kontseptsiya razvitiya akademicheskoj mobil'nosti v Rossijskoj Federatsii. [The concept of development of the academic mobility in the Russian Federation]  Rosehnergoatom. [Rosenergoatom] Available at: http://intpr.ntf.ru/DswMedia/koncepciyaakademicheskoymobil-nosti_itog.pdf (in Russian)

[9]    Kontseptsii dolgosrochnogo sotsial'no-ehkonomicheskogo razvitiya RF na period do 2020 goda. [Concepts of long-term social and economic development of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020]  Informatsionnaya sistema GАRАNT. [Information system GUARANTOR]  Available at: http://base.garant.ru/194365/#ixzz3kp0Bmmjl  (in Russian)

[10]  Yadernoe inzhenernoe obrazovanie: kompetentsii na osnove podkhoda k razrabotke uchebnykh programm. [Nuclear engineering education: competences on the basis of approach to development of training programs] Аvstriya [Austria]: MАGАTEH [IAEA]. 2014, Iyul [June]. (in Russian)

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