2018-1(26)

Problems of nuclear, radiation and ecological safety

Article NameEstimation of Spectrometric and Radiometric Characteristics of Alpha-Emissioning Radionuclides of Plutonium and their Influence on AMAD
AuthorsYouesf N. Husein*, D.A. Pripachkin**, A.K. Budyka***
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409

*ORCID: 0000-0002-1247-054X
WoS Researcher ID:
B-7515-2017
E-mail: yousefhusein@yahoo.com;

**ORCID: 0000-0002-5672-1515
WoS Researcher ID: M-0730-2010
E-mail: dmrwer@mail.ru;

***ORCID: 0000-0001-8314-842X
WoS Researcher ID: G-1786-2013
E-mail: AKBudyka@rosatom.ru

AbstractThis article is proposed to consider using a new experimental stand for determining the volumetric activity and AMAD of α-particles. It is proposed to evaluate the spectrometric and radiometric characteristics of the α-emitting Radionuclides plutonium and to determine their influence on the value of AMAD. The work compares the calculated values of the activity of plutonium isotopes in a special aerosol sources, obtained using the experimental stand and others such as МКS-01А and UMF-2000. The paper estimates the relative error in the determination of AMAD using experimental stand.
Keywordsradioactive aerosol, inertial separator, deposition efficiency, aerodynamic diameter, AMAD, volume activity, MKS-01A, UMF-2000, α-radiation
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Normi Radiatcynnoi Bezopasnosti [Radiation Safety Standards] (NRB-99/2009). SanPin 2.6.1.2523-09. M, 2009, 93 pp. (in Russian)

[2] IAEA Safety Standards for protecting people and the environment. Radiation protection and safety of radiation sources: International basic safety standards: General safety requirements Part 3. No. GSR Part 3, Vienna, 2014. (in English)

[3] Kozov P.A. Osnovi analiz dispersnogo sostava promeshlienyh piley i izmelchenih materialov [Fundamentals of Analysis of the Disperse Composition of Industrial Dusts and Crushed Materials]. Leningrad. 1987. (in Russian)

[4] MY 2.6.5009-2016 Obyomnaya aktivnost radionukleda v vozduhe na rabochih mestah [Volumetric Activity of Radionuclides in the Air at the Workplace]. Trebovania k opredelenyu velicheniy srednegodovoy aktivnosti [Requirements for determining the average annual activity]. М. 2016, p. 20. (in Russian)

[5] Budyka A.K. Razvitie osnov metoda mnogasloynyh filtrov dlya dispersnogo analiza reaktornyh aerozoley [Development of the Basis of the Multilayer Filter Method for Disperse Analysis of Reactor Aerosols]. М. 1986. (in Russian)

[6] Pripachkin D.A., Bydika A.K., Khmelevsky V.O., Rizin A.I. Expermintalnye issledivaniya dispersnogo sostava aerozoley metodom mnogoslaynyh filtrov i kaskadnym ustroystvom [Experimental Study of the Disperse Composition of Aerosols by the Method of Multilayer Filters and a Cascade Device]. Atomnaya energia [Atomic Energy], 2013, Vol.115, Issue 3, March, pp. 174–177. (in Russian)

[7] MKY 2.6.1.08–2004 Opredelenia kharakteristik raspredelenya radioaktivnogo aerozolya po razmeram [Determination of the Characteristics of the Radioactive Aerosol Distribution by Size]. М. 2004, p 19. (in Russian)

[8] Patent RU 2239815 С1 ot  10.11. 2004. Tcovenof A.G., Badian B.U., Molokanof A.A. etc. (in Russian)

[9] Raist. P. Airozoli, vvedeniye v teoriyu [Aerosols, an Introduction to the Theory]. М. 1987, p 278. (in Russian)

[10] Pripachkin D.A., Budyka A.K., Husein Yu.N., Karev A.E., Covyanov A.G. Metod opredeleniya dispersnogo sostava radioaktivnyh aerozolej na osnove inercionnyh razdelitelej [Determination Method of Aerosol Radioactive Particles Size Based on Used the Inertial Separators]. ANRI, № 3(86), pp. 57 – 63. (in Russian)

[11] ICRP, 1994. Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides by Workers. ICRP Publication 68. Ann. ICRP 24(4). (in English)

Papers7 - 17
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NamePerovskite Matrix Form by Using SHS Technology for Immobilization HLW
AuthorsYingyi Jiang
Address

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Institute of Physics Lenin St., 2, Tomsk region, Russia 634050

AbstractSynroc is recognized as the second generation waste form for the disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW). In this research, one of the mostly studied Synroc minerals, perovskite (CaTiO3 ), was prepared by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). Nd2O3 and Al2O3 were employed as the oxidants with Ni as the reductant. Perovskite was successfully synthesized. The as-synthesized samples were readily solidi-fied with desirable density and Vickers hardness.
KeywordsSHS technology, perovskite matrix form, CaTiO3, high level radioactive waste
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Bish D.L. and Post J.E., editors. 1989. Modern Powder Diffraction. Reviews in Mienralogy, v. 20. Mineralogical Society of America. (in English)

[2] Cullity B.D. 1978. Elements of X-ray diffraction. 2nd ed. Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass. (in English)

[3] Klug H.P., and Alexander L.E.. 1974. X-ray diffraction procedures for polycrystalline and amorphous materials. 2nd ed. Wiley, New York. (in English)

[4] Moore D.M. and R.C. Reynolds, Jr. 1997. X-Ray diffraction and the identification and analysis of clay minerals. 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press, New York. (in English)

[6] Brady, John B., and Boardman, Shelby J., 1995, Introducing Mineralogy Students to X-ray Diffraction Through Optical Diffraction Experiments Using Lasers. Jour. Geol. Education, Vol. 43, №5, pp. 471–476. (in English)

[7] Brady, John B., Newton, Robert M., and Boardman, Shelby J., 1995, New Uses for Powder X-ray Diffraction Experiments in the Undergraduate Curriculum. Jour. Geol. Education, Vol. 43, №5, pp. 466–470. (in English)

[8] Dutrow, Barb, 1997, Better Living Through Minerals X-ray Diffraction of Household Products, in: Brady, J., Mogk, D., and Perkins D. (eds.) Teaching Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, pp. 349–359. (in English)

[9] Hovis, Guy, L., 1997, Determination of Chemical Composition, State of Order, Molar Volume, and Density of a Monoclinic Alkali Feldspar Using X-ray Diffraction, in: Brady, J., Mogk, D., and Perkins D. (eds.) Teaching Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, pp. 107–118. (in English)

[10] Brady, John B., 1997, Making Solid Solutions with Alkali Halides (and Breaking Them) , in: Brady, J., Mogk, D., and Perkins D. (eds.) Teaching Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, pp. 91–95. (in English)

[11] Perkins, Dexter, III, and Sorensen, Paul, Mineral Synthesis and X-ray Diffraction Experiments, in: Brady, J., Mogk, D., and Perkins D. (eds.) Teaching Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, pp. 81–90. (in English)

[12] Hollecher, Kurt, A Long-Term Mineralogy Practical Exam, in: Brady, J., Mogk, D., and Perkins D. (eds.) Teaching Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, pp. 43–46. (in English)

[13] Chen Song, Li Yuxiang. Research Status of High - efficiency Waste Substrate Curing Substrate [J]. Materials Herald, 2005, №11(19): 53256. (in English)

[14] Ringwood A.E., Kesson S.E.,Ware N.G., et al. Immobilizationof High Level Reactor Waste in Synroc [J]. Nature (London), 1979, №3(278): 2192223. (in English)

[15] Hough A., Marples J.A.C. The Radiation Stability of Synroc :Final Report [Z]. UK: AEA Technology Report Fuel Services, 1993. (in English)

[16] R.C. Ewing, W.J. Weber and F.W. Clinard, Jr. 1994. Radiation effects in nuclear waste forms for high-level radioactive waste[J]. Nuclear Energy, Vol. 29 (in English)

[17] Trocellier P. Chemical Durability of High level Nuclear Wasteforms Trocellier [J] . Ann Chin Scimat, 2001, №26(2):1132130. (in English)

[18] Weber W.J., Ewing R.C., Catlow C.R.A., et al. Radiation Effects on Crystalline Ceramic for the Immobilization of High level Waste and Plutonium [J]. Journal of Materials Research, 1998, №6(13): 143421484. (in English)

[19] Katherinc L.S., Blackford M.G., Lumpkin G.R., et al. Lon Beams Induced Amorphization of Freudenbergite [J]. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2000, №1(277): 1592168. (in English)

[20] Lumpking G.R., Hart K.P., Mcglinn P.J., et al. Retention of Actinides in Natural Pyrochlores and Ziconolites [J]. RadiochimActa, 1994, №66(67): 469. (in English)

[21] Yang Jianwen, Luo Shanggen, Li Baojun, etc. Pyrolysis green stone artificial rock solidification simulated actinide waste [J]. Atomic Energy Science and Technology, 2001, №35(5): 1042109. (in English)

[22] Zhao Yulong, Li Baojun, Zhou Hui, etc. Study on Simulation of 137Cs Waste by Artificial Rock immobilization [J]. Nuclear Chemistry and Radiation Chemistry, 2005, №3(27): 1522157. (in English)

[23] Zhang Ruizhu. SHS material on immobilization of HLW [J]. Silicate notification, 2008, №3(27): 6592662. (in English)

[24] A. Erdal Osmanlioglu. Immobilization of Radioactive Waste by Cementation with Puried Kaolin Clay [J]. Waste Management, 2002, №5(22): 4812483. (in English)

[25] D. Caurant, O. Majerus, P. Loiseau, I. Bardez, N. Baffier, J.L. Dussossoy, J. Nucl.Mater. 354 (2006) 143e162. (in English)

Papers18 - 22
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameDefinition of Soil Pollution by Missile Fuel with the Help of Test-objects
AuthorsM.E. Baranov
Address

Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technologies
31, Krasnoyarsky Rabochy Av., Krasnoyarsk, Russia, 660037
e-mail: me_baranov@mail.ru

AbstractNowadays there are many ways to determine the chemical contamination of the soil. The most common and universal method is considered to be biotesting. The use of different methods of biotesting makes it possible to obtain fairly accurate results. The object of the study was the soil cover on the object of missile operation. An unfavorable environmental situation which was reflected in the preservation of a high level of phytotoxicity took place in Emelyanovsky district, Krasnoyarsk territory after the liquidation of the military unit due to the hit in the soil of a large number of components of rocket fuel (KRT). Today the territory of the military unit is unattended, special structures are destroyed. There are visible oily stains on the soil, there is a specific smell. According to testimony from military chemical reconnaissance device (VPHR) the presence in the soil KRT 0.001 mg/l, which corresponds to the level of "Danger" was established. In this regard, it is necessary to monitor the chemically contaminated soil, identify environmentally unfavorable zones, assess the possibility of soil use in forestry. For the experiment we selected 10 samples from different sites located at a certain distance from each other and covering the area close to technical facilities, as well as two control samples in the removal of three and five kilometers from the object of study. The objective of the study is to identify soil pollution, to assess the impact of KRT on biological objects. In this regard it is necessary to determine the effect of chemical contamination on the test objects: pine ordinary Pinus sylvestris L. and cress lettuce Lepidium sativum L. conduct statistical processing of the experimental data to minimize the area to be recultivated.
Keywordssoil, chemical pollution, rocket fuel, biotesting
LanguageRussian
References

1. Zrelov V. Seregin E.  Zhidkie raketnye topliva [Liquid Rocket Propellants]. M. Pub. Khimiya [Chemistry], 1975, 320 p. (in Russian)

2. Zanozina V.F., Hmeleva M.V., Samsonova L.E., Zorin A.D., Goryacheva N.M., Markova M.L., Gareev D.R. Nezavisimyi ekologicheskii monitoring sostoianiia okruzhaiushchei prirodnoi sredy vokrug tcentra likvidatcii mezhkontinentalnykh ballisticheskikh raket [Independent Environmental Monitoring of the Environment around Center for the Elimination of Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles]. Ekologicheskie problemyi promyishlennyih gorodov. Sbornik nauchnyih trudov po materialam 6-y Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnyim uchastiem [Ecological problems of industrial cities. Collection of scientific papers on the materials of the 6th All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference with international participation,], Part. 1. Saratov, 2013, pp. 192–194.  (in Russian)

3. Ermakov E.I., Popova G.G., Petrova Z.M. Vliyanie nesimmetrichnogo dimetilgidrazina na sostoyanie pochvenno-rastitelnoj sistemy [Influence of Unsymmetrical Dimethylhydrazine on the Soil-Plant System State]. Ekologicheskie aspekty vozdejstviya komponentov zhidkih raketnyh topliv na okruzhayushhuyu sredu. mat. nauchno-praktich. konf. s-pb.: rnc prikladnaya khimiya [Ecological Aspects of the Effect of Liquid Rocket Fuel Components on the Environment. Materials of the scientific-practical conference.], 1996, pp. 15–19. (in Russian)

4. Kushneva V.S, Gorshkova R.B. Spravochnik po toksikologii i gigienicheskim normativam (PDK) potencial'no opasnyh himicheskih veshchestv [Handbook of Toxicology and Hygienic Standards (Mac) of Potentially Hazardous Chemicals]. M. Pub. IzdAt, 1999, 272 p. (in Russian)

5. Sedova G.I., Kovalenko I.V. K voprosu o stabilnosti NDMG v podzolistoi supeschanoi pochve [The Stability of UDMH in Podzolic Sandy Loam Soil]. Byulleten toksikologii, gigieny i profpatologii raketnyh topliv [Bulletin of Toxicology, Hygiene and Occupational Pathology of Missile Fuels]. 1976, №23, p. 163  (in Russian)

6.  Bushmarin A.B., Laskin B.M., Pimkin V.G., Solovjev V.V., Careva O.A. Kompleksnaia ekologicheskaia otcenka raionov padeniia otdeliaiushchikhsia chastei raket-nositelei na poligone «Plesetck» [Integrated Environmental Assessment of Areas Separating from Parts of Rockets at the site "Plesetsk"]. Materialy nauchn. prakt. konf. «EHkologicheskie aspekty vozdejstviya komponentov zhidkih raketnyh topliv na okruzhayushchuyu sredu». Sankt-Peterburg. Pub. «Prikladnaya khimiya», 1996, pp. 5–8. (in Russian)

7. GOST 17.4.4.02-84. Ohrana prirody. Pochvy. Metody otbora i podgotovki prob dlya himicheskogo, bakteriologicheskogo, gelmintologicheskogo analiza [State Standard 17.4.4.02-84. Protection of Nature. Soil. Methods of Selection and Preparation of Samples for Chemical, Bacteriological, Helminthological Analysis]. M. Pub. “Izdatelstvo standartov”, 1984, pp. 6–8. (in Russian)

8. Kovylina O.P., Zarubina I.A., Kovylin A.N. Otsenka zhiznennogo sostoyaniya sosny obyknovennoy v zone tekhnogennogo zagryazneniya [Assessment of the Vital State of Scots Pine in the Technogenic Pollution Zone]. Khvoynye borealnoy zony [Coniferous Boreal Zone], 2008, №3, pp. 284–289. (in Russian)

9. Pavlov I.N. Drevesnye rasteniya v usloviyakh tekhnogennogo zagryaznenii: monografiya [Woody Plants in Conditions of Technogenic Pollution]. Ulan-Ude, 2005, 370 p. (in Russian)

10. Sudachkova N.E., Shein I.V., Romanova L.I. Biokhimicheskie indikatory stressovogo sostoyaniya drevesnykh rasteniy [Biochemical Indicators of the Stress State of Woody Plants]. Novosibirsk. Pub. Nauka [Science], 1997, pp. 129–134. (in Russian)

11. Fuksman I.L., Poykalaynen Ya., Shreders S.M. etc. Fiziologo-biokhimicheskaya indikatsiya sostoyaniya sosny obyknovennoy v svyazi s vozdeystviem promyshlennykh pollyutantov [Physiological and Biochemical Indication of the Condition of Scots Pine in Connection with the Effect of Industrial Pollutants]. Ekologiya [Ecology], 1997, №3, pp. 213–217. (in Russian)

12. Shumeyko P., Osipov V. Vliyanie atmosfernogo zagryazneniya na korrelyatsionnye svyazi mezhdu biokhimicheskimi pokazatelyami derev'ev na primere sosny obyknovennoy [перевод]. Uspekhi sovremennoy biologii [Influence of Atmospheric Pollution on the Correlation between Biochemical Indicators of Trees on the Example of Scots Pine], 1992, Vol. 113, Issue 4, pp. 507–511. (in Russian)

13. Buyvolov Yu. Bogolyubov A. Metodika otsenki zhiznennogo sostoyaniya lesa po sosne [Methods of Assessing the Forest Vital State by Pine"], M. Pub. «Ekosistema», 1998. (in Russian)

14. GOST 12038-84 Semena sel'skohozyajstvennyh kultur. Metody opredeleniya vskhozhesti [State Standard 12038-84. Seeds of Agricultural Crops. Methods for Determination of Germination]. M. Pub. «Izdatelstvo standartov», 1984, pp. 5–7. (in Russian)

15. Metodika organizatsii i provedeniya rabot po monitoringu lesov evropeyskoy chasti Rossii po programme  ICP-Forests (metodika EEK OON) [Methods of Organizing and Working on Monitoring Forests in the European part of Russia under the ICP-Forests Program], M., 1995, 42 p. (in Russian)

16. Khalafyan, A.A. Statistica 6. Statisticheskiy analiz dannykh [Statistica 6. Statistical Analysis of Data]. M. Pub. Binom-Press, 2007, 512 p. (in Russian)

Papers23 - 34
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Article NameResearch of the Protection System Effectiveness for a Mobile Nuclear and Radiation Hazardous Facility
AuthorsO.A. Gubeladze*1, A.R. Gubeladze**2, S.M. Burdakov*3
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

** Don State Technical University
Gagarin square 1, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344000

 1e-mail: buba26021966@yandex.ru
ORCID iD:
0000-0001-6018-4989
WoS ResearcherID:
F-6921-2017;
2e-mail: buba26021966@yandex.ru
ORCID iD:
0000-0002-6966-6391
WoS ResearcherID:
F-7215-2017 ;
3 e-mail: SMBurdakov@mephi.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8599-6008
 WoS ResearcherID: F-6903-2017

AbstractTransportation is one of the most dangerous processes at the stage of operation of nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities especially in the context of the possible impact of terrorist subversive groups. The aim of the work is to develop an approach to research the effectiveness of prospective system units for the protection of mobile nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities both at the site and during the route.
Keywordsnuclear terrorism, security system, nuclear power plants, mobile unit with a nuclear installation, transport and packaging kit
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Meskhi B.Ch., Denisov O.V., Gubeladze O.A. Pozharnaya bezopasnost' yaderno- i radiatsionnoopasnykh ob’ektov. [Fire Safety of Nuclear and Radiation Hazardous Objects]. Rostov-on-Don. Pub. Don State technical university [Publishing center Don State technical university], 2014, 162 p. (in Russian)

[2] RD–07–01–2004. Federal'naya sluzhba po ekologicheskomu, tekhnologicheskomu i atomnomu nadzoru. Metodicheskie ukazaniya po provedeniyu otsenki fizicheskoy zashchity yaderno i radiatsionnoopasnykh ob’ektov po rezul'tatam provedennoy inspektsii. Prikaz №126 ot 11.10.2004 g. [Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision. Methodical instructions on evaluating physical protection yaderno and radiation-hazardous objects by results of the carried-out inspection. Order No. 126 from 10/11/2004], Ofitsial'nyy sayt kompanii «Konsul'tant Plyus» [Official site of the Consultant Plus company], 2016. Available at: http://consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=EXP&n=337925#007041239045211478 – 5.12.2017. (in Russian)

[3] Abchuk V.A., Matvejchuk F.A., Tomashevskij L.P. Spravochnik po issledovaniju operacij [Reference Book on Research of Operations]. M. Pub. "Voenizdat" [literature publishing house], 1979, 368 p. (in Russian)

[4] Sakhabudinov R.V., Gubeladze O.A. Nauchno-metodicheskie osnovy obespecheniya fizicheskoy zashchity yadernoopasnykh ob’ektov [Scientific and Methodical Bases of Ensuring Physical Protection of Nuclear-Dangerous Objects]. Rostov-on-Don. "LLC Terra " [Limited liability company “Terra”], 2006, 153 p. (in Russian)

[5] Tarakanov K.V. Matematika i vooruzhennaja bor'ba [Mathematics and Armed Struggle]. M. "Voenizdat" [literature publishing house], 1974, p. 240. (in Russian)

[6] Gubeladze O.A. Issledovanie effektivnosti sistemy fizicheskoy zashchity yadernoopasnykh ob’ektov [Research of Physical Protection System Effectiveness of Nuclear-Dangerous Objects] [Scientific-educational and applied journal. University news north-caucasian region. Technical science series. Application], 2008, Special Issue, ISSN 0321-3005, pp. 127–129. (in Russian)

[7] Ushakov, I.B., Davydov B.I., Zuev V.G. Chelovecheskij faktor v sisteme bezopasnosti jadernogo oruzhija i jaderno-jenergeticheskih ustanovok [Human Factor in Security System of Nuclear Weapon and Nuclear Power Stations]. Military and theoretical magazine "Voyennaya Mysl", 2003, № 9. pp. 25–29. (in Russian)

[8] Denisov O.V., Gubeladze O.A., Meskhi B.Ch., Bulygin Yu.I. Kompleksnaya bezopasnost' naseleniya i territoriy v chrezvychaynykh situatsiyakh [Complex Safety of the Population and Territories in Emergency Situations. Problems and Solutions]. Rostov-on-Don. Pub. "Don State technical university" [Publishing center Don State technical university], 2016, p. 278. (in Russian)

[9] Gubeladze, O.A., Sahabudinov R.V., Goncharov R.A. Obosnovanie vybora varianta voennoj sistemy [Justification of the Choice of Military System Option] [Collection of materials of the international scientifically practical conference]. Rostov-on-Don. Pub. "Rostov legal institute of the ministry of internal affairs of the Russian federation " [Publishing center Rostov legal institute of the ministry of internal affairs of the Russian federation], 2006. pp. 96–99. (in Russian)

[10] Gubeladze O.A., Goncharov R.A. Organizacionnye meroprijatija po sovershenstvovaniju fizicheskoj zashhity jadernoopasnyh ob’ektov pozicionnogo rajona. Sb. nauchnyh trudov. «Problemy obespechenija bezopasnost» Tom. 4. [Organizational Actions for Physical Protection Improvement of Nuclear Dangerous Objects of the Position Area. Paper scientific works. "Safety Problems" Vol. 4.] M. Pub. "Military academy of the Strategic Missile Troops" [Publishing center Military academy of the Strategic Missile Troops], 2008, pp. 62–68. (in Russian)

Papers35 - 44
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Research, design, construction and installation of nuclear facilities manufacturing equipment

Article NameOrbital Hybrid Laser-arc Welding Using a High-power Fibre Laser for Pipeline Construction
AuthorsS.E. Gook*1, A.V. Gumenyuk*,**2, Michael Rethmeier*,**,***3
Address

* Fraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology, Pascalstraße 8-9, 10587 Berlin, Germany
1 ORCID: 0000-0002-4350-3850
WoS ResearcherID:
F-8636-2017
e-mail: sergej.gook@ipk.fraunhofer.de ;

2e-mail: andrey.gumenyuk@bam.de
** Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin, Germany
*** Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany
3 ORCID: 0000-0001-8123-6696
WoS ResearcherID:
B-9847-2009

AbstractRecently developed fibre lasers provide multi-kilowatt beam power with high quality at impressive energy efficiency. Combined with gas metal arc welding (GMAW) equipment these lasers can be used in a hybrid process to weld thick-walled constructions single-pass, that are currently welded using multi-pass techniques. The main benefits are a reduction of heat induced distortions, due to the low heat input, as well as savings in filler material and process time. Probable applications can be found in power generation, ship building and pipeline constructions. An orbital (girth) laser-hybrid process using a 20 kW fibre laser and a GMAW torch is currently examined at the BAM, Berlin. The aim of this research is to obtain a stable and crack free girth welding process and to demonstrate its application in pipeline construction. The experiments are carried out on 16 mm thick plates as well pipe rings with 36" (914 mm) pipe diameter of X65. Particular welding parameters, such as welding speed, GMAW power, arc length are varied and their influence on the appearance of the weld in the different welding positions is analyzed. Even though issues remain that demand further research it could already be shown that the rings can be welded using a girth hybrid process that is divided into two half girth processes in downward direction.
Keywordshigh-power fibre laser, pipeline, laser-hybrid welding, thick plates
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Nakamura S., Ikuno Y., Maeda T., Furukawa Y., Kodama S.: Automatic control technology of welding machine MAG-II for onshore pipelines. Nippon Steel Technical Report (2005) H. 92, S. 51-55. (in English)

[2] Yapp D., Blackman-S.A.: Recent developments in high productivity pipeline welding JOM 11, 11th International Conference on the Joining of Materials, Helsingör, DK, May 25-28, 2003. (in English)

[3] Koga S. et. al.: Study on all position electron beam welding of large diameter pipeline joints (Report1,2) Welding International  15 (2001) pp. 28-33, 92-99. (in English)

[4] Gainand Y. et al.: Laser orbital welding applied to offshore pipe line construction. Pipeline technology Vol. II  Elsevier Science 2000 pp. 327-343. (in English)

[5] Moore P.L. et al.: Development of Nd: YAG laser and laser / MAG hybrid welding for land pipeline applications. Welding and Cutting, Vol. 3, No. 3 (2004), pp. 38–43. (in English)

[6] Wahba, M., M. Mizutani, and S. Katayama.: Single pass hybrid laser-arc welding of 25 mm thick square groove butt joints. Materials & Design 97 (2016): 1-6. (in English)

[7] Russel J.D.: Laser weldability of C-Mn steels. Assessment of Power Beam Welds, European Symposium, Geesthacht/Germany, February 1999. (in English)

[8] N.N.: Guidelines for Approval of CO2-Laser Welding in Ship Hull Construction. Classification Societies unified, 1996. (in English)

[9] Gook S., Gumenyuk A., Stelling K., Lammers M., Rethmeier M.: Schweißen im Dickblechbereich mit einem 20 kW-Faserlaser. DVS-Berichte Bd. 250, DVS-Verlag, Düsseldorf, 2008, pp. 264-270. (in German)

[10]        Rethmeier M., Gook S., Lammers M., and Gumenyuk A.:  Laser-Hybrid Welding of Thick Plates up to 32 mm Using a 20 kW Fibre Laser. Proceedings of the 8th International Welding Symposium - Innovations in Welding and Joining for a New Era in Manufacturing. Japan Welding Society. LW-11, 2008, p. 43. (in English)

[11] Gumenyuk, A., Rethmeier, M.:  Developments in hybrid laser-arc welding technology. In Handbook of Laser Welding Technologies, pp. 505-521, 2013. (in English)

Papers45 - 54
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameProvision of Transport Frame Strength for Hydraulic Sharing Equipment Delivery to Eliminate Dangerous Goods Accident Consequences
AuthorsYu.Yu. Lushina *, O.Yu. Zhabunina **, A.E. Kipkaev **, N.Yu. Parshukova*
Address

* Snezhinsk Physics and Technology Institute of the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI
Komsomolskaya street, 8, Snezhinsk, Chelyabinsk region, Russia 456776
** Russian Federal Nuclear Center – Zababakhin All-Russia Research Institute of Technical Physics
Vasilyev street, 13, Snezhinsk, Chelyabinsk region, Russia 456770
e-mail: p.i.e@yandex.ru

AbstractThe article considers the provision of safety and integrity when transporting hydraulic sharing equipment by road and rail to the place of dangerous goods accident consequences elimination. It is offered to strengthen the existing kinds of fastenings through the use of the engineered transport frame to ensure the equipment transportation reliability. The substantiation of the strength and reliability of the frame is given analytically and numerically. Strength analysis of frame construction is performed in the program of finite element analysis in the conditions of transport sinusoidal loadings. The calculation results show that the proposed transport frame design meets all normative requirements of safety.
Keywordsdangerous goods, transportation, hydraulic sharing equipment, the generating module, the pump module, fastening elements, strength, reliability
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Techniceckie usloviya razmecheniya i krepleniya gruzov v vagonah i konteynerah [Specifications of Placing and Fastening of Cargoes in Railcars and Containers]. М. Pub. Yuridicheskaya firma Yurtrans ["JurTranc" Juridical firm], 2003, 544 p. (in Russian)

[2] Pheodosyev V.I.  Soprotivlenie materialov [Resistance of Materials]. М. Pub. Izdatelstvo MGTU im. N.A.Baumana [Publishing house of MSTU], 2016, 543 p. (in Russian)

[3] Soprotivlenie materialov [Resistance of Materials] Edited by G.S. Pisarenko. Kiev. Pub. Vischa shkola [Higher School], 1986, 696 p. (in Russian)

[4] Reshetov D.N. Detali mashin [Machine Elements]. М. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical Engineering], 1989,  496 p. (in Russian)

[5] Ivanov M.N. Detali mashin [Machine Elements]. М. Pub. Vysshaja shkola [Higher School], 1976,  388 p. (in Russian)

[6] Birger I.A., etc.  Raschet na prochnost detaley mashin: Spravochnik [Strength Calculation of Machine Elements. Reference book]. М. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical Engineering], 1993, 640 p. (in Russian)

[7] Osnovnye sposoby krepleniya gruza v transportnom sredstve [The Basic Methods of Cargo Fastening in a Transport Vehicle]. Available at: http://www.tek-integra.ru/poleznye-materialy/61-osnovnye-sposoby-krepleniya-gruza-pri-perevozke-avtomobilnym-transportom.html (in Russian)

[8] GOST 8240 – 97. Shvellery stalnye goryachekatanye. Sortament. [Hot-Rolled Steel Channels. An Assortment], M. Izdatelstvo standartov [Publishing house of standards], 2002, 13 p. (in Russian)

[9] GOST 535 – 2005. Prokat sortovoy i fasonnyy iz stali uglerodistoy obyknovennogo kachestva. Obschie tekhnicheskie usloviya. [Profiled and Shape Rolled Stock from Carbonaceous Ordinary Quality Steel. The General Specifications], M. Izdatelstvo standartov [Publishing house of standards], 2008, 12 p. (in Russian)

[10] GOST 8922 – 69. Vinty gruzovye (czapfy). Konstrukciya. [Lifting Screws (Pins). Construction]. M. Izdatelstvo standartov [Publishing house of standards], 2005, 3 p. (in Russian)

[11] GOST 7798-70. Bolty s shestigrannoy golovkoy klassa tochnosti B. Konstrukciya i razmery. [Six-Sided Head Bolts of B Class of Accuracy. Construction and Sizes.]. M. Izdatelstvo standartov [Publishing house of standards], 2010, 10 p. (in Russian)

[12] GOST 5915-70. Gayki shestigrannye klassa tochnosti B. Konstrukciya i razmery. [Six-Sided Nuts of B class of Accuracy. Construction and Sizes]. M. Izdatelstvo standartov [Publishing house of standards], 2010, 6 p. (in Russian)

[13] GOST 1050 – 88. Prokat sortovoy, kalibrovannyy, so specialnoy otdelkoy poverkhnosti iz uglerodistoy kachestvennoy konstrukcionnoy stali. Obschie tekhnicheskie usloviya. [Calibrated Rolled Section Steel with Special Finish Surface from Carbonaceous Qualitative Constructional Steel. The General Specifications.]. M. Izdatelstvo standartov [Publishing house of standards], 2008,  20 p. (in Russian)

[14] Zhidkov A.V. Primenenie sistemy ANSYS k resheniyu zadach geometricheskogo i konechno-elementnogo modelirovaniya. Uchebno-metodicheskiy material po programme povysheniya kvalifikacii «Informacionnye sistemy v matematike i mekhanike» [ANSYS Application to the Decision of Geometrical and Certainly-Element Modeling Problems. The teaching and methodical materials under the program of professional skill improvement «Information Systems in Mathematics and Mechanics»]. Nizhny Novgorod, 2006, 115 p. (in Russian)

[15] Rukovodstvo po rabote v programme konechno-elementnogo analiza [Working Guide in Program of the Certainly-Element Analysis]. Snezhinsk, 2000, 160 p. (in Russian)

[16] Fokin V.G. Metod konechnykh elementov v mekhanike deformiruemogo tverdogo tela: Uchebnoe posobie [Method of Final Elements in the Mechanics of a Deformable Firm Body]. Samara. Pub. Izdatelstvo SamGTU [Publishing house of SamGTU], 2010, 131 p. (in Russian)

[17] Vibracii v tekhnike: Spravochnik. Vol. 6: Zaschita ot  vibraciy i udarov [Vibrations in Engineering: Reference book. Vol. 6: Protection against Vibrations and Impacts]. М. Pub. Mashinostroenie [Mechanical Engineering], 1981, 456 p. (in Russian)

Papers55 - 63
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameThe Utilization of Unified Modeling Language to Realize the Welding Process Mathematical Modeling Calculations in Multimedia MAW Simulator
AuthorsV.V. Krivin*, V.A. Tolstov**, I.O. Ishigov***
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

*ORCID: 0000-0003-0903-0786
WoS ResearcherID: E-2267-2018
e-mail:
vvkrivin@mephi.ru ;
**ORCID: 0000-0001-7144-5195
WoS ResearcherID: F-1032-2017
e-mail:
v-tolstov-2017@mail.ru ;
***ORCID: 0000-0002-5829-6989
WoS ResearcherID: E-2448-2018
e-mail:
ioishigov@mephi.ru

AbstractThe article deals with computer program development to realize the complex of mathematical models for real-time calculations of virtual welding parameters and virtual welding joint geometric properties. The representation of each model of complex as unified modeling language diagram, this modern support tool for computer program development, is shown. The development based on it causes the result as programs for visualization of welding joint and other purposes.
Keywordsmathematical modeling, welding process, thermal model, finite element method, engineering of computer program, manual arc welding simulator, unified modeling language, use case diagram, class diagram, activity diagram, visualization
LanguageRussian
References
  1. Krivin V.V., Vinichenko M.Y., Tolstov V.A. Model’ sterzhnevyh konechnyh elementov dlya teplovogo raschyota virtualnogo svarnogo shva [The model of rod finite elements for thermal calculation of the virtual welding joint] [Actual Problems of Development of Modern Science, Engineering and Technology : Materials of the IV vseros. science-practical conference. (Moscow, 2011, April, 27-29)], 2011, ISBN 978-5-903967-35-3, pp. 83–94. (in Russian)
  2. Krivin V.V., Vinichenko S.M., Tolstov V.A. etc. Modelirovanie signalov parametrov virtualnogo svarochogo processa [Modeling of parametric signals of virtual welding process]. Vestnik natsionalnogo issledovatel'skogo yadernogo universiteta «MIFI» [Bulletin of the National Research Nuclear University "MEPhI"], 2014, Vol.3, №1, ISSN 2304-487X, pp. 53–57. (in Russian)
  3. Samuilov S.V. Obektno-orintirovannoe modelirovanie na osnove UML [UML-based object-oriented modeling]. Vuzovskoe obrazovanie [Univercity education], 2016, 37 p. Available at: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/47277 (in Russian)
  4. Malysheva E.N. Proektirovanie informatsionnyh system. Razdel 5. Indusrtial’noe proektirovanie informacionnyh system. Ob’ektno-orientirovannaya Case-tehnologiya proektirovaniya informacionnyh system [The development of information systems. Chapter 5. The industrial development of information systems. The object-oriented Case-technology for development of information systems]. Kemerovo. Kemerovo State University of Culture and Art, 2009, 70 p. Available at: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/22067 (in Russian)
  5. Booch G., Rumbaugh J., Jacobson I. Yazyk UML. Rukovodstvo polzovatelya [UML Language. User’s guide]. M. Pub. DMK Press, 2008, ISBN 5-94074-334-X, 496 p. Available at: https://e.lanbook.com/book/1246. (in Russian)
  6. Babich A.V. UML. Pervoe znakomstvo. Posobie dlya podgotovki k sdache testa UM0-100 (OMG Certified UML Professional Fundamental) [UML. The first acquaintance. The tutorial to prepare for the UM0-100 test (OMG Certified UML Professional Fundamental)]. M. Pub. BINOM. The laboratory of knowledge, Internet-university of Information Technology (INTUIT), 2008, ISBN 978-5-94774-878-9, 176 p.  Available at: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/15858. (in Russian)
  7. Sysoev Y.S., Krivin V.V., Tolstov V.A. Modelirovanie plavleniya electroda pri razrabotke komputernyh 3D-trenazhorov dlya obucheniya ruchnoi dugovoi svarke [The modeling of node molding during development of 3D computerized simalators for manual arc welding training]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding production], 2017, №10, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 12–17. (in Russian)
  8. Vinichenko M.Y., Ishigov I.O., Krivin V.V. etc. Utochnyonnaya matamaticheskaya model svarnogo shva dlya multimediynogo trenazhora svarschika [The refined welding joint model for multimedia training system]. Svarochnoe proizvodstvo [Welding production], 2015, №11, ISSN 0491-6441, pp. 17–20. (in Russian)
  9. Krivin V.V., Vinichenko M.Y., Tolstov V.A. Raschyot parametrov virtual’nogo svarnogo shva v trenazhore svarschika [The calculation of virtual welding joint in multimedia training system] [Nuclear power plant safety and personnel training : Materials of the XII International conference. (Obninsk, 2011, 4-7 of April)], 2011, pp. 110–112. (in Russian)
  10. Billing V.A. Osnovy obektnogo programmirovaniya na C# (C# 3.0, visual Studio 2008) [The basis of object-oriented programming in C# (C# 3.0, visual Studio 2008)]. M., Saratov. Pub. Internet-university of Information Technology (INTUIT), Vuzovskoe obrazovanie [Univercity education], 2017, ISBN 978-5-4487-0145-0, 583 p. Available at: http://www.iprbookshop.ru/72339 (in Russian)
Papers64 - 71
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameInformation System for Decision Support in the Management of Social and Economic Systems in the Nuclear Facility Territories
AuthorsV.M. Kureichik*1, E.A. Tsvelik**2, R.V. Pirozhkov**3
Address

* South Federal University,
105/42 Bolshaya Sadovaya Str., Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344006

1e-mail: vmkureychik@sfedu.ru
** Volgodonsk Engineering-Technical Institute – Branch of NRNU «MEPhI»,
Lenina street, 73/94, Volgodonsk, Russia 347360

2e-mail: stvelik@mail.ru ;
3e-mail: roman-3.14@yandex.ru

AbstractThe task of ensuring the development of the territories for the placement of nuclear facilities consists of two stages: the task of assessing the state, the quality of the functioning of individual systems and areas of these territories and the stage of selecting the control impact that will improve the assessed parameters and increase the efficiency of these systems. This paper proposes an information system (IS) that supports the control action selection based on fuzzy complex estimates of system parameters. IP is based on the integration of fuzzy control systems and the procedure for determining the integral indicators of the system functioning of particular criteria linguistic estimates.
Keywordsdecision support systems, fuzzy sets, fuzzy inference systems, complex systems estimation, expert linguistic estimates
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Isaev V.V., Nemchin A.M. Obshhaya teoriya socialno-ekonomicheskih sistem: uchebnoe posobie [General Theory of Socio-Economic Systems: Textbook]. Sankt-Peterburg, 2002, 176 p. (in Russian)

[2] Modeli i metody podderzhki prinyatiya reshenij. Pod redakciej E.M. Suhareva [Models and Methods for Supporting Decision-Making. Edited by E.M. Sukharev]. M., 2010, 192 p. (in Russian)

[3] Melixov A.N., Bershtejn L.C., Korovin S.Ya. Situacionnye sovetuyushhie sistemy s nechetkoj logikoj [Situational Advisory Systems with Fuzzy Logic]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science], 1990, 272 p. (in Russian)

[4] Orlovskij S.A. etc. Problemy prinyatiya resheniya pri nechetkoj isxodnoj informacii [Decision Problems with Fuzzy Source Information]. M. Pub. Nauka [Science], 1981, 208 p. (in Russian)

[5] Ananich I.S., Belenkij A.G., Pronin L.B., Ryzhov A.P., Ananich I.S. Agregirovanie informacii v sistemah informacionnogo monitoringa [Aggregation of Information in Information Monitoring Systems]. Trudy Mezhdunarodnogo seminara «Myagkie vychisleniya – 96» [International Workshop "Soft Computing - 96"]. Kazan, 1996, pp. 43–46. (in Russian)

[6] Saati T. Prinyatie reshenij. Metod analiza ierarxij [Making Decisions. Method for Analyzing Hierarchies]. M., 1993, 278 p. (in Russian)

[7] Cvelik E.A. Sistema podderzhki prinyatiya resheniya pri planirovanii nabora abiturientov [Decision Support System for Planning Admissions]. IV Vserossijskaya nauchno-prakticheskaya konferenciya «Informacionnye texnologii v obrazovanii XXI veka»: sbornik nauchnyx trudov [IV All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference "Information Technologies in Education of the XXI Century": a collection of scientific papers]. M., 2014, pp. 129–134. (in Russian)

[8] Nechetkie mnozhestva v modelyah upravleniya i iskusstvennogo intellekta [Fuzzy Sets in Control Models and Artificial Intelligence]. Pod redakciej D.A. Pospelova [Edited byD.A. Pospelov]. M., 1986, 312 p. (in Russian)

[9] Pegat A. Nechetkoe modelirovanie i upravlenie [Unclear Modeling and Control]. M., 2009, 800 p. (in Russian)

[10] Bellman R., Zade L. Prinyatie reshenij v rasplyvchatyh usloviyah. Voprosy analiza i procedury prinyatiya reshenij [Decision Making under Vague Conditions. Issues of Analysis and Decision-Making Procedures]. M., 1976, pp. 172–215. (in Russian)

[11] Sil'nova S.V., Polyudova G.R., Puzyrnikova E.A. Podderzhka prinyatiya reshenij pri upravlenii predpriyatiem na osnove nechetkih modelej [Support for Decision-Making in Enterprise Management Based on Fuzzy Models]. Vestnik kompyuternyh  informacionnyh texnologij [Computer Information Technology Reporter],  2009,  №11, pp. 33–41. (in Russian)

[12]  Sinyuk V.G., Polyakov V.M., Kuzubova A.A. Algoritm postroeniya ierarxicheskix sistem nechetkogo vyvoda Takagi-Sugeno [Algorithm for Constructing Hierarchical Systems of Fuzzy Inference Takagi-Sugeno]. Trinadcataya nacional'naya konferenciya po iskusstvennomu intellektu s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem KII – 2012 (16-20 oktyabrya 2012 g., Belgorod, Rossiya) [Thirteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence with International Participation KII - 2012 (October 16-20, 2012, Belgorod, Russia)]. V 4-x tomah [4 Volumes]. Vol. 2. Belgorod, 2012, pp. 247–253. (in Russian)

[13]  Sumarokova N.N., Istomin A.L. Sistema podderzhki prinyatiya reshenij pri planirovanii priema studentov [Decision Support System for Planning the Admission of Students to the University]. Vestnik irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tehnicheskogo universiteta [The Bulletin of the Irkutsk State Technical University], 2013, №1(72), pp. 17–24. (in Russian)

[14] Shtovba S.D. Proektirovanie nechetkih sistem sredstvami MATLAB [Designing Fuzzy Systems Using MATLAB]. M., 2007,  288 p. (in Russian)

[15] Shtovba S.D. Vvedenie v teoriyu nechetkix mnozhestv i nechetkuyu logiku [Introduction to the Theory of Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic]. Available at: http:// matlab.exponenta.ru/fuzzylogic/book1/4_6.php (in Russian)

Papers72 - 82
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Article NameOptimizing the Neutronic Parameters for VVER-1200 Reactor Core Using WIMS-ANLS Code
AuthorsYubin Xu
Address

National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Institute of Physics
Lenin St., 2, Tomsk region, Russia 634050
e-mail: 512685424@qq.com

AbstractIn this paper, the WIMS-ANL is used to obtain different keff values and maximum keff values by varying the size of the cooling sink of the fuel assembly of the reactor (VVER-1200) and the fuel UO2 concentration (1 to 30%).
KeywordsVVER-1200, WIMS-ANL; lattice cell, fuel assembly, neutronic characteristics, reactivity, effective multiplication factor, reactivity
LanguageRussian
References

[1] J.G Tyror & R. I. Vanghan. An introduction to Neutron kinetics of nuclear power reactor. Second edition: point reactor kinetics. 2011, p. 182. (in English)

[2] W.L. Woodruff, Argonne National Laboratory, USA and L. S. Leo Pando: “Upgrades to the WIMS-ANL Code and Library. Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1998. (in English)

[3] Yoshiaki Oka, Katsuo Suzuki (edited). Nuclear reactor kinematics and plant control. Second edition. Tokyo, Japan, Springer, 2008, pp. 501–519. (in English)

[4] D.M. Titova, et al. Approaches to optimization of the core reactivity coefficient for the ‘master’ heat supply reactor. Obinisky institute of nuclear power engineering, national research university (MEPHI), Russia, 2015. (in English)

[5] Bengt pershagen. Light water reactor safety. Substantially revised and updated edition: Studsvik AB, Nykoping. Springer, 1988, pp. 466. (in English)

[6] Teresa Kulikowska. Reactor lattice transport calculation. Institute of atomic energy, Swierk, Poland, 2000, pp. 19–21.  (in English)

[7] Carl Bergl., et. On measuring and monitoring of reactivity in subcritical reactor systems with Monte Carlo neutronics. KTH School of engineering, Department of physics, Sweden, 2014, pp. 15. (in English)

[8] Dan Gabrial Cancuci. Handbook of nuclear engineering. Vol. 1: Nuclear engineering fundamentals. Springer, 2010, pp 1172. (in English)

[9] Amir Hosein Faidaei, Saeed Serayeshi. Some neutronic calculations for the VVER-1000 using WIMS and Citation code. Anirkabir University of Technology, Iran, 2009. (in English)

[10] Amir Hosein Faidaei, Saeed Serayeshi. Control rod worth calculation for VVER-1000 using SRAC and MC NPS code. Institute nuclear science and Technology, Vietnam, 2012. (in English)

[11] L. Thilagam, C. Sunil Sunny & K.V. Subbaiah. Doppler coefficient of reactivity calculation for different enrichment of uranium oxide. Safety research. Kalpakkam, India, 2000. (in English)

[12] Gert. Jan Auwerda. Investigation of neutrons and heat transfer in gas core reactor, 2009. (in English)

[13] Georgy L. Khorasanov, Anatoly P. Ivanov, Anatoly I. Blokhin. Neutronic and Physical Characteristics of the Ads CoreWith A Lead-208 Coolant. Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, 2007. (in English)

Papers83 - 91
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Nuclear facilities exploitation

Article NameInstallation of Long-Dimensionalradioactive Waste Fragmentation on the First Blocks of the Belayarsk NPP
AuthorsО.А. Yarmolenko*1, N.N. Ufaev*2, А.I. Berela**3, S.А. Tomilin**4, A.G. Fedotov**5
Address

* "Dollezhal Scientific Research and Design Institute of Power Engineering» Joint Stock Company
1 e-mail: yarmolenko@nikiet.ru ;
2 e-mail: unik@nikiet.ru
** Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
}Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360

3 e-mail: berelaleks@yandex.ru
4 ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8661-8386
WoS ResearcherID: G-3465-2017
e-mail: SATomilin@mephi.ru ;

4 e-mail: AGFedotov@mephi.ru

AbstractThe paper presents original installation design and the technology of long-term radioactive operational waste used fragmentation for preparing the Beloyarsk NPP first unit decommissioning with observance of the radiation safety conditions. Installation is mounted, tested and accepted for trial operation.
Keywordslong-term radioactive waste, fragmentation, containment, radiation safety, technological mine, hoist, pneumatic cylinder, saber saw
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Yarmolenko O.A. etc. Texnologii obrashheniya s RAO, v tom chisle dlinnomernymi i soderzhashhimi prosypi OYaT, pri vyvode iz e'kspluatacii yaderno- i radiacionno-opasnyx objektov [Technologies of Radioactive Waste Handling Including Long-Range and Containing SNF Spills when Decommissioning Nuclear and Radiation Hazardous Facilities]. Bezopasnost yadernyh texnologij: pravovoe i kadrovoe obespechenie innovacionnogo razvitiya atomnoj otrasli : sbornik dokladov 26-30 sentyabrya 2011 goda [Safety of Nuclear Technologies: Legal and Personnel Support of Nuclear Industry Innovative Development: a collection of reports, September 26-30. 2011]. Sankt-Peterburg, 2011. pp. 145–153. (in Russian)

[2] Berela A.I., Fedotov A.G., Tomilin S.A., Bylkin B.K. Razrabotka texnologicheskix processov demontazha oborudovaniya pri vyvode iz e'kspluatacii atomnyx stancij [Development of Technological Processes for Dismantling Equipment during Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioning]. Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona [Don Engineering Reporter], 2013, №2(25). Available at: ivdon.ru/ru/magazine/archive/n2y2013/1734 (in Russian)

[3] Berela A.I., Fedotov A.G., Tomilin S.A. Texnologicheskoe oborudovanie, primenyaemoe v rabotax po vyvodu iz e'kspluatacii blokov AES [Technological Equipment Used in the Decommissioning of NPP Units]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2013, №1(6), pp. 58–66. (in Russian)

[4] Berela A.I., Bylkin B.K., Tomilin S.A., Fedotov A.G. Adaptaciya texnologii demontazha oborudovaniya vyvodimyh iz ekspluatacii blokov AES k trebovaniyam radiacionnoj bezopasnosti [Adaptation of Dismantling Equipment Technology  of Decommissioned NPP Units to Radiation Safety Requirements]. Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona [Don Engineering Reporter], 2014, Vol. 29, №2. Available at: ivdon.ru/magazine/archive/n2y2014/2416 (in Russian)

[5] Tomilin S.A., Berela A.I., Podrezov N.N., Fedotov A.G. Osobennosti proektirovaniya demontazha oborudovaniya blokov atomnyx stancij s uchetom normativnogo regulirovaniya ix vyvoda iz ekspluatacii [Features of Designing the Dismantling of Nuclear Power Plant Equipment Taking into Account the Regulatory Regulation of their Decommissioning]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2017, №1(22), pp. 59–67. (in Russian)

[6] Romenkov A.A., Tuktarov M.A., Ufaev N.N. Kompleks po razdelke i kondicionirovaniyu dlinnomernyx RAO 1-j ocheredi Beloyarskoj AES [Complex for Cutting and Conditioning Long-Length Radwaste of the Beloyarsk NPP First Units]. Godovoj otchet OAO «NIKIET» ["SRDIPE" OJSC annual report], 2009. (in Russian)

[7] Ustanovka dlya peremeshheniya i razdelki na fragmenty penalov s obluchennym grafitom uran-grafitovyx atomnyx reaktorov : patent 2349977 Rossijskaya Federaciya : MPK G21S 19/26 / E'tingen A.A., Berela A.I., E'tingen Yu.A., Romenkov A.A., Yarmolenko O.A., Tuktarov M.A. – №2007115265; zayavleno 23.04.2007; opublikovano 20.03.2009, Byulleten №8 [Installation for Moving and Cutting into Pieces of Canisters with Irradiated Graphite of Uranium-Graphite Atomic Reactors: Patent 2349977 Russian Federation: IPC G21C 19/26 / Etingen AA, Berela AI, Etingen Yu.A., Romenkov A. A ., Yarmolenko OA, Tuktarov MA - No. 2007115265; applied April 23, 2007; publ. 20.03.2009, Bul. №8.]. (in Russian)

[8] Romenkov A.A., Tuktarov M.A., Ufaev N.N. etc. Modernizaciya eksperimental'noj ustanovki fragmentacii penalov s grafitom pod rezku dlinnomernyh TRO na BAES [Experimental Installation Modernization of Fragmentation of Canisters with Graphite for Cutting Long-Length SRW at BNPP]. Godovoj otchet OAO «NIKIET» ["SRDIPE" OJSC annual report], 2012. (in Russian)

[9] Ustanovka dlya razdelki dlinnomernyx radioaktivnyx izdelij na fragmenty: patent 2545512 Rossijskaya Federaciya: MPK G21S 19/00 / A.A. Romenkov, O.A. Yarmolenko, S.N. Egorov, A.I. Berela, M.A. Tuktarov, N.N. Ufaev, A.G. Fedotov. №2013151248/07; zayavleno 18.11.2013; opublikovano 10.04.2015, Byulleten №10 [Installation for Cutting Long-Length Radioactive Articles into Fragments: Patent 2545512 Russian Federation: IPC G21C 19/00 / A.A. Romenkov, O.A. Yarmolenko, S.N. Egorov, A.I. Berela, M.A Tuktarov, N.N. Ufaev, A.G. Fedotov. - No. 2013151248/07; applied 11/18/2013; publ. 10.04.2015, Bul. № 10.]. (in Russian)

[10] Berela A.I., Fedotov A.G., Tomilin S.A. Oborudovanie dlya fragmentacii dlinnomernyx radioaktivnyh objektov pri podgotovke k vyvodu iz ekspluatacii blokov pervoj ocheredi Beloyarskoj AES [Equipment for Long-Length Radioactive Object Fragmentation in Preparation for the Beloyarsk NPP First Unit Decommissioning]. Bezopasnost yadernoj energetiki: tezisy dokladov XI Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii 27–29 maya 2015 [Nuclear Power Safety: Abstracts of the XI International Conference. Scientific and Practical Conference May 27-29, 2015]. Volgodonsk, 2015. (in Russian)

Papers92 - 99
URL ArticleURL Article
 Open Article
Article NameVariants of Constructive Schemes of Grippers for Lifting Dropped Horizontally Located Fuel Assemblies in the WWER Type Reactor
AuthorsP.D. Kravchenko*, D.N. Fedorenko**
Address

* Volgodonsk Engineering-Technical Institute – Branch of NRNU «MEPhI»,
Lenina street, 73/94, Volgodonsk, Russia 347360
e-mail: MPMkaf@mephi.ru
** “Atomspetsservis” Ltd.
Vosmaya Zavodskaya St., 23,  Volgodonsk, Russia 347469
e-mail: info@acc.bz

AbstractThe paper proposes sketch constructive schemes of grippers for lifting dropped fuel assemblies located horizontally in the WWER type reactor. The variants of automation schemes for the process of capturing fuel assemblies are considered. A base has been created for the improvement of automatic load gripping devices for lifting dropped fuel assemblies.
KeywordsAutomatic load gripping device, lifting, seizure, dropped fuel assemblies, nuclear reactor, NPP
LanguageRussian
References

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[8] Kravchenko P.D., Sementsev A.M., Pervushin L.A., Yeletsky S.A. Automatic capture. A.S. 1710486 USSR, MKI V 66 C1 / 66 (in Russian)

[9] Kravchenko P.D., Dudchenko A.N., Naryzhny V.A., Ryasova T.V., Kosova E.A. Design of non-standard equipment. Heavy and atomic engineering. Ed. By P.D. Kravchenko. Shahty, 2001, 279 p. (in Russian)

[10] Kravchenko P.D., Berezin I.V., Berezin E.V., Shestakova I.A. Automated load-gripping device. Patent of the Russian Federation for invention No. 2268229 Russian Federation C1 IPC V66S 1/66; The applicant and the patent owner of Yuzhno-Ros. state. un-t economy and service. – №2004114612; claimed. 13.05.2004; publ. 20.01.2006, bul. №26 (in Russian)

[11] Kravchenko P.D., Yablonovsky I.M. Comparison of constructive schemes of loading machines with rigid and flexible suspension of the executive body. Mechanical Engineering and Technosphere of the XXI Century. Proceedings of the XIII International Scientific and Technical Conference in Sevastopol 2006. In 5 volumes. – Donetsk, 2006. Vol. 2, 324 p. (in Russian)

[12] Kravchenko P.D., Magalyasov V.S., Yablonovsky I.M. Machine with a cable suspension of overload objects in a nuclear reactor of the VVER type. Actual problems of technology and technology: interuniversity coll. sci. works / ed. by A.G. Sapronov. Shahty. Pub. Publishing House of SPSU, 2007, 70 p (in Russian)

[13] Kravchenko P.D., Yablonovsky I.M., Magalasov V.S. The new design of the reloading machine of the nuclear power plant with WWER-1000. As a result of heuristic engineering search. Problems of Economics, Science and Education in the Service: Sat. sci. works / ed. by P.D. Kravchenko. Shahty. Pub. Publishing House of the SPSU, 2007, 271 p. (in Russian)

[14] Kravchenko P.D., Yablonovskiy I.M., Magalyasov V.S. The device of fuel cell overload in the nuclear reactor by reloading machines with flexible suspension of objects. Patent of the Russian Federation for invention No. 2319236 Russian Federation C1 IPC G 21 C 19/66 (2006.01). Applicant and patent holder of Yuzhno-Ros. state. un-t economy and service. – №2006119869/06; claimed. 06/06/2006; publ. 10.03.2008, bul. №7 (in Russian)

[15] Kravchenko P.D., Yablonovsky I.M. Suspended automatic device for rotating the cover of the hermenefoil. Patent of the Russian Federation for Invention No. 2319234 Russian Federation C1 IPC G 21 C 19/00 (2006.01); The applicant and the patent owner of Yuzhno-Ros. state. un-t economy and service. – №2006112706/06; claimed. 17.04.2006; publ. 10.03.2008, bul. №7 (in Russian)

[16] Kravchenko P.D., Yablonovsky I.M., Magalasov V.S. Suspended automatic device for turning and capturing the cork of a pencil case. The patent of the Russian Federation for the invention №2332729 Russian Federation C1 IPC G 21C 3/00 (2006.01); the applicant and the patent holder of the South-Russian State University of Economics and Service. – №2007111699 / 06; 29.03.2007; publ. 27.08.2008. bul. №24 (in Russian)

[17] Kravchenko P.D., Puchkina I.Yu., Shestakova I.A. etc. Design solutions for the design of transport and technological equipment in nuclear engineering: Monograph. Ed. by P.D. Kravchenko. Shahty, 2008. – 186 p. (in Russian)

[18] Kravchenko P.D., Fedorenko D.N., Yablonovsky I.M., Berezin I.V. Suspended automatic catching-clamping device. Pat. 2474529 Russian Federation C2 (51) IPC B66C 1.62 (2006.01); the applicant and the patent owner of Yuzhno-Ros. state. University of Economics and Service №2011102098/11; claimed on 20.01.2011. (in Russian)

[19] Kravchenko P.D., Berela A.I., Fedorenko D.N., Berezin I.V., Yablonovsky I.M. Collet grip tube. Pat. 2476370 Russian Federation C2 (51) IPC B66C 1/54 (2006.01); the applicant and the patent owner of Yuzhno-Ros. state. University of Economics and Service №2201132195/07; Application 29.07.2011. (in Russian)

[20] Kravchenko P.D., Fedorenko D.N., Berezin I.V., Yablonovsky I.M. Suspended automatic catch-catcher. Pat. 2474528 Russian Federation C2 (51) IPC B66C 1./42(2006.01); the applicant and the patent owner of Yuzhno-Ros. state. University of Economics and Service No. 2011102123/11; claimed on 01.20.2011. (in Russian)

[21] Kravchenko P.D., Berela A.I., Fedorenko D.N., Berezin I.V., Yablonovsky I.M. Semi-automatic gripping of the universal socket. Pat. 2481265 Russian Federation C2 (51) IPC B66C 1/66 (2006.01); the applicant and the patent owner of Yuzhno-Ros. state. University of Economics and Service №2011132196/07; Application 29.07.2011. (in Russian)

[22] Kravchenko P.D., Fedorenko D.N., Berezin I.V., Yablonovsky I.M. Suspended automatic lifting device. Patent of the Russian Federation for invention No. 2455251 Bul. №19 10.07.2012. (in Russian)

[23] Kravchenko P.D., Zaitsev E.A., Fedorenko D.N., Berezin I.V., Yablonovsky I.M. Automatic grip plate. Patent of the Russian Federation for invention № 2467944 Bul. №33 27.11.2012. (in Russian)

[24] 24.  Kravchenko P.D., Fedorenko D.N. Heuristic Method of Design of The Load Gripping and Manipulating Devices For Work In Special Conditions. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, ISSN 0973-4562 Volume 10, Number 6(2015), pp. 14537–14542. (in English)

[25] Kravchenko P.D., Fedorenko D.N., Ryabenko V.Yu. Organization of the process of designing automatic load-gripping devices for lifting fallen cassettes in a WWER-1000 reactor. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety], 2017, №2(23), pp. 71–80. (in Russian)

Papers100 - 106
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Safety culture, socio and legal aspects of territorial development of nuclear facilities location

Article NameReducing Risk of Occurrence and Consequences of Technogenic Catastrophes by Minimizing Human Factor Impact on Reliability and Trouble-Free Operation of Nuclear Power Plants and Other Dangerous Objects
AuthorsM.V. Alyushin
Address

National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»,
Kashirskoye Shosse, 31, Moscow, Russia 115409
e-mail:
MVAlyushin@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0001-7806-3739
WoS Researcher ID: R-7928-2016

AbstractThe paper presents the results of the main aspects analysis of the human factor influence on the reliability and trouble-free operation of nuclear power plants and other hazardous objects. The need to take into account the influence of this factor while ensuring the reliability of security and transport systems of hazardous facilities, the reliability of operational, control and rescue personnel is shown. Using remote technologies for the current functional and psycho-emotional state of a person monitoring is proposed as a tool of human factor managing.
Keywordshuman factor, technogenic accidents, NPP reliability
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Issledovanie vypolneno pri podderzhke granta Rossijskogo nauchnogo fonda (RNF) №16-18-00069 «Snizhenie riska vozniknovenija i umen'shenie posledstvij katastrof tekhnogennogo proiskhozhdenija za schet minimizacii vlijanija chelovecheskogo faktora na nadezhnost i bezavarijnost raboty AEhS i drugikh opasnykh objektov» [The research was carried out with the support of the grant of the Russian Science Foundation (RPF) No. 16-18-00069 "Reducing the risk of occurrence and reducing the consequences of man-made disasters by minimizing the human factor influence on the reliability and trouble-free operation of nuclear power plants and other hazardous facilities."]. (in Russian)

[2] Aliushin M.V., Kolobashkina L.V. Monitoring bioparametrov cheloveka na osnove distantcionnykh tekhnologii [Monitoring of Human Bioparameters Based on Remote Technologies]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology Issues], 2014, №6, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 135–144. (in Russian)

[3] Aliushin M.V., Aliushin A.V., Andriushina L.O., Kolobashkina L.V., Pshenin V.V. Distantcionnye i nekontaktnye tekhnologii registratcii bioparametrov operativnogo personala kak sredstvo upravleniia chelovecheskim faktorom i povysheniia bezopasnosti AES [Monitoring of Bioparameters on the Basis of Distant Technologies]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global Nuclear Safety], 2013, №3(8), eISSN 2499-9733, ISSN 2305-414X, pp. 69–77. (in Russian)

[4] Bokerija L.A., Bokerija O.L., Volkovskaja I.V. Variabelnost serdechnogo ritma: metody izmerenija, interpretacija, klinicheskoe ispolzovanie [Heart Rate Variability: Measurement Methods, Interpretation, Clinical Use]. Annaly aritmologii [Annals of Arrhythmology], 2009, № 4, pp. 21–32. (in Russian)

[5] Heart rate variability, standards of measurement, physiological interpretation and clinical use. Task force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of pacing and electrophysiology. Eur. Heart J., 1996, Vol. 17, pp. 354–381. (in English)

[6] Devaev N.P. Vlijanie ehkzamenacionnogo stressa na reguljaciju serdechnogo ritma i bioehlektricheskuju aktivnost' golovnogo mozga u studentok [The influence of Exam Stress on Heart Rhythm Regulation and Bioelectrical Activity of  Female Students' Brain]. Fiziologija. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo [Physiology. Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod Lobachevsky University.], 2010, №2(2), pp. 622–626. (in Russian)

[7] Safonova V.R., Shalamova E.Ju. Parametry variabelnosti serdechnogo ritma studentok severnogo medicinskogo vuza pri ehkzamenacionnom  stresse [Parameters of Heart Rate Variability of Students of the Northern Medical University in Examination Stress]. Ehkologija cheloveka [Human Ecology], 2013, №8, pp. 11–16. (in Russian)

[8] Aliushin M.V., Abramova V.N., Kolobashkina L.V. Psikhologicheskii trening stressoustoichivosti na osnove distantcionnykh nekontaktnykh tekhnologii registratcii bioparametrov [Psychological Training of Stress Resistance on the Basis of Remote Non-Contact Recording Person Bioparameter Technologies]. Voprosy psikhologii [Psychology Issues], 2014, №6, ISSN 0042-8841, pp. 144–152. (in Russian)

[9] Eshwarappa M.N., Latte M.V. Multimodal biometric person authentication using speech, signature and handwriting features. (IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Special Issue on Artificial Intelligence, 2008, pp. 77–86. (in English)

[10] Tizenberg A.G., Tizenberg G.M. Novye podkhody k professional'noj diagnostike v celjakh optimizacii professionalnogo otbora i professionalnoj orientacii [New Approaches to Professional Diagnosis to Optimize Professional Selection And Professional Orientation]. Izvestija IGEhA [ISEA News], 2013, №4(90), pp. 76–79. (in Russian)

Papers107 - 113
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Article NameExperience and Perspectives of LEAN-Specialist Training on the Basis of Effective Interaction between University and “Rosatom” State Corporation Enterprises
AuthorsV.A. Rudenko*, M.V. Golovko**, I.A. Ukhalina***, S.P. Agapova****, A.V. Antsybor*****, N.A. Efimenko******
Address

Volgodonsk Engineering Technical Institute the branch of National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”,
Lenin St., 73/94, Volgodonsk, Rostov region, Russia 347360
** e-mail: VARudenko@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-6698-5469
WoS ResearcherID:B-7730-2016;
** e-mail: MVGolovko@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-4835-9800
WoS ResearcherID: J-2461-2016;
*** e-mail: uhalina@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1928-7510
WoS ResearcherID: E-3153-2017;
**** e-mail: svetlana-1164@mail.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-8484-2912
WoS ResearcherID: E-4842-2017;
***
** e-mail: AVAntsibor@mephi.ru
ORCID: 0000-0002-1192-4554
WoS Researcher ID : K-6051-2018;
******
e-mail: NAEfimenko@mephi.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8113-6759
WoS ResearcherID: E-3439-2017

AbstractThe article summarizes the serious experience of interaction between the university and industrial partners. The results of training lean-specialists in accordance with the requirements of employers' enterprises are presented. The paper considers forms in promoting the ideology of "lean production", forming a "thrifty" world outlook among students and enterprise specialists through theoretical and practical oriented training. It substantiates significance of the use of the relevant material and technical base and the direct participation of industrial enterprise specialists. The work determines prospects for further cooperation between the university and enterprises in coordinating of development interests.
Keywordstraining, lean tools, lean manufacturing, “Rosatom” State Corporation, practical oriented training, training programs
LanguageRussian
References

[1] Ickovich  G.  Trojnaya  spiral  universitety-predpriyatiya-gosudarstvo. Innovacii v dejstvii [The Triple Spiral of Universities - Enterprise - State. Innovation in Action]. Perevod s anglijskogo pod redakciej A.F. Uvarova [Translation from English edited by A.F. Uvarov]. Tomsk, 2010, 238 p. (in Russian)

[2] Golovko M.V., Cuverkalova O.F. Innovacionnaya aktivnost kak sostavlyayushhaya innovacionnogo razvitiya ekonomiki regiona [Innovative Activity as a Component of Innovative Development of the Region's Economy]. Ekonomicheskie issledovaniya [Economic research], 2016, №2. Available at: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/innovatsionnaya-aktivnost-kak-sostavlyayuschaya-ustoychivogo-razvitiya-ekonomiki-regiona (in Russian)

[3] Aleksandrova E.N., Ryndina I.V. Innovacionnyj faktor nacionalnoj i regionalnoj konkurentosposobnosti Rossii [Innovative Factor of National and Regional Competitiveness of Russia]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of the Region], 2006, №4(31), pp. 11–28. (in Russian)

[4] Strategiya nauchno-texnologicheskogo razvitiya Rossijskoj Federacii [Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation]. Available at: http://sntr-rf.ru/materials/strategiya-nauchno-tekhnologicheskogo-razvitiya-rossiyskoy-federatsii-na-dolgosrochnyy-period/ (in Russian)

[5] Strategicheskie akademicheskie edinicy (SAE) NIYaU MIFI [Strategic Academic Units (SAU) of the NRNU MEPhI]. Available at:  https://mephi.ru/about/cae/index.php/ (in Russian)

[6] Atlas novykh professij [Atlas of New Professions]. Available at: http://atlas100.ru/catalog/?otrasl=all  (in Russian)

[7] LEAN. Berezhlivoe proizvodstvo: Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po vnedreniyu [LEAN. Lean Production: A Practical Guide to Implementation]. Available at: http://www.up-pro.ru/shop/lean.html (in Russian)

[8] Golovko M.V., Rudenko V.A. Korporativnye cennosti v sisteme ustojchivogo razvitiya i bezopasnosti ekonomiki promyshlennyh predpriyatij (na primere GK «Rosatom») [Corporate Values in the System of Sustainable Development and Security of the Economy of Industrial Enterprises (using the example of Rosatom SC)]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2015, №4(17), pp. 103–114. (in Russian)

[9] Uxalina I.A., Efimenko N.A., Agapova S.P. Klyuchevye pokazateli effektivnosti kak instrument ekonomicheskoj bezopasnosti predpriyatij GK «Rosatom» [Key Performance Indicators as a Tool for Economic Security of Rosatom State Corporation]. Globalnaya yadernaya bezopasnost [Global nuclear safety], 2017, №1(22), pp. 102–112. (in Russian)

[10] Rudenko V.A., Agapova S.P., Tomilin S.A., Uxalina I.A., Cuverkalova O.F., Golovko M.V., Efimenko N.A. Faktory i vektor strategicheskogo razvitiya vuza v kontekste realizacii innovacionnogo potenciala regiona [Factors and Vector of Strategic Development of the University in the Context of Realizing the Innovative Potential of the Region]. Sovremennoe obrazovanie [Modern Education], 2017, №1, pp. 19–31. DOI: 10.7256/2409-8736.2017.1.22513 (in Russian)

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