2017-4(25)

Problems of nuclear, radiation and ecological safety

Article NameRadon Monitoring as an Indicator of Seismotectonic Events at the Bushehr-1 NPP site and Bushehr Province Adjoining Territory of the Islamic Republic of Iran
AuthorsV.Y. Ulyanov
Address

Dnieper State Academy of Construction and Architecture,
Chernyshevsky St.,24a, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, 49600
e-mail:
vuluanov@mail.ru
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9028-3408

AbstractThe work provides justification for the application on the site of the Bushehr-1 NPP in the Islamic Republic of Iran, an innovative for these conditions warning system on seismic hazard. The proposed warning system is based on the integrated monitoring of radon in order to improve safety in the operation of NPP facilities and equipment. Regulations on the application of this system in the context of subsoil monitoring at Bushehr-1 NPP should be fixed in job descriptions. This system can be used as part of seismic monitoring of other sites of nuclear power plants located in zones with increased seismicity.
KeywordsIslamic Republic of Iran, Bushehr-1 NPP, integrated radon monitoring, radon seismic station, radon monitor
LanguageRussian
References

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on the Intensity of radon exhalation from the depths
to the construction site and the existing energy facilities]. Georisk, 2015, №4, рр. 48–52. (in Russian)

[2] Rudakov V.P. K voprosu o prirode ehmanacionnykh (radonovykh) predvestnikov zemletrjasenijj [The nature of emanation (radon) earthquake precursors]. Geochemistry, 2003, №2, pp. 222–224. (in Russian)

[3] Gorbushina L.V., Ryaboshtan Y.S. Ehmanacionnyjj metod indikacii geodinamicheskikh processov pri inzhenerno-geologicheskikh izyskanijakh [Emanation method indication of geodynamic processes in geotechnical investigations]. Soviet Geology, 1975, №4, pp. 106–112. (in Russian)

[4] Dalatkazin Timur Sh., Konovalova Yulia P., Ruchkin Vladimir I. Monitoring polja radonovykh ehmanacijj v zone tekhnogennogo vozdejjstvija [Monitoring radon emanations field in the zone of technogenous impact]. Subsoil use problems, 2016, №4, pp. 97-103. (in Russian)

[5] Elokhin A.P. Netradicionnye metody radiacionnogo kontrolja radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhejj sredy [Unconventional methods for radiation monitoring of radioactive contamination of environment]. Nuclear measurement and information technology, 2013, №1(45), pp. 62–95. (in Russian)

[6] Metodicheskie ukazanija po vedeniju gidrogeodeformacionnogo monitoringa dlja celejj sejjsmoprognoza (R-STEPS) [Methodical instructions for conducting hydro-deformation monitoring for seismic forecasting purposes (R-STEPS)]. Ed. by G.S. Vartanyan. M. Pub. ZAO Geoinformmark, 2000, р. 77. (in Russian)

[7] Ocenka sejjsmicheskojj opasnosti uchastkov razmeshhenija jaderno- i radiacionno opasnykh objektov na osnovanii geodinamicheskikh dannykh [Estimation of seismic hazard of sites of location of nuclear and radiation hazardous objects on the basis of geodynamic data. RB-019-01]. M., 2001. (in Russian)

[8] CTO 95 102-2013. Vedenie ob"ektovogo monitoringa sostojanija nedr na predprijatijakh goskorporacii «ROSATOM» [STO 95 102-2013. Conducting object monitoring of the state of the subsoil at the enterprises of the state corporation ROSATOM]. M. Pub. SRO NP SOYUZATOMGEO, 2013. (in Russian)

[9] STO 95 103–2013 Rukovodstvo po metodike kompleksnogo inzhenerno-sejjsmometricheskogo i sejjsmologicheskogo monitoringa sostojanija konstrukcijj zdanijj i sooruzhenijj, vkljuchaja ploshhadki ikh razmeshhenija [STO 95 103-2013. Guidance on the method of complex engineering seismic and seismological monitoring of the state of structures of buildings and structures, including the sites of their deployment]. M. Pub. SRO NP SOYUZATOMGEO, 2013. (in Russian)

[10] MR 2.6.1.27-2003. Zona nabljudenija radiacionnogo ob"ekta. Organizacija i provedenie radiacionnogo kontrolja okruzhajushhejj sredy [MR 2.6.1.27-2003. Observation zone of the radiation object. Organization and conduct of radiation monitoring of the environment]. (in Russian)

[11] RD 52.18.595-96. Federal'nyjj perechen' metodik vypolnenija izmerenijj, dopushhennykh k primeneniju pri vypolnenii rabot v oblasti monitoringa zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhejj prirodnojj sredy [Tekst]. Metodika kontrolja soderzhanija tritija v prirodnykh voda MVI 01—6/96 [RD 52.18.595-96. The federal list of measurement techniques approved for use in the field of monitoring of environmental pollution. Methods for controlling the content of tritium in natural water MVI 01-6/96]. M., 1998. (in Russian)

[12] Rekomendacii po pribornomu obespecheniju dozimetricheskogo i radiometricheskogo kontrolja v sootvetstvii s NRB-99 i OSPORB-99 [Recommendations on the instrumentation of dosimetric and radiometric control in accordance with NRB-99 and OSPORB-99]. M., 2003. (in Russian)

[13] Karimi H., Moore F. The source and heating mechanism for the Ahram, Mirahmad and Garu thermal springs, Zagros Mountains, Iran. Geothermics 37(2008), рp. 84–100. (in English)

[14] Mirhosseini S.M., Moattar F., Negarestani A., Karbasi A.R. Environmental Hydrochemistry and Seasonal Variations in Radon Concentration in Geno Hot Spring, North of Hormozgan, Iran. Environmental Biology: Jan. 2014, Vol. 8, Issue 1, p. 56. (in English)

[15] Javad Nouraliee, Soheil Porkhial, Amir Tamjidi. Study on Dālaki Geothermal Resource in Bushehr Province, in the North of Persian Gulf. World Geothermal Congress. Melbourne, Australia, 19–25 April 2015. (in English)

[16] Zakirov T.Z. Osobennosti raspredelenija koncentracii radona v podzemnykh vodakh nekotorykh sejjsmoaktivnykh zon Uzbekistana (v svjazi s poiskami predvestnikov zemletrjasenijj) [Features of distribution of radon concentration in groundwater of some seismically active zones of Uzbekistan (in connection with searches of precursors of earthquakes)]. Tashkent, 1984, p. 18. (in Russian)

[17] Makhsudov A.U. Monitoring sejjsmicheskikh predvestnikov dlja prognoza zemletrjasenijj [Monitoring of seismic harbingers for the forecast of earthquakes]. Vychislitelnye nanotekhnologii [Jour. Comp. nanotechnol], 2016, Issue 1, pp. 52–61. (in Russian)
[18] Seminsky K.Zh., Seminsky А.К. Radon v podzemnykh vodakh Pribajjkal'ja i Zabajjkal'ja: prostranstvenno-vremennye variacii [Radon in groundwaters in the Baikal region and Transbaikalia: variations in space and time]. Geodynamics & Tectonophysics, 2016, Vol. 7, №3, рр. 477–493. (in Russian)

[19] Afonin A.A., Kuzmin Y.D., Voropaev V.F., Maksimov A.A., Kotlyarov A.A. Izmerenie radona na gidrotermal'nojj sisteme [The measuring of radon by hydrothermal systems].
Kompleksnye sejjsmologicheskie i geofizicheskie issledovanija Kamchatki [Compilation "Complex seismological and geophysical research of Kamchatka"]. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 2004, pр. 171–177. (in Russian)

[20] Ishankuliev J., Saryeva G.Ch., Azimov K.P., Azimova N.K. Dinamika urovnja podzemnykh vod, koncentracii podpochvennogo radona i molekuljarnogo vodoroda v prikaspijjskom sejjsmoaktivnom regione [Dynamics of groundwater level, concentration of subsoil radon and molecular hydrogen in the Caspian seismically active region]. Sb. dokl. mezhd. konf. «Aktual'nye problemy sovremennojj sejjsmologii», posvjashhennojj 50-letiju Instituta sejjsmologii im. G.A.Mavljanova AN Resp. Uzbekistan 12–14 oktjabrja 2016 g. [Collection of Reports the International Conference "Actual Problems in Modern Seismology" devoted to the 50th anniversary of G.A. Mavlyanov Institute of Seismology of Academy of Sciences of Republic Uzbekistan 12-14 oct. 2016]. Tashkent, 2016, pp. 234–241. (in Russian)

[21] Ulyanov V.Yu. Organizacija i metodika provedenija monitoringa radona na ploshhadkakh AEhS v asejjsmichnykh regionakh [Organization and methodology of radon monitoring at NPP sites with aseismic regions]. Problemy nedropol'zovanija [Problems of subsoil use], 2015, №1, рр. 103–107. (in Russian)

[22] Negarestani Ali, Hashemi Seyed Mehdi, Naseri Farzin, Namvaran Mojtaba, Musavi Nasab Seyed Mohammad, Montazeri Habiballan. Preliminary Investidation of the variation of radon concentration in the Jowshan hot spring in the SE of Iran as a precursor for the M 4.9 Shahdad and M 4.3 Sirch earthquakes om May, 2009. Iranian Journal of Geophysics, 2012, Volume 6, pp. 30–39. (in English)

[23] Мontazeri H., Abbasnejad A., Negarestani A. Continuous radon monitoring in the Jowshan hot spring as an earthquake precursor, SE Iran. Geochemical Journal, Vol. 45, 2011, pp. 463–472. (in English)

[24] Negarestani A., Namvaran M., Shahpasandzadeh M., Fatemi S.J., Alavi S.A., Hashemi S.M., Mokhtari M. Design and investigation of a continuous radon monitoring network for earthquake precursory process in Great Tehran. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, May 2014, Vol. 300, Issue 2, pp. 757–767. (in English)

[25] IAEA-TECDOC-1092/R. Rukovodstvo po monitoringu pri jadernykh i radiacionnykh avarijakh [IAEA-TECDOC-1092/R. Guidelines for monitoring nuclear and radiation accidents]. Vienna: MAGATE [IAEA], 2002, р. 322. (in Russian)

Papers7 - 17
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NamePractical Recommendations for the Institutions of Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation on the Rationale of Prolonging of Sealed Radionuclide Sources Life Time
AuthorsA.A. Serebryakov (1), V.N. Fedoseev (2), L.I. Yakovlev (3), A.A. Portnov (4), Ye.M. Tyurin (5), M.I. Pisarevskij (6)
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

(1) ORCID: 0000-0002-4549-7933
WoS ResearcherID: R-4218-2017
e-mail: AASerebryakov@mephi.ru ;

(2) ORCID: 0000-0002-1612-5161
WoS ResearcherID: R-7626-2017
e-mail: fedvn59@mail.ru ;

(3) ORCID: 0000-0001-6981-3585
WoS ResearcherID: R-4259-2017
e-mail: LIYakovlev@mephi.ru ;

(4) ORCID: 0000-0002-1405-4021
WoS ResearcherID: J-9316-2013
e-mail: AAPORTNOV@mephi.ru ;

(5) ORCID: 0000-0002-0100-0702
WoS ResearcherID: R-3471-2017
e-mail: tempost@mail.ru ;

(6) ORCID: 0000-0002-3578-6942
WoS ResearcherID: O-8221-2017
e-mail: MIPisarevskij@mephi.ru

AbstractThe article offers practical recommendations for prolonging of the sealed radionuclide sources life time, developed by MEPhI experts, participating in the working group of the Commission of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation for recognizing the organization suitable for operating a nuclear installation, radiation source or storage facility, and also carrying out activities for handling nuclear materials and radioactive substances. It explains how to apply the provisions of NP-024-2000 "Requirements for justifying the possibility of extending the designated lifetime of nuclear facilities" directly to sealed radionuclide sources.
Keywordsradiation source, storage point, handling of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, nuclear and radiation safety, potential radiation hazard, nuclear and radiation hazard facility, nuclear energy facility, residual resource, comprehensive technical condition survey
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Sanitarnye pravila i normativy SP 2.6.1.2612-10 Osnovnye sanitarnye pravila obespechenija radiacionnojj bezopasnosti (OSPORB-99/2010) (utv. postanovleniem Glavnogo gosudarstvennogo sanitarnogo vracha RF ot 26aprelja 2010 g. №40) [Sanitary rules and standards of SP 2.6.1.2612-10 Basic Sanitary Rules for Ensuring Radiation Safety (OSPORB-99/2010) (approved by the resolution of the Chief State Sanitary Doctor of the Russian Federation No. 40 of April 26, 2010)] (in Russian)

[2] NP-053-04 «Pravila bezopasnosti pri transportirovanii radioaktivnykh otkhodov». Utverzhdeny postanovleniem Federal'nojj sluzhby po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru ot 4 oktjabrja 2004 g. №5. [NP-053-04 "Safety Rules for the Transport of Radioactive Waste". Approved by the resolution of the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of October 4, 2004 No. 5] (in Russian)

[3] Federal'nyjj zakon ot 21.11.1995 N 170-FZ (red. ot 03.07.2016) «Ob ispol'zovanii atomnojj ehnergii» [Federal Law of 21.11.1995 N 170-FZ (03.07.2016) "The Use of Atomic Energy"]. (in Russian)

[4] NP-024-2000 «Trebovanija k obosnovaniju vozmozhnosti prodlenija naznachennogo sroka ehkspluatacii ob"ektov ispol'zovanija atomnojj ehnergii». Utverzhdeny postanovleniem Gosatomnadzora Rossii ot 28 dekabrja 2000 g. №16 [NP-024-2000 "Requirements for the Justification of the Possibility of Extending the Designated Lifetime of Nuclear Power Facilities". Approved by Resolution of the Gosatomnadzor of Russia of December 28, 2000 No. 16]. (in Russian)

[5] Federal'nyjj zakon ot 01.12.2007 № 317-FZ (red. ot 03.07.2016)  «O Gosudarstvennojj korporacii po atomnojj ehnergii «Rosatom» [Federal Law No. 317-FZ, December 1, 2007 (edited 03.07.2016) "State Atomic Energy Corporation" Rosatom "]. (in Russian)

Papers18 - 22
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameMeteorological Сonditions of the Bushehr NPP area, Iran
AuthorsA.P. Elokhin*, E.A. Alalem**, A.I. Ksenofontov***
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

* ORCID: 0000-0002-7682-8504
WoS ResearcherID: G-9573-2017
e-mail: elokhin@yandex.ru ;

** ORCID: 0000-0002-7207-5939
WoS ResearcherID: G-9489-2017
e-mail: issaalem2@yahoo.com ;

*** ORCID: 0000-0002-6864-9805
WoS ResearcherID: H-1833-2017
e-mail: AIKsenofontov@mephi.ru

AbstractThis work considers the method of assessment of the required and sufficient number of posts of the automated radiation monitoring system (ARMS) in the sanitary protection zone of the Bushehr NPP second unit in Iran arranged around the NPP and justification of their layout. The method is based on the data of meteorological observations in the specified region that represent the results of measurement of wind speed and temperature at different heights at the meteorological tower and methods of gradient observations over these characteristics for each month during 2006-2010. The characteristics obtained allow to calculate atmospheric stability as part of the known model of the ground layer and the meteorological parameters that determine it – air speed, temperature, turbulence diffusivity coefficient and turbulent fluctuation energy as functions of height by solving the closed equation system describing the condition of the ground layer. Knowledge of atmosphere meteorological parameters allows to define a problem of assessing environmental nuclear pollution by solving the equation of turbulence diffusivity in the conditions of a hypothetical radiation accident at Bushehr NPP and determine the required and sufficient number of ARMS posts and their layout around the NPP that takes into account the restricted nature of the information as to the radionuclide composition of the radioactive impurity propagating in the atmosphere in case of the accident. This work may be of interest to nuclear industry workers engaged in the operation of nuclear power plants, research officers of design organizations that design automated systems of ARMS type for enterprises of nuclear, metal processing and chemical industries, environmental engineers, etc.
Keywordsradiation accident, meteorological characteristics, ionization radiation, environmental nuclear pollution, ionizing-radiation detectors, stable and unstable atmosphere
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Elokhin A.P., Vlaskin N.M. Printsipy rasstanovki postov radiatsionnogo kontroiya v sanitarno-zashchitnoi zone i zone nabliudeniya AES ”Busher” [The Principles of Placing Radiation Control Posts in the Sanitary Protection Zone and the Observation Zone of the Bushehr NPP]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory [Ecological Systems and Devices], 2004, №6, pp. 40–46. (in Russian)

[2] Metody rascheta rasprostraneniya radioaktivnykh veshchestv v okruzhaiushchei srede i doz oblucheniya naseleniya [Methods for Calculating the Spread of Radioactive Substances in the Environment and Doses to the Public]. M. Pub. «MKhO Interatomenergo», 1992, 334 p. (in Russian)

[3] Laikhtman D.L. Fizika pogranichnogo sloia atmosfery [Physics of the Boundary Layer of the Atmosphere]. Leningrad. Pub. Gidrometeorologicheskoe, 1970, 340 p. (in Russian)

[4] Elokhin A.P., Starodubtsev I.A. Otsenka materialnykh zatrat pri likvidatsii posledstvii radioaktivnogo zagriazneniya podstilaiushchei poverkhnosti pri radiatsionnoi avarii na OIAE [Assessment of Material Costs in the Liquidation of Radioactive Contamination Consequences of the Underlying Surface during a Radiation Accident at the OIAE]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №3(20), pp. 7–34. (in Russian)

[5] Elokhin A.P., Starodubtsev I.A. Nekotorye otsenki materialnykh zatrat pri likvidatsii posledstvii radioaktivnogo zagriazneniya okruzhaiushchei sredy v rezultate radiatsionnoi avarii na OIAE [Some Estimates of Material Costs during the Liquidation of Environment Radioactive Contamination Consequences as a Result of a Radiation Accident at the OIAE]. The XIIth International Conference Science and Education. 1-2 iyuiya 2016 g., Miunkhen, Germaniya. Miunkhen, 2016, pp. 55–81. (in Russian)

[6] Elokhin A.P. Metody i sredstva sistem radiatsionnogo kontroiya okruzhaiushchei sredy [Methods and Means of Radiation Monitoring Systems of the Environment]. M. Pub. NIyaU MIFI [NRNU MEPhI], 2014, 520 p. (in Russian)

[7] Elokhin A.P. Optimizatsiya metodov i sredstv avtomatizirovannykh sistem kontroiya radiatsionnoi obstanovki okruzhaiushchei sredy [Optimization of Methods and Means of the Automated Control Systems of Environment Radiation Situation]. Dissertatsiya na soiskanie uchenoy stepeni doktora tekhnicheskikh nauk [The thesis for the Doctor of Engineering degree]. M. Pub. MIFI [MEPhI], 2001, 325 p. (in Russian)

[8] Tipovoe soderzhanie plana meropriyatii po zashchite personala v sluchae avarii na atomnoi stantsii (NP - 015-12). Federalnye normy i pravila v oblasti ispolzovaniya atomnoi energii. Utverzhdeny prikazom Federalnoi sluzhby po ekologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru ot 18 sentiabria 2012 g. №518 [Typical Content of the Action Plan for Personnel Protection in the Accident at Nuclear Power Plant (NP - 015-12). Federal Rules and Regulations in the Field of Use of Atomic Energy. Approved by the order of the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of September 18, 2012 № 518]. (in Russian)

[9] Kompaniya po proizvodstvu i razvitiyu atomnoi energii Irana. AES «Busher-2». Energobloki 2,3. Tom 4. Inzhenerno-gidrologicheskie izyskaniya. Kniga 1. Aerometeorologicheskie raboty i issledovaniya [Company for the Production and Development of Nuclear Energy in Iran. Bushehr-2 NPP. Power units 2,3. Volume 4. Engineering and Hydrological Surveys. Book 1. Aerometeorological Work and Research.]. 2015, 235 p. (in Russian)

[10] Bobyleva M.M. Raschet kharakteristik turbulentnosti v planetarnom pogranichnom sloe atmosfery. Trudy Leningradskogo Gidrometeorologi¬cheskogo instituta. Vyp. 40 (Nekotorye voprosy fiziki pogranichnogo sloia v atmosfere i more) [Calculation of the Turbulence Characteristics in the Planetary Boundary Layer of the Atmosphere. Proceedings of the Leningrad Hydrometeorological Institute. Issue. 40 (Some issues of the Physics of the Boundary Layer in the Atmosphere and the Sea)]. Leningrad, 1970, pp. 64–73. (in Russian)

[11] Elokhin A.P., Zhilina M.V., Rau D.F., Ivanov E.A. Polozhenie o povyshenii tochnosti prognosticheskikh otsenok radiatsionnykh kharakteristik radioaktivnogo zagriazneniya okruzhaiushchei sredy i dozovykh nagruzok na personal i naselenie. Ministerstvo prirodnykh resursov i ekologii Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Federalnaya sluzhba po ekologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru RB – 053–09. Utverzhdeno prikazom Federalnoi sluzhby po ekologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru ot  08.06.2010 g. №465 [Provision on Increase in Accuracy of Predictive Estimates of Radiation Characteristics of Radioactive Environmental Pollution and Dose Loads of Personnel and Population. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Russian Federation, Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of RB – 053 – 09. Approved by the order of Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision, 08.06.2010 №465], 79 p. (in Russian)

[12] Meteorologiya i atomnaya energiya [Meteorology and Nuclear Energy.]. Perevod s angliiskogo, pod redaktsiei N.L. Byzovoi i K.P. Makhonko [Trans. from English. Edited by N.L. Byzova and K.P. Mahonko]. Leningrad. Pub. Gidrometeoizdat, 1971, 618 p. (in Russian)

[13] Metod Monte-Karlo v probleme perenosa izluchenii [The Monte Carlo Method in the Problem of Radiation Transfer.]. Pod redaktsiei chlena-korrespondenta AN SSSR G.I. Marchuka [Edited by G.I. Marchuk]. M. Pub. Atomizdat, 1967, 256 p. (in Russian)

[14] Leimdorfer M. On the Use of Monte-Carlo Methods for Solving Gamma Radiation Transport Problems. Nukleonik, 1964, Vol. 6. p. 14. (in English)

[15] Zolotukhin V.G., Kimel L.R., Ksenofontov A.I. i etc. Pole izlucheniya tochechnogo mononapravlennogo istochnika gamma-kvantov [The Radiation Field of a Point Monodirectional Source of Gamma Quanta]. M. Pub. Atomizdat, 1974, 160 p. (in Russian)

[16] Sobolev I.M. Chislennye metody Monte-Karlo [Numerical Monte Carlo Methods]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science], 1973, 311 p. (in Russian)

[17] Gusev N.G., Beiyaev V.A. Radioaktivnye vybrosy v biosfere. Spravochnik [Radioactive Emissions in the Biosphere: a reference book]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1986, 224 p. (in Russian)

[18] Sanitarnye pravila i normativy. SanPiN 2.6.1.2523-09 «Normy radiatsionnoi bezopasnosti» (NRB-99/2009) [Sanitary Rules and Regulations. SanPiN 2.6.1.2523-09 "Norms of Radiation Safety"]. (in Russian)

[19] Elokhin A.P., Starodubtsev I.A. K voprosu ob ispolzovanii avtomatizirovannykh sistem kontroiya ekologicheskoi obstanovki na territoriyakh, prilegaiushchikh k predpriyatiyam chernoi, tsvetnoi metallurgicheskoi i atomnoi promyshlennosti [Use of Automated Systems for Environmental Monitoring in the Area Surrounding Ferrous, Nonferrous Metallurgical Enterprises and Nuclear Industry]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2015, №4(17), pp. 15–34. (in Russian)

[20] Elokhin Alexander P., Starodubtcev Iiya A. On the Ecological Situation at the Territories Adjacent to Chemical and Metallurgical Facilities. (Subtitle: Using Sensors and an Automated Control System to Monitor Environmental Conditions). Environmantal Quality Management. (USA) 2017, Issue 26, №2, pp. 23–43. (in English)

[21] Elokhin A.P. Avtomatizirovannye sistemy kontroiya radiatsionnoi obstanovki okruzhaiushchei sredy [Automated Systems for Monitoring the Radiation Environment]. M. Pub. NIyaU MIFI, 2012, 316 p. (in Russian)

[22] Elokhin A.P. Printsipy razmeshcheniya datchikov moshchnosti dozy vokrug AES [The Principles of Dose Rate Sensors Placement around Nuclear Power Plants]. Atomnaya energiya [Atomic Energy], 1994, Vol. 76, Issue 3, pp. 188–193. (in Russian)

[23] Elokhin A.P., Rau D.F. Sistema kontroiya radiatsionnoi obstanovki v zonakh razmeshcheniya obieektov atomnoi promyshlennosti. RF patent na izobretenie №2042157 20.08.96 biulleten №23 [The Monitoring System of the Radiation Situation in the Areas Where Nuclear Facilities are Located. RF patent for invention № 2042157 20.08.96 bul. №23]. pp. 230–231. (in Russian)

[24] Mashkovich V.P., Kudriavtseva A.V. Zashchita ot ioniziruiushchikh izluchenii [Protection against Ionizing Radiation]. Spravochnik [Reference Book]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1995, 496 p. (in Russian)

Papers23 - 47
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameThe Research of Selected Operational Properties of Sorbing Matrix Material Laboratory Samples on the Base of Natural Zeolite for Radionuclide Immobilization
AuthorsJ.A. Ubaskina*, P.A. Paraguzov**, N.V. Sharova**, E.V. Pankratova***
Address

* NRC «Kurchatov Institute» – IREA
Russia, 107076, Moscow, Bogorodsky shaft, 3
e-mail:
juliabasjo@gmail.com
ORCiD:  0000-0002-5927-3121
WoS Researcher ID: K-4368-2015
**LLC «Stalker»
Russia, 432027, Ulyanovsk, ul. Dokuchaeva,
24/176, apt. 6
e-mail:
post.continental@gmail.com
ORCiD:  0000-0003-4278-6454
WoS Researcher ID:  R-3153-2017
e-mail:
ns.new.73@mail.ru
ORCiD: 0000-0003-0377-4653
WoS Researcher ID:  R-3100-2017
***
LLC "Keramzit"
Russia,
432045, Ulyanovsk, Moskovskoe shosse, 22
e-mail:
elenapankratova3@yandex.ru
ORCiD: 0000-0001-8410-9246
WoS Researcher ID:  R-3331-2017

AbstractThe work is devoted to the research of selected operational properties of the sorbing matrix material laboratory samples for the immobilization of radionuclides on the basis of local zeolite-containing rocks. It is shown that zeolite-containing rocks are sufficiently thermally stable for use as a raw material for producing of the sorbent matrix material for immobilizing radionuclides. The stages of processing zeolite-containing rocks for the purpose of sorbing matrix material obtaining for the immobilization of radionuclides are given. Optimum parameters of ultrasonic processing of raw materials are found. It is shown that the initial particle size of zeolite-containing rocks practically does not influence the values of the main operational properties of the produced sorbing matrix material for the immobilization of radionuclides.
Keywordszeolite-bearing rocks, radionuclides, cesium leaching rate, total sorption capacity, thermal stability, ultrasound, steaming
LanguageRussian
References
  1. Kotelnikov A.R., Suvorova V.A., Tihomirova V.I., Ahmedzhanova G.M., Desyatova T.A., Kovalskiy A.M. Mineralnyie matrichnyie materialyi dlya immobilizatsii radionuklidov [Mineral matrix materials for the immobilization of radionuclides] [Experimental mineralogy: some results at the turn of the century. Vol. 2.]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science], 2004, p. 209–240. (in Russian)
  2. TKS-2009. Nuclear Waste Management at Olkiluoto and Loviisa Power Plants: Review of Current Status and Future Plans for 2010–2012. Olkiluoto: POSIVA OY, 2010, 553 p. Available at: http://www.posiva.fi/files/1078/TKS2009_Eng_web_rev1_low.pdf (in English)
  3. Reijonen H.M., Marcos N. Chemical erosion of the bentonite buffer: do we observe it in nature? Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2017, Vol. 443, №1, pp. 307–317. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1144/SP443.13 (in English)
  4. Kočová M., Říhová Z., Zatloukal J. The Issue of Underground Depositing of High Radioactive Waste. Key Engineering Materials, Trans Tech Publications, 2017, Vol. 722, pp. 59–65. DOI: 10.4028/ www.scientific.net/KEM.722.59 (in English)
  5. Vasilyanova L.S., Lazareva E.A. Tseolityi v ekologii [Zeolites in ecology] [Science news of Kazakhstan], 2016, №1(127), pp. 61–85. (in Russian)
  6. Kim С.К., Kong J.У., Chun В.S., Park J.W. Radioactive removal by adsorption on Yesan clay and zeolite. Environmental earth Sciences, 2013, Vol. 68(8), pp. 2393–2398. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-012-1923-5 (in English)
  7. Osipov V.I. Mikrostruktura glinistyih porod [Microstructure of clay rocks]. Moscow. Nedra, 1989. p. 42. (in Russian)
  8. Tyurin A.N. Mineralogo-litologicheskaya kharakteristika tseolitsoderzhaschih porod Tatarsko-Shatrashanskogo mestorozhdeniya [Mineralogical and lithological characteristics of zeolite-bearing rocks of the Tatar-Shatrashan deposit]. PhD dissertation (Lithology). Kazan, 2003, 208 p. (in Russian)
  9. Liang, Z., Ni J. Improving the ammonium ion uptake onto natural zeolite by using an integrated modification process. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, Vol. 166. №1, pp. 52–60. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.11.002 (in English)
  10. Balkevich V.L. Tehnicheskaya keramika [Technical ceramics]. M. Stroyizdat, 1984, 256 p. (in Russian)
  11. Sharapova  A.V. Obezvrezhivanie stochnyih vod ot tyazhelyih metallov pod deystviem ultrazvuka i utilizatsiya protivoobledenitelnyih zhidkostey s primeneniem prirodnyih sorbentov [Disinfection of sewage from heavy metals under the influence of ultrasound and  salvaging of anti-icing fluids using natural sorbents]. PhD dissertation (Ecology). Nizhniy Novgorod, 2015, 114 p. (in Russian)
  12. Armitidzh G.D., Sanli D.G. Selektivnoe dealyuminirovanie tseolitov strukturnogo tipa mordenita [Selective dealumination of structural type mordenite zeolites]. Patent application RF, №2011118502,  2009. 2 p. (in Russian)
  13. Osnovyi predvideniya kataliticheskogo deystviya. Trudyi IV Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa po katalizu. [Basics of catalytic action foresight] Vol. 2. [Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry (ZIOC)]. M. Nauka [Science], 1970, 480 p. (in Russian)
  14. Mustafayeva R.M. Tseolitsoderzhashchiye katalizatory v protsessakh polucheniya aromaticheskikh uglevodorodov: Monografiya. [Zeolite-containing catalysts in the production of aromatic hydrocarbons: Monograph]. Baku, 2012, 175 p. (in Russian)
  15. Nemtsov A.A.. Pakina M.I.. AleksandrovaZ Yu.V.. Vlasov E.A.. Myakin S.V.. Omarov Sh.O. Modifitsirovaniye nositeley na osnove mordenita. shabazita i fozhazita [Modification of carriers based on mordenite, chabazite and faujasite]. Izvestiya Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnologicheskogo instituta (tekhnicheskogo universiteta) [Bulletin of the Saint Petersburg State Institute of Technology (Technical University) / Bulletin of St PbSIT(TU)], 2015, №. 31, pp. 25-29. (in Russian)
Papers48 - 60
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article

Research, design, construction and installation of nuclear facilities manufacturing equipment

Article NameHypothesis Substantiation of Laminar Current Transition to Turbulent during Mixed Liquid Convection in Vertical Channels
AuthorsV.K. Semenov, A.A. Beliakov
Address

Ivanovo State Power University,
34 Rabfakovskaya st., Ivanovo, Ivanovskaya region, Russia, 153003
E-mail: oh_behave@mail.ru

AbstractThe paper offers and justifies the hypothesis of the transition of a slow steady-state laminar liquid flow into a turbulent one during its ascending motion along a vertical unequally heated surface under conditions of mixed convection. It analyzes the nature of the driving forces and the role of the pressure force at different stages of liquid heating. It is shown that this transition is due to the origin of the wakeful flow and the disruption of the stationarity conditions. The critical value of the convective parameter and the place of turbulence generation are determined by the method of integral relations.
Keywordsascending movement of the liquid, mixed convection, laminar current, criteria of transition of the laminar to turbulent current
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Ostroumov G.A. Svobodnaya konvekciya v usloviyah vnutrennei' zadachi. M. Pub. Gostehizdat, 1952. (In Russian)

[2] Lykov A. V., Aleksashenko A. A., Aleksashenko V. A.. Sopryazhennye zadachi konvektivnogo teploobmena.  Minsk. Pub. Nauka i tehnika, 1971. (In Russian)

[3] Gebhart B. Svobodno konvektivnye techeniya, teplo- i massoobmen. M. Pub. Mir, 1991. (In Russian)

[4] Gusev S.E., SHklover G.G. Svobodnokonvektivnyi' teploobmen pri vneshnem obtekanii tel. M. Pub. JEnergoatomizdat, 1992. (In Russian)

[5] Kutateladze S. S., A. G. Kirdyashkin, V. P. Ivakin. Turbulentnaya estestvennaya konvekciya vertikal'noi' izotermicheskoi' plastiny  — «Dokl. AN SSSR», 1974, t. 21, №6, p. 1270. (In Russian)

[6] Dropkin D., Somerskei'lz E. Teplootdacha putem estestvennoi' konvekcii v zhidkostyah, ogranichennyh dvumya parallel'nymi ploskimi poverhnostyami, kotorye raspolagayutsya pod razlichnymi uglami naklona k gorizontali. — «Tr. amer. ob-va inzh.-meh., ser. S. Teploperedacha», 1965, № 1, p. 94. (In Russian)

[7] Dropkin D., Somerskei'lz E. Teplootdacha putem estestvennoi' konvekcii v zhidkostyah, ogranichennyh dvumya parallel'nymi ploskimi poverhnostyami, kotorye raspolagayutsya pod razlichnymi uglami naklona k gorizontali.— «Tr. amer. ob-va inzh.-meh., ser. S. Teploperedacha», 1965, № 1, p. 94. (In Russian)

[8] Merrikh A. A., Lage J. L. Natural convection in an enclosure with disconnected and conducting solid blocks // Intern. J. Heat Mass Transfer. 2005 V. 48, N 7 P. 1361–1372.

[9] Kirillov P.L., Bogoslovskaja G.P. Teplomassobmen v jadernykh ehnergeticheskikh ustanovkakh [Heat-Energy in Nuclear Power Plants]. M. Pub. IzdAT, 2008. (in Russian)

[10] Kirillov P.L., Bobkov V.P., Zhukov A.V., Jurjev V.S. Spravochnik po teplogidravlicheskim raschetam v jadernojj ehnergetike  [Handbook on Thermal Hydraulic Calculations in Nuclear Power Engineering]. Vol. 1. M. IzdAT, 2010. (in Russian)

[11] Petukhov B.S., Genin L.G., Kovalev S.A., Solovjev S.L. Teploobmen v jadernykh ehnergeticheskikh ustanovkakh  [Heat Transfer in Nuclear Power Plants]. M. Pub. MEI, 2003. (in Russian)

[12] Semenov V.K., Gorbuncov A.F., Gorbuncov D.A. Konvektivnoe okhlazhdenie obmotok moshhnykh ehlektricheskikh transformatorov  [Convective Cooling of Windings of Powerful Electrical Transformers]. Sbornik Issledovanija v oblasti teoreticheskikh osnov ehlektrotekhniki i inzhenernojj ehlektrofiziki  [Collection of works "Research in the Field of Theoretical Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering and Engineering Electrophysics"]. Ivanovo. Pub. Ivanovskogo ehnergoinstituta, 1982. p. 113. (in Russian)

[13] Gershuni G.Z., Zhukhovickijj E.M., Nepomnjashhijj A.A. Ustojjchivost konvektivnykh techenijj  [Stability of Convective Currents]. M. Pub. Nauka  [Science], 1989. (in Russian)

[14] Shlikhting G. Teorija pogranichnogo sloja  [Boundary Layer Theory]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science], 1974. (in Russian)

[15] Semenov V.K. K voprosu teploobmena v vertikalnykh kanalakh gazorazrjadnykh apparatov  [Heat Exchange in Vertical Channels of Gas-Discharge Apparatus]. Teplofizika vysokikh temperature  [Thermal Physics of High Temperatures], 1998, Vol. 36, №3, pp. 503–507. (in Russian)

Papers61 - 69
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameExternal Magnetic Field Deformation in Arc Welding of Magnetic Metals
AuthorsJieren Gu*, A.M. Rybachuk**
Address

Bauman Moscow State Technical University,
Build 1, Vtoraja Baumanskaya St., 5, Moscow, Russia 105005
* ORCID: 0000-0001-6287-1379
Wos ResearcherID: S-4188-2017
e-mail: gujieren12345@163.com
** ORCID: 0000-0002-9078-2653
Wos ResearcherID: O-6229-2017
e-mail: amrybachuk@mail.ru

AbstractThe paper considers the method of forming joints in an external transverse magnetic field of a four-pole magnetic system in arc welding. The deformation of the magnetic field in the welding of ferromagnetic metals is investigated. The dependence of the axis displacement of the magnetic field on the current in the magnetic system coils is shown.
Keywordsarc welding, four-pole magnetic system, ferromagnetic metal, magnetic field
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Ryzhov R.M. Vliyaniye impulsnykh elektromagnitnykh vozdeystviy na protsessy formirovaniya i kristallizatsii shvov [Effect of pulsed electromagnetic effects on the formation and crystallization of seam]. Avtomaticheskaya svarka [Automatic welding], 2007, №2, ISSN 0005-111X, pp. 56–58. (in Russian)

[2]  Zavyalov V.Ye., Zvorono Ya.P., Petrakov A.B. Ispolzovaniye prodolnogo magnitnogo polya pri naplavke pod flyusom [Using the longitudinal magnetic field in surfacing Submerged]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding fabrication], 1990, №2, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 3–6. (in Russian)

[3] Akulov A.I., Rybachuk A.M. Uderzhaniye zhidkogo metalla svarochnoy vanny poperechnym magnitnym polem [Maintaining a liquid metal of the weld pool by a transverse magnetic field]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding fabrication], 1972, №2, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 3–4. (in Russian)

[4] Akulov A.I., Rybachuk A.M., Chernyshov G.G. Osobennosti formirovaniya shva pri svarke v poperechnom magnitnom pole [Features of formation of the welding seam in a transverse magnetic field]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding fabrication], 1979, №7, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 11–14. (in Russian)

[5] Konovalov A.V., Kurkin A.S., Makarov E.L., Nerovny V.M., Yakushin B.F. Teoriya svarochnykh protsessov [Theory of welding processes]. M. Pub. "Izdatelstvo MGTU im. N.E. Baumana" [Bauman Moscow State Technical University Publishing House], 2007, ISBN 978-5-7038-3020-8, 752 p. (in Russian)

[6] Kurkin A.S., Korolev A.S., Ponomarev P.A. Obosnovaniye isklyucheniya poslesvarochnoy termicheskoy obrabotki kol'tsevykh stykov magistral'nykh gazoprovodov s tolshchinoy stenki svyshe 30 mm iz stali k65 [Justification of elimination of post-weld heat treatment of welded circular butts in a gas pipelines made of X80 steel with wall thickness over 30 mm]. Nauka i obrazovaniye [Science and education], 2013, №5, eISSN 2587-9278, pp. 61–74. (in Russian)

 [7] Raychuk YU.I. Raspredeleniye toka po plastine pri dugovoy svarke [Current distribution over the plate during arc welding]. Avtomaticheskaya svarka [Automatic welding]. 1967, №4, ISSN 0005-111X , pp. 19-22. (in Russian)

[8] Rybachuk A.M., Chernyshov G.G. Raspredeleniye svarochnogo toka v izdelii i vanne pri dugovoy svarke [Welding current distribution in the product and the bath during arc welding]. Svarka i Diagnostika [Welding and Diagnostics], 2011, №6, ISSN 2071-5234, pp. 16-20. (in Russian)

 [9] Rybachuk A.M., Gu J., Krysko N.V. Deformatsiya dugi v kvadrupolnom magnitnom pole [The deformation of the arc in the quadrupole magnetic field]. Aktualnyye problemy gumanitarnykh i yestestvennykh nauk [Actual problems of humanities and natural sciences], 2015, №8-1, ISSN 2073-0071, pp. 73–78. (in Russian)

[10] Krysko N.V., Rybachuk A.M. Oblast, chuvstvitelnaya k vneshnim magnitnym polyam pri svarke v CO2 [Area sensitive to external magnetic fields when welding in CO2]. Svarka i diagnostika [Welding and diagnostics], 2013, №5, ISSN 2071-5234, pp. 36–40. (in Russian)

[11] Krysko N.V., Rybachuk A.M. Osobennosti oblasti, chuvstvitelnoy k vneshnim magnitnym polyam pri svarke v argone i smesyakh [Features of a region sensitive to external magnetic fields during welding in argon and mixtures]. Svarka i diagnostika [Welding and diagnostics], 2014, №5, ISSN 2071-5234, pp. 54–56. (in Russian)

[12] Nomura K., Ogino Y., Haga T., Hitara Y. Influence of magnet configuration on magnetic controlled TIG arc welding // Transactions of JWRI. 2010. Vol. 39, №2, ISSN 0387-4508, pp. 209-210. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/11094/5373 (in English)

 [13] Gu J., Rybachuk A.M. Elektricheskoye pole v izdelii pri dugovoy svarke normalno-ellipticheskim istochnikom [The electric field in the work-piece in arc welding normally elliptical source]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2015, №4, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 77–83. (in Russian)

[14] Gu J., Krysko N.V., Rybachuk A.M. Analiz magnitnogo polya kvadrupolnoy magnitnoy sistemy chislennym modelirovaniyem [Analysis of the magnetic field of a quadrupole magnetic system by numerical modeling]. Aktualnyye problemy gumanitarnykh i yestestvennykh nauk [Actual problems of humanities and natural sciences], 2016, №11-1, ISSN 2073-0071, pp. 74–79. (in Russian)

[15] Rykalin N.N. Raschety teplovykh protsessov pri svarke [Calculations of thermal processes during welding].  M. MASHGIZ [MASHGIZ], 1951, 296 p. (in Russian)

Papers70 - 77
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameApplication of LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim Package for Simulation the Propagation of Pressure Waves Liquid in Pipeline
AuthorsK.N. Proskuryakov*, A.I. Fedorov**, M.V. Zaporozhets*
Address

* National Research University «MPEI»,
Krasnokazarmennaya St., 14, Moscow, Russia, 111250

1 e-mail: ProskuriakovKN@mpei.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-1884-5576
WoS ResearcherID: I-3583-2017

3 ORCID: 0000-0002-8017-5200
WoS ResearcherID: K-3710-2017
** Novovoronezh Nuclear Power Plant the branch of «Rosenergoatom Concern» JSC
Yuzhnaya St., 1, Plant zone, Novovoronezh, Voronezh region, Russia, 396072

2 ORCID: 0000-0002-5661-9502
WoS ResearcherID: K-3752-2017

AbstractThe paper considers the development of a technique for calculating the propagation of liquid pressure waves in pipelines for a large-scale experimental thermohydraulic model of a VVER-440 double-circuit steam generating plant. It is shown that the pressure compensator amplifies the pressure pulsations, as a Helmholtz resonator. As the Helmholtz resonator under certain conditions is a damper for acoustic oscillations of a given frequency, it is proposed to use an acoustic frequency filter of the Helmholtz resonator as an effective means of preventing vibroacoustic resonances at the NPP.A technique for calculating the propagation of pressure waves in the pipelines of the experimental stand of the MPEI TPP is developed. It is shown that the volume compensator can amplify the acting oscillations.
KeywordsLMS Imagine.Lab AMESim, pressure waves, pressure pulsations, Lax-Vendroff scheme, Navier-Stokes equations
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Teoreticheskoye i eksperimental'noye obosnovaniye vozmozhnosti kontrolya sostoyaniya teplonositelya po chastote yego sobstvennykh kolebaniy. / Rassokhin N.G., Proskuryakov K.N., Mukhin V.S., Kayl' I.I .// Dvukhfaznyye potoki. L .: Nauka, Leningradskoye otdeleniye, 1988.

[2] Voronova V.P. Parogenerator MEhI. Posobie po proizvodstvennomu obucheniju na TEhC MEhI dlja studentov special'nostejj 0310 i 0649 [Steam Generator MPEI. Manual on Production Training at TPP MPEI for Students of Specialties 0310 and 0649]. M. 1975. (in Russian)

[3] Proskurjakov K.H., Ustinov A.K. Sozdanie nauchnojj bazy akusticheskojj diagnostiki teplogidravlicheskikh processov v oborudovanii AEh [Creation of a Scientific Basis for Acoustic Diagnostics of Thermal Hydraulic Processes in NPP Equipment]. Vestnik MEhI [Bulletin of MPEI], 1996, №3, pp. 51–61. (in Russian)

[4] Teoreticheskoye opredeleniye chastot sobstvennykh kolebaniy teplonositelya v pervom konture AES / K. N. Proskuryakov, studenty: S. P. Stoyanov, G. Nidtsballa, A. V. Gryazev i dr.// Tr. MEI. - 1979. - Vyp. 407. - pp. 87 - 92. (in English)

[5] Proskuryakov K.N. Teplogidravlicheskoye vozbuzhdeniye kolebaniy teplonositelya vo vnutrikorpusnykh ustroystvakh YAEU.-M.:MEI, 1984, 67 p. (in English)

[6] Proskuryakov K.N. Early Boiling Detection Method OF Pre-or Post-Accident Situation on WWER and RBMK, SMORN VII, Avignon, France, 19-23 June 1995. Vol. 1, pp. 426–424. (in English)

[7] Koban I. Razrabotka algoritma modelirovanija i ehksperimentalnaja ocenka sobstvennykh kolebanijj teplonositelja kontura VVEhR v ehkspluatacionnykh rezhimakh [Development of Modeling Algorithm and Experimental Estimation of the Natural Oscillations of the WWER Circuit Coolant in Operating Conditions]. Avtoreferat na soiskanie uchenojj stepeni kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Thesis abstract of PhD in Engineering]. M. 1985. 20 p. (in Russian)

[8] Rapp, J.; Turesson, J. Hydrostatic Transmission in Wind Turbines – Development of Test Platform. Dissertation (Master Thesis in Fluid Power). Department of Manegement and Engineering, Division of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Linköping University, Linköping, 2015. (in English)

[9] LMS Imagine, Contents of the hydraulic lines library: Hlg0020d-hydraulic line cfd 1d lax-wendroff (c-ir-***-c-ir), 2013. (in English)

[10] Lax P.D., Wendroff B. A960. Systems of Conservation Laws.— Comms. Pure and Appl. Math., V. 13, pp. 217–237. (in English)

[11] Vychislitelnaja gidromekhanika i teploobmen [Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer]. In 2 vol. Vol. 1. M.:Pub. Mir, 1990, 384 p. (in Russian)

[12] Winterborne D.E. Theory of engine manifold design: wave action methods for IC engines, Professional Engineering Publishing, 2000. (in English)

[13] Lari Kela. Attenuating amplitude of pulsating pressure in a low-pressure hydraulic system by an adaptive Helmholtz resonator. Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4200, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Finland. Acta Univ. Oul., 2010. p. 354. (in English)

[14] ANP-10306NP. Comprehensive vibration assessment program for U.S. EPR reactor internals. Technicalreport. 2013. (in English)

[15] Proskuriakov K. N., Fedorov A. I., Zaporozhets M. V., Predicting the Conditions under Which Vibration-acoustic Resonances with External Periodic Loads Occur in the Primary Coolant Circuits of WWER Based NPPs, Thermal Engineering Vol. 62, No.8, pp. 553–559 (2015). (in English)

Papers78 - 90
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameInfluence of Structural Heredity on Strength of the Reactor Cr-Ni-Mo-V Steel
AuthorsN.N. Podrezov*, I.S. Podrezova**
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”, Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: VITIkafMPM@mephi.ru
* ORCID: 0000-0002-0314-2413
WoS ResearcherID: G-3892-2017;
** ORCID: 0000-0003-4480-0707
WoS ResearcherID: V-2309-2017

AbstractThe paper considers the influence of structural heredity on the complex of mechanical properties of shells in the zone of branch pipes from reactor steel in the process of manufacturing the hull of a water-cooled reactor. It is shown that the manifestations of structural heredity have a negative effect in the presence in the shells of primary austenitic grains score No. 3 according to GOST 5639.
Keywordsthe structural heredity, the shell of the nozzle zone, strength, mechanical properties, microstructure, hardening with tempering
LanguageRussian
References

 [1] Chernobaeva A.A. Issledovanie vlijanija temperaturno-vremennykh parametrov termicheskojj obrabotki na strukturnuju nasledstvennost stali 15Kh2NMFA [Investigation of the effect of temperature-time parameters of heat treatment on structural heredity of steel 15Х2НМФА] Avtoreferat na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Author's abstract. dis. ... cand. tech. Sciences]. M. 1989, 22 p. (in Russian)

[2] Markov S.I., Kark G.S., Chernobaeva A.A. Vlijanie razmera austenitnogo zerna na mekhanicheskie svojjstva stali 15Kh2NMFA [Influence of the size of austenitic grain on the mechanical properties of 15Х2НМФА steel]. [New structural steels and alloys and methods for their processing to improve the reliability and durability of products]. Zaporozhye: ZMI im. V.Ja. Chubarja [ZMI of them. V.Ya. Chubarya], 1986, p. 106. (in Russian)

[3] Bernshtejn M.L. Prochnost' stali [The strength of steel]. M. Pub. Metallurgiya, 1974, 200 p. (in Russian)

[4] Iugai S.S., Kleiner L.M., Shatsov A.A., Mitrokhovich N.N. Strukturnaia nasledstvennost' v izkouglerodistykh martensitnykh staliakh [Structural heredity in the low-carbon martensitic steels]. Metallovedenie i termicheskaia obrabotka metallov, 2004, №12, pp. 24–29. (in Russian)

[5] Durinin V.A., Titova T.I., Matveev G.P., Balandin S.Yu. Issledovanie kachestva krupnogabaritnojj obechajjki iz 360-t slitka stali 15Kh2NMFA dlja atomnogo reaktora [Study of the quality of a large-sized shell of 360-ton of ingot 15Х2НМФА for an atomic reactor]. Ehlektrometallurgija [Electrometallurgy], 2003, №9, pp. 45–48. (in Russian)

[6] Filimonov, G.N. Tsukanov V.V., Grekova I.I., Teplukhina I.I., Dyukov V.V., Titova T.I., Shulgan N.A., Snoring I.I. Tekhnologicheskie aspekty, obespechivajushhie sozdanie korpusnykh materialov dlja vodo-vodjanykh reaktorov povyshennojj bezopasnosti i resursa [Technological aspects that provide the creation of hull materials for water-cooled reactors of increased safety and resource]. Database Refdb: network log, 2012. Available at: https://refdb.ru/look/1978467.html (in Russian)

[7] Dang, S.-E., He, Y., Liu, Y., Su, Z.-N. Structural heredity of 30Cr2Ni4MoV steel. Cailiao Rechuli Xuebao. Transactions of Materials and Heat Treatment, 2014, №35. pp. 61–65. (in English)

[8] Tekhnicheskie uslovija TU 0893-013-00212179-2003.Zagotovki iz stali marok15Kh2NMFA, 15Kh2NMFA-A, 15Kh2NMFA klass 1 dlja korpusov, kryshek i drugikh uzlov reaktornykh ustanovok [Technical specifications TU 0893-013-00212179-2003. Blanks from steel grade 15Х2НМФА, 15Х2НМФА-А, 15Х2НМФА class 1 for cases, covers and other units of reactor installations]. M. 2003, 26 p. (in Russian)

[9] GOST 5639-82. Stali i splavy. Metody vyjavlenija i opredelenija velichiny zerna [GOST 5639-82. Steels and alloys. Methods for the detection and determination of grain size]. M. Pub. IPK Izdatelstvo standartov [IPK Publishing house of standards], 2000. p. 16. (in Russian)

[10] Markov S.I. Metallovedcheskie osnovy proizvodstva zagotovok dlja vysokonadezhnykh ehlementov ehnergeticheskikh i truboprovodnykh sistem [Metal science bases of production of blanks for highly reliable elements of power and pipeline systems]. M. 2012, p. 83. (in Russian)

[11] Podrezov N.N. Razrabotka tekhnologicheskih osnov chistyh korpusnyh stalej [Development of technological fundamentals of pure hull steels]. M. 2017, p. 160 (in Russian)

[12] Sadovsky V.D. Strukturnaja nasledstvennost v stali [Structural heredity in steel]. M. Pub. Metallurgy, 1973, 205 p. (in Russian)

[13] Umov V.M., Sadovskii V.D. The effect of structural heredity in grain growth of austenite during heating of steel. Physics of metals and metallography, 1979, Volume 47(4), pp. 802–808 (in Russian)

[14] Schastlivcev V.M., Kutin A.B., Smirnov M.A. Ispravlenie struktury i izlomov peregretoj konstrukcionnoj stali [The correction of the structure and fractures of the superheated structural steel]. Ekaterinburg. Pub. Ural branch RAS, 2003, 190 p. (in Russian)

[15] Chen J.R., Gu, K.F., Han L.Z. et al. Novel process to refine grain size of NiCrMoV steel. Materials Science and Technology. Issue 7: Simulation of alloy structure and properties, 2012, Volume 28, pp. 773–777 (in English)

Papers91 - 96
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Nuclear facilities exploitation

Article NamePhysical Share of Delayed Neutrons in ReactorActive Zone with Low-enriched Fuel at the First Physical Start-up
AuthorsP.A. Ponomarenko, S.S. Bezotosny, M.A. Frolova, V.A. Morozova
Address

Sevastopol State University
Kurchatov St. 1, Sevastopol,
Crimea, Russia, 299016
е-mail:
frolova-85@mail.ru

AbstractThe article is devoted to the theoretical estimate of the physical fraction of delayed neutrons in the reactor core by thermal neutrons, the fuel elements which contain only uranium fuel, prior to the physical start-up. One of the most responsible and potentially dangerous nuclear procedures in operation of any reactor is its first physical start-up. In the course of the first physical start-up experimentally define size of an effective share of delayed neutrons and reactance factors. The key moment in this complex of actions is the effective share of delayed neutrons which are product of a physical fraction and value of late neutrons.
Keywordsnuclear power, nuclear reactor, fraction of delayed neutrons, nuclear safety, active zone, reactivity, low enriched fuel, uranium, multiplication factor, number of nuclei, first physical launch, value of delayed neutrons
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Ob utverzhdenii i vvedenii v dejjstviefederal'nykh norm i pravil v oblastiispolzovanijaatomnojjehnergii «Pravilajadernojjbezopasnostireaktornykhustanovokatomnykhstancijj» [Approval and Enactment of Federal Norms and Rules in the Sphere of the Use of Atomic Energy "Rules for Nuclear Safety of Nuclear Plant Reactor Facilities"]. Nuclear Safety Rules for Nuclear Power Plant Reactor Units (NP-082-07). M. Pub.Gospromatomnadzor, 2007. (in Russian)

[2] Sarkisov A.A., Puchkov V.N. Sudovyereaktory i parogeneratory[Ship reactors and steam generators]. M.Pub. Military Publishing, 1985. (in Russian)

[3] Klimov A.N. Yadernajafizika i yadernyereaktory[Nuclear physics and nuclear reactors]. M. Pub.Atomizdat, 1971. (in Russian)

[4] Galanin A.D Teorijayadernykhreaktorovnateplovykhnejjtronakh[The theory of nuclear reactors on thermal neutrons]. M. Pub.Atomizdat, 1960. (in Russian)

[5] Tevlin S.А. Aehs s reaktorami vvehr 1000[NPP with VVER reactors]. М.: Pub.Izdatelskij dom MEHI, 2008. (in Russian)

[6]Glesston S., Ellund M. Osnovyteoriiyadernykhreaktorov[Fundamentals of the theory of nuclear reactors] M. Pub.Izd-voinostr. lit. [TheFundamentalsofNuclearReactorTheory], 1954.

[7] Bell D.,Glesston S. Theorijayadernykhreaktorov[Theory of nuclear reactors].M. Pub.Atomizdat, 1974. (in Russian)

[8] Rudik A.P. Fizicheskieosnovyyadernykhreaktorov[Physical basis of nuclear reactors]. Physical fundamentals of nuclear reactors. M. Pub.Atomizdat, 1979. (in Russian)

[9] Spravochnik po yadernoj fizike [handbook of nuclear physics] pod redakciej akademika A.A. Arcimovicha. – М.: Pub. Gosizdat fiz mat literatury, 1963. (in Russian)

[10]        Puchkov V.N. Pusk, rabota, ostanovkareaktora[Start, work, shutdown of the reactor]. M. Pub. The Navy, 1979. (in Russian)

[11] Ovchinnikov F.Y. Ehkspluatacionnye rezhimy VVEHYAR[Operating modes of the VENR] М.: Pub.Atomizdat, 1977. (in Russian)

[12]Bartolomei G.G., Bat G.A, etc. Osnovyteorii i metody rascheta yadernykh ehnergeticheskikh reaktorov [Fundamentals of the theory and methods for calculating nuclear power reactors]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat, 1989.(in Russian)

[13]  Gordeev I.V., et al.Spravochnik po yaderno-fizicheskim konstantam dlja rascheta reaktorov [Handbook on nuclear-physical constants for the calculation of reactors]. M. Gosatomizdat, 1960. (in Russian)

[14]  Burlakov B.A. Teplofizicheskie I yadernye svojstva materialov primenyaemyh v reaktorostroenii [Thermophysical and nuclear properties of materials used in reactor building]. VMF, 1967. (in Russian)

[15] Kiping J.R. Fizicheskie osnovy kinetiki yadernykh reaktorov [Physical basis of the kinetics of nuclear reactors]. M. Pub. Atomizdat, 1967. (in Russian)

Papers97 - 101
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Article NameGeometric Parameter Monitoring of Nuclear Power Plant Protective Shell During Prestressing, Testing and Its Technical State Determining
AuthorsYu.I. Pimshin*1, G.A. Naumenko**2, S.M. Burdakov*3, Yu.S. Zabaznov*4
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1 e-mail: yipimshin@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0001-6610-8725
WoS ResearcherID: J-6791-2017

3 e-mail: SMBurdakov@mephi.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8599-6008
WoS ResearcherID: F-6903-2017

4 e-mail: Jur-rik@mail.ru
ORCID iD is  0000-0003-1856-5221
Your ResearcherID is: V-3311-2017

** Don state technical university,
Gagarina Sq., 1, Rostov-on-Don, Rostov region, Russia, 344000

2 e-mail: geodez@aaanet.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-7512-4687
WoS ResearcherID: J-7170-2017

AbstractThe paper considers the estimation theory of the protective hermetic shell technical condition and the experience of using the mobile geodetic diagnostic system at the Rostov Nuclear Power Plant Unit No. 4. The results of a regular built-in system designed for determining and evaluating the stress-strain state of protective hermetic shells during the take-and-take period and operation are compared. They are compared with the results of the geodetic system obtained at the same stages of the protective hermetic shell.
Keywordsprotective hermetic shell, technical condition, prestressing, testing, monitoring, mobile geodetic diagnostic system, stress-strain state evaluation
LanguageRussian
References

[1] NS-G-1/10. Seriya norm po bezopasnosti. Proektirovanie sistem zashchitnoy obolochki reaktora dlya atomnykh elektrostantsiy. Rukovodstvo po bezopasnosti. [A Series of Safety Standards. Designing of Reactor Containment Systems for Nuclear Power Plants. Safety Guide.]. Vienna. "IAEA" [International Atomic Energy Agency], 2008, 143 p. (in English)

[2] SP 52-102-2004. Predvaritel'no napryazhennye zhelezobetonnye konstruktsii. [Pre-stressed Reinforced Concrete Structures]. Moscow. "FSUE CDP" [Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Center of design products in construction"], 2005, 42 p. (in Russian)

[3] STO SRO-S 60542960 00017-2014. Standart organizatsii. Objekty ispolzovaniya atomnoy energii. Sistema predvaritelnogo napryazheniya zashchitnoy obolochki reaktornogo otdeleniya AES. Trebovaniya k konstruirovaniyu, stroitelstvu, ekspluatatsii i remontu. [The standard of the Organization. Objects of Atomic Energy Use. The System of Protective Shell Preliminary Voltage of the Nuclear Power Plant Reactor Compartment. Requirements for the Design, Construction, Operation and Repair.]. Moscow. "SOYuZATOMSTROY" [Self-regulating organization Association "Association of organizations performing construction, reconstruction, major repairs of nuclear facilities" SOYUZATOMSTROY"], 2014, 28 p. (in Russian)

[4] NP–010–16. Federalnye normy i pravila v oblasti ispol'zovaniya atomnoy energii «Pravila ustroystva i ekspluatatsii lokalizuyushchikh sistem bezopasnosti atomnykh stantsiy» [Federal rules and regulations in the field of the use of atomic energy "Rules for the Design and Operation of Localizing Safety Systems for Nuclear Power Plants"], Ofitsial'nyy sayt kompanii «Konsul'tant Plyus» [Official site of the Consultant Plus company], 2016. Available at: https://consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_196163. (in Russian)

[5] Pimshin Yu.I., Klyushin E.B., Medvedev V.N., Gubeladze O.A., Naugolnov V.A., Zayarov Yu.V., Zabaznov Yu.S. Diagnostika tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya zashchitnykh obolochek AES [Diagnosis of the Technical Condition of the Nuclear Power Plant Protective Shells] [Geodesy and Aerophotography], 2016, №4, ISSN 0536-101Х, p. 55–59. (in Russian)

[6] Pimshin Yu.I., Medvedev V.N., Naumenko G.A., Naugol'nov V.A., Zabaznov Yu.S. Otsenka napryazhenno-deformirovannogo sostoyaniya zashchitnykh germetichnykh obolochek na primere blokov Rostovskoy AES [Estimation of the Stress-Strain State of Protective Hermetic Shells on the Example of Rostov NPP Units] [Geodesy and Aerophotography], 2017, №3, ISSN 0536-101Х, p. 36–42. (in Russian)

[7] Pimshin Yu.I., Zabaznov Yu.S., Kiril'chik L.F. Analiz raboty stroitelnykh elementov germetichnoy obolochki AES pri ee prednapryazhenii i ispytanii [Analysis of the Work of Building Elements of the Nuclear Power Plants Hermetic Shell during its Prestressing and Testing] [E-journal “Engineering journal of Don”], 2014, №1. – Available at: http:// ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n1y2014/2263. (in Russian)

[8] Zabaznov Yu.S., Klyushin E.B., Pimshin Yu.I. Geodezicheskoe obespechenie monitoringa tekhnicheskogo sostoyaniya zashchitnykh germetichnykh obolochek atomnykh elektricheskikh stantsiy (AES) v period ikh stroitelstva, prednapryazheniya i ispytaniya [Geodetic Support for Monitoring the Technical Condition of Protective Sealed Shells of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) during their Construction, Pre-Stress and Testing] [the collection of articles following the results of scientific and technical conferences. Release 7 (in two parts). – Ch1. – M.: MIIGAiK / annex to the "Geodesy and Aerophotography" magazine №6], 2014. p. 19–23. (in Russian)

[9] Pimshin Yu.I., etc. Sposob opredeleniya deformatsionnykh kharakteristik sooruzheniy [Way of Definition of Construction Deformation Characteristics]. Patent RF, №2426089, 2011. (in Russian)

[10] Pimshin Yu.I., etc. Sposob opredeleniya deformatsionnykh kharakteristik  zashchitnoy germetichnoy obolochki [Way of Definition of Deformation Characteristics of a Protective Tight Cover]. Patent RF, №2546990, 2015. (in Russian)

[11] Pimshin Yu.I., etc. Sposob otsenki ekspluatatsionnoy nadezhnosti zashchitnoy germetichnoy obolochki reaktornogo otdeleniya AES [Method for Assessing the Operational Reliability of the Protective Hermetic Shell of the Nuclear Power Plant Reactor Compartment]. Patent RF, № 2577555, 2016. (in Russian)

[12] Programma naturnyh nablyudenij za zashhitnoj obolochkoj energobloka №3 Rostovskoj AES v period vozvedeniya, prednapryazheniya, priyomo-sdatochnyx ispytanij i ekspluatacii [The program of natural supervision over the Rostov NPP power unit № 3 protective cover during construction, pretension, acceptance tests and operation]. M. Pub. OAO «Atomtexenergo» [JSC Atomtekhenergo], 2011. (in Russian)

[13] Normy proektirovaniya zhelezobetonnyh konstrukcij lokalizuyushhih sistem bezopasnosti atomnyh stancij. PNAE G-10-007-89 [Norms of design of ferroconcrete designs of the localizing security systems of nuclear power plants. PNAE G-10-007 - 89]. Pub. Gospromatomnadzor SSSR [Gospromatomnadzor of the USSR], 1991. (in Russian)

[14] Medvedev V.N., Ulyanov A.N., Strizhov V.F., Kiselev A.S. Analiz rezultatov predvaritelnogo napryazheniya zashhitnoj obolochki e'nergobloka № 3 Rostovskoj AES [Analysis of results of preliminary tension of a protective cover of the Rostov NPP power unit № 3]. Bezopasnost, effektivnost i ekonomika atomnoj energetiki [Safety, efficiency and economy of nuclear power]: tez. Devyatoj mezhdunar. nauch.-tehn. konf.: plenarnye i sekcionnye doklady. – MNTK [theses of the IX international scientific and technical conference: plenary and section reports] – 2014, Moscow, May 21–23, 2014. M. 2014, pp. 290–295. (in Russian)

[15] Karpenko N.I. Obshhie modeli mexaniki zhelezobetona [General models of mechanics of reinforced concrete]. M. Pub. Strojizdat [Stroyizdat], 1996, ISBN 5-274-01682-0, 416 p. (in Russian)

Papers102 - 112
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Article NameExperimental Determination of Vibration Characteristics of Vertical Steam Generator Involute Screens for WWER Reactor
AuthorsA.M. Besedin, V.M. Kovalenko, S.Yu. Chesnakova, A.Yu. Smolin
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: VITIkafAE@mephi.ru

AbstractThe work shows out calculations and experimental studies on the determination of the vibration parameters. The project of a full-scale air-water model of a vertical steam generator has been completed. The resource of involute screens is determined. The objective of the work is to determine the vibration characteristics and service life of steam generating pipes, issue recommendations on improving the vibration resistance of the tube bundle.
KeywordsVibration resistance, involute screens, tube bundle, turbulence, vortex shedding, hydroelastic interaction, natural frequency, frequency spectrum, stresses
LanguageRussian
References

[1]    Petuxov B.S., Genin L.G., Kovalev S.A., Solovjev S.L. Teploobmen v yadernyh energeticheskih ustanovkah [Heat transfer in nuclear power plants]. M. Pub. Izdatelstvo MEI [MPEI Publishing house], 2003, ISBN 5-7046-0843-4, 548 p. (in Russian)

[2]    Zorin V.A. Atomnye elektrostancii [Nuclear power plants]. M. Pub. Izdatelskij dom MEI [MPEI Publishing house], 2012, ISBN 978-5-383-00604-7, 672 p. (in Russian)

[3]    Dajchak M.L. Prigorovskij M.I., Hurshudov G.X. Metody i sredstva naturnoj tenzometrii [Methods and means of full strainometry]. M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical engineering], 1989, 240 p. (in Russian)

[4]    Vibratciia v tekhnike. Spravochnik pod red. V.V. Bolotina. M.: Mashinostroenie. – 1980.

[5]    RTM 108.302.03-86. Parogeneratory AES. Raschet vibracii teploobmennyx trub [RTM 108.302.0386. Steam generators of nuclear power plants. Calculation of vibration of heat exchange tubes]. Leningrad. Pub. NPO CKTI [NPO CKTI], 1987, 74 p. (in Russian)

[6]    Koretckii S.A. Optimalnyi vybor konstruktcionnykh parametrov priamotrubnykh teploobmennykh apparatov povyshennoi vibroprochnosti [Optimal choice of design parameters for direct heat pipe heat exchangers of increased vibration resistance]. M. 2012. (in Russian)

[7]    Akselrod A.F., Fokin B.S. Eksperimentalnaia obrabotka i raschet vibratcionnoi ustoichivosti trub vertikalnogo parogeneratora [Experimental processing and calculation of vibration stability of vertical steam generator tubes]. Ehnergomashinostroenie [Power Engineering], 1984, №12, рр. 25–28. (in Russian)

[8] Phokin B.S., Goldberg E.N., Akselrod, A.F. Vibracii teploobmennykh trub v zavikhrennom odnofaznom potoke [Vibrations of Heat-Exchange Tubes in Swirling Single-Phase Flow]. Ehnergomashinostroenie [Power Engineering], 1984, №12, pp. 21–24. (in Russian)

[9]    Kaplunov, S.M., Fesenko, T.N., Koreckijj, S.A. Vibracija trubnykh puchkov pod dejjstviem poperechnogo potoka zhidkosti [Vibration of Tube Bundle under the Transverse Fluid Flow Action]. Problemy mashinostroenija i nadezhnosti mashin [Problems of Machine Building and Machine Reliability], 2008, №6, pp. 29–36. (in Russian)

[10]  RTM 108.302.03-86. Parogeneratory AEhS. Raschet vibracii teploobmennykh trub [NPP Steam Generators. Calculation of Heat Exchange Tube Vibration]. Leningrad, 1987, 74 p. (in Russian)

[11] PNAE G-7-002-86 Normy rascheta na prochnost oborudovaniia i truboprovodov atomnykh energeticheskikh ustanovok [Norms for calculating the strength of equipment and pipelines of nuclear power plants]. M. Pub. Energoatomizdat [Energoatomizdat], 1989, 350 p. (in Russian)

Papers113 - 121
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Safety culture, socio and legal aspects of territorial development of nuclear facilities location

Article NamePedagogical Model of Forming Safety Culture of Graduating Students Oriented to Work in Atomic Industry
AuthorsY.A. Evdoshkina*, V.A. Rudenko**
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
* e-mail: YAEvdoshkina@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-6704-0643
WoS ResearcherID: G-8379-2017
** e-mail: VARudenko@mephi.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6698-5469
WoS ResearcherID:B-7730-2016

AbstractThe article presents the results of the five-year work of the authors on the introduction of the "Safety culture" course in the educational university process, which allowed to identify a number of pedagogical conditions that contribute to the effective formation of a safety culture among students and to form practical and oriented pedagogical technology with the introduction of modern forms and methods of teaching relevant to contemporary changes and directions of the nuclear industry development.
Keywordssafety culture; pedagogical technology; formation of safety culture in the university
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Devisilov V.A. Kultura bezopasnosti – vazhnejjshijj faktor ustojjchivogo razvitija Rossii (proekt koncepcii nacionalnojj obrazovatelnojj politiki v oblasti bezopasnosti) [The Safety Culture Is the Most Important Factor in Russia's Sustainable Development (the draft concept of a national educational security policy)]. Available at: http://mhts.artinfo.ru/science/Devisilov/prezentacia2.pdf (in Russian)

[2] Rudenko V.A., Evdoshkina Yu.A. Kultura bezopasnosti v kontekste obshhechelovecheskojj kultury [Safety culture in the context of human culture]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2012, № 4(5), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 88–91. (in Russian)

[3] Rudenko V.A., Evdoshkina Yu.A. Sociokulturnye orientiry sovremennojj molodezhi po voprosam kultury bezopasnosti v atomnojj otrasli [Sociocultural Reference Points of Modern Youth on Safety Culture in the Nuclear Industry]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2012, Specialny vypusk [Special Issue] (3), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 93–96. (in Russian)

[4] Rudenko V.A, Evdoshkina Yu.A., Poljukhovich I.D. Kultura bezopasnosti v atomnojj otrasli v predstavlenijakh studentov [Safety Culture in the Nuclear Industry in the Representations of Students]. Ezhegodnaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija studentov, aspirantov i molodykh uchenykh «Studencheskaja vesna – 2012», Volgodonsk, 24–28 aprelja 2012 goda. Materialy dokladov [Annual scientific and practical conference of students, graduate students and young scientists "Student Spring 2012", Volgodonsk, April 24-28. 2012: materials of the reports]. Volgodonsk, 2013, Chast [Part] 2, pp. 64–70. (in Russian)

[5] Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Kompetentnostnyjj podkhod v vospitanii kultury bezopasnosti v vuze [Сompetence approach in education of safety culture in University]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2012, №2-3(4), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 136–140. (in Russian)

[6] Evdoshkina Yu.A. Formirovanie kultury bezopasnosti lichnosti kak novoe napravlenie obrazovatel'nogo processa v tekhnicheskom vuze [The formation of safety culture as a new direction of the educational process at a technical university]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2013, №2(7), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 92–94. (in Russian)

[7] Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Cennostnaja sostavljajushhaja kultury bezopasnosti [Value Component of Safety Culture]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2013, №4(9), pp. 82–86. (in Russian)

[8] Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Prakticheskie metody formirovanija priverzhennosti kulture bezopasnosti na individualnom urovne u studentov vuza [Practical methods for promoting safety culture at the individual level to the students of higher education institution]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2013, №1(6), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 100–103. (in Russian)

[9] Evdoshkina Yu.A. Znachimye socialno-psikhologicheskie kharakteristiki rabotnikov atomnykh stancijj kak garant obespechenija bezopasnosti (po materialam oprosa zhitelejj g. Volgodonska) [Significant Socio-Psychological Characteristics of Employees of Nuclear Power Plants as a Guarantor of Security (based on the survey of residents of Volgodonsk)]. Bezopasnost yadernojj ehnergetiki. tezisy dokladov X Mezhdunarodnojj nauchno-prakticheskojj konferencii, 28–30 maja 2014 goda [Nuclear Power Safety: reports of X International. scientific-practical. Conf., May 28-30, 2014]. Volgodonsk, 2014. (in Russian)

[10] Vasilenko N.P., Rudenko V.A. Motivacionnaja sostavljajushhaja lichnosti v kulture bezopasnosti [Individual’s Motivational Component in Safety Culture]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2014, № 2(11), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 135–141. (in Russian)

[11] Rudenko V.A., Evdoshkina Yu.A. Realizacija interaktivnykh tekhnologijj obuchenija v processe prepodavanija disciplin, napravlennykh na obespechenie bezopasnogo funkcionirovanija AEhS [Implementation of Interactive Learning Technologies in the Teaching of Disciplines Aimed at Ensuring the Safe Operation of Nuclear Power Plants]. Nauchnaja sessija NIJaU MIFI – 2015 : sbornik tezisov i statejj nauchno-prakticheskojj konferencii, 16–20 fevralja 2015 goda [Scientific session of the NRNU MEPhI - 2015: a collection of abstracts and articles of the scientific and practical conference, February 16-20. 2015]. Volgodonsk. Pub. VITI NIJaU MIFI, pp. 161–164. (in Russian)

[12] Vasilenko N.P. Deontologicheskijj aspekt kultury bezopasnosti v professionalnojj dejatelnosti rabotnikov atomnojj otrasli [Safety Culture Deontological Aspect in Professional Activity of Nuclear Industry Personnel]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2015, №4(17), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 129–132. (in Russian)

[13] Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Kultura bezopasnosti v sisteme cennostejj Goskorporacii «Rosatom» [Safety Culture in Value System of «Rosatom» State Corporation]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №1(18), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 118–122. (in Russian)

[14] Zdravov V.A. Vospitanie kultury bezopasnosti [Education of Safety Culture]. 2007. Available at: http://minatom.ru/press-releases/5328 (in Russian)

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Article NameCopying Strategies for Forming Proper Behavior of Students Intended to Work in the Nuclear Industry within the Framework of the "Safety Culture" Course
AuthorsI.S. Vasilenko
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
e-mail: isv.trener@gmail.com

AbstractThe paper presents results of the authors' research. It gives practical examples of proper behavior forming in the training of specialists for the nuclear industry based on the diagnosis of strategies for individual behavior in stressful situations, situations of uncertainty. The article shows a comparative analysis of coping strategies of students' behavior intended to work in the nuclear industry before studying the course "Safety Culture" and at the end of it.
Keywordshuman factor, coping strategies, safety culture formation, nuclear industry personnel
LanguageRussian
References

[1] XI Mezhdunarodnyjj jadernyjj forum «Bezopasnost jadernykh tekhnologijj: kultura bezopasnosti [XI International Nuclear Forum “Safety of Nuclear Technologies: Safety Culture”]. 2017. Available at: http://rosatom-cipk.spb.ru (in Russian).

[2] Shutikov A. Neotemlemaja chast obraza dejjstvijj [An Integral Part of the Course of Action]. Rosehnergoatom [Rosenergoatom], 2016, №12, pp. 4–12. (in Russian).

[3] Rudenko V.A., Vasilenko N.P. Kompetentnostnyjj podkhod v vospitanii kultury bezopasnosti v vuze [Sompetence approach in education of safety culture in University]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2012, №2-3(4), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 136–141. (in Russian)

[4] Psikhodiagnostika stressa. Praktikum [Psychological Diagnosis of Stress]. Kazan, 2012, 210 p. (in Russian).

[5] Aliushin M.V., Kolobashkina L.V., Khazov A.V. Professionalnyi otbor personala po psikhologicheskim kachestvam na osnove metodov, razrabotannykh v ramkakh teorii priniatiia reshenii [Professional Selection of Personnel on Psychological Qualities on the Basis of the Methods Developed within a Decision Theory]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology Issues], 2015, №2, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 88–94. (in Russian)

[6] Krjukova T.L., Kuftjak E.V. Oprosnik sposobov sovladanija (adaptacija metodiki WCQ) [Questionnaire of Ways of Coping (Adaptation of the WCQ Methodology)]. Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa [Journal of Practical Psychology], 2007, № 3, ISSN 1990-9349, pp. 93–112. (in Russian).

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Article NameNuclear Heritage: New Book about the Impact of Nuclear Production on Environmental Situation in the Ural Region
AuthorsD.V. Gavrilov
Address

Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IAI UB RAS)
Kovalevskaya St., 16, Ekaterinburg, Sverdlovskaya region, 620990, Russia
e-mail: iia-history@mail.ru

AbstractThe monograph analyzes the events in the South Urals that occurred during the production activity of the Mendeleyev State Chemical Plant (now the Mayak Production Association), which resulted in radioactive contamination of the Techa River basin, and the "East Urals Radiation Trail" was formed after the 1957 radiation accident in the territory Chelyabinsk, Sverdlovsk and Tyumen regions.
KeywordsMayak Production Association, radiation accident, radioactive contamination, liquidation of consequences
LanguageRussian
References
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