Nuclear, radiation and environmental safety

Article NameModernization of Surveillance Systems and Public Notification in Case of Radioactive Contamination of the Environment in Bulgaria
AuthorsN.T. Dolchinkov

National Military University"Vasil Levski", Blvd. "Bulgaria" №76, Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria 5000
ORCID: 0000-0002-6171-6083
WoS Researcher ID: M-6161-2017

AbstractThe article reviews the effect of the radiation gamma background on a person and the environment. It presents the National Automatic System for Continuous Monitoring of the Radiation Gamma Background (NASNCRGF) in Bulgaria, its history, operation, structure and management. The paper gives proposals for further work and its more streamlined work based on a study of meteorological factors, the presence of nuclear facilities around Bulgaria and some key border Bulgarian regions.
Keywordsradiation, system, meteorological factors, natural radioactive gamma background, nuclear installations, accident, wind rose

[1] Kulev, I. etc. How dangerous are the liquid radioactive discharges from the Kozloduy NPP?  BalBok, Sofia, 2002, 112 p. (in Bulgarian)

[2] National Report on the Status and Protection of the Environment in Bulgaria in 2014 of the EEA, Council of Ministers – MOEW, Sofia, 2016 (in Bulgarian)

[3] Vasilev G. Radioecology,  Tita Consult. Sofia, 2005, 576 p. (in Bulgarian);

[4] Dolchinkov N.T., Nichev N.B. Characteristics of radiation. Revista academiei for ţelor terestre, 2016, №2 (82), pp. 184–189. (in English)

[5] Nuclear Regulatory Framework in the Republic of Bulgaria 2014, NRA, Sofia, 2015 (in Bulgarian)

[6] Статев Ст. Meteorology, VI, Sofia, 1984, 82 p (in Bulgarian)

[7] Sirakova M., Sirakov D., Donchev K. Meteorology for Everyone, Science and Art, Sofia, 1989, 284 p (in Bulgarian)

[8] Available at: https://www.ria.ru, януари 2017 (in Russian)

[9] Available at: http://www.atominfo.bg, декември 2016 (in Bulgarian)

[10] Annual plan for 2014 to implement the National Program for Disaster Protection 2014-2018, Council of Ministers, Sofia, 2014 (in Bulgarian)

[11] Ordinance for construction, operation and development of the National Automated System for Continuous Control of the Radiation Gamma Background in the Republic of Bulgaria (Decree of the Council of Ministers No 434 / 19.11.1997), Council of Ministers, Sofia, 1997 (in Bulgarian)

[12] Environmental radiation detection: Intelligent gamma probe IGS421A / B-H, ENVINET GmbH, Munich, 2014 (in English)

[13] Dolchinkov N.T., Nichev N.B. Structure and management of the National Automated System for permanent control of the radiation gamma background in Bulgaria. Land Forces Academy Review, 2017, №2(86), pp. 115–121 (in English)

[14] Available at: http://www.eea.government.bg, януари 2017 (in Bulgarian)

[15] National Disaster Protection Program 2014-2018, Council of Ministers, Sofia, 2014 (in Bulgarian)

[16] Monthly bulletin of NIMH, February 2017, NIMH - Sofia, 2017 (in Bulgarian)

[17] Monthly Bulletin of NIMH, March 2017, NIMH - Sofia, 2017 (in Bulgarian)

[18] System for forecasting the spread of radioactive contamination in case of a major nuclear accident at NIMH at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, March 2017, NIMH – Sofia, 2017 (in Bulgarian)

Papers7 - 18
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameMetrological Сharacteristics for the NPP site in Jordan
AuthorsE.A. Alalem*1, A.P. Elokhin*2, A.I. Ksenofontov*3, P.I. Fedorov**4

* National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-7207-5939
WoS ResearcherID: G-9489-2017
e-mail: issaalem2@yahoo.com ;

2 ORCID: 0000-0002-7682-8504
WoS ResearcherID: G-9573-2017
e-mail: elokhin@yandex.ru ;

3 ORCID: 0000-0002-6864-9805
WoS ResearcherID: H-1833-2017
e-mail: AIKsenofontov@mephi.ru

**Scientific and Engineering Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Safety (SECNRS), Malaya Krasnoselskaya st. 2/8, bld. 5. Moscow, Russia, 107140
4 ORCID: 0000-0002-0529-690X
WoS ResearcherID: H-1625-2017
e-mail: fedorov@secnrs.ru

AbstractThis paper presents meteorological characteristics for the site of the NPP in Jordan, which are a measurement of wind speed and temperature at different heights on meteorological tower, for different seasons at different times of the day. The obtained characteristics allow calculations of meteorological parameters in the atmospheric surface layer - air velocity, temperature, coefficient of turbulent diffusion and energy of turbulent pulsations as functions of height, that allows to formulate and to estimate the atmospheric dispersion of Radioactive Materials in the environment in the framework of atmospheric boundary layer model in case of hypothetical accident at the nuclear power plant in Jordan, also to conduct studies to determine the necessary and sufficient amount of radiation detectors that has to be placed around the NPP. The presented model can be used in the future to estimate the atmospheric dispersion of Radioactive Materials in the environment.
Keywordsradiation accident, meteorological characteristics, ionizing radiation, dispersion of Radioactive Materials in the environment, ionization detectors

[1] Elokhin A.P., Ksenofontov A.I., Fedorov P.I., Alalem E.A. Analiz osnovnykh kharakteristik rajjona razmeshhenija proektiruemojj AEhS v Iordanii [Main Characteristics Analysis of the NPP Placement Area Designed in Jordan]. Globalnaja yadernaja bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №2(19), ISSN 2305-414Х, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 7–15. (in Russian)

[2] Metody rascheta rasprostranenija radioaktivnykh veshhestv v okruzhajushhejj srede i doz obluchenija naselenija [Methods for Calculating the Spread of Radioactive Substances in the Environment and Doses to the Public]. М. Pub. МХО Интератомэнерго, 1992, 334 p. (in Russian)

[3] Elokhin A.P., Starodubcev I.A. Ocenka materialnykh zatrat pri likvidacii posledstvijj radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija podstilajushhejj poverkhnosti pri radiacionnojj avarii na OIAEh [The Material Costs in the Aftermath of Radioactive Pollution as a Result of Radiation Accident at Nuclear Facilities]. Globalnaja yadernaja bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №3(20), ISSN 2305-414Х, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 7–34. (in Russian)

[4] Elokhin A.P., Starodubcev I.A. Nekotorye ocenki materialnykh zatrat pri likvidacii posledstvijj radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhejj sredy v rezultate radiacionnojj avarii na OIAEh [Some Estimates of Material Costs during the Liquidation of the Consequences of Radioactive Contamination of the Environment as a Result of a Radiation Accident at the Nuclear Facilities]. Materials of the XIIth International Conference Science and Education. July, 1–2 2016. München, 2016. pp. 55–81. (in Russian)

[5] Elokhin A.P. Metody i sredstva sistem radiacionnogo kontrolja okruzhajushhejj sredy: monografija [Methods and Means of Radiation Monitoring Systems of the Environment: monograph]. M. Pub. NRNU MEPhI, 2014, 520 p. (in Russian)

[6] Elokhin A.P. Optimizacija metodov i sredstv avtomatizirovannykh sistem kontrolja radiacionnojj obstanovki okruzhajushhejj sredy. Dissertacija na soiskanie uchenojj stepeni doktora tekhnicheskikh nauk [Optimization of Methods and Means of the Automated Control Systems of Environment Radiation Situation. The thesis for the Doctor of Engineering degree]. M. Pub. MEPhI, 2001, 325 p. (in Russian)

[7] Lajjkhtman D.L. Fizika pogranichnogo sloja atmosfery [Physics of an Interface of the Atmosphere]. Leningrad. Pub. Gidrometeorologicheskoe izdatel'stvo, 1970, 340 p. (in Russian)

[8] Jordan Atomic Energy Commission. Meteorological data. Weather Station readings. 06.09.2014. (in English)

[9] Bobyleva M.M. Raschet kharakteristik turbulentnosti v planetarnom pogranichnom sloe atmosfery. Trudy Leningradskogo Gidrometeorologicheskogo instituta. Vol. 40 (Nekotorye voprosy fiziki pogranichnogo sloja v atmosfere i more) [Calculation of the Turbulence Characteristics in the Planetary Boundary Layer of the Atmosphere. Proceedings of the Leningrad Hydrometeorological Institute. Issue. 40 (Some issues of the Physics of the Boundary Layer in the Atmosphere and the Sea)]. Leningrad, 1970, pp. 64–73. (in Russian)

[10] Elokhin A.P., Zhilina M.V., Rau D.F., Ivanov E.A. Polozhenie o povyshenii tochnosti prognosticheskikh ocenok radiacionnykh kharakteristik radioaktivnogo zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhejj sredy i dozovykh nagruzok na personal i naselenie. Ministerstvo prirodnykh resursov i ehkologii Rossijjskojj Federacii, Federal'naja sluzhba po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru RB – 053 – 09. Utverzhdeno prikazom Federal'nojj sluzhby po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru ot  08.06.2010 goda №465 [Provision on Increase in Accuracy of Predictive Estimates of Radiation Characteristics of Radioactive Environmental Pollution and Dose Loads of Personnel and Population. The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Russian Federation, Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of RB – 053 – 09. Approved by the order of Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision, 08.06.2010 №465], 79 p. (in Russian)

[11] Meteorologija i atomnaja ehnergija. Perevod s anglijjskogo. Pod redakciejj N.L. Byzovojj i K.P. Makhonko [Meteorology and Nuclear Energy. Trans. from English. Edited by N.L. Byzova and K.P. Mahonko]. Leningrad. Pub. Gidrometeoizdat, 1971. 618 p. (in Russian)

[12] Metod Monte-Karlo v probleme perenosa izluchenijj. Pod redakciejj G.I. Marchuka [The Monte Carlo Method in the Problem of Radiation Transfer. Edited by G.I. Marchuk]. M. Pub. Atomizdat, 1967. 256 p. (in Russian)

[13] Leimdorfer M. On the Use of Monte-Carlo Methods for Solving Gamma Radiation Transport Problems [Об использовании методов Монте-Карло для решения задач гамма-излучения]. Nukleonik, 1964, V.6, R.14. (in English)

[14] Zolotukhin V.G., Kimel L.R., Ksenofontov A.I. etc. Pole izluchenija tochechnogo mononapravlennogo istochnika gamma-kvantov [The Radiation Field of a Point Monodirectional Source of Gamma Quanta]. M. Pub. Atomizdat, 1974. 160 p. (in Russian)

[15] Sobolev I.M. Chislennye metody Monte-Karlo. [Numerical Monte Carlo Methods] M. Pub. Nauka, 1973, 311 p. (in Russian)

[16] Gusev N.G., Beljaev V.A. Radioaktivnye vybrosy v biosfere. Spravochnik [Radioactive Emissions in the Biosphere: a reference book]. M. Pub. Ehnergoatomizdat, 1986, 224 p. (in Russian)

[17] Elokhin A.P., Starodubcev I.A. K voprosu ob ispol'zovanii avtomatizirovannykh sistem kontrolja ehkologicheskojj obstanovki na territorijakh, prilegajushhikh k predprijatijam chernojj, cvetnojj metallurgicheskojj i atomnojj promyshlennosti [Use of Automated Systems for Environmental Monitoring in the Area Surrounding Ferrous, Nonferrous Metallurgical Enterprises and Nuclear Industry]. Globalnaja yadernaja bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2015, №4(17), ISSN 2305-414Kh, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 15–34. (in Russian)

[18] Alexander P. Elokhin and Ilia A. Starodubtcev. On the Ecological Situation at the Territories Adjacent to Chemical and Metallurgical Facilities. (Subtitle: Using Sensors and an Automated Control System to Monitor Environmental Conditions). Environmantal Quality Management. (USA) 2017. Vol. 26, №2, pp. 23–43. (in English)

[19] Sanitarnye pravila i normativy. SanPiN «Normy radiacionnojj bezopasnosti» [Sanitary Rules and Regulations. SanPiN "Norms of Radiation Safety"] (NRB-99/2009). (in Russian)

Papers19 - 34
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NamePractical Recommendations for the Institutions of Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation on the Preparation and Submission of Documents to the Commission for Recognizing the Organization to Apply Nuclear and Radiationally Dangerous Objects and Installations
AuthorsA.A. Serebryakov1, V.N. Fedoseev2, L.I. Yakovlev3, A.A. Portnov4, Ye.M. Tyurin5, M.I. Pisarevskii6

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1 ORCID: 0000-0002-4549-7933
WoS ResearcherID: R-4218-2017
e-mail: AASerebryakov@mephi.ru ;

2 ORCID: 0000-0002-1612-5161
WoS ResearcherID: R-7626-2017
e-mail: fedvn59@mail.ru ;

3 ORCID: 0000-0001-6981-3585
WoS ResearcherID: R-4259-2017
e-mail: LIYakovlev@mephi.ru ;

4 ORCID: 0000-0002-1405-4021
WoS ResearcherID: J-9316-2013
e-mail: AAPORTNOV@mephi.ru ;

5 ORCID: 0000-0002-0100-0702
WoS ResearcherID: R-3471-2017
e-mail: tempost@mail.ru ;

6 ORCID: 0000-0002-3578-6942
WoS ResearcherID: O-8221-2017
e-mail: MIPisarevskij@mephi.ru ;

AbstractThe article sums up the experience of the MEPhI specialists in the working group of the Commission of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation in recognizing the organization suitable to operate a nuclear installation, radiation source or storage facility and to carry out activities to handle nuclear materials and radioactive substances. This paper considers problems encountered by organizations at the stages of preparation and submission of an application and an accompanying package of documents. Characteristic remarks to the documents under consideration are analyzed. Recommendations on the list of submitted documents and their registration are given.
Keywordsnuclear energy, nuclear installation, radiation source, storage facility, handling of nuclear materials and radioactive substances, nuclear and radiation safety, potential radiation hazard, nuclear and radiation hazardous object, object of atomic energy use

[1] Jadernaja ehnergetika. Problemy. Reshenija. Pod redakciejj M.N. Strikhanova [Nuclear Energy. Problems. Solutions. Edited by M.N. Strikhanov]. Part 1. M. Pub. CSPiM [Center for Socilal Forecast and Marketing], 2011, 424 p. (in Russian)

[2] Federal'nyjj zakon ot 21.11.1995 goda №170-FZ (redakcija ot 03.07.2016) «Ob ispol'zovanii atomnojj ehnergii» [Federal Law 21.11.1995 № 170-FL (July 3, 2016 Edition) "Use of Nuclear Energy"]. (in Russian)

[3] Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 17 fevralja 2011 goda №88 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozhenija o priznanii organizacii prigodnojj ehkspluatirovat' jadernuju ustanovku, radiacionnyjj istochnik ili punkt khranenija i osushhestvljat' sobstvennymi silami ili s privlecheniem drugikh organizacijj dejatel'nost' po razmeshheniju, proektirovaniju, sooruzheniju, ehkspluatacii i vyvodu iz ehkspluatacii jadernojj ustanovki, radiacionnogo istochnika ili punkta khranenija, a takzhe dejatel'nost' po obrashheniju s jadernymi materialami i radioaktivnymi veshhestvami». S izmenenijami i dopolnenijami ot 22 oktjabrja 2012 g., 29 marta 2013 g. [Decree of the Russian Federation Government of February 17, 2011 No. 88 "Approval of the Regulation of organization recognition suitable for operating a nuclear installation, radiation source or storage facility and carrying out its own activities or with the involvement of other organizations activities for the placement, design, construction, operation and decommissioning of nuclear installation, radiation source or storage facility, as well as activities related to the handling of nuclear materials and radioactive substances. " With amendments and additions dated October 22, 2012, March 29, 2013] (in Russian)

[4] Prikaz Minobrnauki Rossii ot 20.12.2012 goda №1071 «Ob utverzhdenii Administrativnogo reglamenta predostavlenija Ministerstvom obrazovanija i nauki Rossijjskojj Federacii gosudarstvennojj uslugi po vydache dokumenta o priznanii organizacii prigodnojj ehkspluatirovat' jadernuju ustanovku, radiacionnyjj istochnik ili punkt khranenija i osushhestvljat' sobstvennymi silami ili s privlecheniem drugikh organizacijj dejatel'nost' po razmeshheniju, proektirovaniju, sooruzheniju, ehkspluatacii i vyvodu iz ehkspluatacii jadernojj ustanovki, radiacionnogo istochnika ili punkta khranenija, a takzhe dejatel'nost' po obrashheniju s jadernymi materialami i radioaktivnymi veshhestvami» [Order No. 1071 of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, December 20, 2012 "Approval of the Administrative Regulations for the provision by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation of a state service for issuing a document recognizing the organization suitable to operate a nuclear installation, radiation source or storage facility and carry out its own activities or with the involvement of other organizations on location, design, construction, operation and decommissioning of a nuclear installation, radiation source or item storage, as well as activities for the handling of nuclear materials and radioactive substances "]. (in Russian)

[5] Pis'mo Ministerstva zdravookhranenija RF ot 27 janvarja 2014 goda №24-3/10/2-494 [Letter of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, January 27, 2014 No. 24-3 / 10 / 2-494]. (in Russian)

[6] SP «Osnovnye sanitarnye pravila obespechenija radiacionnojj bezopasnosti (OSPORB 99/2010)» [SP "Basic Sanitary Rules for Ensuring Radiation Safety (OSPORB 99/2010)"]. (in Russian)

[7] Federal'nyjj zakon ot 09.01.1996 goda № 3-FZ «O radiacionnojj bezopasnosti naselenija» [Federal Law, 09.01.1996 No. 3-FL "Population Radiation Safety"]. (in Russian)

[8] Smotret': Trudovojj kodeks Rossijjskojj Federacii [See: Labor Code of the Russian Federation]. (in Russian)

[9] Federal'nye normy i pravila v oblasti ispol'zovanija atomnojj ehnergii «Osnovnye pravila ucheta i kontrolja jadernykh materialov» NP-030-12 [Federal rules and regulations in the field of nuclear energy use "Basic Rules for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials" NP-030-12]. (in Russian)

[10] Federal'nye normy i pravila v oblasti ispol'zovanija atomnojj ehnergii «Osnovnye pravila ucheta i kontrolja radioaktivnykh veshhestv i radioaktivnykh otkhodov v organizacii» NP-067-16 [Federal norms and regulations in the field of nuclear energy use "Basic Rules for Accounting and Control of Radioactive Substances and Radioactive Waste in the Organization" NP-067-16]. (in Russian)

[11] Federal'nye normy i pravila v oblasti ispol'zovanija atomnojj ehnergii «Trebovanija k sistemam fizicheskojj zashhity jadernykh materialov, jadernykh ustanovok i punktov khranenija jadernykh materialov» NP-083-15 [Federal rules and regulations in the field of nuclear energy use "Requirements for Physical Protection Systems for Nuclear Materials, Nuclear Facilities and Nuclear Material Storage Facilities" NP-083-15]. (in Russian)

[12] Federal'nye normy i pravila v oblasti ispol'zovanija atomnojj ehnergii «Pravila fizicheskojj zashhity radioaktivnykh veshhestv, radiacionnykh istochnikov i punktov khranenija» NP-34-15 [Federal rules and regulations in the field of the use of atomic energy "Rules for the Physical Protection of Radioactive Substances, Radiation Sources and Storage Points" NP-34-15]. (in Russian)

[13] «Administrativnyjj reglament po predostavleniju Federal'nojj sluzhbojj po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru gosudarstvennojj uslugi po vydache razreshenijj na pravo vedenija rabot v oblasti atomnojj ehnergii». Utverzhden prikazom Federal'nojj sluzhby po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru ot 21.12.2011goda № 721 ["Administrative Regulations for the Provision by the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of the State Service for Issuing Permits for the Right to Work in the Field of Atomic Energy". Approved by the order of the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision, December 21, 2011, No. 721]. (in Russian)

[14] Federal'nyjj zakon ot 21.12.1994 goda №69-FZ «O pozharnojj bezopasnosti» [Federal Law, December 21, 1994 No. 69-FZ "Fire Safety"]. (in Russian)

Papers35 - 44
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article

Design, manufacturing and commissioning of nuclear industry equipment

Article NameApplication of D-optimum Experimental Designs in Consideration of Restrictions for Laser Metal Deposition
AuthorsAngelina Marko*1, Benjamin Graf*2, Sergej Gook*3, Michael Rethmeier**,***4

* Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology, Pascalstraße 8-9, 10587 Berlin, Germany
1 ORCID: 0000-0002-6456-4070
WoS ResearcherID:
e-mail: angelina.marko@ipk.fraunhofer.de ;

2 ORCID: 0000-0002-7345-9352
WoS ResearcherID:
3 ORCID: 0000-0002-4350-3850
WoS ResearcherID:
e-mail: sergej.gook@ipk.fraunhofer.de

** Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany
4 ORCID: 0000-0001-8123-6696
WoS ResearcherID:

AbstractThe process of laser metal deposition can be applied in many ways. Mostly, it is relevant to coating, for repair welding and for additive manufacturing. To increase the effectiveness and the productiveness, a good process understanding is necessary. Statistical test planning is effectual and often used for this purpose. For financial and temporal reasons, a restriction of the test space is reasonable. In this case, it is recommended to use a D-optimal experimental design which is practically applied to extend existing test plans or if process limits are known. This paper investigates the applicability of a D-optimum experimental design for the laser metal deposition. The results are compared to the current results of a full factorial test plan. Known restrictions are used for the limitation of the test space. Ti6Al4 is utilized as substrate material and powder. Comparable results of the D-optimal experimental design and of the full factorial test plan can be demonstrated. However, 80 % of time can be saved by the experimental procedure. For this reason, the application of D-optimal experimental design for laser metal deposition is recommend.
KeywordsDesign of experiments, laser cladding, laser metal deposition, cladding parameter, additive manufacturing, repair welding

[1] Arellano-Garcia, H., Schöneberger, J., & Körkel, S. (2007). Optimale Versuchsplanung in der Chemischen Verfahrenstechnik. Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik, 79(10), 1625–1638. https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.200700110 (in German)

[2] Capello, E., Colombo, D., & Previtali, B. (2005). Repairing of sintered tools using laser cladding by wire. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 164165, 990–1000. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.02.075 (in English)

[3] DVS - Deutscher Verband für Schweißen und verwandte Verfahren e.V. (2011). Laserstrahl-Auftragschweißen Merkblatt DVS 3215, (02 11). (in German)

[4] Graf, B., Ammer, S., Gumenyuk, A., & Rethmeier, M. (2013). Design of Experiments for Laser Metal Deposition in Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul Applications. Procedia CIRP, 11, 245–248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2013.07.031(in English)

[5] Leunda, J., Soriano, C., Sanz, C., & Navas, V. G. (2011). Laser Cladding of Vanadium-Carbide Tool Steels for Die Repair. Physics Procedia, 12, 345–352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2011.03.044 (in English)

[6] Narva, V. K., Marants,  a. V., & Sentyurina, Z. a. (2014). Investigation into laser cladding of steel-titanium carbide powder mixtures on a steel substrate. Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals, 55(3), 282–288. https://doi.org/10.3103/S1067821214030109 (in English)

[7] Paul, C. P., Ganesh, P., Mishra, S. K., Bhargava, P., Negi, J., & Nath, A. K. (2007). Investigating laser rapid manufacturing for Inconel-625 components. Optics and Laser Technology, 39(4), 800–805. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlastec.2006.01.008 (in English)

[8] Subramaniam, B. Y. S., Subramaniam, B. Y. S., Lyons, J. W., Lyons, J. W., White, D. R., White, D. R., … Jones, J. E. (1999). Experimental Approach to Selection of Pulsing Parameters in Pulsed GMAW. Welding Journal, (May), 166–172. (in English)

[9] Sun, Y., & Hao, M. (2012). Statistical analysis and optimization of process parameters in Ti6Al4V laser cladding using Nd:YAG laser. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 50(7), 985–995. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2012.01.018 (in English)

Papers46 - 60
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Article NameInfluence of Current Density Distribution on the Static Arc Pressure
AuthorsV.F. Cubarew*, A.M. Rybachuk**, Yu.V. Doronin***

* National Research University «MPEI»,
Krasnokazarmennaya St., 17, Moscow, Russia, 111250
e-mail: doronin-45@mail.ru
ORCID: 0000-0001-8493-8933
WoS ResearcherID: J-5424-2017

** Bauman Moscow State Technical University
2-Baumanskaya St., 5, build. 1, Moscow, Russia 105005
e-mail: amrybachuk@mail.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-9078-2653
WoS ResearcherID: O-6229-2017

*** LTD «Certification Center of municipal services»,
Office 36, Tkatskaya St., 46,Moscow, Russia 105187
e-mail: doronin-45@mail.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-3294-882X
WoS ResearcherID: O-6190-2017

AbstractThe article analyzes the static component of the arc pressure force on the metal surface during arc welding. It is shown that the force action on the weld pool from the static pressure of the arc does not depend on the distribution of the current density over the cross section of the arc.
Keywordsarc welding, pressure of the arc, weld pool

[1] Finkelburg V., Mekker G. Ehlektricheskie dugi i termicheskaja plazma [Electric Arcs and Thermal Plasma]. M. Pub. Izdatelstvo inostrannojj literatury [Foreign Literature Publishing House], 1961, 370 p. (in Russian)

[2] Maecker H. Plasmastromunqen in Lichtbogen infolge der eigenmagnetischer Kompression. Zeitschrift fur Physik, 1955, Bd.141, pp. 198–216. (in German)

[3] Mechev V.S., Slobodjanjuk V.S., Samsonov M.A., Ehngel'sht V.S. Ehlektromagnitnye sily v svarochnojj duge [Electromagnetic Forces in Welding Arc]. Avtomaticheskaja svarka [Automatic Welding], 1980, №8, ISSN 0005-111X, pp. 17–20. (in Russian)

[4] Leskov G.I. Ehlektricheskaja svarochnaja duga [Electric Welding Arc]. M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical Engineering], 1970, 335 p. (in Russian)

[5] Kubarev V.F., Krutjanskijj M.M., Chernyshov G.G. Gazodinamicheskie kharakteristiki argonovojj svarochnojj dugi s neraskhoduemym katodom [Gas Dynamic Characteristics of Argon Arc with Non-Consumable Cathode]. Fizika i khimija obrabotki materialov [Physics and Chemistry of Material Processing], 1982, №3, pp. 39–45. (in Russian)

[6] Erokhin A.A. Silovoe vozdejjstvie dugi na rasplavljaemyjj metal [Force Arc Action on Molten Metal]. Avtomaticheskaja svarka [Automatic Welding], 1979, №7, ISSN 0005-111X, pp. 21–26. (in Russian)

[7] Seljanenkov V.N. Raspredelenie davlenija svarochnojj dugi postojannogo toka [Welding Arc Pressure Distribution]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding Production], 1974, №7, ISSN 0491-6441, pp.4-6. (in Russian)

[8] Russo V.D., Suzdalev I.V., Javno Eh.I. Vlijanie naprjazhenija dugi i zatochki neplavjashhegosja ehlektroda na silovoe vozdejjstvie dugi [The influence of Arc Voltage and Non-Consumable Electrode Sharpening on the Arc Force Action]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding Production], 1977, №7, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 6–7. (in Russian)

[9] Rybachuk A.M., Chernyshov G.G. Matematicheskoe modelirovanie fizicheskikh processov v duge i svarochnojj vanne [Mathematical Modeling of Physical Processes in the Arc and Weld Pool]. M. Pub. MGTU im. N.Eh. Baumana [Bauman MSTU], 2007, 76 p. (in Russian)

[10] Lebedev V.K., Pentegov I.V. Silovoe vozdejjstvie svarochnojj dugi [Welding Arc Force]. Avtomaticheskaja svarka [Automatic Welding], 1981, №1, ISSN 0005-111X, pp. 7–15. (in Russian)

[11] Rybachuk A.M., Chernyshov G.G. Silovoe vozdejjstvie  konusnojj dugi na ehlektrod i svarochnuju vannu [Conical Arc Force Action on the Electrode And Weld Pool]. Svarka i diagnostika [Welding and Diagnostics], 2010, №5, ISSN 2071-5234, pp. 6–8. (in Russian)

Papers61 - 67
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameSetting up Spent Nuclear Fuel Shipping Containers in Rocket Sled Track Facility
AuthorsS.I. Gerasimov*,**,***1, R.V. Gerasimova**,***2, V.I. Erofeev*3, K.I. Lyakhov**4, A.V. Melnik**5, I.A. Odzerikho**6, B.A. Yanenko**7

* Mechanical Engineering Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Belinskogo str.,85, Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod region, Russia 603024

*** Sarov Physics and Technical Institute of National Research Nuclear University «MEPHI»,
Duchova str., 6  Sarov, Nizhny Novgorod region, Russia 607186

*** National Research Nuclear University «MEPHI»,
Kashirskoe shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

1 e-mail: s.i.gerasimov@mail.ru ;
2 ORCID:  0000-0002-2711-3975
r.v.gerasimova@mail.ru ;
3 e-mail: erf04@mts-nn.ru ;
4 ORCID:  0000-0002-2711-3975
e-mail : kirigl@mail.ru ;

5 ORCID:  0000-0002-7787-7121
e-mail : a.v.melnik@mail.ru ;

6 ORCID:  0000-0002-2672-7318
e-mail: odzeriho.irina@yandex.ru ;

7 ORCID:  0000-0002-2040-2045
e-mail: Yanenkoba@mail.ru

AbstractTransport is an integral part of the nuclear fuel cycle. Any event involving nuclear material that could threaten public health and safety or the environment would trigger special procedures providing expert consultation, support, and assistance to state and local responders. The fundamental principle is that the protection comes from the design of the package, regardless of how the material is transported. The choice of air transport for international traffic allows you to remove several of the problems associated with transit countries: there is no need of transit multilateral international agreements, the customs procedures are simplified, the easier the task of providing security significantly reduced the cost of multilateral approval certificates-permissions for package design and transport of SNF and issuance of permits in transit countries. The types of tests that have to withstand packing in normal conditions of transport, are common and do not depend on the mode of transport used. Testing of mockup packaging nuclear flask in conditions simulating aircraft accident (collision with a rigid obstacle with a velocity of 90 m/s) is required to achieve this goal. The paper presents the formulation of this task solution using the capabilities of the rocket track.
Keywordsfuel packing kit, radioactive materials, spent nuclear fuel, air transportation, accident, rocket track

[1] Komarov S.V., Baryshnikov M.V., Smirnov A.V. Reshenija povyshennojj bezopasnosti pri perevozke otrabotavshego topliva issledovatelskikh reaktorov. Mezhdunarodnaja vystavka i konferencija «ATOMEhKO-2009» : cbornik dokladov [Enhanced Safety Solutions for the Transport of Spent Fuel from Research Reactors. International Exhibition and Conference "ATOMECO-2009"]. M., 2009, pp. 8–10. (in Russian)

[2] Komarov S., Dorofeev A., Kanashov B. Experience in Organization of Work on Shipment Safety Justification and Preparation of Certificates. Regional Workshop on RRRFR Program Lessons Learned. Varna, Bulgaria, 22–25 June 2009. (in English)

[3] Komarov S., Budu M.E., Derganov D. etc. Licensing Air and Transboundary Shipments of Spent Nuclear Fuel. International Conference on the Safe and Secure Transport of Radioactive Material: The Next Fifty Years of Transport – Creating a Safe, Secur. (in English)

[4] Pravila bezopasnosti pri transportirovanii radioaktivnykh materialov: NP-053-04. Utverzhdeno Postanovleniem Federal'nojj sluzhby po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atom¬nomu nadzoru ot 4 oktjabrja 2004 g. №5: vvedenie v dejjstvie s 05.01.2005 [Safety Rules for the Transport of Radioactive Materials: NP-053-04: approved. Decree of the Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision ,October 4, 2004 No. 5: Enter. effective from 05.01.2005]. M., 2004. 71 p. (in Russian)

[5] Pravila bezopasnojj perevozki radioaktivnykh materialov. Trebovanija bezopasnosti: № TS-R-1 [Rules for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials. Safety requirements: No.TS-R-1]. – Vena: IAEA, 2009, 175 p. (in Russian)

[6] Gusakov-Stanjukovich, I.V. Programma RRRFR: istorija, realizacija i perspektivy. Bezopasnost' jadernykh tekhnologijj i okruzhajushhejj sredy [The RRRFR Program: History, Implementation and Prospects. Safety of Nuclear Technologies and the Environment]. Available at: http://www.atomic-energy.ru/articles/2011/07/ 20/24488 (in Russian)

[7] Komarov S.V., Dorofeev A.N., Ivashhenko A.A. etc. Multimodal'nye perevozki v programme repatriacii OTVS IR rossijjskogo proizvodstva v Rossijjskuju Federaciju. Cheremshanskie chtenija: sbornik dokladov v 3-kh chastjakh [Multimodal Transportation in the Program of repatriation of SFA of the Russian Federation to the Russian Federation. Cheremshan Readings: a collection of reports in 3 parts]. Dimitrovgrad : DITI NIJaU MIFI, 2012, Vol. 1, pp. 97–106. (in Russian)

[8] Fajjkov Ju.I., Dudajj V.I., Nikulin V.M., Shljapnikov G.P. Ispytanija raketnojj i aviacionnojj tekhniki na raketnom treke. Izvestija Rossijjskojj akademii raketnykh i artillerijjskikh nauk [Tests of Rocket and Aircraft on the Rocket Track. News of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences], 2006, №3, pp. 11–14. (in Russian)

[9] Obespechenie bezopasnosti pri transportirovanii radioaktivnykh materialov (Spravochnyjj material k Pravilam bezopasnosti pri transportirovanii radioaktivnykh materialov, NP-053-04): RB-039-07. Utverzhdeno postanovleniem Federal'nojj sluzhby po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru, vvedeno v dejjstvie s 03.12.2007 [Ensuring Safety in the Transport of Radioactive Materials (Reference Material to the Safety Rules for Transport of Radioactive Materials, NP-053-04): RB-039-07: approved. by the decree of the Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision: entered from 03.12.2007]. M., 2005, 336 p. (in Russian)

Papers68 - 76
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameProviding Constructive Strength of Reactor Installation Welded Joints by the Use of New Welding Materials and Technologies
AuthorsE.I. Kolokolov*, S.A. Tomilin**, V.V. Shishov***

* "Energomash" Limited Liability Company Separate Design and Technological Bureau,

Sedmaya Zavodskaya St., 44, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

1 e-mail: e.i.kolokolov@yandex.ru;

* * Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,

Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8661-8386

WoS ResearcherID: G-3465-2017

e-mail: SATomilin@mephi.ru;

*** Public Joint-Stock Company “Mashine-building plant “ZiO-Podolsk”,

Zheleznodorozhnaya St., 2, Podolsk, Moskovkskaya region, Russia 142103

e-mail: shishov_vv@atommash.ru


AbstractThe paper shows that existing technologies intended for welding steels of traditional methods of smelting do not provide the characteristics of welded joints adequate to the level of structural strength and manufacturability of new-generation steels. The reasons of the decrease in the structural strength of welded joints are identified and the ways of their elimination are outlined. The article shows that it is necessary to develop welding materials with a low content of harmful impurities and technologies of their use for welding products using modern inverter installations with synergetic control. A number of changes and additions to the normative documentation are proposed.
Keywordsstructural strength, new-generation reactor vessel bodies, welded metal embrittlement, welding materials and technologies, inverter technologies with synergetic control

[1] Markov S.I., Durynin V.A., Mokhov V.A. Stal marok 15Kh2NMFA, 15Kh2NMFA-A i 15Kh2NMFA (klass 1) dlja korpusa reaktora proekta VVEhR-TOI [Steel Grades 15Х2НМФА, 15Х2НМФА-А and 15Х2НМФА (class 1) for the Reactor Vessel of the PWER-TOI Project]. Tjazheloe mashinostroenie [Heavy Engineering], 2013, №3, pp. 2–6. (in Russian)

[2] Dub A.V. Razvitie osnovnykh konstrukcionnykh materialov dlja izgotovlenija reaktorov VVEhR [перевод]. Materialy Vos'mojj mezhdunarodnojj NTK «Obespechenie bezopasnosti AEhS s VVEhR». OKB Gidropress, 28–31 maja 2013 g. [Development of the Main Structural Materials for the Manufacture of PWER Reactors // Proceedings of the Eighth International STC "Ensuring the Safety of Nuclear Power Plants with PWER". OKB Hydropress, May 28-31, 2013] Available at: http://www.gidropress.podolsk.ru/ files/publication/.../49pdf (in Russian)

[3] Dub A.V. Progress na pole tekhnologijj. Kompleksnyjj kompetentnyjj podkhod i svoevremennaja smena prioritetov v razvitii materialovedenija [Progress in the Field of Technology. Comprehensive Competent Approach and Timely Change of Priorities in the Development of Materials Science]. REA, 2012, № 1, pp. 22–27. (in Russian)

[4] Oborudovanie i truboprovody atomnykh ehnergeticheskikh ustanovok. Svarka i naplavka. Osnovnye polozhenija. PNAEh G 7-009-89. Normativnyjj document [Equipment and Pipelines of Nuclear Power Plants. Welding and Surfacing. Basic Provisions. PNAE G 7-009-89. Normative document]. M. Pub. NTC JaRB Gosatomnadzora Rossii, 2000, 189 p. (in Russian)

[5] Pravila ustrojjstva i bezopasnojj ehkspluatacii oborudovanija i truboprovodov atomnykh ehnergeticheskikh ustanovok (NP-089-15) [Rules for the Arrangement and Safe Operation of Equipment and Pipelines of Nuclear Power Plants (NP-089-15)]. M. Pub. Federalnaja sluzhba po ehkologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru [Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision], 2016, 71 p. (in Russian)

[6] Razrabotka i usovershenstvovanie svarochnykh materialov dlja svarki i naplavki korpusov oborudovanija AEhU. FGUP CNII KM «Prometejj» [Development and Improvement of Welding Materials for Welding and Surfacing of Hulls of NPP Equipment. FSUE CRI KM "Prometey"], 2009. Available at: http://www.crism-prometey.ru  (in Russian)

[7] Kolokolov E.I. Issledovanie osobennostejj razrushenija konstrukcionnykh stalejj v intervale vjazko-khrupkogo perekhoda pri razlichnykh uslovijakh razrushenija [Investigation of the Structural Steel Structural Failure in the Viscous-Brittle Transition Interval under Various Failure Conditions]. Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenojj stepeni kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Thesis Abstract of PhD in Engineering]. 1979, 26 p. (in Russian)

[8] Chernobaeva A.A., Skorodumov S.V. etc. Vklad zernogranichnogo razrushenija v izmenenie kriticheskojj temperatury khrupkosti stali 15Kh2NMFA i ee svarnykh soedinenijj [Contribution of Grain Boundary Damage to the Change in the Critical Temperature of Brittleness of 15Х2НМФА Steel and its Welded Joints]. MiTOM, 2011, №8, pp. 27–34. (in Russian)

[9] Utevskijj L.M., Glikman E.Eh., Kark G.S. Obratimaja otpusknaja khrupkost' stali i splavov zheleza [Reversible Temper Brittleness of Steel and Iron Alloys]. M. Pub. Metallurgija, 1987, 222 p. (in Russian)

[10] Jurchenko E.V. Issledovanie i prognozirovanie radiacionnogo i teplovogo okhrupchivanija  materialov ehkspluatiruemykh i perspektivnykh korpusov reaktorov VVEhR [Investigation and Prediction of Radiation and Thermal Embrittlement of the PWR Reactor Materials Used and Promising for the Reactors]. Avtoreferat dissertacii na soiskanie uchenojj stepeni kandidata tekhnicheskikh nauk [Thesis Abstract of PhD in Engineering]. 2015, 28 p. (in Russian)

[11] Oborudovanie i truboprovody atomnykh ehnergeticheskikh ustanovok. Svarnye soedinenija i naplavka. Pravila kontrolja. PNAEh G7-010-89.  Normativnyjj document [Equipment and Pipelines of Nuclear Power Plants. Welded Joints and Surfacing. Rules of Control. PNAE G7-010-89. Normative document]. M. Pub. NTC JaRB, 2000, 164 p. (in Russian)

[12] Kuznecov V.D., Smirnov I.V., Shapovalov K.P. Vlijanie nanodobavok na strukturu i svojjstva metalla shvov pri svarke vysokoprochnykh nizkolegirovannykh stalejj [Effect of Nanoadditives on the Structure and Properties of Weld Metal in the Welding of High-Strength Low-Alloy Steels]. Progresivni tekhnologii i sistemi mashinobuduvannja [Progressive Technologies and Systems of Mechanical Engineering], 2013, Vol. 1,2(46), pp. 143–150. (in Russian)

[13] Kostin V.A., Grigorenko G.M., Zhukov V.V. Modificirovanie struktury svarnykh shvov vysokoprochnykh nizkolegirovannykh stalejj nanochasticami tugoplavkikh metallov. Stroitelstvo, materialovedenie, mashinostroenie: Starodubovskie chtenija [Modification of Welded Seam Structure of High-Strength Low-Alloy Steels by Refractory Metal Nanoparticles], 2016, pp. 93–98. (in Russian)

[14] Lebedev V.A. Tendencii razvitija mekhanizirovannojj svarki s upravljaemym perenosom ehlektrodnogo metalla [Trends in the Development of Mechanized Welding with Controlled Transfer of Electrode Metal]. Avtomaticheskaja svarka [Automatic Welding], 2010, №10, pp. 45–53. (in Russian)

[15] Meshkov Ju.Ja., Pakharenko G.A. Struktura metalla i khrupkost stalnykh izdelijj [Structure of Metal and Steel Product Brittleness]. Kiev. Pub. Naukova dumka. 1985, 268 p. (in Russian)

[16] Grivnjak I. Svarivaemost stalejj [Weldability of Steels.]. M. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical Engineering], 1984, 216 p. (in Russian)

[17] Koshkarev B.T. Teorija svarochnykh processov [Theory of Welding Processes]. Rostov-on-Don. Pub. DGSU, 2003, 217 p. (in Russian)

[18] Petrov G.L., Tumarev A.S.  Teorija svarochnykh processov [Theory of Welding Processes]. M. Pub. Vysshaja shkola [Higher School], 1977, 392 p. (in Russian)

[19] Uzlov I.G. etc. Novye nauchnye polozhenija i tekhnologicheskie reshenija po sozdaniju vysokoprochnykh konstrukcionnykh mikrolegirovannykh stalejj shirokogo primenenija [New Scientific Positions and Technological Solutions for the Development of High-Strength Constructional Microalloyed Steels of Wide Application]. Fundamentalnye i prikladnye problemy chernojj metallurgii: sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Fundamental and Applied Problems of Ferrous Metallurgy: a collection of scientific papers]. Dnepropetrovsk, 2008. Issue.18. pp. 164–174. (in Russian)

[20] Vzaimodejjstvie metalla s gazami. Azot v metalle svarnykh shvov. [Metal and Gases Interaction. Nitrogen in the Weld Metal] Available at: www.tehnoarticles.tu/svarkaporoshok/5.html (in Russian)

[21] Kolokolov E.I., Tomilin S.A., Shishov V.V. Zadachi sovershenstvovanija svarochnykh materialov i tekhnologijj pri proizvodstve reaktorov novogo pokolenija [The Issues of Improving Welding Materials and Technologies in the Production of New Generation Reactors]. Bezopasnost jadernojj ehnergetiki: tezisy dokladov XIII Mezhdunarodnojj nauchno-prakticheskojj konferencii, 31 maja – 2 ijunja 2017 goda [Safety of Nuclear Power: abstracts of the report of the 13th International Scientific and Practical Conference, May 31 - June 2, 2017]. Volgodonsk, 2017. CD. (in Russian)

[22] Malkov S. Sovremennye svarochnye invertory [Modern Welding Inverters]. Silovaja ehlektronika [Power Electronics], 2011, №2, pp. 76–77. Available at: http://www.power-e.ru/2011_2_76.php (in Russian)

[23] STT-perenos metalla (perenos metalla poverkhnostnym natjazheniem) [STT-Transfer of Metal (Transfer of Metal by Surface Tension)]. Available at: http://svarka-24.info/stt-perenos-metalla-perenos-metalla-poverxnos.../ (in Russian)

[24] Process kholodnojj svarki-SMT [Cold Welding Process-CMT]. Available at: http://www.rtkom-electro.ro/process-xolodnoj-svarki-smt/ (in Russian)

[25] Svarka plavjashhimsja metallicheskim ehlektrodom v zashhitnykh gazakh (MIG/MAG) i svarka poroshkovojj provolokojj [Welding with a Consumable Metal Electrode in Shielding Gases (MIG / MAG) and Welding with Flux-Cored Wire.]. Available at: http://weldering.com/svarka-plavyashchimsya-metallicheskim-elektrodom-zashchitnyh-gazah-migmag-svarka-poroshkovoy (in Russian)

[26] Turichin G.A., Cibul'skijj I.A., Kuznecov M.V., Somonov V.V. Perspektivy vnedrenija lazerno-dugovogo processa dlja svarki metalla bol'shikh tolshhin [Prospects for the Introduction of the Laser-Arc Process for Welding Large-Thickness Metal]. RITHM, 2010, №10(58), pp. 32–35. Available at: http://www.ritm-magazine.ru/ru/magazines/2010/ritm-10-58-2010#page-3233 (in Russian)

[27] Specialnye metody svarki i pajjki [Special Methods of Welding and Soldering]. M. Pub. ALFA-M, INFRA-M, 2013, 224 p. (in Russian)

[28] Gook S.Eh., Gumenjuk A.V., Retmajjer M. Gibridnaja lazerno-dugovaja svarka vysokoprochnykh trubnykh stalejj klassov prochnosti API Ch80 Kh120 [Hybrid laser-Arc Welding of high-Strength Tubular Steels of  API Ch80 X120 28 Strength Classes]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2017, №1(22), ISSN 2305-414Kh, eISSN 2499-9733, pp. 21–35. (in Russian)

Papers77 - 90
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article

Operation of nuclear industry facilities

Article NameAnticipatory Methods of the NPP Technical Facility Diagnostics
AuthorsYu.S. Sysoev*1, A. A. Salnikov**2, A.V. Chernov*3, V.G. Beketov*4

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 34736

1 e-mail: sysoev2004@mail.ru
3 ORCID: 0000-0002-6126-7724
WoS Researcher ID: G-3742-2017
e-mail: AVChernov@mephi.ru ;

4 ORCID: 0000-0003-0242-6745
WoS ResearcherID: G-3866-2017
e-mail: VGBeketov@mephi.ru

* «Rostov Nuclear Power Plant» the Branch of « Rosenergoatom Concern» OJSC,
Volgodonsk-28, Rostov region, Russia 347388

2 e-mail: admin@rosnpp.orgl.ru

AbstractThe paper provides the technique based on theories of stochastic forecasting of parameter drift. It allows not only to estimate error-free running time of the NPP equipment, but also to specify the reasons of possible origin of emergency situations. The work shows the development of forecasting methods in the part of expanding the class of probability distribution laws used in them, which makes it possible to improve the accuracy of the forecast.
Keywordsparameter drift, stochastic extrapolation, forecasting of emergency situations, diagnostics, the NPP safety

[1] RMG 74-2004. Metody opredelenija mezhpoverochnykh i mezhkalibrovochnykh intervalov sredstv izmerenijj [Methods for Determining the Calibration and Intercalibration Intervals of Measuring Instruments]. M. Pub. Standartinform [Standartinform], 2005, 41 p. (in Russian)

[2] Sysoev Yu.S. Analiz drejjfa metrologicheskikh kharakteristik izmeritel'nykh ustrojjstv s pomoshh'ju cepejj Markova [Analysis of the Metrological Characteristics Drift of Measuring Devices Using Markov Chains]. Izmeritelnaja tekhnika [Measuring Technology], 2012, №1, pp. 14–19. (in Russian)

[3] Sysoev Yu.S., Tikhomirova A.I. Analiz stabilnosti raboty izmeritel'nykh priborov posredstvom stokhasticheskogo prognozirovanija drejjfa ikh metrologicheskikh kharakteristik [Operation Stability Analysis of Measuring Instruments by Stochastic Prediction of their Metrological Characteristics Drift]. Izmeritelnaja tekhnika [Measuring Technology], 2012, №6, pp.14–20. (in Russian)

[4] Sysoev Yu.S., Simakova N.A. Ocenka dlitelnosti mezhpoverochnykh intervalov izmeritelnykh ustrojjstv metodami teorii massovogo obsluzhivanija [Estimating the Duration of the Calibration Interval for Measuring Devices by the Methods of Queuing Theory]. Izmeritel'naja tekhnika [Measuring Technology], 2014, №12, pp. 10–15. (in Russian)

[5] Sysoev Yu.S. Ispolzovanie geometricheskogo i pokazatelnogo raspredelenijj dlja prognozirovanija drejjfa parametrov tekhnicheskikh objektov [Using Geometric and Exponential Distributions to Predict the Drift of Technical Object Parameters]. Izmeritelnaja tekhnika [Measuring Technology], 2015, №12, pp. 17–19. (in Russian)

[6] Sysoev Yu.S., A.A. Salnikov, Beketov V.G., Chernov A.V. Prognozirovanie sostojanija tekhnologicheskikh objektov na osnove tekushhego monitoringa znachenijj ikh parametrov [Forecasting the State of Technological Objects on the Basis of the Current Monitoring of their Parameter Values]. Izmeritelnaja tekhnika [Measuring Technology], 2016, №4, pp. 3–7. (in Russian)

[7] Plis A.I., Slivina I.A. Laboratornyjj praktikum po vysshejj matematike [Laboratory Practical Work on Higher Mathematics]. M. Pub. Vysshaja shkola [Higher School], 1983, 208 p. (in Russian)

[8] Sysoev Yu.S. Kombinirovannyjj algoritm optimizacii i ego primenenie k resheniju metrologicheskikh zadach [Combined Optimization Algorithm and its Application to the Solution of Metrological Problems]. Izmeritelnaja tekhnika [Measuring Technology], 2015, №4, pp. 9–12. (in Russian)

Papers91 - 101
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameDefinition of Geometrical, Physical and Mechanical Characteristics of the NPP Power Unit Elements and Their Use as Input Data for the Safety Probability Analysis
AuthorsO.A. Gubeladze*1, A.R. Gubeladze*2, S.M. Burdakov**3

* Don State Technical University

Gagarin square 1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344000

1e-mail: buba26021966@yandex.ru

ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6018-4989

WoS ResearcherID: F-6921-2017;

2e-mail: buba26021966@yandex.ru

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6966-6391

WoS ResearcherID: F-7215-2017 ;

** Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,

Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

3 e-mail: SMBurdakov@mephi.ru

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8599-6008

WoS ResearcherID: F-6903-2017

AbstractLifting and transport systems (LTS) of the reactor compartment (RC) are considered as an element of the "nuclear fuel - technological equipment of the reactor compartment - protective pressure-tight shell (PPHTS)" complex when solving the safety problems of nuclear power plants. It should be noted that being elements of the power unit, LTS RC and PHC make immediate impact at each other both at a construction stage, and during immediate operation. Actual values of internal parameters of the constructed power unit can differ from results of projection. The objective of work is to research possibility of indeterminacy elimination in the probability analysis of the NPP power unit with WWER safety by receiving the fullest and reliable object parameters data reached during design decision implementation at construction of a containment and installation of lifting and transport systems of the reactor compartment.
Keywordsprotective pressure-tight shell, radial action crane, safety probability analysis, independent destructive influences

[1] Ostreykovskiy V.A., Shvyryaev Yu.V. Bezopasnost  atomnykh stantsiy. Veroyatnostnyy analiz [Safety of Nuclear Power Plants. Probability Analysis.]. M. Pub. "FIZMATLIT" [physical and mathematical literature publishing house], 2008, 352 p. (in Russian)

[2] Gubeladze O.A. Issledovanie effektivnosti sistemy fizicheskoy zashchity yadernoopasnykh ob’ektov [Research of System Effectiveness of Nuclear-Dangerous Object Physical Protection]. Izvestiya vuzov. Severo-Kavkazsky region. Tehnicheskiye nauki. [Scientific and Educational Applied Journal. University News of North-Caucasian Region. Technical Science Series], 2008, Special issue, ISSN 0321-3005, pp.127–129. (in Russian)

[3] Pimshin Yu.I., Klyushin E.B., Gubeladze O.A., Medvedev V.N., Burdakov S.M., Zayarov Yu.V. Vliyanie krana krugovogo deystviya na tekhnicheskoe sostoyanie stroyashcheysya zashchitnoy obolochki AES [Influence of Circular Action Crane on Technical Condition of the NPP Constructing Tight Cover]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2016, №2(19), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 33–42. (in Russian)

[4] NP–010–16. Federal'nye normy i pravila v oblasti ispol'zovaniya atomnoy energii «Pravila ustroystva i ekspluatatsii lokalizuyushchikh sistem bezopasnosti atomnykh stantsiy». Prikaz Rostekhnadzora ot 24.02.2016 №70 (red. ot 17.01.2017). [Federal Standards and Rules of Atomic Energy Use "The Rule of the Device and Operation of the Localizing Security Systems of Nuclear Power Plants". Order of Rostekhnadzor , 24.02.2016 №70 (edition of 17.01.2017)]. Ofitsial'nyy sayt kompanii «Konsul'tant Plyus» [Official site of the Consultant Plus Company], 2017. Available at: https://consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_196163/– 27.08.2017. (in Russian)

[5] NP–043–11. Federal'nye normy i pravila v oblasti ispol'zovaniya atomnoy energii "Pravila ustroystva i bezopasnoy ekspluatatsii gruzopod"emnykh kranov dlya ob"ektov ispol'zovaniya atomnoy energii". Prikaz Rostekhnadzora ot 30.11.2011 №672 (red. ot 19.11.2013). [Federal Standards and Rules of Atomic Energy Use "Rules for the Construction and Safe Operation of Load-Lifting Cranes for subjects of Atomic Energy Use ". Order of Rostekhnadzor, 30.11.2011 №672 (edition of 19.11.2013)]. Ofitsial'nyy sayt kompanii «Konsul'tant Plyus» [Official site of the Consultant Plus Company], 2017. Available at: http://consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_125802/4c55d1a30b908c9a13add7e2e5976ffbd97f4b4e/– 27.08.2017. (in Russian)

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Article NameAnalysis of Major Accidents at Radiation Facilities and their Impact on World Nuclear Energy Development
AuthorsE.R. Mukhamedzhanova*, V.A. Akatiev**

Bauman Moscow State Technical University «BMSTU»,
2nd Bauman Str., 5, Moscow, Russia 105005

* e-mail.ru: muk-lena46@yandex.ru
** e-mail.ru: akatiev07@mail.ru

AbstractThe article presents an overview of the biggest world accident consequences, related to the 6-th and 7-th levels of impact according to INES nuclear power classification. The purpose of the research – to show how the nuclear power plant accident could affect the rate of development of nuclear energy. As a result of the study, an assessment is made of the impact on the results of reports of various services, governments and scientists, a brief description of which is given in the article.
KeywordsINES, accident, pace of development, nuclear power plants

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[2] Avaria na Chernobilskoy AEC u ee posledstvia: Informatcia USSR dlya MAGATE [Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and its Consequences: Information of the Civil Aviation Committee of the USSR prepared for the IAEA meeting]. Vienna, 25–29, August, 1986. (in Russian)

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[4] Ecologicheskie posledstvia avarii na Chernobylskoy AEC u ih preodolenie: 20 opit  doklad gruppi Ecologia [Ecological Consequences of the Chernobyl Disaster and Overcoming Them: Twenty Years of Experience, report of "Ecology" expert group],  2008.  Available at: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1239r_web.pdf

[5] Gyrachevskii V.L. Vvedenie v atomnyu energetiky. Chernobilskai аavaria u ee posledstvia [Introduction to Nuclear Power. Chernobyl Accident and its Consequences:] BGATU. – 2013. – 187 с.

[6] Prichinou avarii na AEC Fukushima-1 stal chelovecheskii factor: doklad. 05.07.2012. [The Cause of the Accident at the "Fukushima-1" Nuclear Power Plant was the Human Factor: a report] Available at: https://ria.ru/eco/20120705/692257114.html (in Russian)

[7] Medvedev Zh.A. Nuclear Disaster In The Urals. TBS The Book Service Ltd, 1979, ISBN 0-207-95896-3 / 0-207-95896-3. (in English)

[8] Romanov G.N. Kishtimskay avaria: sekreti u mifi (zapadnii analiz avarii 1957 g.) [Kyshtym Accident: Secrets and Myths (Western Analysis of the 1957 Accident)] Issues of radiation safety, 1997, №3, pp. 63–71. (in Russian)

[9] Tihonov M.V., Rilov M.I. Yroki Cgernobyl u Fukushima: kultura i kontseptia bezopasnosti na obiektax ispolizovania atomnai energii [Lessons of Chernobyl and Fukushima: Culture and the Concept of Safety at Nuclear Facilities]. Ecological systems and devices, 2013, №12, pp. 38–50. (in Russian)

[10] Belarus and Chernobyl: 25 years. Minsk. Pub. Institute of radiology, 2012, 103 p. (in Russian)

[11] Atomnaya energetika v XXI veke, megdunarondnai konfernzia: tezisi dokladov [Nuclear Energy in the XXI Century, International Conference: abstracts.]. Minsk. Pub. The national Academy of Sciences of Belarus, 2011, 41 p. (in Russian)

[12] Ponomarev-Stepnoi N.N. Rol atomnoi energetiki v srukture mirovogo energeticheskogo proizvodstvo XXI veka [Role of Nuclear Power in the Structure of the World Energy Production of the 21st Century]. Environmental systems, 2006, №8. (in Russian)

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Article NameThe Role of Ural Region in Creation and Development of Russian Radioecology
AuthorsD.V. Gavrilov

Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IAI UB RAS)
Kovalevskaya St., 16, Ekaterinburg, Sverdlovskaya region, 620990, Russia
e-mail: iia-history@mail.ru

AbstractThe article notes that the Urals, the main area of the Soviet nuclear industry, became one of the important centers for the creation and development of Russian radioecology. The circumstances, methods and stages of radioecological research development in the region are analyzed. The paper shows the danger of radiation required radioecological research. Contamination with radionuclides of the Techa River, an explosion at the Mayak PA in 1957, the need to rehabilitate radioactive contamination expanded and deepened the research, and led to the creation of new environmental research institutions. The article draws the conclusion on the role of Ural scientists in the creation and development of Russian radioecology and the development of standards for radiation safety culture.
Keywordsradioecology, Ural nuclear complex, the Techa River, accident, Mayak PA, the East Urals Radioactive Trace (EURT), radioactive contamination rehabilitation, the radiation safety culture

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